Earticle

Home

무역보험연구 [Journal of International Trade and Insurance]

간행물 정보
  • 자료유형
    학술지
  • 발행기관
    한국무역보험학회 [The Korean Academy for Trade Credit Insurance]
  • ISSN
    2093-5811
  • 간기
    계간
  • 수록기간
    2000~2018
  • 등재여부
    KCI 등재
  • 주제분류
    사회과학 > 무역학
  • 십진분류
    KDC 326.2 DDC 382.3
제17권 제4호 (11건)
No
1

The Effects of Export Insurance on Value-Added Export

LEE, Jae Hwa, SONG, Jeong Seok

한국무역보험학회 무역보험연구 제17권 제4호 2016.12 pp.1-17

※ 기관로그인 시 무료 이용이 가능합니다.

최근글로벌공급망의발전에따라교역량에대한정확한측정은그중요성이더욱커지고있다. 그간기존의선행연구에서부가가치교역은주로중간재를위주로한논의에국한되었다.본연구 는한국의수출부가가치데이터를이용하여한국수출보험이수출촉진에미치는효과를고찰하고 자한다.본연구는단기수출신용보험자료를이용하여수출보험이수출부가가치에미치는영향 을살펴본다.본연구는수출규모의정확한측정치로수출부가가치를고려함으로써한국수출보 험의수출에대한기여도를논의한다.본연구의실증분석결과는크게세가지로요약된다.첫째, 본연구는수출부가가치를이용하여측정한수출규모에대해수출보험이정의영향을미침을 발견하였다.둘째,본연구의실증분석결과에따르면,수출대상국가의제품품질수요관련요인 이수출부가가치의주요결정요인중하나이다.셋째,본연구는수출보험증가에따른수출부가가 치증가폭이,수출보험증가에따른총수출증가폭에비해상대적으로낮음을발견하였다.본연구 의실증분석결과를종합해볼때,수출부가가치를기준으로한수출보험의정책적효과는기존의 총수출을기준으로한경우와다른방식으로접근할필요가있음을알수있다.
Proper measurements of international trade activities aremuch in demand as a result of the emergence of global supply chain. In previous studies, the value-added trade is relevant to the discussion about intermediate goods.With the value-added export of Korea, we study the contribution of Korean export insurance to export promotion. In this paper,we focus on the short-termexport credit insurance to examine the effects of the export insurance on the value-added export. As ameasurement of export,we consider the value-added export to study genuine contribution of the Korean export insurance toKorean export. Our empirical evidences are three folds. First, we have found some supporting evidence for the contribution of export insurance to the export promotion when we measure export by using the value-added export. Secondly, our results also suggest that driving force of the value-added export is quality-demand by export destination countries. Thirdly, the value-added export increases by less than the gross export when the export insurance increases. In sum, we suggest that the effect of export insurance on the value-added export should be addressed in a differentmanner fromthe effect on the gross export.

5,100원

2

Risk evaluation and policy suggestions for the Mongolia-China joint venture(MCJV) in Mongolia

Li Ruifeng

한국무역보험학회 무역보험연구 제17권 제4호 2016.12 pp.19-41

※ 기관로그인 시 무료 이용이 가능합니다.

인접국인중국과몽골은오랜역사적연고와우세한자원의보완적관계로양국간경제협력의중요성과필요성이강조된다.특히,몽골의<초원의길>과중국의<일대일로>는공조적전략이므로양국의전방위협력을위한좋은기회를제공한다.이러한여건에서중국과몽골간의합작투자는양국의경제협력에실제적으로주요한부문이다.중 몽간의중소기업협력(MCJV)는실적과현황에서정책의지속성,열악한인프라,저급한기술과인력같은많은투자위험에당면하고있다.따라서이글에서는MCJV증진을위해부실한시장분석,치열한경제,기업경영의문화적갈등에서비롯되는추자위험을완화하기위한대응방법과정책적대안을제시한다.
The long historical source and prominent resource complementarity decide the significance and necessity of economic trade cooperation between Mongolia and China. Especially, the strategic concept of “prairie road” of Mongolia highly agrees with that of “one belt, one road” of China, which provides the golden opportunity for the all-round cooperation between two countries. Under this background, development research of Mongolia-China joint venture enterprises has the vital practical significance for the economic trade cooperation between two countries. The development ofMCJVfaces the various risk and problems such as lowpolicy continuity, weak infrastructure, slow technical development and other human factors. The corresponding countermeasures and policy suggestions tomitigate the investment risk from the aspects of Mongolia and Chinese enterprises are the insufficient market research, vicious competition and cultural difference of these enterprises.

