언어과학 [Journal of Language Sciences]

간행물 정보
  • 자료유형
  • 발행기관
    한국언어과학회 [The Korean Association of Language Sciences]
  • ISSN
  • 간기
  • 수록기간
  • 등재여부
    KCI 등재
  • 주제분류
    인문학 > 언어학
  • 십진분류
    KDC 710 DDC 401
제25권 3호 (19건)

상황유형에 따른 영어 진행상의 한국어 번역양상


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제25권 3호 2018.08 pp.1-20

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The purpose of this study is to provide an account of Korean translations of the progressive aspect marker ‘be -ing’ according to the situational types. The results of the analysis on English-Korean Parallel Corpus show that the English progressive marker is translated into three types: First, ‘be -ing’ with the ‘progressive’ meaning of activity or accomplish verbs is translated into the Korean progressive aspect marker ‘-ko iss’, and also, it can be translated into the Korean present with dynamic verbs or the Korean connecting ending ‘-myeo’ by the Korean coding system. Second, ‘be -ing’ with the ‘future’ meaning of achievement verbs is translated into modal endings as a futurate use. Finally, ‘be -ing’ with ‘temporariness’ meaning of state verbs is translated into the Korean resultative continuousness markers (‘-ko iss’ or ‘-e iss’).



한국 대학생들의 원어민과 비원어민 영어교수에 대한 인식 조사


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제25권 3호 2018.08 pp.21-40

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This study aims to examine Korean college students' perceptions about native and non-native English speaking professors. For this purpose, 239 students participated in the study. In terms of nationality, students have the highest preference for native English speaking professors from English speaking nations. An understanding of Korean language and culture, as well as English education related majors were regarded as significant qualifications for native English speaking professors in Korea. In terms of teaching areas, native English speaking professors received the highest scores in the areas of English pronunciation teaching, conversation teaching and evaluation. Korean English professors got the highest scores in the areas of English grammar teaching and evaluation, and English learning strategies. Based on the results, the necessity of collaboration or team-teaching was emphasized for pedagogical implications.



현대 한국어에서의 외래어 혼성어

문수지, 이동명

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제25권 3호 2018.08 pp.41-70

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Recently, one of the most intriguing linguistic phenomena in Korean might be blending. The blending process is bit different from compounding, whereby the clipping of words and the combining of those clipped parts occur at the same time. In the current study, we examined blending words made in Korean as well as the words in English. It seems that Korean grammar may intervene in the procedures of the Korean blending word formation. In addition, some blended words seem to have suffixes in Korean recently. These suffixes are mainly derivational suffixes. In the present study, we argue that there is high productivity, regularity, as well as constraints in Korean blending word formation. We think that blending phenomenon is not a part of destroying Korean language, but a part of general linguistic phenomena which provide new words into the language.



영어 목적어의 한정성 요인에 따른 영목적어 코퍼스연구

박혜미, 박기성

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제25권 3호 2018.08 pp.71-90

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The purpose of this paper is to investigate the linguistic factors for null object phenomena in English and the frequency of use of null object vs. realized object in COCA corpus depending on the definiteness of the objects. In this paper, we classify the objects to talk about the factors for null objects in this way: an indefinite object, a definite object, an object with its complement and a reflexive pronoun object. It is claimed that the deletion of an indefinite object is usually not context-dependent since it is predictable, while that of a definite object is context-dependent since the readers are expected to recover the definite objects for themselves. It is also argued that the verbs in the category of definite or indefinite objects have different frequency of use for null objects in the COCA corpus. The verbs which show the most frequent null objects are ‘sing’(71%) and ‘fail’(76%) in indefinite and definite object classes, respectively.



중국인 고급 학습자의 한국어 타동성 인식과 ‘을/를’ 중출구문 습득 양상 - 인터페이스 가설의 측면에서


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제25권 3호 2018.08 pp.91-105

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This article investigates how Korean learners whose L1 is Chinese acquire Korean double ‘ul/lul’ constructions based on their perception of transitivity. This study considers Korean particle ‘ul/lul’ functions as object case marker, transitivity marker, modal marker or focus marker and they are fulfilled in a multi-layered way. According to the Interface Hypothesis, even near-native L2 learners show particular vulnerability in learning grammars in the Interface zone, where different layers of language interject. This study examined the patterns Korean ‘ul/lul’ constructions are accepted in the varied layers of meaning, located in the Interface area. The results represented both native and learner groups showed the highest acceptability in typical functions of ‘ul/lul’ while the lowest in atypical, which is in accordance with what the Interface Hypothesis suggests.



