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무역보험연구 [Journal of International Trade and Insurance]

간행물 정보
  • 자료유형
    학술지
  • 발행기관
    한국무역보험학회 [The Korean Academy for Trade Credit Insurance]
  • ISSN
    2093-5811
  • 간기
    계간
  • 수록기간
    2000~2019
  • 등재여부
    KCI 등재
  • 주제분류
    사회과학 > 무역학
  • 십진분류
    KDC 326.2 DDC 382.3
제15권 제3호 (12건)
No
1

국제물품매매에서 매수인의 손해배상청구권의 한계와 그 대처방안에 관한 연구

오원석, 윤영미, 이경화

한국무역보험학회 무역보험연구 제15권 제3호 2014.09 pp.1-23

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매도인이 계약을 위반한 경우 매수인이 취할수 있는 구제방법은 위반의 정도에 따라여러 가지가있으나그중가장보편적으로사용되는것은손해배상청구권이다.하지만손해배상청구 권은 그 행사상에 여러 가지 어려움이 존재하며 이에 본 논문에서는 이러한 법적구제가 갖고 있는많은문제점과한계성을보완하기위하여당사자가계약시활용할수있는약정손해배상액 조항과이조항의효과를높이기위한청구보증제도를통하여수입리스크를예방하거나손해회복 을효과적으로할수있는구체적인방안과이를위한협상력제고방안을모색한다.
This thesis mainly focuses on, in case that the Seller breaches the sales contract, the limitationsof right todemanda claimfor damages, andthepractical use of liquidated damage clauses(LDC) and the demand guarantee system. The purpose of this thesis, from the Buyer’s perspective, is to understand the importance of LDCand demand guarantee system, and to use themin contracts positively and actively. For these purpose, the author analyzed and examined the difficulties or obstacles in resorting to the right to claim damages such as unclearness of damage scope because of foreseeability limitation, difficulties in proving the damage amount, the possibility of exemption of liability incase of forcemajeure, and difficulties and/or obstacles in exercising complex procedures for the resolution of disputes or in enforcing the decision or the award actually. To overcome the above difficulties, this thesis suggested the practical use of LDCin sales contract. Even thoughthe LDCs areuseful tools toprevent theBuyer fromthe difficultiesmentioned above and to recover the damagesmore easily or to enforce performance, they also have a lot of problems and limitations. Finally, the author examined demand guarantee systemto supplement theweak points of LDC. However, any ideal proposalsmay beuseless if theSeller does not accept such proposals. Therefore, the success of persuasion, fromthe Buyer’s perspective, is to tally dependent upon the enhancement of negotiation power. Thus in the conclusionof this thesis, this author emphasizedthat the long-term contract which secures the stable purchase in the future, inducement of joint-venture to the Seller and the establishment of manufacturing facilities in order to export the imported goods again after processing may be good inducements or merits to enhance the Buyer’s negotiation power against the Seller.

