언어과학 [Journal of Language Sciences]

간행물 정보
  • 자료유형
  • 발행기관
    한국언어과학회 [The Korean Association of Language Sciences]
  • ISSN
  • 간기
  • 수록기간
  • 등재여부
    KCI 등재
  • 주제분류
    인문학 > 언어학
  • 십진분류
    KDC 710 DDC 401
제14권 3호 (10건)

한국어 문장이해과정에서의 형태통사 및 의미오류의 출현 위치관련 ERP 성분과 그 영역특성

김충명, 남기춘

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제14권 3호 2007.10 pp.1-20

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This paper aims at investigating the cross-linguistic generality and intra-language specificity in processing morphosyntactic and semantic on-line processing in Korean often called head-final language using ERPs(Event-related Poentials). Before the current experiment, sub-classification for errors was firstly conducted into sentence-final-error(syntactic/semantic-final-error) and sentence-mid-error (syntactic/ semantic-mid-error) according as the same type of errors can be arisen in any loci of complement or predicate in Korean. Our experimental results shows that, as expected, P600(positive peak at about 600 ms after the stimulus onset) and N400(negative peak at about 400 ms after the stimulus onset) were observed in each error type respectively. However, specifically the centered activation area in sentence-final-error is moved into more posterior site from anterior position which is different from the topographic distribution occurring at sentence-mid -error. This finding suggests that the error-occurring position can be main factor having effect on error processing area as well as error types indexed with ERP characteristics such as latency or amplitude of the current component.



낭독에 대한 언어학적 고찰


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제14권 3호 2007.10 pp.21-42

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This paper is designed to linguistically consider that reading-aloud can be an appropriate way to achieve the comprehensive objective of learning language. Reading-aloud is the reader's work to reproduce spoken language from the text to be grammatically written by a writer. In other words, silent-reading is just a skill to understand a written language, whereas reading-aloud is a skill not only to understand a written language but also to reproduce a spoken language. And rammar being a product of studying language behaviour performed in language skills, language ehaviour can not but be reflected on grammar and should be able to be performed habitually. Reading-aloud must be, then, a very good language learning method to get accustomed to both language knowledge and language skills, and to satisfy the ultimate aim of linguistics. Because reading-aloud uses the most properties of language which is a symbolic sign and an instrument of communication, and linguistics is to study the nature of language and communication whether it is the linguistic knowledge or the linguistic behaviour.



‘토’의 통어적 기능을 위한 문법체계


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제14권 3호 2007.10 pp.43-61

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This paper critically reviews some previous analyses of Korean inflectional affixes(K-infl). And this paper is a work for reflecting morphologic and syntactic properties of K-infl. I analyze Korean lexical category and functional category into morphologic structure. And I introduce the feature structure and principle of Seo Min-Jeong(2004, 2005) for its syntactic function discussion. I explain that the infl unites the stem and other inflectional affixes as a agglutination and linguistic information of inflectional affixes unite the linguistic information of stem and other inflectional affixes as the principle 'unification', 'schema' and lexical rule in Korean.



의미성분분석을 이용한 한-일 가열요리동사 대역관계

서정행, 시라이시 치에미, 윤애선

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제14권 3호 2007.10 pp.63-91

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purpose of this study is ① to analyze the distinctive semantic features in the culinary semantic field of Korean and Japanese heating verbs, ② to establish the hierarchical structure of semantic features, and ③ to propose the equivalence of word senses between the two languages. As for the semantic features of Japanese heating verbs. we examined the validity of the distinction between diagnostic components and the supplementary components that we have proposed in our previous study(Yoon & Seo 2006).



15세기국어 ‘라’체 의문문의 격식성과 비격식성


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제14권 3호 2007.10 pp.93-114

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This study has classified the interrogative ending of 'hʌra' form into formal and informal style then defined 'nda' pattern as the former and 'ga/go' system as the latter. The 'ga/go' system is explained that it is the idea of giving a generic name to 'noun+ga/go', 'nga (go)', 'nyo/nyeo', 'ryo/rio', and 'ryeo/riyeo'. After all, these forms are originated from 'ga/go' system. The possibility of 'nda' pattern as formal style is found that the speaker's intention is performed with much stronger than other patterns. So, this is the result of maintaining its own form of '-da' which carries out decisive and notifying function in an explanation. In short, a series of feature coincide with a general property of formal style which is regarded as 'wording performed by direct, decisive, and typical intention-ending'. The possibility of 'ga/go' system as informal style is found that 'da', with 'nda' pattern, which has decisive and notifying function is not used, and has more word form compare to 'nda' pattern. If 'da' which has the function of the above is not used, then it is presumed that the opposite effect could appear. In addition, if there is lots of word form, then various senses such as distrust, supposition, and exclamation could be expressed and finally, the speaker's emotion could be delivered richly.



