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언어과학 [Journal of Language Sciences]

간행물 정보
  • 자료유형
    학술지
  • 발행기관
    한국언어과학회 [The Korean Association of Language Sciences]
  • ISSN
    1225-2522
  • 간기
    계간
  • 수록기간
    1994~2019
  • 등재여부
    KCI 등재
  • 주제분류
    인문학 > 언어학
  • 십진분류
    KDC 710 DDC 401
제23권 4호 (18건)
No
1

한국인 영어 학습자의 영어 생략문 태불일치 문장 수용성 판단에 관한 연구

강형진

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제23권 4호 2016.11 pp.1-23

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This study explores the acceptability of voice mismatch in Ellipsis focusing on VP-ellipsis and Sluicing in English in terms of discourse effects. VP-ellipsis and Sluicing differ in their tolerance for voice mismatch. VP-ellipsis allows mismatches in voice between the elided site and its antecedent while Sluicing doesn't. This paper focuses on the recognition of Korean L2 learners in terms of judging the acceptability of VP ellipsis and sluicing with matched and mismatched voice based on Kehler's(2000) discourse coherence relations. This acceptability experiment shows that Korean L2 learners do distinguish the interaction between the constructions and voices. However, Kehler's coherence analysis is not relevant to the acceptability of VP ellipsis and Sluicing in Korean L2 learners' experiments. As a result, it was observed that Korean L2 learners of English were affected more by syntactic effects than by discourse effects.

6,000원

2

호텔영어 코퍼스 생성과 어휘적 특성

권미분

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제23권 4호 2016.11 pp.25-44

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The purpose of this study is to compile the Hotel English Corpus(HEC) as English for Specific Purposes and examine the lexical characteristics of Hotel English. HEC is composed of 755,321 words and includes five genres such as books, websites, newspapers, academic journals and spoken English regarding the ‘hotel’. To build the corpus, some books were typed manually and PDF files were changed into the text files through nPDF tool. After building the HEC, WordSmith 6 program was used to identify frequencies and ranks of lexical items of HEC and extract the keywords. In particular, the collocation analysis of ‘hotel’ and ‘resort’ showed that HEC has some lexical features distinguished from the general English. This study will be expected to contribute to the ESP education fields including Hotel English education.

5,500원

3

초등영어전담교사 심화영어연수 참여교사의 성취도 연구 - Y 대학교 연수사례 중심으로 -

김동국, 김병렬

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제23권 4호 2016.11 pp.45-60

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This study was designed to examine a statistical evaluation of the achievement of the Elementary English Specialist Teachers’ In-service English Training Program at Y University. In order to achieve this purpose the following questions were studied: (1) Is there a possible corelation between the teachers’ degree of achievement of the program and their education career and experiences in the Elementary School? (2) Is it significant to conduct a discussion on the corelation between the major of the teachers’ undergraduate degree and the improvement of their English ability? (3) Is it practically worthwhile to lead a discussion on the corelation between the former and the latter scores of the TEPS which the participants took during the program? The results on the aforementioned questions are not so much positive. However this study is expected to contribute to the overall improvement of the program in the future.

4,900원

4

감정 은유에 나타난 문화와 사고의 상호연관성

김민수, 권연진

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제23권 4호 2016.11 pp.61-81

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This paper investigates interrelationship of culture and thought in emotion metaphors in Korean, Japanese, Chinese and English. We argue that Korean, Japanese, Chinese and English emotion idioms have universally high degrees of similarities in the use of metaphorical expressions. However, we suggest two main factors that emotion idioms appear differently. First, one main factor in Korean, Chinese and Japanese emotion idioms is a difference of Confucian culture. That is, confucian cultures remain strong in Korean and Chinese cultures, and this fact prompts Korean and Chinese emotion idioms being conceptualized as fire, heat and explosion. On the other hand, Japanese emotion idioms are not conceptualized as fire, heat and explosion because Confucian culture does not remain strong like Korean and Chinese society, and there exists Hwa culture which urges Japanese not express their inner feelings to others. Furthermore, democracy, christian culture and individualism remain strong in western cultures. This prompts English emotion idioms being conceptualized as fire, steam, blast and so on. Second, Yin-Yang and the Five Elements theory and Oriental medicine remain strong in Korea and China. This prompts Korean and Chinese emotion idioms being conceptualized as several organs and internal organs, while English emotion idioms are conceptualized as hot blood, steam, and objects because four humors and elements remain strong in western cultures.

