언어과학 [Journal of Language Sciences]

간행물 정보
  • 자료유형
  • 발행기관
    한국언어과학회 [The Korean Association of Language Sciences]
  • ISSN
  • 간기
  • 수록기간
  • 등재여부
    KCI 등재
  • 주제분류
    인문학 > 언어학
  • 십진분류
    KDC 710 DDC 401
제21권 3호 (12건)

한국인 영어 학습자의 비대격동사와 비능격동사 문법성 판단에 관한 연구

김수연, 안동환

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제21권 3호 2014.08 pp.1-22

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The purpose of the study is to examine how Korean L2 learners' knowledge of unaccusativity is represented in their interlanguage grammars of English. High level English learners and mid-level English learners participated in this study. The result of the study shows that Korean L2 learners do go through developmental stages by proficiency level in acquiring the difference between unaccusative verbs and unergative verbs, which is distinct from the previous studies. This paper also suggests that Korean L2 learners of English distinguish between derived unaccusative verbs and unergative verbs. This can be empirical evidence to support Matue(2005)'s claim that derived unaccusative verbs are different from unergative verbs.



주어를 찾아서


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제21권 3호 2014.08 pp.23-44

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A language codes the arguments in a clause with respect to a verb. In Korean, the relations between a verb and its arguments are marked by case markers or particles. These morphemes transparently indicate grammatical functions in agglutinative languages. However, the nominative case marker does not necessarily indicate a grammatical subject. The concept of a grammatical subject is not always synonymous with that of a nominative case marked noun phrase. And all orders of arguments are acceptable provided the verb is final. This makes the configuration available for coding of an information structure. A grammatical subject, if any, should be defined by syntactic properties, which refer to the involvement of a subject in a grammatical construction. This paper explores some of these properties of a grammatical subject in the honorification, the equi control, the anaphora, the plural copy, the antecedent of zero pronoun, and the subject-to-object raising. These constructions are conditioned by a grammatical subject in one way or another. However, the subject does not always refer to these constructions. In describing these sentences in Korean, this paper proposes that some semantic features such as human and animacy, and relatively transparent case marked semantic functions should be considered, as well as a pragmatic function which is marked by a topic marker and a word order



국어의 동일 조음 위치 폐쇄음 연쇄에 대한 실험음성학적 연구


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제21권 3호 2014.08 pp.45-64

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It has been controversial how two successive stop consonants with the same place characteristics are actually pronounced. This study attempted to reveal whether the surface form of successive stop consonants is identical to that of a single stop consonant through phonetic experiment. For this study, utterance samples from 18 experimental sentences composed of nonsense or real words have been collected. I assessed the closure duration of (C1)C2, the length of V1, and Voice Onset Time(VOT) under the V1(C1)C2V2 environment, and performed paired sample t-test. The result of the experiment using nonsense words shows that shortening of V1 and lengthening of closure duration occur in case of the successive stop consonants. By contrast, in the experiment using real words, no differences were found between the two successive stop consonants and the single stop consonant. This indicates that there is a phonetic difference between the two successive consonants and the single stop consonant. However, the phonetic difference upon intentional pronunciation being aware of orthography does not correspond with the pronunciation during ordinary speaking.



시간에 따른 사건 전개 및 긴장 정도 추이 연구 - KBS 뉴스의 {북한}을 중심으로


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제21권 3호 2014.08 pp.65-96

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The purpose of this study is to analyze the change on the progression of an event and the degree of tension considering time series. For this purpose, the thematic word {Bukhan} has been analyzed in the KBS News 9, which broadcasted from 2001 through 2013. {Bukhan} has the high frequency of use, but each time the frequency deviation is very wide. For instance, the frequency of {Mikuk} is much higher than {Jungguk}, but the frequency of {Mikuk} is lowered, while the frequency of {Jungguk} increased. The news related to North Korea are mainly covered in the subject of a missile or nuclear test. In the topics covering a missile or nuclear test, the first [EVENT] has occurred after the [ACTION], [TENSION], [RELAXATION] proceeds in the order of events. In terms of the frequency of words, [EVENT] is the highest area, but the degree of tension is correlated with the frequency of words in the [TENSION], especially {Dabal(provocation)}. The result of this study may show that the results of analysis may be utilized to forecast the direction of the incident and the degree of tension