한국어 명사 합성어의 음운론적 교체에 대한 재고찰


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제14권 3호 2007.10 pp.115-135

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This paper argues that phonological alternations in Korean noun compounds―tensification and nasal epenthesis―result from gemination, not from any epenthesis. This gemination approach can not only provide a unified account of tensification and nasal epenthesis but also correctly predict that there is no phonological alternation in the compounds in which the second stem begins with a vowel. This paper also suggests that phonological alternations in compounds including gemination can be accounted for in terms of transderivational anti-faithfulness developed by Alderete(1999) without the problems that are involved in the analyses which employ a compound-specific genitive or adjective morpheme.



The Korean Suffix -Ess : the Perfect and the Indirect Evidential

Kyung-Sook Chung

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제14권 3호 2007.10 pp.137-158

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This paper examines the Korean suffix -ess. It is argued that the suffix -ess is ambiguous between the perfect (anterior) and the indirect evidential. It is shown that the suffix -ess functions as an indirect evidential (an inferential evidential based on the result state) when it co-occurs with the suffixes -te or -ney. It is also argued that the perfect -ess and the indirect evidential -ess share the three core meaning components―a prior event described by the sentence, its consequent state (result state), and the epistemic modal that relates these two. However, the difference between the indirect evidential -ess and the perfect (anterior) -ess lies in the way the three components are combined. Thus, the proposed analysis shows that the perfect and the indirect evidential are closely related, and that, at the same time, the two are distinct categories.



On Subject Extraction : Parallel Movement and Chain Uniformity

Soo-Min Hong, Dong-Hwan An

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제14권 3호 2007.10 pp.159-171

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The goal of this paper is to examine the nature of extraction from subjects under Chomsky's (2005) probe-goal system. Chomsky (2005) introduces a new notion of parallel movement as a theoretical consequence of the feature-inheritance theory. That is, A-movement and A'-movement take place at the same stage during the course of the derivation. Huang's (1982) CED contains the Subject Island Condition which has the effect of blocking the extraction out of subject. Chomsky (2005) presents a set of examples that apparently runs counter to the Subject Island Condition. Even these examples may be well accommodated by Chomsky's probe-goal system in concert with parallel movement. In the mean time, Rizzi (2004) proposes the Criterial Freezing as part of theory of syntactic freezing: a phase meeting a criterion is frozen in place. A freezing effect makes all criterial positions opaque including [Spec, T] or [Spec, Subj] in Rizzi's terms. However, it is not true that all subjects are opaque to further operations as Subject Criterion predicts.



Iconicity of Argument Alternation Structures in English and Korean

Kwang Hyun Kim

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제14권 3호 2007.10 pp.173-192

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The purpose of this paper is to explain the meaning difference of argument alternation structures such as dative, conative, and locative alternations in English and Korean in terms of Haiman's (1980, 1983, and 1985) distance principle. Discourse-functional account including distance principle can explicitly analyze the semantic and pragmatic differences between two types of complements in these structures. In order to examine the validity of the proposed analysis, this study performs the survey of 10 native speakers' intuition on functional, semantic or pragmatic differences between the minimal pair sentences under discussion in each language. As a result, it is possible to say that the closer the object NP is to the verb that denotes the subject's action, the more direct the effect of the latter on the former is in both languages. Based on the result, iconic aspect can be dealt as a universal tendency and this generality may be extended to other languages.



From Sympathy to OT-CC: A Case of Modern Hebrew Opacity

Minkyung Lee

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제14권 3호 2007.10 pp.193-214

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Opacity is left unresolved in classic OT that does not allow serial or intermediate derivation. A surface true form fares worse in opacity. Sympathy Theory is proposed to patch up this problem. However, as evidenced in Modern Hebrew, Sympathy is a back-door introduction of derivation. Though Sympathy seems to remedy the shortcomings of classic OT in opacity, it cannot distinguish the traditional notion of counterbleeding from bleeding. Sympathy blindly creates the same result in both transparency and opacity. Optimality Theory with Candidate Chains (OT-CC) and Precedence Constraint (Prec) (McCarthy 2006) do away with the failure of Sympathy observed in Modern Hebrew. OT-CC keeps the violation record of faithfulness constraints and Prec evaluates their violation order in chains. OT-CC with Prec is proven to have explanatory adequacy and superiority.


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