언어과학 [Journal of Language Sciences]

간행물 정보
  • 자료유형
  • 발행기관
    한국언어과학회 [The Korean Association of Language Sciences]
  • ISSN
  • 간기
  • 수록기간
  • 등재여부
    KCI 등재
  • 주제분류
    인문학 > 언어학
  • 십진분류
    KDC 710 DDC 401
제17권 2호 (10건)

한국어 주제문과 조건문의 분석과 표상


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제17권 2호 2010.05 pp.1-20

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This paper aims to show that we can capture the semantics of different topic sentences and conditional sentences in Korean using Venn diagrams. It is first claimed that the topic sentence in Korean can be represented by the inclusion relation between the two sets, one representing the topic ‘-nun’ phrase and the other representing the rest of the sentence. This structure, representing the inclusion relation between the two sets is called the Basic Structure. Then it is argued that the other two types of ‘-nun’ phrases, Contrastive Topic and List Contrastive Topic, can be represented by some variations of the Basic Structure, and the variations are called the Contrastive Pair Structure and the Repetitive Structure, respectively. This three-way representation system is useful for representing conditional sentences, too. All three types of conditional sentences are also found, and they can be effectively represented by the Basic Sturucture, the Contrastive Pair Structure, and the Repetitive Structure



프랑스어 명사구 강조의 분포적 특성과 그 제약에 대한 연구


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제17권 2호 2010.05 pp.21-38

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This paper is aimed at analyzing the French Nominal Emphatic Constructions. In this study, we will draw the following conclusions with respect to the distributional properties in these constructions. First, the noun has to be determined, but the noun combined with not-defined quantifiers can not be emphasized neither by the “c'est...qui/que” structure, nor by the dislocation. In particular, emphatic NPs must be defined by the determination of nouns because the genitive NP is possible to be dislocated, only with determinants. Second, only the real complement can move in the “c'est...qui/que” structure. Third, when an NP forms an idiomatic expression, it can not be emphasized, but a contrastive meaning allows of emphatic constructions. Finally, the pronominal forms of nouns must be emphatic, and in case of dislocation, the pronominal elements must be properly selected in accordance with the features and functions of substantive NPs. Consequently, these types of analysis will be applied in the future study of emphatic constructions of prepositional phrases and other elements in a sentence.



손가락 짚어 읽기가 유아의 영어 읽기능력에 미치는 영향: 음소와 글자인지를 중심으로

임영선, 김수정

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제17권 2호 2010.05 pp.39-56

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This study investigates the effects of finger-point reading on preschoolers' phonemic awareness and word recognition in terms of 7-year-old Korean children learning English. Finger-pointing was considered a helpful method for word recognition and phonemic awareness in early stages of reading. Researches on finger-pointing have been conducted on early learners of a mother tongue. We extend finger-point reading to a foreign language learning environment and examine whether it also can be helpful to young ESL learners to increase word recognition and phonemic awareness. An experiment was carried out with two kindergarten classes of similar literacy ability. For the experimental group, finger-point reading was applied based on the Balanced Approach (Honig 1996; Kuccer 1998; Pressly 1998); the control group was administered without finger-point reading. The results show that finger-point reading i)is more effective for letter recognition than normal reading; ii)has a more positive influence on voice to print matching; iii)facilitates the ability to remember specific words or letters from the text. To incorporate the suggestions implied by the findings of this study, teachers in balanced literacy classrooms should incorporate activities such as shared reading and subsequent finger-point reading, and ensure that there is a good balance between direct instruction and proficiency in associated skills



Interface Hypothesis between L2 Learners' Explicit and Implicit Knowledge: Theoretical Issues and Empirical Evidence

Young-Ju Han

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제17권 2호 2010.05 pp.57-78

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There has been ongoing controversy over the importance of explicit knowledge in SLA. Regarding the controversy over the role of explicit knowledge, three major issues need to be addressed: the nature of learners’ explicit knowledge, the relationship between learners’ explicit and implicit knowledge, and the interface of explicit and implicit knowledge. The present study is motivated by the third issue of possible interfaces between explicit and implicit knowledge. For the purpose of the present study, the study first discusses theoretical issues regarding the interface debate and then seeks to find the answer for the debate of interface or non-interface by investigating empirical evidence. Although no studies were intended to address interfacing, the present study identifies and examines those studies which have the potential to address this issue. The investigation of this study suggests that studies reviewed did not show any impact for explicit knowledge through explicit instruction on free production tasks (especially oral) suggesting a non-interface between explicit and implicit knowledge



Arguments and Adjuncts in Morphology

Jae Yoon Kim

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제17권 2호 2010.05 pp.79-97

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The purpose of this paper is to explore the possibility that the same principles can be conceived of morphology as a formal system based on general principles rather than on rules. Focusing on derivational morphology and if morphological structures are considered as projections of lexical categories of minus-one-bar level, their well-formedness is constrained by the same general principles of syntax. And the headedness in these structures is determined by the directionality parameters of government theory for Head-argument structures and of modification theory for Adjunct-head structures. This analysis allows different values for the directionality parameter of government theory for X° and X1 levels of projection, which turns out to account for exactly an attested array of typologically diverse languages.