한국어 타동성 처소교체 구문에 대한 중국인 학습자의 논항 구조 인식 연구


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제21권 3호 2014.08 pp.97-116

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This study aims at exploring the grammaticality recognition of the L2 learners of Korean on the transitive locative structures. Argument alignment and locative alternation have been postulated as two linguistic contexts to design 12 locative verb sentences. 20 Korean native speakers(NKs) and 40 L1 Chinese learners of Korean(CKs) participated in the study. Research questions of the study are as below: RQ 1. Do CKs show different grammaticality judgments on locative structures compared to NKs do in terms of argument alignment and locative alternation? RQ 2. Is there L2 variation of language proficiency in the grammaticality judgments of the CK high group and that of CK low group? The results regarding RQ 1 showed that CKs exhibited significantly lower grammaticality judgment than NKs did regardless of the linguistic contexts. This implies that further attention on teaching of locative structures needs to be provided to the L2 learners. For RQ 2, CK low group showed significantly low grammaticality judgment on the sentences in unmarked contexts such as typical argument alignment structures and alternation structures. However, the grammaticality judgment of CK low and high groups were not consistant in non-alternation structures when they were compared to that in the other marked context, non-typical argument alignment structures. It implies that markedness hypothesis regarding typicalness of argument alignment in L2 acquisition is valid but not with locative alternation.



한국어 주격중출 가설 검증 : 유아의 실제발화를 중심으로


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제21권 3호 2014.08 pp.117-142

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This paper discusses the double constructions of the subject-case markers in Korean. In doing so, this paper reviews previous hypotheses and theories on this topic by introducing three major hypotheses on them. The main research questions of this paper include: 1) What are the grammatical functions of the subject-case markers in children’s earlier language development? 2) What are the developmental orders and phases of Korean subject-case markers? and 3) What is the most typical syntactic forms of Korean subject-case markers? Having discussed those major hypotheses, this paper argues for the hypothesis that the structure of ‘NP1(focus) + NP2(real subject)’ might be an original type of the double constructions of the subject-case markers. To support this argument, this paper investigates the real speech examples of two young children by analyzing their oral utterances involving subject–case markers. The discussion of this paper will shed some lights on the understanding of the double constructions of the subject-case markers in Korean and in other languages.



담화표지어로서의 oh에 관한 연구

서혜진, 이상도

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제21권 3호 2014.08 pp.143-162

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This study examines the status of oh as a discourse marker. Fraser(1990, 1999) does not consider oh as a discourse marker because it seems to indicate no relationships between discourses. However, Heritage(1984, 1998, 2002) claims that oh plays a role of discourse marker as a state-of-change token. Other researchers including Schiffrin(1987, 1999), Trester(2009), Tree and Schrock(1999) also suggest that oh be used to reveal the connections between discourses. Oh serves as a discourse marker in two ways: it can be used to imply the change of state of information or knowledge and to reveal the change of state of orientation or awareness. Those two aforementioned functions of oh exemplify the status of oh as a discourse marker



‘-도’의 문법범주에 관한 연구 : ‘Vstem-도 못하다/않다/말다’를 중심으로


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제21권 3호 2014.08 pp.163-191

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This paper aims to categorize the grammar radius of ‘-do(도)’. ‘-do(도)’ is a functional word, and there are three types. ‘-do(도)1’ is related to the negative connective ending of ‘-ji(지)’, which is normally considered as an ending or a particle auxiliary. ‘do(도)2’ is used as a connective ending to a conjunctive sentence. ‘do(도)3’ is used as a supportive connective ending in relation to auxiliary predicates like ‘become(되다), like(좋다), fine(괜찮다), have nothing to do with(상관없다) etc’. Amongst these three, this thesis paper argues that ‘-do(도)1’, which is a negative connective ending related to ‘-ji(지)’, should be categorized as a semantic particle(the original auxiliary particle). This study provides the proof that authenticate the argument. Firstly, when looking at ‘do(도)’ as a unified category, differentiation from word endings becomes ambiguous. Secondly, the singular negative changing process of ‘-do(도)1’ is different from that of ‘-do(도)2’ and ‘-do(도)3’. Thirdly, ‘-do(도)1’ has restrictions when connecting with the honorific prefinal ending ‘-(eu(으))shi(시)-’, and cannot be handled as an ending. Also, this study revealed that, ‘-ji(지)’ can be deleted in phonetic terms due to the fact that the ending‘-ji(지)’ and the semantic particle ‘-do(도)’ shows a high probability of meaning overlapping