친일 보도에 대한 말뭉치 분석

원지연, 조영순

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제25권 3호 2018.08 pp.107-130

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This paper aims to analyze Korean media texts about chinil(pro-Japanese). Pro-Japanese has long been a controversial issue in Korea, which is the nearest country to Japan and suffered its colonial ruling. The term chinil in Korea is interpreted in two ways: One is Japanophilism, the concept of which originated from the anti-Japanese policy of the Rhee Syngman administration. The other interpretation is some people’s pro-Japanese actions during the Japanese colonial reign over Korea, the concept of which was advocated by Korean historians. After collecting data from Chosun Ilbo and Hangyoreh Shinmun, two major Korean papers, conservative and progressive respectively, the analyses of keywords, collocates, and concordance as well as close examination of frequent and chinil-related expressions were performed. Differences are found: Chosun pays relatively less attention to the chinil issue, approves less of the concept of chinil as pro-Japanese actions, and is reluctant to unearth and report activities of pro-Japanese collaborators, arguing that they are only past, personal or family history; Hangyoreh takes the chinil issue more seriously, upholds strongly the concept of chinil as pro-Japanese actions, and is enthusiastic about publicizing the pro-Japanese actions, believing that they are anti-national actions.



암시의미 연구방법론

유인선, 김승남

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제25권 3호 2018.08 pp.131-155

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The work presented in this study comprises of four objectives. The work presented in this study comprises of four objectives. The first objective is to define the connotation itself, whereby the connotation refers to positive, neutral, and negative meanings attached to literal and figurative meanings. The second objective is to set the research goals regarding the connotation; the goals being the semantic polarity and ambivalence. Semantic polarity refers to a word that is used primarily in the sense of positive(P), neutral(NE), or negative meaning(N). Semantic ambivalence refers to a word for which the meanings: (i) P-N, (ii) P-NE, (iii) N-NE, (iv) P-NE-N are used in similar proportions. Within the third objective, the limitations of existing research methods regarding the connotation are analyzed and the ‘Connotation Space(CS)’ is suggested to resolve them. Finally, the connotation of the animal words in the Gasa from 14c to 18c are analyzed by the proposed methodology.



그림을 접목시킨 소셜 네트워크 서비스 어플리케이션 활용이 고등학생의 영어 어휘력, 정의적 영역, 그리고 모바일 학습 형태에 미치는 영향


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제25권 3호 2018.08 pp.157-189

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This study examines the effect of English vocabulary learning through utilizing Social Network Services incorporating visual aids including Classting and Socrative on second grade high school students. The study analyzes both groups’ English vocabulary ability as well as the experiment group’s learning attitude toward the method of English vocabulary acquisition and the ways of utilizing mobile devices. The result of this study indicated that using SNS applications incorporating visual aids can significantly enhance the students’ English vocabulary ability. Moreover, it had a positive influence on the experimental group’s affective aspects, especially on their confidence. With the help of the mobile devices, students can learn the target vocabulary words and expressions anytime and anywhere. Based on the results, the need to combine voice files, the optimum learning conditions for S-learning, and the need to discuss words that are difficult to express in pictures were suggested.



한국어 감정 음성에서 모멜로 추출한 피치 곡선 연구


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제25권 3호 2018.08 pp.191-209

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An analysis of intonation contours extracted from Korean emotional speech using Momel is conducted. For the analysis, 360 sentence tokens of six emotions (happiness, anger, fear, sadness, neutral and boredom) produced by 6 actors (3 men and 3 women) are processed to extract acoustical feature values. The feature values include micro level features such as Pt (pitch point movement time), Pr (pitch point pitch range), Ps (pitch point pitch slope) and Pd (pitch point distance). In addition, sentence level features are included, such as Sr (sentence pitch range), Sf (sentence final pitch range) and Syl (syllables per second). Some micro level features (Pt and Pd) and all sentence level features (Sr, Ss, Sf, and Syl) show to be affected by emotions. Gender differences are not found in any of the micro level features whereas all of the sentence level features are affected by gender. In the same vein as the previous study on German emotional speech (Yi, 2014a), this study on Korean emotional speech is also showing that the emotions with high level arousal are differentiated from those with low level arousal by the acoustical features.



