언어과학 [Journal of Language Sciences]

간행물 정보
  • 자료유형
  • 발행기관
    한국언어과학회 [The Korean Association of Language Sciences]
  • ISSN
  • 간기
  • 수록기간
  • 등재여부
    KCI 등재
  • 주제분류
    인문학 > 언어학
  • 십진분류
    KDC 710 DDC 401
제14권 1호 (10건)

통사적 구성 단어의 내적 구조 표시


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제14권 1호 2007.02 pp.1-18

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The dictionary related with words has many information, for example, their lexical meaning, morphological information and syntactic information, etc. However, for the dictionary of existing information which relates with the inner structure of a word is not accurate and detailed. The inner structure of a word has very important morphological information such as a word's formation process, productivity of a word's constituent units, etc. None the less, representations of a words' inner structure in the dictionaries of existing are not correct and are optional as well. This study attempts to describe correctly the inner structure of syntactical words in the dictionaries. In Korean, the syntactic word's structures have three types such as a ‘X-ending-X’ type, a ‘X-X-ending’ type and a ‘X-ending’ type. They have two basis and a ending in common. In Korean dictionaries, these three types have the inner structure as follows; (1) ‘X-ending-X’ type → [ X - ending ][ X ], (2) ‘X-X-ending’ type → [[ X ] [ X ] ending ], or [ X ] [[ X ] ending ], (3) ‘X-ending’ type → [[ X ] ending ]. In these cases, [ ] is indicated a synchronic unit or synchronic relations between units, and - is indicated a diachronic unit or diachronic relations between units.



영어 복합술어구문의 융합과 도출에 관한 소고


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제14권 1호 2007.02 pp.20-36

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This paper attempts to account for conflation and derivation of light verb complex predicates(LVCP), especially the `have' complex predicate in the Minimalism (Chomsky 1995, 2000) and suggests that this type of light verb shows somewhat different properties from other light verbs like the ones in traditional grammar and Minimalism perspective, respectively. Throughout the paper I show that the light verb `have' also has a specific and semantic signature like other verbs, which is an important clue for the grammaticality of the complex predicate and that the tension between semantic and syntactic properties of these predicates is dissolved. Based on the study in Kim(2004), LVCP does not need a conflation just for a p-signature in the lexicon because the light verb `have' is neither a phonological null nor a phonologically defective affix. I suggest that a semantic signature of LVCP is conflated with that of the related complement at the lexicon, namely, both a syntactic label and a phonological signature of LVCP are not conflated at the lexicon, respectively.



한국어 부사절의 특성과 범위


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제14권 1호 2007.02 pp.38-56

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The purpose of this paper is to establish the characters and the scope of the Adverbial Clause in Korean. The characters of the Adverbial Clause are basically equal to those of Adverb in Syntax. But, because the construction of Adverbial Clause is the sentence form, it has more concrete than Adverb in meaning and can't distribute in the position of Head in Adverbial Phrase Construction. Also, Adverbial Clause has more constraints than Adverb in combining with Auxiliary-Particle. The construction and the semantic character of Adverbial Clause can show as Proposition(the content of ‘EVENT’)+{-ge(-게), -dorok(-도록, -deus(i)(-듯(이))}(the marks of Adverbial Clause deciding the class of Adverbial meaning. The marks of Adverbial Clause are defined with the final ending ‘-ke(-게), -dorok(-도록), -deus(-듯)’.



생략과 (불)일치: 자동일치 및 자동격 현상을 중심으로

김선웅, 박명관

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제14권 1호 2007.02 pp.58-85

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This paper explores a PF deletion approach to ellipsis by investigating the interaction between ellipsis and agreement. In particular, we first note that standard agreement obtains in the there existential construction even when the so-called associate DP/NP within it is included in the domain affected by the operation of VP ellipsis. We argue that this phenomenon cannot be accounted for by assuming Wasow's (1972) empty structure hypothesis and Lobeck's (1995) pro hypothesis on ellipsis. Rather the phenomenon constitutes conclusive evidence in favor of a PF deletion hypothesis on ellipsis, which allows syntactic features of lexical terms in the domain of ellipsis to come into play just like those of non-deleted ones. We also show that the left-edge Aux deletion construction recently discussed by Fitzpatrick (2006) renders additional evidence in favor of a PF deletion approach to ellipsis, but the gapping construction in English seems not to involve ellipsis, in that it behaves in a markedly different way from the two constructions just noted. In the latter part of the paper we examine the absence of subject clitic or agreement on Comp when sluicing or IP deletion applies in the dialects of Dutch, and attempt to accommodate this phenomenon into the larger picture of ellipsis.