6,000원

3

Analysis of Intellectual Property Rights and Insurance in Korean Market

KWAK, Young Arm

한국무역보험학회 무역보험연구 제17권 제4호 2016.12 pp.43-54

※ 기관로그인 시 무료 이용이 가능합니다.

일반적으로어떤기업이지적재산권침해를당하면,침해문제해결을위한법률비용이천문학적이다.그러므로한국의수많은중소기업들은부당한지적재산권침해에대하여강하게대응하지못하고,또한수많은중소기업들은동아시아기업들로부터부당한지적재산권침해를받고서도자신들의지적재산권을포기해버린다. 본연구는지적재산권과손해보험의일종인지적재산권보험에관한연구이다.정보통신시대에앞으로지적재산권보호는더욱강화될것이고, 전세계의네티즌들도지적재산권의보호와공격을더욱강화할것이다. 이와관련하여본연구는국제무역에서1인기업,벤처기업그리고중소기업들의지적재산권보호와침해문제를잘관리하기위하여지적재산권보험의활성화방안을제안한다.
On the whole, when a company faces with infringement litigation of intellectual property rights, relevant legal cost hits hundreds ofmillion. Hence a greatmany small andmediumfirms inKorea can not respond strongly against wrongful litigation, or they, small and medium firms duly abandon their intellectual property rights against infringement of intellectual property rights, patent rights and trademark fromcompanies in East Asia. This study relates intellectual property rights and intellectual property insurance which is a non-life insurance. As time goes by, protectionism of intellectual property rights is rapidly strict, and netizen in the worldwide has a tendency to attack and defend their intellectual property rights in an era of information technology. In this connection, this paper aims to suggest some ideas of expansion of intellectual property insurance(IPI) for the sakeof controllingrisksof infringement of intellectual property rights for one-man-business, venture-business andsmall andmediumfirm.

4,300원

4

싱가포르의 국제상사분쟁해결 허브전략으로서의 국제중재센터(SIAC)외 국제상사법원(SICC)

양선희, 김선정

한국무역보험학회 무역보험연구 제17권 제4호 2016.12 pp.55-79

※ 기관로그인 시 무료 이용이 가능합니다.

싱가포르정부는1991년에국제중재센터를설립하고1994년에국제중재법을제정하는등중재제도발전을위한노력을기울여왔다.그결과현재SIAC는유수한중재기관으로성장하였다.이에더하여싱가포르정부는2015. 1. 5.싱가포르국제상사법원을개원하였다. SICC는섭외적요소를지닌국제무역거래에서야기되는사적분쟁을해결하는고등법원내의부로서종래의법원과는명확히다르게설계되었다.이와같이성공적인ADR기관인SIAC에더하여혁신적이고개방적인재판부를신설한것은국제상사분쟁해결의허브를지향하는국가전략에따른것이다. SIAC와SICC의병존은분쟁당사자들에게해결의경로에대한선택지를주는것으로서싱가포르는자국내에서보다많은사건을다룰기회를가질것이다. 국제상사분쟁해결의허브국가를지향하는한국도차별화된전략이있어야한다.
The Singapore government hasmade efforts to improve the environment for the development of the arbitration system by establishing the International Arbitration Center in 1991 and enacting the International Arbitration Act in 1994. Tanks government's support, SIAChas grown into a leading arbitration institution. In January 2015, the Singapore government officially openedSICC to grow the legal services sector and expand the scope for the internationalization and export of Singapore law. The SICCis a division of court in Singapore high court that resolves international commercial disputes with an foreign element, and is drawing attention as a distinct institution from conventional courts. The reason for establishing an innovative and open judicial systemin addition to the SIAC, a generic dispute resolution institution, is in accordancewith the national strategy ofmaking Singapore to be the hub of international commercial dispute resolution and grow its legal services industry. Operating two path, SIAC and SICC, in parallel are an option for parties, and Singaporewill have the opportunity to dealwithmore caseswithin its territory. This paper provides first hand information regarding the dispute resolution mechanism of international commercial disputes in Singapore. If Koreawants to become a leading foruminNortheast Asia for legal services and international commercial dispute resolution, it should have a outstanding differentiated policy.