출력과업의 유형 및 목표언어 형태의 난이도 수준이 언어 형태 학습에 미치는 영향


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제25권 3호 2018.08 pp.211-230

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The present study sought to investigate whether (i) the types of output task or (ii) the difficulty levels of target forms would have different effects on the learning of target language forms. To this end, three intact classes at Korean high school (64 female students) were divided into three experimental groups. They were asked to complete picture-cued writing tasks, reconstruction tasks, or essay writing tasks, which involved two target forms at different difficulty levels. Both the pretest and posttest were designed to assess the learners’ knowledge of the target language forms prior to and after the treatments. The results showed that the picture-cued writing and reconstruction tasks were more effective than the essay writing task in the learning of the relatively less difficult form. On the other hand, in learning the more difficult form, the students who completed the picture-cued writing task outperformed those who carried out the reconstruction or essay writing tasks. Pedagogical implications are discussed.



독립선언서에 나타난 도덕적 은유의 개념적 양상에 관한 연구

최재영, 권연진

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제25권 3호 2018.08 pp.231-248

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This study aims to analyze the various conceptual aspects of the moral metaphor inherent in the Proclamation of Korean Independence. The theoretical basis of this study is the viewpoint of cognitive linguistics on the morality of Lakoff & Johnson(2003), and the framework for analysis will be based on the moral metaphor classification chart of Lakoff(2009). Morality can be accessed from two directions: from the moral metaphor side and the immoral metaphor side. The following facts can be found in the study: First, UPRIGHTNESS and STRENGTH were prominent on the moral metaphor side. Second, DECEIT and OPPRESSING were prominent on the immoral metaphor side. Third, source domains, which were not included in the moral metaphor classification chart of Lakoff(2009), were also found. Finally, this study will be able to contribute to providing basic information for the further studies on the universality and variation of metaphor in culture.



플립러닝을 활용한 형태초점교수법과 교정적 피드백이 학습자의 언어사용 정확도에 미치는 영향


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제25권 3호 2018.08 pp.249-272

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This study aimed to explore the effects of focus-on-form instruction and corrective feedback on learners’ accuracy in English language use under the flipped learning environment. Two groups were formed: one group received explicit FFI with oral CF and the other was given explicit FFI with written CF. For pre-class activities, all groups were asked to watch a movie subtitled in English and lectures about the target features with metalinguistic explanation, which were uploaded on the website. For in-class tasks, the oral group was provided with error correction feedback orally and the written group with written corrective feedback on their errors. Results indicated that the written group performed better than the oral group and that both groups were satisfied with the flipped learning process. The study sheds light on the implications of how to effectively teach in technology-incorporated flipped learning contexts.



An Analysis of an English Reading Comprehension Test Through Explanatory Item Response Models

Sae il Choi

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제25권 3호 2018.08 pp.273-296

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Extending the conventional item response theory(IRT) as a measurement model to explanatory IRT(EIRT) based on generalized (non)linear mixed modeling has opened a new possibility to incorporate many item and person properties in its modeling process so that their effects can be considered simultaneously. The purpose of the current study was to apply EIRT to a complex data set that consisted of a reading comprehension test, a student survey of English study, and information about the item categories of the reading test. Sequential EIRT modeling of the data set showed that some of the item and person properties consistently had significant effects on the item difficulty and on the probability of correct answers. The modeling process also revealed some statistical or computational challenges researchers might encounter when they try to apply EIRT to complex language test data.



Emergent Imperfective Constructions in Present-Day Korean

Youngju Choi

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제25권 3호 2018.08 pp.297-318

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Koops(2004) examines locative constructions, posture verb constructions, and motion verb constructions in Present-Day English(PDE) to decide whether those constructions, which are best attested as grammaticalized progressive aspect constructions, also show the properties of progressive aspect constructions. The observation of PDE reveals that those constructions in PDE show imperfect aspectual meanings at an incipient level. This paper examines the same constructions in Present-Day Korean which are typologically unrelated to PDE, revealing that they similarly have the imperfective aspect of duration, repetition, and/or frequentativeness. The results strongly suggest that the same paths of grammaticalization are followed by diverse languages, revealing the linguistic motivation of the grammaticalization.