6,000원

2

무역보험의 ‘보장환율’을 이용한 헷지비율의 추정과 헷지 성과 비교

조성일

한국무역보험학회 무역보험연구 제15권 제3호 2014.09 pp.25-45

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수출기업이환율변동위험을회피(hedge)할수있는단순한방법은수취하게될외환의액수 가확정되는시점에서선물환(forward)매도를계약하는것이다.논의의핵심은$1당몇%의 선물계약을 하느냐에 관한 헷지비율(hedge ratio)와 그에 따른 헷지성과(hedge effectiveness)이다. 이논문은비인도차액결제선물환율(non-deliverable forward)와 동일한성격을가지고있는한국무역보험공사(K-sure)의‘보장환율’을이용한환위험헷지의효 과를분석하고있다. 매월말지속적으로일정달러를수취하게되는수출기업이현물환율과선물환율의비중을사전 적으로어떻게정하는지에따라환율변동위험은달라지게된다.환율변동에따른위험(risk)은 현물환율과 선물환율로 구성된 포트폴리오(portfolio)의 수익률(rate of return)의 분산 (variance)으로측정되며환위험헷지의성과는분산의감소비율로측정된다. ‘보장환율’이도입된초기인2004년3월부터2014년6월까지를대상으로하였으며글로벌금융 위기이전과이후를구분하여헷지성과를비교하였다.수취하게될수출대금전부를선물환율로 헷지하는완전헷지(fullhedge),반만선물환율로헷지하는순수헷지(naivehedge),시간고정적(time invariant)인헷지비율을설정하는경우,시간가변적(timevarying)인헷지비율을설정하는경우를 대상으로헷지의성과를분석하였다.글로벌금융위기이전과이후의헷지성과는상이하다.그러 나모든기간에서가장좋은헷지성과는순수헷지방식으로나타났다.
Inthispaperweestimatevarioushedgeratiosandcomparetheirhedgeeffectivenesswhen InsuredForwardcontractprovidedbyK-sure’sExchangeRateInsuranceSystemwasapplied. Varioushedgeratiosareestimatedbybothad-hocwayandtime-serieseconometricstechnique andhedgeeffectivenessiscalculatedbyvariancereductionratio.Althoughwholeperiodisspaned fromFebruary2003toJune2014,beforeandafter theGlobalFinancialCrisisareconsidered. Optimalhedgingratioisdefinedbytheunitsofforwardcontractsperaspotcontract tominimize varianceof rateof return.Threekindsofoptimalhedgeratiosareanalyzed:naivehedgeratio whichmeansone-to-onehedging, time-invariantconstanthedgeratiowhichisestimatedbyOLS regressionmethodandtime-varyinghedgeratiocouldbecalculatedbystate-spacemodelwith Kalmanfilteringalgorithm.BecauseofstructuralbreakcausedbyGlobalFinancialCrisis, thehedge ratiosandhedgeperformancediffersbeforeandafterCrisis.Butrobustresultscouldbeextracted fromthisstudy:mosteffectivehedgingisnaivehedging.Whenitcomestosmallsizeexporting-firms, theycouldminimizethevarianceofprofit rateof returnasjustsellingK-sure’sInsuredForward by the half of total amount of export for multi-periods.

5,700원

3

무역보험 약관의 역선택에 관한 연구

최미수

한국무역보험학회 무역보험연구 제15권 제3호 2014.09 pp.47-67

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무역보험은공익적특수성으로인해위험의측정이나보험료의결정등이대수의법칙에의해 이루어지기보다는무역등대외거래에대한지원의필요성에따라이루어지고있다.이로인해 무역보험에서역선택의문제가발생하게된다. 그동안일반보험시장에서의역선택에관한연구는많이진행되어왔으나무역보험에서역선택 에관한연구는거의없는상태이다. 이에본연구에서는현행무역보험종목별약관상역선택 조항을크게보험기간의제한,보험책임시기의제한,고지의무,보험대위,포괄보험제도,경험요 율적용등으로구분하여이들약관의내용을구체적으로분석해보았다.이중고지의무와보험대 위를제외하고는무역보험에서역선택을방지할수있는조항이많이규정되어있지않음을알 수있었다. 무역보험에있어서도보험자가위험선택과관련해위험측정에중요한영향을미칠 수있는모든사항을파악한다는것은불가능하므로역선택을현실적으로완화시킬수있는다양한 방법등을제시함으로써보다완전한무역보험계약을체결하는데연구의의의가있다하겠다.
This paper is a study on the adverse selection in trade insurance clauses. The purpose of this paper is to analyse the clauses of adverse selection, and then towork out the solution about asymmetric information fromadverse selection in trade insurance clauses. For this purpose, especially this paper explains theoretically the adverse selection. Also this paper analyse term of insurance, commencement date, duty of disclosure, subrogation, package policy, experienced premiumrate in trade insurance clauses. The problems created by adverse selection are an important impediment to well functioning trade insurance, so insurancemarket failure occurs because of those problems. In conclusion, for the economically corresponding schems of the problems fromadverse selection, authority and insurer should plan andmanage some solutions suchas normor systemtomitigate the problems of adverse selection, collateral, monitoring and enforcement of restrictive covenants etc. Tomaintain a long termgrowth in trade insurancemarket, the insurer needs to make continuous efforts discouraging adverse selection by the means of minimizing information asymmetry and reviewing the insurance incentive.