6,300원

5

무역 결제방식 변화와 무역지원제도가 수출성과에 미치는 영향

최창열, 함형범, 김미정

한국무역보험학회 무역보험연구 제17권 제4호 2016.12 pp.81-104

※ 기관로그인 시 무료 이용이 가능합니다.

전통적무역결제방식이변화되고있다.신용장에의한결제방식은지속적으로감소하고있으며,송금방식의비중은증가하고있다.시중은행은무역지원을위해다양한무역금융을제공하고있다.본연구는무역기업이직면하고있는기업적요인과환경요인,무역지원제도가결제방식에영향을미치고,결정된결제방식은수출성과에영향을미칠것이라고보고그관계를살펴보았다. 분석방법은설문조사와회귀분석을사용하였으며,분석결과기업요인과환경요인,무역지원제도는결제방식에유의한것으로나타났으며,무역결제방식에따라수출성과가달라지는것으로분석되었다.
Trade paymentmethod is changing. Traditional L/Cpayment has decreased continuously while transfer payment increasing. Commercial banks are providing various trade finance services in order to support trade. This study establishes a hypothesis that corporate factors, company environment and trade support legislations for trading companies exercise influence to payment methods and choice of settlement plan informs trade results investigating the relationship of the elements. Survey and regression analysis are used. The result shows corporate factors, company environment and trade support systemare significant in payment method selection and export performance is varied by methods of payment.

6,100원

6

국제물품매매거래에서 FTA 활용 기업의 무역거래 단계별 주요 쟁점과 대응방안에 관한 연구

권순국

한국무역보험학회 무역보험연구 제17권 제4호 2016.12 pp.105-124

※ 기관로그인 시 무료 이용이 가능합니다.

국제물품매매는매도인과매수인간의계약의성립전(前)단계,계약의성립단계,계약의이행단계, 계약의종료단계등으로이루어져있다. 한국은2003년FTA 로드맵에따라주요교역대상국과FTA를적극적으로추진하고있으며,이러한성과에힘입어칠레,싱가포르, ASEAN, 인도, EU,미국,캐나다,중국,콜롬비아등과FTA를발효시켰다.본연구는국제물품매매거래에서FTA를활용하고자하는기업의입장에서무역거래단계별주요쟁점과그에따른대응방안을살펴보았으며,이를바탕으로다음과같은시사점을제시하고자한다.먼저계약의성립전(前) 단계에서는무역상대방이한국과FTA를발효한체약당사국인지의여부확인과협정에따른FTA 적용특혜세율을파악하여야한다.그리고계약의성립단계에서는FTA특혜관세혜택을향유하기위한계약의유의사항을수출자,수입자및국내생산자를중심으로살펴보아야하며,계약의이행단계에서는직접운송요건의확인과FTA무역보험제도(FTA원산지증명서보험)도입과활용이필요하다.마지막으로계약의종료단계에서는주요FTA의원산지사후검증이슈를파악하고이에대한대비를하여야한다.
The international sale of goods between the seller and the buyer consist of pre-contractual stage, formation of contract, performance of contract, and termination of contract. Acontract of sale of goods is a contract bywhich the seller transfers or agrees to transfer the property in goods to the buyer for a money consideration, called the price. Since the establishment of the FTA roadmap in 2003, Korea has actively pursuing FTAs with its key trading partners. So far, FTAs with Chile, Singapore, EFTA, ASEAN, India, EU, Peru, USA, Turkey, Australia, Canada, China,NewZealand, VietNam, and Colombia entered into force. The purpose of this study is to examine themain Issues and countermeasures in international trade transactions of FTAutilizing companies in the International Sale of Goods. Results of the study show that several implications based on the utilizing strategies are offered. The Korean companies and government need to do the following : confirmof whether or not party to the FTA and FTA preferential tariff rate in pre-contractual stage, identify of contract conditions for FTA preferential tariff application in formation of contract, confirm of direct consignment and introduce of FTA trade insurance systemin performance of contract, and prepare of FTAex-post verification of origin in termination of contract.

