언어과학 [Journal of Language Sciences]

간행물 정보
  • 자료유형
  • 발행기관
    한국언어과학회 [The Korean Association of Language Sciences]
  • ISSN
  • 간기
  • 수록기간
  • 등재여부
    KCI 등재
  • 주제분류
    인문학 > 언어학
  • 십진분류
    KDC 710 DDC 401
제18권 4호 (13건)

동사이동과 최소주의


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제18권 4호 2011.11 pp.1-20

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In this paper I present verb movement is a syntactic operation, which is a totally compliant with the suggested properties of previously accounts that verb movement is a PF operation. After recapitulating the essentials of the analysis of generative syntax and minimalist program on verb movement, I will defend the view that verb movement is a syntactic operation which allows CHL to recognize the completion of phases. After arguing that Chomsky(2001: 37-9) and others' accounts which lead to suggest excluding verb-movement from the core operation from the syntax can also be accommodated in my syntactic view I am trying to make sure that verb movement is a syntactic operation, not a phonological one suggested by Chomsky and others



영한 번역 텍스트에 나타나는 주제구조 비교

김동연, 최진숙, 안동환

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제18권 4호 2011.11 pp.21-46

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The purpose of this paper is to compare the thematic structures in English-Korean translation texts within the theoretical framework of Halliday(2004)'s Functional Sentence Perspective. Halliday(2004) sorts themes into three classes: topical, textual, and interpersonal. On the basis of these classes, this paper analyzes changes in the thematic structure between the English and Korean texts and attempts to find their patterns. This study found it hard to apply Halliday's frame to Korean texts particularly for the topical theme, and thus it proposes the complement as another subcategory of topical theme as Kim(2007) suggests. There was found a significant difference in the ratio of the three classes of themes between the English texts and their Korean translations. There were also found other differences: the decrease of the process itself, the increase of circumstantial factors in topical themes, the decrease of conjunctions in textual themes, the decrease of modal adjuncts and finite verb operators, the decrease of topical themes, and the decrease of multiple themes. This paper attempts to discuss the reasons for those differences



영어와 한국어 비교구문 의미론 연구


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제18권 4호 2011.11 pp.47-60

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The purpose of this paper is to investigate the comparative constructions in English and Korean in terms of two basic semantic distinctions. First the distinction between individual comparison and degree comparison is reviewed. It is claimed that the distinction is useful for the explanation of English comparatives. For Korean comparatives, however, the notion of individual comparison plays an important role in explaining phrasal and clausal comparatives, but sometimes the notion of degree comparison is also needed. Second, the distinction between implicit and explicit comparison is reviewed, and it is claimed that the distinction is useful in explaining the syntactic, semantic, and pragmatic differences in the two types of comparison, while for Korean comparatives the distinction is not so useful for the syntactic analysis as well as for the explanation for semantic and pragmatic differences. To conclude, there are common properties in the formation of comparatives in English and Korean, but there are also some differences in the use of some semantic distinctions for English and Korean comparatives



사역 운동동사 구문의 환언과 제 문제

백미혜리, 김신호

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제18권 4호 2011.11 pp.61-76

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This paper is aimed at arguing against the proposition of Gross (1975) who suggested that "causative movement verb constructions" be paraphrased by the formula "causative verb + movement verb", and presenting counter-evidence. To begin with, we observed a general classification of causatives and applied its distributional properties to the French causative movement verb constructions. By verifying that the infinitival complements in these two constructions should be divided into two different structures: simple and complex, we proposed that infinitival complements in the latter case be treated separately from the spatio-temporal perspective. Finally, we concluded, by adopting temporal adverbials in these constructions, that our argument has been well-formed and the proposition of Gross(1975) cannot be maintained



중학교 영어교사의 말하기평가 채점경향 분석

백현영, 양병곤

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제18권 4호 2011.11 pp.77-99

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The purpose of this study is to investigate middle school English teachers' rater reliability in English speaking tests operated at schools. Eight raters who participated in this study all work at middle schools. Three of them are native speakers of English and have at least one year long educational experience at Korean middle schools, and five raters are middle school Korean English teachers with different educational experiences. The Korean English teachers are divided into two groups of ‘high’ English speaking competence and ‘medium’. All of them rated eighteen test takers' utterances, who are second year at a middle school, and their rating patterns were analyzed with FACETS, a computerized program of many-faceted Rasch model. This study also interviewed the raters to make it possible to identify the causes of rater variability and rater errors in the procedures of rating, and the actual conditions of English speaking tests at a middle school



영어 도치 구문의 요인 분석에 따른 코퍼스 기반연구

이희정, 안동환

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제18권 4호 2011.11 pp.101-123

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Many scholars have claimed that constituent ordering is dependent on either syntactic complexity or information status, but very few have made a comparison of the two factors. The purpose of this study is to show that both factors influence ordering. Specifically it shows that inversion in English can be regarded as being motivated by both relative syntactic weight and relative information status and that there is a correlation between them. The data used for this study are English inversion constructions found in ICE-GB. This study uses a word-counting metric to investigate syntactic weight, and a given-new pair to investigate information status. The results of this study confirm that, most tokens are post-heavy and post-new. The new elements tend to be complex, but the given ones tend to be simple. Inversion serves to maintain the relative information status, where the newer information is presented at the end of the sentence. Similarly, inversion serves to maintain the distribution of syntactic weight in which the heavier elements are delayed to the end of the sentence. This study concludes that both syntactic complexity and information status are equally influential in constituent ordering in English inversion constructions