영어와 한국어 이동 동사의 의미 확장 양상 비교 연구

하선정, 김태호

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제21권 3호 2014.08 pp.193-216

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This study offers a corpus-based analysis of the polysemy of the motion verbs go and come in English and kata ‘go’ and ota ‘come’ in Korean. Both motion verbs in English and Korean are intrinsically deictic indicating directionality in their nature. In this study, using corpus-data, we first discuss the prototypical meaning of go/come in English and kata/ota in Korean, focusing on their cross-linguistic differences existing in the use of these motion verbs. Furthermore, we examine the metaphorical meaning extension of the motion verbs, and compare their uses. In this corpus-based analysis of the motion verbs, we point out that the semantic extension of the motion verbs in both languages occur from the spatial domain to the non-spatial domains, and it generally involves time, perspective and change of state. Nevertheless, the metaphorical uses of the motion verbs in English differ from those of Korean. Finally, we point out some limitations in the previous analyses of the semantic extensions of motion verbs, and propose the concept of merge and separation as a new way of analyzing the phenomena



영어와 한국어 탈어휘동사구문의 쌍방향 대응관계 연구

황현미, 박기성

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제21권 3호 2014.08 pp.217-232

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The purpose of this paper is to investigate some aspects of the bidirectional correspondences of delexical verb constructions in English and Korean. The followings are discussed in this paper. First, the Korean equivalents of the delexical verb constructions in English account for about 53% of tokens in all the constructions. The important semantic features such as onceness in English delexical verb constructions are not shown in the Korean dictionary correspondences. Second, English equivalents of Korean delexical constructions represent about 20% of tokens in all the constructions. The head nouns combined with the verb ‘-hada’ Korean delexical constructions are dynamic and non-substantial. The dynamic meanings of the head nouns are reflected in the English delexical verb correspondences, while the non-substantial property of the nouns is not shown in the correspondences.



Acoustic Analysis of English Vowels Produced by Korean Speakers with Hearing Impairment : With Reference to F0, F1 and F2 Frequencies

Kyung-Im Han, Hye-Jung Park

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제21권 3호 2014.08 pp.233-252

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The purpose of this paper is to examine F0, F1 and F2 frequencies of the five English vowels as produced by the HI and those of NH. Results showed that F0 was significantly higher for HI than for NH, and for females than for males. The means of F1 were significantly higher for the females than for males, and higher still for high vowels than for low vowels. By contrast, the means of F2 were significantly higher for the HI group than for NH; F2 was higher for females than for males, and higher for front vowels than back vowels. For the Euclidean distance between vowels on the F1-F2 acoustic space, significant differences for Hearing Level and Gender were found; specifically, the distance was shorter for HI than for NH, and for males than for females. In this study, F0, F2 and F2-F1, not F1, showed the distinctive acoustic characteristic between these two groups.



Scope Interpretation of Sentences with Double Quantifiers by Native and Korean Speakers of English

MyungHye Yoo

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제21권 3호 2014.08 pp.253-278

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This study examined scope ambiguity interpretation in English double object and to-dative constructions by native English speakers and Korean EFL learners in Experiment 1. Native English speakers showed a significant difference in interpretation between sentence types, supporting a competition-based account. Korean EFL learners, however, preferred the wide-scope reading of the indefinite quantifiers a and two, irrespective of the sentence types. Experiment 2 investigated scope ambiguity resolution of the same sentence types in Korean by Korean participants of Experiment 1. As Experiment 1, the participants displayed the same result favoring wide scope interpretation of indefinite quantifiers. Based on these results, I supported competition-based accounts and proposed revising hierarchy of indefinite quantifier a suggested by Ioup(1975). The difference in scope ambiguity comprehension between Korean EFL learners and native English speakers was analyzed in terms of L1 transfer.


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