5,500원

7

해외사업 만족도에 관한 결정요인 - 필리핀 세부 진출 한국 상공인의 실태조사 -

김일식

한국무역보험학회 무역보험연구 제17권 제4호 2016.12 pp.125-152

※ 기관로그인 시 무료 이용이 가능합니다.

본연구는필리핀의세부지역에진출한한국상공인의사업만족도가어떤요인들에의해설명되고,그것이의미하는것은무엇인지에대하여분석한다.세부진출한국상공인의사업만족도에대한분석을위하여먼저신뢰도분석과요인분석을실행하였고,여기서검출된요인들을이용하여회귀분석을하였다.연구결과최종적으로8개의변수중에서3개의유의한성분이추출되었다. 즉,성분1은“자녀교육문제와현지만족도요인”으로,성분2는“자본의규모요인”으로추출되었다.성분3은“현지종업원규모요인”이라고말하는변수가추출되었다.한편회귀분석의결과는성분1의“자녀교육문제와현지만족도요인”과성분2의“자본의규모요인”만이사업만족도를결정하는중요한요인으로나타났다. 그러나성분3의“현지종업원규모요인”은세부지역에진출한한국상공인의사업만족도를결정하는중요한요인으로작용하지않는것으로나타났다. 특히임금이저렴한현지종업원을고용하여이윤을극대화하려는것은한국상공인이세부에진출하기위한하나의동기(動機)이자유인(誘因)이지,그자체가사업만족도를결정하는요인은아니라는점을시사한다.따라서현지종업원의규모와같은“생산비용”에해당하는요인은사업만족도에중요한요인으로작용하지는않는것으로나타났다.
This study analyzeswhat factors explain the business satisfaction of Korean merchants in the Cebu area of the Philippines and what they mean. In order to analyze the business satisfaction of the Koreanmerchants, we carried out reliability analysis and factor analysis. Regression analysis was performed using the factors detected here. Finally, three significant components were extracted fromeight variables. In otherwords, component 1was extracted as "child education problem and local satisfaction factor" and component 2 as "factor of size of capital". Component 3was extracted as a variable called "local employee size factor". On the other hand, the results of the regression analysis showed that only "Factors of Child Education and Local Satisfaction" and "Factors of Capital Size" of Component 2were significant factors in determining business satisfaction. However, the factor of "local employee size" of ingredient 3 did not appear to be an important factor in determining the business satisfaction of Korean businessmenwho entered the Cebu-region. Especially, tomaximize profits by employing low-cost local employees is a motive and incentive for Korean merchants to enter Cebu. Suggesting that it is not a factor that determines business satisfaction. Therefore, the factor of "production cost" such as the size of the local employee did not act as an important factor in business satisfaction.

6,700원

8

북중 국경무역의 추이 분석과 정책 방안

김태황

한국무역보험학회 무역보험연구 제17권 제4호 2016.12 pp.153-173

※ 기관로그인 시 무료 이용이 가능합니다.