5,700원

5

한국인 학습자의 영어와 한국어 모음 인지동화현상

이상도, 서혜진

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제23권 4호 2016.11 pp.83-101

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The purpose of this study is to identify difficult American English vowel pairs for Korean students to learn. Most of the phonetic acquisition models are based on acoustic similarity. However, acoustically similar English /ʌ-ɑ/ pair is reported to be easily discriminated by Korean speakers. This implies acoustic similarity is not sufficient to explain Korean learners' difficulties in English vowel acquisition. Therefore, this research introduces English phoneme-Korean correspondence in tandem with acoustic similarity to identify difficult English vowel pairs for Korean students. In the experiment, 46 high school students matched 8 Korean vowels to 11 English vowels presented in IPA with word forms. Then they listened to English vowels in h_d context and matched them to Korean vowels. The results show that English /i-ɪ/, /e-ɛ/, /u-ʊ/ and /ʌ-ɔ/ pairs are difficult for Korean speakers to discriminate and the perceptual assimilation of English /ʌ, ʊ, o/ appear to be more influenced by English phoneme-Korean correspondence pattern than by acoustic similarity

5,400원

6

영어접미사의 위치제약 자질 제안

이용성

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제23권 4호 2016.11 pp.103-125

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Despite its initial success, Lexical Morphology failed to systematically explain affix concatenations in English with so many issues left unresolved. Fabb(1988) and Aronoff and Fuhrhop(2002), among others, tried to propose alternatives to Lexical Morphology by turning their attention to the properties of individual suffixes. This paper, combining these two proposals, introduces two place restriction features, [initiality] and [finality]. The combination of these features presents four suffix subgroups: beginning suffixes, free suffixes, closing suffixes and monosuffixes. These four subgroups along with an appendix explain the apparently problematic suffix concatenation in English, thereby obviating the entire enterprise of Lexical Morphology.

6,000원

7

한국 고등학생들의 영어 ‘형용사+명사’ 연어 지식에 대한 코퍼스 기반 분석 : Firm과 Solid를 중심으로

정연창

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제23권 4호 2016.11 pp.127-150

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The purpose of this paper is to analyze the differences in use and meaning of the English synonymous adjectives firm and solid through COCA, and to explore Korean high school students’ knowledge of ‘firm/solid+noun’ collocations. The main findings of the study are as follows. First, Some nouns can be used with both firm and solid(firm/solid ground), while others can be used only with one of them(firm/*solid voice). Second, when they are used with nouns, their meaning is more intricate and subtle than we thought. They sometimes are used in the same meaning(firm/solid ground), and sometimes they have a very different meaning even when they are used with the same noun(firm/solid line) Third, the total average score of the ‘firm/solid+noun’ collocations is as low as 48.5%. Fourth, an interesting result of the study is that Korean learners of English make the faulty generalization that solid is only used with nouns which refer to inanimate objects. All these results suggest that EFL learners should study English with a focus combined words, rather than individual words.

6,100원

8

Speaker Variation in Gradient Identity Avoidance in Korean Reduplication

Young-ran An

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제23권 4호 2016.11 pp.151-174

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The purpose of this paper is to investigate gradience of identity avoidance in terms of speakers’ variation. In a Korean total reduplication where a consonant is epenthesized in the initial onset of the reduplicants, a general tendency was found: the epenthetic consonants incline to be dissimilar from the contextual consonants. This tendency, however, is not an across-the-board phenomenon. One of the factors for this non-categoricalness was found to be variation among speakers. A series of experiments revealed that different speakers showed their own preferences among different consonants for insertion. It was further found that among different groups of speakers due to their preferences for inserted consonants, there was also micro-level variation. Some speakers sticked to the same preferred segment for consonant insertion, whereas others chose another consonant when they were faced with their own preferred consonant in the existing context. This latter group of speakers seem to be affected by the principle of identity avoidance, albeit their preference for a certain consonant.