5,700원

4

수출신용보증(선적후)의 현상황과 제도개선방안

최병규

한국무역보험학회 무역보험연구 제15권 제3호 2014.09 pp.69-94

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국제무역거래에서는국내거래에서는염려하지않아도되는위험이따른다.국제무역거래에서는수출 하는상대국가의정치적불안정등으로대금지급이금지되는경우도흔히있다.그리하여경우에따라서 는국가가자국내은행이대금지급을보증하도록하거나정부가지원하는수출신용보증의보호를강구하 는경우가많다.수출신용보증제도는수출경쟁이더욱심화되고있는국제무역환경속에서수출기업의 경쟁력증진을위해수출보험이보다적극적인역할을수행해야한다는시대적요구에따라도입된제도 이다.수출신용보증(선적후)제도는외국환은행이한국무역보험공사의수출신용보증서를담보로국내 수출자가수출이행후발행한환어음이나선적서류등의수출채권을매입하는방법으로대출을실행하였 으나수입자나개설은행등수출채권의채무자로부터대금을지급받지못하게된때에수출자가은행에 대하여부담하게되는상환채무를대지급하는제도이다.수출신용보증(선적후)제도의운용과관련하여 서는주의할사항도존재하고제도개선도요구된다.주의할사항중핵심으로서O/A거래의경우은행은 자기은행이관리하는계좌를수출대금입금계좌로지정하여야한다.만일이를준수하지않을경우에는 보증조건위반에해당하여공사는면책되게된다.고지의무이행과관련하여보험자인무역보험공사가 질문하는것에만성실히답변하면고지의무가이행된것으로보도록고지의무제도를수동적답변의무로 운용하는것이바람직하다. 보험자는보험계약자가계속보험료를연체한경우반드시일정한기간을 정하여독촉을하고그기간내에도납입을하지않을경우계약을해지할수있도록하여야한다.그렇지만 해지예고부최고는현행법하에서도유효하다고하여야할것이다.한편일반보험뿐만아니라무역보험 에서도보험계약자측의중과실에의한보험사고초래등의경우에전부면책으로하기보다는비례보상 으로일부를지급하는 방향으로앞으로제도를개선하는것이요구된다. 앞으로수출신용보증제도가 그본기능을제대로발휘하도록약관을보험의원리에따라제도자체를합리적으로정비하고중소수출업 체에게 이 제도의 장점과 이용필요성을 적극적으로 홍보조치를 취하여야 한다.
Korea is the 7th largest export country in theworld. The trade insurance play very important role in increasing export. One of the trade insurances is export credit guarantee(post-shipment). At the first time, the export bill insurance played very important role in export support. But after introduction of export credit guarantee, the export bill insurance slowly decayed. The export credit guarantee(post-shipment) guarantees the risk that the importer does not pay the import payment. By the functioning of export credit guarantee(post-shipment), the bank plays very important assistance role. The bank should clarify that the importer pay the import cost in certainaccount. The bank shouldnotify toK-Sure when the guarantee accident occurs. The bank should not pay when obvious symptom takes place that the importer precipitates a financial crisis. Furthermore the standard contract terms of export credit guarantee should be reformed. To export credit guarantee, the general insurance principles should be applied. That is also the attitude of korean supreme court.Nowadays the duty of disclosure is operated as a passive answer system. The insurer should also urge when the insured does not pay the premium. In germany, all or nothing principle in the case of gross negligence is abandoned. These new trends of insurance lawshould be also applied to export credit guarantee(post-shipment). For this purpose the standard contract terms of export credit guarantee should be reformed. Then the trade insurance could be activated. The korean export can then also increase sustainedly. The small andmidiumsized companies can also by the way promoted.