본고는북한과중국의성(省)별교역의현황과추이를고찰함으로써양자간무역구조를분석하고동북아경제공동체차원에서국경무역활성화방안을제시하고자한다.북중무역은동북3성을중심으로일부품목에편중되어있으며특히광물성연료,광물유(油),증류물,역청물질,광물성왁스등의수출비중은40%수준에이른다. 북중교역규모가적고정치외교적요인의영향에따라변동성이크지만북중교역과한중교역은동북아지역의경제적균형발전과지역공동체형성을촉진시킬수있도록활성화될수있을것이다.북중교역의중심이되는동북3성의대북교역의품목다변화와교역방식의다양화가필요하다.북한의교역구조는다국적이고복합적으로전환되어무연탄과철강수출에편중된중국의존구조에서전환되어야한다.중국은북중교역의활성화를통해북한의잠재적산업및소비수요를증대시킴으로써대외시장을확대할수있으며장기적으로는북한산업구조의변화에유효한영향력을끼칠수있다.북한은북중교역의활성화를통해생산체계와산업구조변화의동인을확보할수있으므로장기적경제개혁ㆍ개방에적극적으로활용하는것이유리할것이다.
This paper aims to analyse the border trade betweenNorthKorea and China and to suggest revitalizing strategies for an economic cooperation in the east-northern Asia, bymeans of examining the current trade actualities at the level of Chinese provinces. The trade between North Korea and China is too much concentrated on some items round the three provinces in the east-nothern area of China. In particular, the export of North Korea including themineral fuels,mineral oils, bituminous substances andmineralwaxes gets to 40%of the amount. Even though the trade amount betweenNorthKorea and China is small and highly fluctuating due to politico-diplomatic issues, it’s necessary to revitalize the trade betweenNorth Korea and China and the trade South Korea and China so as to an economic balance development and a regional community development in the east-northern Asia. The border trade between North Korea and China should be diversified in the trade items and methods. By revitalizing the border trade, Chinawill be able to enlarge foreign market through increasing the demand of industrial production and consumption in North Korea. In long term, China could make an effective impacts to the industry structure change of North Korea. For North Korea, by revitalizing the border trade, it’s available to get the importantmotifs to change the production systemand the industry structure for an economic reformand openness in long term.

5,700원

9

국제전자상거래 환경에서 법적 문제점에 관한 고찰

김동윤, 이양기

한국무역보험학회 무역보험연구 제17권 제4호 2016.12 pp.175-194

※ 기관로그인 시 무료 이용이 가능합니다.

무역에서전자화가가장활발히이루어지고있는분야는인터넷등을이용한전자상거래계약이라할수있다.무역계약의전자화는전자계약의특징에따라거래당사자에게주어지는여러가지장점에도불구하고계약체결및이행과정에서발생하는법률문제의위험도동시에가지고있다. 즉,전자무역에서는기존의무역이나거래관습과는또다른문제가등장할수있기때문에분쟁발생에대한가능성이항상존재하고있다.실제로도국제거래에서제기된많은법적인문제가아직해결되지않고있다.따라서항상분쟁의발생가능성을염두에두고해결방안을모색해야한다. 주요국제기구에서도전자상거래의발전을도모하고있지만각국가와산업계에서도지속적인관심을갖고대안을마련하는노력을계속해야한다. 기업은전자상거래를차세대의핵심성장동력으로보아야하며,기존의사업수단과융합하여한단계업그레이드된거래방식을체계화해야한다. 본연구에서는전자상거래관련법규를검토하고국제상거래의법적과제를다각도로검토·분석하여그대안을모색하고자한다.
E-commerce is the use of electronic systems to engage in commercial activities. Businesses use e‑commerce to buy and sell goods and services create greater corporate awareness and provide customer service. Electronic commerce has become a practical reality for thousands of businesses throughout the world. By combining the functional capabilities of computers and telecommunication systems, companies can now exchange information electronically rather than sending and receiving paper documents. In so doing, businesses are achieving remarkable and unparalleled improvements in the accuracy, speed and efficiency with which commercial transactions may be negotiated, confirmed and performed. By eliminating reliance upon paper as the medium through which commerce occurs, new and radically different approaches are emerging regarding howcommercial relationships are defined and maintained. Used for international business transactions, the technologies of electronic commerce are confronting and overcoming traditional barriers to international trade presented by geographic, lingual and cultural disparities between possible trading partners. As a result, facilitating international electronic commerce throughout the global trading community is nowfairly considered a project of the highest priority on the international agenda.

5,500원

10

신용장 개설 시 금지특약의 삽입 및 해석 – 신용장 개설은행을 중심으로 -

이정선, 조혁수

한국무역보험학회 무역보험연구 제17권 제4호 2016.12 pp.195-217

※ 기관로그인 시 무료 이용이 가능합니다.