Process Approach to Writing: University Students’ Scaffolding Learning and Reflections

Yanghee Kim

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제17권 2호 2010.05 pp.99-130

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This study examined how the university students in an English composition class utilized process-oriented writing to develop their writing skills and scaffold their learning through the process. It also studied the students' reflections on the class, as well as demonstrated educational implications from the study. The methodology the current study used was qualitative research. To answer the established research questions the author conducted surveys, collected writing samples, and observed students' learning behaviors. Through the data collection and analysis, themes (findings) emerged, including prewriting, writing, and post writing activities, and the results from the process-focused writing. The findings present that the students experienced emotional scaffolding in writing by shifting from their fear and anxiety to confidence and interest. The study also showed the importance of the teachers' roles and pedagogical decisions in writing instruction. The instructional decisions they made was strongly connected with the students' perceptions, emotions, and learning.



The Polysemy of the Motion Verbs go and come

Yeon-Jin Kwon

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제17권 2호 2010.05 pp.131-149

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This paper deals with the polysemy of the motion verbs go and come from the cognitive perspective. They are basically deictic and show directionality in their nature. First of all, we discuss the basic sense of go and come. We further investigate the metaphorical meaning extension of the motion verbs from the domain of spatial motion to the domain of time, perspective, and change of state. We argue that extensions are basically from the spatial domain to the non-spatial domains and from more concrete domains to more abstract domains by showing that the meanings of the motion verbs are extended to metaphorical extensions such as time, perspective and change of state. Finally we propose the semantic network of the polysemous motion verbs. The argument is that the various meanings associated with polysemous words are coherently related to each other in networks of meaning, each with a central prototype and peripheral senses linked to the prototype.



The Realization of Refusals in Korean

Youn-Sun Yang

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제17권 2호 2010.05 pp.151-173

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Refusals represent one type of dispreferred response and the speech act which often referred as face-threatening acts. So we can observe the Politeness Principles in refusal situations. This study shows how Koreans make a refusal as a way of performing a speech act. This study investigated refusals of 20 males and 20 females of Korean speakers in Korea and the data were collected using a Discourse Completion Test (DCT) and were categorized according to the refusal taxonomy by Beebe et al. (1990). This study divided the situation into two parts: ‘request refusals’ and ‘offer refusals’. This data investigated refusals in the frequency and content of pragmatic strategies used in each situation in relation to the contextual variables, which include the status of interlocutors (i, e., power [+/-P], distance [+/-D], and the degree of imposition [high/low]. As it is known from Kwon's (2004) study, honorific language is highly developed in Korean society and is sensitive to power in speech act. However, the power's sensitivity can not be applicable to [-P] situations. So degree of imposition has to be considered as an important element in [-P] situations. This study studied the important of degree of imposition in [-P] situations, the difference of ‘request refusal’ and ‘offer refusals’ and compared the refusals of male and female in same gender interactions.



Case Studies: Kinematic Analyses of the /lk/ Cluster using Ultrasound Imaging and Electromagnetic Articulography

Seok-Youn Yoon

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제17권 2호 2010.05 pp.175-192

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Old literature on Korean coda simplification assumed that cluster reduction is complete and obligatory. In recent, there is a growing agreement that consonant clusters are phonetically realized by some speakers. Nonetheless, there is no kinematic study, to the author's knowledge, which investigate incomplete neutralization in Korean coda simplification. In the present study, the consonant cluster /lk/ followed by ‘-ta’ (i.e., the /lkt/ sequence as in /malk-ta/) was examined across various vowel contexts, using ultrasound imaging (USI) device and electromagnetic articulography (EMA). USI was sufficient to show gestural differences between /lkt/ sequences and /kt/ sequences (e.g., /mak-ta/). Results of EMA study showed that (i) up-and-down movements of the tongue body and the velocity of its movements were smallest in production of /lt/ sequences (e.g., /mal-ta/) and (ii) up-and-down movement of the tongue tip was greatest in production of /kt/ sequences. Findings from the present study suggest that the /k/ and /l/ gestures in /lkt/ sequences are as complete as those in /kt/ and /lt/ sequences, respectively. The present study ends by emphasizing potential benefits of using EMA for research on speech science.


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