자기결정성이론에 기초한 동기와 독해능숙도 및 독해전략과의 관계에 관한 연구

지순정, 이상도

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제18권 4호 2011.11 pp.125-144

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The purpose of this study is to find the relationship among reading proficiency, reading strategies and motivations based on the Self-Determination Theory(SDT). Two hundred and thirty two college students participated in the study. The main results were as follows: At first, the question is whether there exist any preferred types of motivations for each group. Another question is which motivation is the most important to indicate reading proficiency. This study revealed that intrinsic regulation among other subtypes of motivations was the most preferred one for all groups, having a positive correlation with reading proficiency, and that the most influential motivation on the reading proficiency is amotivation, which had a negative effect on it. Secondly, it was found that the correlation between motivations and reading strategies is very low. Stepwise regression analyses revealed that the most influential variables on the reading proficiency were both meta-cognitive strategy and identified regulation among reading strategies (cognitive, compensation, meta-cognitive, and social cognitive strategy) and motivations (amotivation, extrinsic regulation, introjected regulation, identified regulation, and intrinsic regulation).



The Effect of Self-Regulated Learning Ability Components on English Performance

Jihyun Jeon

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제18권 4호 2011.11 pp.145-168

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This study investigated the relationship between self-regulated learning ability and English learning performance after categorizing self-regulated learning ability into four components (i.e. motivation, goal setting, action control and strategy). 124 undergraduate students participated in the study and filled out four instruments designed to measure each component of the participants' self-regulated learning ability. The participants also submitted a score of either an official TOEIC test or a mock TOEIC test, which was considered as the participants' English proficiency level. Independent sample t-tests and multiple regression analyses were performed. This study revealed that there was no statistically signifiant difference in the use of the components of self-regulated learning ability between a lower-level English proficiency group and an upper-level English proficiency group. However, classifying motivation and strategy components into sub-groups, this study revealed that the two different proficiency groups differed significantly in the use of memory-related strategy and intrinsic motivation. In addition, this study showed among the components of self-regulated learning ability, intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, meta-cognitive strategy, and cognitive strategy were significant predictors in explaining the participants' English performance. Further research directions were discussed.



Lexical Acquisition in Categorial Grammar

Jae-yoon Kim

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제18권 4호 2011.11 pp.169-187

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The purpose of this paper is to describe a means of extending a unification-based syntactic processor so that it is capable of inferring appropriate internal representations of the syntactic properties of newly encountered words. We begin with a description of the parser in section 2, focusing on those aspects most relevant for the learning procedure. The hypothesis construction part of the procedure is discussed in section 3, the hypothesis manager in section 4. Section 5 discusses the instantiation of the procedure under categorial grammar. Section 6 discusses formal foundations and definitions of the notions presented in the body of the paper



Lexical Gaps in the Developing L2 Lexicon: Insights from Codeswitching

Jeong-Ok Kim, Kevin Parent

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제18권 4호 2011.11 pp.189-206

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This study examines instances of codeswitching in the English writing of Korean middle school students. A corpus of 98 student journals was constructed and analyzed for switches to and from Korean and Roman scripts. Although there are many reasons why people codeswitch, these switches are motivated by gaps in the learners' lexicons. They therefore offer insight into what language the learners lack but need to communicate about their lives. The results show that recourse to the mother tongue is done far more often for nouns than any other part of speech. Interestingly, words borrowed from English are often rendered in Korean rather than English. This study examines the frequency of codeswitching and examines the semantic properties of the codeswitched items. Having determined areas of lexical gaps, the article suggests how direct instruction in these areas would benefit students as developing writers.



Gradual Harmonic Improvement: A Case of Overapplication Opacity

Yongsung Lee

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제18권 4호 2011.11 pp.207-228

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This paper bases its argument on the Markedness-oriented Candidate Chain theory to propose a universal constraint, G-Harmony, that penalizes a radical harmonic improvement. Surveying the types of phonological changes, this paper shows that the locus of explanation for overapplication opacity should be shifted from the relative order of faithful violations to the gradual nature of phonological change. OT-CC argues that the opacity rises because there is certain order in faithfulness violations. On the other hand, G-Harmony allows us to see that the transparent form in overapplication opacity has its own defect as it shows radical harmonic improvement. The opaque form is chosen optimal because it follows the path of gradual harmonic improvement. The discussion in this paper also shows that we can dispense with the unfortunate metaconstraint proposed along with OT-CC.



The Encoding of the Active and the Passive Sentences in Terms of Given-New Approach in Relation to Information Structure

Myung-Sun Park

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제18권 4호 2011.11 pp.229-249

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Sentence voice does not change propositional structure but rearranges the proposition into a different information structure. The following experiment investigated previous research on the functional distinction in the encoding of active and passive sentences in terms of the given-new approach in relation to information structure. Furthemore, an attempt was made to test the hypothesis that the logical subject is the focus of the assertion in the passive and the active is presuppositionally neutral(Anisfeld and Klenbort, 1973; Klenbort and Anisfeld, 1974). The result of the experiment supported Klenbort and Anisfeld’s claim that the focal point of the information asserted by the sentence is the logical subject in the passive but failed to support their finding that the active is presuppositionally neutral. The test subjects’ responses indicate that the logical subject in both the active and the passive forms represents the assertional focus when the sentence is isolated from the context.



한국언어과학회 회칙


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제18권 4호 2011.11 pp.251-271

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