신용장거래방식은국제무역거래의대표적인대금결제방식으로신규거래, 대규모거래또는신용도가낮은거래상대방과의거래에서많이사용된다.무역계약의주당사자들을도와무역거래가원활하게진행되도록은행이개입하여수입업자인개설의뢰인의요청에따라신용장을개설하고개설된신용장은수출업자에게는대금회수불능의위험을제거해주고,수입업자에게는상품입수불능의위험을제거해준다.본연구에서는신용장개설은행으로서수익자에게정상적으로대금지급을이행하였음에도불구하고개설의뢰인의파산과신용장개설시개설은행이삽입한매입금지조항으로인해개설은행의과실을판결한사례를중심으로신용장개설시신용장개설은행의주의사항및특약에대한해석에대해분석하고시사점을제공한다.
The letter of credit is a promise by a bank to accept or to purchase drafts or to pay by presenting the stipulated documentswhich is in conformitywith the terms and conditions of the credits. The letter of credit is often used in new transaction,massive transaction or a transactionwith the partywho has lower credit. In general, the issuing bank opens the letter of credit by request of buyer in order to help the transaction between seller and buyer and also the issuing bank under letter of credit transaction carries out two functions to get rid of credit risk in seller’s side and mercantile risk in buyer’s side. However, there is a case we should consider what kind of obligation does the issuing bank have under letter of credit transaction. This study attempts to verify the case that because of the bankruptcy of an applicant and an insertion of negotiation embargo in L/C, the judge ruled against the issuing bank even though the issuing bank performed the payment to a seller, and to suggest some precautionswhen an issuing bank opens L/C through the interpretation of embargo.

6,000원

11

한국무역보험학회 학술지 추이를 통해 본 무역보험연구의 발전적 제언

유승균

한국무역보험학회 무역보험연구 제17권 제4호 2016.12 pp.219-252

※ 기관로그인 시 무료 이용이 가능합니다.

본 논문은 한국무역보험학회가 발행하는 무역보험연구 에서 발간한 논문을 창간호부터2015년까지각권별흐름분석과함께무역보험관련연구의시대적변화와정책적방향을게재논문의추이를통해분석하고, 무역보험의발전적미래를위한제언을제시하고자진행하였다. 지난2000년창간된 수출보험학회지 ( 무역보험연구 의전신)는초창기수출보험에대한이해와정책적방향을통해학술지의목표지향성이두드러지게나타났다.즉 수출보험학회지 의방향성은수출보험의활용및성과분석에맞춰경제적접근이다수이루어졌으며,무역의일반적연구에대한성향은미미하게나타났다.하지만2008년세계금융위기이후 국제금융위험관리 로학회지명이변경되면서초기학술지보다국제금융및국제경제분야에대한폭넓은연구논문이발표되었으며,그후2010년학술지명이다시 무역보험연구 로재변경되면서미시적접근과더불어거시적인측면에서의연구가활발히진행되었으며,무역보험이필요한다양한무역관련분야까지연구의범위가확대되었다.이는무역보험의역할이정책보험으로서의신용위험과비상위험에대한역할과함께무역에서발생할수있는리스크관리가이루어지고있는것을반영하는것으로보이며, 보다다양한사적보험의도입이가능함을보이는것으로판단된다.
In this paper, I analyze the trends of the researches published by the Journal of International Trade and Insurance and the trends of the researches based on the policy changes. The Journal of Export Insurance (presently the Journal of International Trade and Insurance)whichwas launched in 2000, has showed an early understanding of export insurance and the goal orientation of journals. The direction of the Journal of Export Insurance policy was based on microeconomic approach in accordancewith the utilization of export insurance and the analysis of performance, however the tendency toward general research on tradewasminimal. And then since the 2008World Financial Crisis, the journal changed as the international financial risk management, a wide range of research papers on international finance and international economics were published. Then, in 2010, the name of the journal was changed the Journal of International Trade and Insurance, and the research on macro aspects along with the micro approach proceeded actively. Furthermore, the scope of research has extended to various trade-related fields that require international trade credit insurance. This reflects the fact that the role of trade credit insurance is the risk management of credit risk and emergency risk as policy insurance. Therefore, it seems that it is possible to introduce more private insurance.

7,600원

 
페이지 저장