6,400원

5

Globalization, Technical Progress, and Income Inequality - Evidence from Korea

Jai Sheen MAH

한국무역보험학회 무역보험연구 제15권 제3호 2014.09 pp.95-109

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이 논문은 세계화 혹은 기술진보가 한국의 소득불평등 심화를 야기했는지에대해 검증한다.본 연구의 경험적 연구시세계화는 국제무역과 해외직접투자유입에 의해, 그리고 기술진보는 특허의 수에 의해 측정된다. 소표본공적분검증결과는 관련변수들 사이에 장기적 균형관계가 있는지에 대해 혼재된 결과를 보여준다. 차분변수에 대한 통상최소자승과 오차수정모형의 추정결과에 따르면, 국제무역이나 해외직접투자유입의 진전중 어느 변수도 한국의 소득불평등 심화를 유의미하게 야기하지 않는 것으로 나타난다.반면, 기술진보는 한국의 소득불평등을 심화시켜 온 것으로 나타난다.
This paper tests whether globalization or technical progress caused deterioration of income inequality in Korea during the period 1982-2010. The former comprises international trade and FDI inflows and the latter is expressed by the number of patents. The small sample cointegration test shows that there ismixed evidence on the long run equilibriumrelationship among the variables concerned. The OLS and the error correctionmodel estimation results show that neither international trade nor FDI inflows cause changes in income inequality. Meanwhile, technical progress is revealed to cause changes in income inequality.

4,800원

6

ODA와 KSP사업 효과성 제고를 위한 원조와 무역보험간의 연계방안에 관한 연구

윤기관

한국무역보험학회 무역보험연구 제15권 제3호 2014.09 pp.111-137

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본연구는우리나라원조의효과성을제고시키기위한일환으로서원조와무역보험을연계하는 정책적제안을제시하고있다.최근원조(ODA와EDCF)의효과성을크게중시하고있고,원조의 형태중비구속성비율을확대시키는추세이기때문에이러한원조관련국제추세에부응하면서 원조의효과성을제고시키기위하여정부정책보험인무역보험을연계시키는방안을제시하였다.
This paper aims at presenting politic proposal linking assistance with trade insurance as a part to raise the Effectiveness of ODA and KSP Programin S. Korea. These days, asOECD/DAClaies stress on the effectiveness ofODAand EDCF and demands non-tied ratio during several types ofODAto extend much more, the writer proposed new idea in order that S. Korea raise the effectiveness of ODA and KSP while meeting the international trend of the extension of non-tied ODA ratio in this paper.

6,600원

7

방산수출 국제대금결제와 방산수출금융에 관한 고찰

박근서

한국무역보험학회 무역보험연구 제15권 제3호 2014.09 pp.139-165

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방산수출은대금지급주체가구매국정부라는점,제작과인도시기관련양당사자의이해가대립 하여그에맞는결제조건의합의와조정에신중해야하는점,연불결제를활용하는경우정부의공적 금융이나보증지원을통해구매자신용방산수출금융이필요한점을특징으로한다.개별방산수출에 적합한대금결제방법결정은구매국의요구에부응하면서수출기업의대금미회수위험을최소화시키 는방안을모색해야하며,복잡하고당사자간협상과합의가어려운분야이다. 방산수출금융에는 방산수주경쟁력확보와구매국의지급능력보완을위해수출국정부의공적(official)금융,양허성 (concessional) 지원이자주활용된다. 유럽은주로상업은행의대출에ECA보증지원이라는 ECA금융방식을주로활용하나미국은대외군사금융(FMF)을주로보조금중심으로지원하고, 비살상무기계열이나마약퇴치활동등에대하여는미국수출입은행이지원하며,대규모프로젝트의 경우라면의회의특별승인을통해지원한다.심지어미국의경우도모든방산수출금융이성공하는 것은아니며,미국국방부방산수출대출(DELG)프로그램처럼방산수출특성과복잡성반영,조직 준비를갖추지못한지원프로그램은실패할수있음을알수있다. 미국등선진국방산수출관련대금결제방법이나수출금융시스템은초기단계인우리나라의향후 방산수출에대한금융지원방향에여러가지시사점을준다.이중특히은행등금융권의역할과정부의 역할정립이중요할것이다.단순히정부가상업금융기관에 금융지원을독려한다고될문제이기보다는, 정부가주도적으로확실한공익목표를제시하고저리로대규모자금을조달할수있는대형정책금융기 관, 즉수출입은행, 산업은행, 무역보험공사등정책금융기관을중심으로공적수출신용(official export credit)프로그램을지원해야만수출이가능할분야이다.현재우리나라현실을감안할때, 일반시중상업은행들의수출금융지원의자생적발전을바랄것은아니며,보다금융조달능력이우수하 고설사단기간상업적수익률이충분하지않더라도산업발전을위해지원할수있는정책금융기관을 중심으로지원하는방향으로전개해야할것으로본다.정부가정책수립과외교안보채널을적극활용하 고정책금융기관의지원을융합시킬때방산수출산업이기대하는신성장동력산업이될수있을것이다.
This study explore and survey issues ofmilitary export paymentmethods and military export financing(“MEF)“.Military export can be characterized by the fact thatmost of buyers are government entities, that special care should be required to choose optimalmiddle position regarding construction and delivery between parties, and that exporting government generallyneeds to facilitate government official or concessional financing for importing government buyer. In a typical MEF arena, official credit by exporting government with or without concessional lending, is a frequent feature, andU.S. centers on giving grants by FMF(“ForeignMilitary Financing”) program,whilstmajority countries on commercial ECA financing. U.S. Eximbank gives financing support for exports of defense-related products: counter-narcotics efforts and non-lethal military articles. History shows that all export financing programs have not been always successful. U.S. Defense Export Loan Guarantee(“DELG”) has been used only once and has not generated enough revenue in fees and the scope and nature of continued DELGoperations was not readilymet by DoD. This study suggests some implication on our future policy and desirable financing systemon DEF. It cannot be achieved by mere encouragement led by government for commercial banks to offer MEF voluntarily merely on commercial bases, but by harmonized arrangement by both government and official export financing agencies, such as Ex-imbank, KDBand K-sure. Even where there has not been clear and apparent profit could not bematerialized within visible short time, relevant government entities and appropriate official financing arms should co-build Korea Military Export Financing programs in order to develop MEF as new growth power industry.