An Analysis of Pragmatic Content in ELT Textbooks

Young-Ju Han

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제25권 3호 2018.08 pp.319-339

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The present study examines the pragmatic content in the textbooks which play a primary role in providing language input in EFL classrooms. The exploration focuses particularly on three speech acts(requesting, refusing and apologizing). Two high school English textbooks used in Korea, along with two ELT textbooks written by native writers of English are chosen for the analysis. The ways of presenting speech acts, the amount, as well as which speech act strategies are presented in those textbooks are investigated. The results of the study are generally similar to those of the previous appraisals, which indicated that there is insufficient explicit discussion regarding when and how to use a speech act and which expression would be appropriate in a given situation. Additionally, they are limited in the range of options for expressions presented to the students. The results are discussed and implications of the study are provided.



Manner/Result Complemetarity in Korean Directed Motion Events

Soo-Min Hong

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제25권 3호 2018.08 pp.341-361

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This paper investigates how directed motion events play out in Korean serial verb constructions(SVCs). Rappaport Hovav and Levin’s (2010) manner/result complementarity as a lexicalization constraint proposes that a single verb should lexicalize either manner or result components, but not both. Serial verb constructions are complex predicates consisting of two or more verbs but importantly express a concomitant event. Among a variety of serial verb types, this paper takes notice to only the following two types: manner + directed motion verbs and manner + result verbs. To this end, this paper examines the morphosyntactic properties of Korean SVCs and the semantic relations between the two serial verbs. It is confirmed that Korean SVCs are not lexical compounds but a monoclause. Even though not only the manner and directed motion components but also the manner and result components are readily combined in the SVCs, they do not counterexemplify the manner/result complementarity. In that serial verbs(SVs) are not the word level but above the level of the word.



Keywords and Key Clusters in Shakespeare’s Love Plays : Three Love Tragedies and Three Love Comedies

Se-Eun Jhang, Siqi Liu, Jae-Hoon Kim

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제25권 3호 2018.08 pp.363-384

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This study aims to investigate keywords and key clusters in Shakespearean love plays focusing on a group of three love tragedies(Anthony and Cleopatra, Othello, and Romeo and Juliet) and a group of three love comedies(A Midsummer Night’s Dream, As You Like It, and The Two Gentlemen of Verona). The only one shared key keyword in love tragedies and love comedies is love. Some of the key keywords in love comedies have a positive tendency, such as love, lover, lovers, sweet, wit, and love’s. By contrast, some of the key keywords in love tragedies have a negative tendency, such as dead, poison, beguil’d, death, and soldier’s. The only one shared key key cluster in love tragedies and love comedies is go with me. These results tell us that all six plays belong to the category of love plays and the characteristics of keyword and key cluster dispersion plots can distinguish tragedy plays from comedy plays.



English Velar Softening in Optimality Theory

Yongsung Lee

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제25권 3호 2018.08 pp.385-402

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Velar softening, partly historical and partly synchronic in nature, has been dealt with in many different frameworks. The g→ǰ change is predictable, but the k→s change is unexpected and defies an easy explanation. In this paper, we review two key issues in English velar softening. The first issue is the predictability of these changes. The review of Lee(2004) and Randomski(2010) shows that velar softening is unpredictable and that there should be multiple inputs for all words that undergo velar softening. It is proposed in this paper, however, that in most cases we can dispense with multiple inputs. The second issue is the trigger of the velar softening process. It is assumed that part of i-initial suffixes triggers the change. The analysis in this paper shows that contextual velar softening can be explained with a single input, and we limit the use of multiple inputs only for historical residues.



Event Structure Composition in Korean Verbless Constructions by Particles and Verbal Nouns : Evidence from Newspaper Headlines

Gyu-Ho Shin

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제25권 3호 2018.08 pp.403-425

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This study explored how event representations are composed in Korean verbless constructions by investigating 500 newspaper headlines. Four findings were noted. First, certain form-function pairings of particles were extensively used. Second, noun-final headlines occurred dominantly with -i/ka/(n)un and -ey/eyse, and particle-final headlines were proportionally more common with -(u)lo than the other particles. Third, verb types (copula vs. non-copulas) inferred from headlines differed by the first particle types. Lastly, the majority of non-copulas inferred from noun-final headlines with -ey/eyse and -(u)lo patterns consisted of verbal nouns with light verbs. Those findings suggest that event structures in Korean headlines can be constructed by combining particular form-function pairings of particles and headline-final verbal nouns, implying a possible motivation for event structure composition in Korean verbless constructions.


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