영어 이중 목적어 어순의 통시적 변화


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제14권 1호 2007.02 pp.88-107

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The purpose of this study is to investigate the interplay between alterations in morphological case system and word order change in English double object constructions from diachronic perspective. Given the realization of overt morphological cases and nearly an equal frequency of occurrences in the linear order of ‘IO+DO’ and ‘DO+IO’ in late OE and early ME, it is reasonable to propose that each of them was derived from an independent underlying syntactic structure. During this period, morphological dative case was valued for an indirect object with the thematic role of recipient and morphological accusative case was valued for a direct object with that of theme. In spite of inflectional syncretism, or deflection, there were distributional variations between indirect and direct object in double object constructions from early ME to late ME. This phenomenon demonstrates that the fixing of word order in two objects was closely related to the collapsing of case-marking distinction in pronouns at the end of the ME period. The derivational constraint on word order as IO-DO and ‘DO-to+IO’ from the late ME period was triggered by the loss of inflections and the resultant change of case valuation system from morphological case to abstract Case which came to be rendered in narrow syntax in the single complement hypothesis based on split VP configurational system.



연산 작용의 최소화에 반하여


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제14권 1호 2007.02 pp.110-126

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Economy is basically a matter of competence, excluding relations beyond the interfaces. The economy principles pertain to the stages in the construction of representations at LF and PF interfaces, which are internal to the language faculty. Computing derivations is guided by the narrow syntactic requirement that the least costly, minimized one be used. Internal Merge enables multiple occurrences of a lexical item in the edges of phase, yielding connectivity effects in long-distance dependencies. The economy at PF interface serves to obtain the phonological effect of the copy only in the final stage of derivation. There are, however, cases where some (or all) copies in the intermediate stages are realized morphologically, which are seemingly counter-examples of the minimization requirement on PF interface. The purposes of this paper are to show the cross-linguistic data of the cases where the intermediate copies are morphologically realized, and account for these cases within the minimalist ideas, by extending the concept of economy to a matter of performance which is the system of interpretation or production.



영어 명사의 인지적 학습에 관한 연구


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제14권 1호 2007.02 pp.128-140

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This study has two aims: one is to apply the motivation theory into English Nouns; the other is to apply this theory to English learning and to suggest that English learners can study more easily English Nouns on the cognitive theory than on other grammatical theories, in particular on generative theory. This study attempts to examine the cognitive interaction in deciding English Nouns' plural forms. And also it attempts to find out the logical reason of its form in each case. It is proved that in English Nouns there exist four kinds of plural forms; and we can find out their particular phenomena of the iconicity principle that meaning depends on form more than we think. So this study suggests that we English learners should study English nouns on the cognitive grammar.



내용중심 언어수업에 대한 고찰: 대학에서의 전공과목 영어강의에 대한 제언을 중심으로


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제14권 1호 2007.02 pp.142-157

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Lectures delivered in English are being widely implemented in Korean universities. Most universities in Korea are planning to increase the number of lectures in English to keep in step with globalism. However, because Korea is an EFL setting in terms of English teaching, some difficulties are anticipated when Korean professors are required to teach courses in English. In reality, there are pros and cons on this matter. Content-based instruction (CBI) is an approach of language teaching in which the target language is taught by way of teaching contents in the other area than language. One of CBI models, the sheltered CBI, is the closest model to lectures in English in Korean universities. In this study, a review of CBI including its models and theoretical rationales is first presented, which is followed by the discussion of CBI in the EFL setting along with suggestions for lectures in English in Korean Universities.



Error Patterns and Interference Features of French-Speaking Learners of KSL/KFL

Seong-Sook Yim

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제14권 1호 2007.02 pp.160-181

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This paper presents the characteristics and causes of Korean errors made by French-Speaking learners of KSL/KFL. We studied a corpus constituted of typical oral and written error sentences produced by 70 students attending the Korean language courses at the University of Montreal in Canada. According to the non-contrastive approach, error is defined as a ‘transitional language’, not as a ‘something wrong’. The errors were classified and analyzed into 8 categories: pronunciation, spelling, particle, word order, verb suffix, tense, politeness and vocabulary. By applying the inference theory of J.C. Richards, we explained what constraints learners would be facing when assimilating the target language and what type of interferences lead them to produce errors. Our findings show that errors represent their transitional language performed at a particular stage of the acquisition and can be caused by interference of their mother tongue and also by interference of Korean development and/or intra-lingual complexity.



한국언어과학회 회칙

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제14권 1호 2007.02 pp.184-202

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