6,600원

8

포페이팅거래의 당사자 책임과 실무상 유의점에 관한 연구

박세훈

한국무역보험학회 무역보험연구 제15권 제3호 2014.09 pp.167-184

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본연구는2013년1월1일제정된포페이팅통일규칙을중심으로 포페이팅거래의 당사자 책임과실무상유의점에 관하여 연구하였다. 포페이팅거래에서 당사자에게는일정한의무가부여되고이를위반할경우에는계약위반에 따른책임을지게된다. 포페이팅거래의당사자책임은포페이팅거래1차시장의포페이팅계약서 나2차시장의포페이팅확인서에명시적으로당사자의책임이규정되어있는경우에는그에따르 고,명시적규정이없을경우에는포페이팅에관한준거법인포페이팅통일규칙(URF)에의하여 보충될수있다.참고로 URF제13조에서규정하고있는포페이팅거래의당사자책임은다음과 같다. ①일반적책임, ②원매도인의책임, ③1차포페이터의책임, ④2차시장에서매도인의 책임(1차포페이터가아닌경우)으로구분하고있다. 본연구의기대효과는포페이팅거래 당사자인수출자,제1차포페이터,제2차포페이터,보증 인및수입자에게 포페이팅거래의 당사자책임에대한인식을제고하고,실무상유의점을제시한 것에의의가있다.
This paper is to examine practical notes and liability of the parties in forfaiting transaction. According to the Uniform Rules for Forfaitng(hereinafter called URF), Fofaiting transactionmeans the sale by the seller and the purchase by the buyer of the payment claimon a without recourse basis on the terms of forfaiting agreement or forfaiting confirmation. In forfaiting transaction, the parties are given the liability for the breach of forfaiting agreement or forfaiting confirmation. Parties shall followthe express terms if there are expressly fixed liability of forfaiting agreement or forfaiting confirmation. if not, it will be settled in accordancewithURF. URF Art. 13 liability of parties is consist of as follows :①general liability,②initial seller’s liability,③first forfaiter’s liability, ④seller’s liability in second market if not first forfaiter

5,200원

9

몽골의 국제상사분쟁해결법원으로서의 중재법

김선정

한국무역보험학회 무역보험연구 제15권 제3호 2014.09 pp.185-215

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오랫동안러시아의영향아래사회주의계획경제를유지하던몽골은1990년민주화후시장경 제체제로이행하여정치ㆍ경제ㆍ사회전반에걸친개혁을단행하여왔다.그결과경제개발에외국 자본이참여하고광물을중심으로한국제교역이증가하면서정치적ㆍ역사적앙금에도불구하고 중국의영향력이증대된한편,한국도1991년국교수립후에지속적으로경제협력을증진하여 몽골의다섯번째로큰무역파트너이자몽골상사중재건수4위권국가가되었다.외국자본의투자 와국제교역증대는보다효율적인분쟁해결시스템의구축을필요로하게된다.전통적으로ADR 에친하지않은몽골이지만2003년중재법을제정하여분쟁해결의시장수요에대처하고있으며 중재는유일한중재기관인MNAC가수행하는기관중재방식이다.이와같이몽골중재제도는정 치체제변화가경제체제와사법체제의근본적변화를동시에진행하는상황을전제로이해되어야 한다.아직몽골중재제도가본격화되지못하였고선행연구도부족한상황이지만,본고는몽골이 1985년UNCITRAL 모범중재법의계수라고자평하는2003년중재법과관련법원(法源)의 내용을분석하고,기관중재현실을소개한후, ICSID를언급하였다.끝으로중재활성화를위한 향후과제가무엇인지지적하였다.
InMongolian historical context does not conclusively prove the existence of traditional ADR. Nevertheless, it is clear that the great deal of benefits domestically will be brought by having realized arbitration as a dispute resolution system within the law on arbitration. Mongolia has started legal reformprocess specifically in 1988 under decree number of State Ikh Khural “Legal reform program”wad adopted. Consistent with this program, the government elaborated newLawonArbitration in 2003. The lawis the primary source of law on arbitration in Mongolia apply both of domestic and international. The significant characteristic of this law was loosely based on UNCITRAL Model Law of 1985. Both of domestic laws like Mongolian Constitution, Civil Code, Civil Procedure Code, LawonCourt Enforcement, The arbitration rules of MNAC and international treaties as New York convention of 1965. In the area of foreign investment disputes apply the Foreign Investment Law, dispute resolution clause included in BITs and available to choice eg ICSID,UNCITRAL, ICCand other options.Washington convention of 1965 also applied. Today, Mongolia has one formal arbitration organization, which is called the Arbitration Court of theMongolian Chamber of Commerce and Industry. This is non governmental, non-profit organization and his rules that permit enforceable ad hoc arbitration. This paper introduced the number of cases and value of claims inMongolia and present and point out the legal tasks to overcome for future development of international commercial arbitration.

7,200원

10

영국 보험법의 개혁동향에 관한 연구 - 해상보험을 포함한 기업보험에 적용되는 담보법원칙을 중심으로 -

신건훈, 이병문

한국무역보험학회 무역보험연구 제15권 제3호 2014.09 pp.217-243

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영국 법률위원회는 영국 보험법의 개정을 위하여 2007년에 1차 검토보고서를 발표하였고, 이에 대한 각계의 반응을 고려하여 2012년에 2차 검토보고서를 발표하였다. 영국법률위원회는 이 보고서에서 각계의비판을 고려하여 과감한 개혁안을 제시하였다. 이 연구는 기업보험에 적용 되는 담보법원칙과 관련하여영국법률위원회가 제시하고 있는 개혁안의 내용, 실무적·법률적의미 및 문제점을 분석함으로써, 향후영국보험법의 개혁동향을 검토하는데 그 목적을 두고 있다.
English insurance lawhas developed a unique rule ofwarranty and afforded such a strict legal character to insurance warranty. Recently, English Law Commission proposed some proposals, adopted to business insurance, for reforming the warranty regime in CP 204. The proposals of LawCommission are summarized as following. First, LC proposes that the basis of the contract should be of no effect. Secondly, LC proposes to change the law to the effect that if a warranty is not complied with, the insurer’s liability is suspended for the duration of the breach. Thirdly, where a termis included to reduce the risk of a particular type of loss, then in the event of a breach of the term, the insurer’s liability should be suspended only in respect of that type of loss. Fourthly, the parties would be entitled to specify that a breach of warranty has different consequences.Where the insurerwish to retain the right to reject claims for breach which has already been remedied, this would need to be spelled out in clear terms, and specifically brought to the attention of the other party before the contract was formed. Finally, LC proposes that the rules outlined above should apply to express warranties in marine insurance, the implied marine warranties in MIA 1906 should be retained.

6,600원

11

P3 해운동맹에 대한 경쟁법 해운법의 적용 문제

정상근

한국무역보험학회 무역보험연구 제15권 제3호 2014.09 pp.245-262

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장기간의 불황으로해운선사의운전자금조달에애로가상당하고각국은자국해운사의보호에 진력하고있다.무역보험공사와 같은공적기구도보증이나보험의형식으로해운산업을 지지하 고 있으며,해운사업의성격상이러한지원에힘입어 경쟁에서생존한기업만이이후호황이돌아왔 을때과실을획득할수있을것이다.그러나위기상황에서생존경쟁에몰린해운기업은해운동맹 이나합병을통해생존방안을모색하고있으며P3네트워크의등장이그대표적사례이다.이러한 새로운형태의해운동맹의등장에대해경쟁제한적기업결합으로볼것인지기타규제대상해운동 맹으로볼것인가가세계해운업계의관심사가되었고,최종적으로중국상무부가경쟁제한적기업 결합으로해석하여인가를거절함으로써초거대공룡기업(P3)의등장이좌절되기에이른다. P3 의등장으로가장큰위협을받던우리입장에서는P3의법률적성격이여하한가에따라그대응방 법도모색될수있으므로그에대한법적분석이필수적이다.이글은연구목적은P3의해운법과 경쟁법상쟁점을고찰하여법적성질을규명하고그 대응방안을 모색하는데 있다.
Nowshipping companies are facedwith the crisis, the situation is similar to the IMF bailout. Due toworsening earnings deterioration, if there is nomatch in the foreseeable future recovery or support, shipping companies are up to the debacle. In these circumstances, the country must support the shipping industry, but in reality, there is no systematic support. The country’smaritime competitiveness is influenced by the various shipping support system. Since the global financial crisis, the world’s major countries are strongly protecting the domestic shipping Corps. The size of Korea’s economic aid is less than that of People’s Republic of China. In the past, it was important to raise the amount of shipping freight.Nowthe recession is lasting, so the operating funds is more important than the shipping funds. In this context, the following measures can be considered. First, shipping guarantee fundmust be established tomake the private funds support shipping companies. However, shipping guarantee agency is by no means as an urgent operational funding is not appropriate. And then it is required to support shipping companies through the export insurance system. Tonnage tax schemewill be applied until 2014 by law. Currently taking into account of shipping competitiveness, the tonnage tax scheme should be extended. In addition, tax support in ship investment company(ship fund) should be kept for. The support of shipping companies ismore important than tax equity and the State finance.

5,200원

12

Local transnational economic cooperation in Northeast Asia : Take China’s Inner Mongolia as an example

Li Ruifeng

한국무역보험학회 무역보험연구 제15권 제3호 2014.09 pp.263-280

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경제의 글로벌화와 지역경제통합의 추세에 따라 이 논문은 내몽고와 동북아지역경제협력을 위한 내몽고의 협력의 필요성, 현경제개발전략, 경제협력의 추진요소를 다루었다. 내몽골의 경제 협력의 추진전략을 다루고 지방정부차원에서의 동북경제협력을 위한 특수한 요소들을 다루었다. 동북아경제통합과정에서 내몽고 경제의 지속적이고 건전한 발전을 위한 전략과 협력방안을 다루었다. 구체적인 전략으로서내몽고지역의 개방과 협력정책은 동북아경제협력과 윈윈전략을 추구 하고, 이를 위해 내몽고 경제개방이 가속되어야 하고, 환경과 생태보존과 상치되어는 안되고 인류애, 교육, 과학, 기술과 같은 분야에서의 협력이 병행되어야 한다.
Based on the developingtr end of economic globalization and regional integration, this paper analyzes the necessity, current situationandinfluential factorsofeconomic cooperation between InnerMongolia and localized transnational areas inNortheast Asia, and then puts forward the development strategy and way of economic cooperation between InnerMongolia and regional transnational areas inNortheast Asia, aimingtopromotethesustainableandhealthydevelopment of InnerMongolia’s economy by virtue of the process of economic integration inNortheast Asia.

5,200원

 
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