6,100원

9

A Corpus-Based Study of Hedging in L2 College Students’ Writings of Different Genres

Jiyoung Bae, Sujung Min

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제23권 4호 2016.11 pp.175-201

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This study aims to examine the use of hedges in L2 college students’ writings and see whether the genre of writing affects their use of hedges. The proper use of hedges is particularly problematic discourse feature of L2 writing. The study, therefore, analyzes the use of hedges in L2 college students’ writings of five different genres; narrative, comparison, cause-effect, argumentative, and reaction essays. The results show that Korean writers generally tend to be affected by different genres when they write English essays, so they use hedging items with epistemic meanings differently between narrative and expository genres. Suggestions were made for using computer corpora in understanding EFL learners’ language difficulties and helping them develop communicative and pragmatic competence. The findings also give some pedagogical implications for teaching strategies to raise genre-specific as well as culture specific awareness in L2 writings.

6,600원

10

Development of Aspect Morphology in Korean

Hae-Young Kim, Youngon Choi

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제23권 4호 2016.11 pp.203-225

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The present study examined the development of aspect marking in Korean with a focus on -ko iss- and –a iss- imperfective markers, compared with progressive and perfective markers. First, we examined the comprehension accuracy of 3-4-year-old Korean-learning children, while observing their online interpretation patterns via their eye-fixation. Second, 3-4-year-olds’ production of aspect markers was elicited, using pictures/videos that portrayed various aspects of events. Both groups of children comprehended progressive meanings better than the perfective/resultative meanings. Accuracy between the imperfective markers didn’t differ but 4-year-olds were more accurate than 3-year-olds. In production, 4-year-olds were more accurate in producing -ko iss- than -a iss-, while 3-year-olds were less accurate in using both markers. Eye-gaze patterns showed that children were faster in identifying the resultative -ko iss- than -a iss- event. Taken together, these results suggest that Korean children may begin extending the progressive -ko iss- form into the result state before they fully acquire a new resultative form, indicating polysemous extension of the existing form as the acquisition mechanism of aspect morphology.

6,000원

11

Word Segmentation on English Learning : Phonetic or Lexical?

Soojung Kim

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제23권 4호 2016.11 pp.227-238

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This study investigates what the key factors are on word segmentation on L2(English) learning: phonetic or lexical? Previous researches on the second language learners' abilities to segment L2 speech in terms of phonetic cues focused on the presence or absence of allophonic cues. For example, presence or absence of aspiration or glottalization determines the location of word boundaries. Not taking into consideration other potential cues such as lexical information or word frequency, it is not clear which cues of linguistic subparts play a main role in word segmentation on English learners. To control potential lexical influences, sequences of non-words are examined with strong phonetic cues across word boundaries. If listeners rely on phonetic cues in segmenting words, non-word sequences should be perceived as real word sequences are perceived. We compare the perception rate of non-words with that of real words. It is hypothesized that different perception rates may be resulted from cues other than phonetic ones. 40 Korean college learners of English participated in an English perception task for the strong phonetic cue of aspiration in both real and non-words. The results show that learners' perception was better on real words than on non-words, suggesting lexical information is contributing to English word segmentation on L2 learning.

4,300원

12

Interactions during Shared Storybook Reading

Yoon Jung Kim

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제23권 4호 2016.11 pp.239-258

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This study examined how different types of adult-child interactions can potentially promote preschoolers' literacy development during their emergent literacy period. Although it is believed that most children learn how to read in formal kindergarten or elementary school settings, experiences during the preschool years could set the stage for their literacy development. Particularly, this study targeted individuals in storybook reading sessions at public libraries. Attending various types of storybook reading sessions at libraries led children to initiate social interactions, and illustrated apprenticeship. The first obvious interaction occurred between the teacher, who was also the storyteller, and the children. Rather than directly providing the correct answers to questions, teachers often asked students simple questions to elicit their attention. The second but most active interaction, between parents and children, was one of the primary concerns of this research. Parents could motivate or even verbally or nonverbally control their children's behaviors. In addition, the case of a father with an adopted child provided a unique example of an adult-child interaction.

5,500원

13

Some Notes on there-Constructions

Kiyang Kwon

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제23권 4호 2016.11 pp.259-280

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In this paper, we will consider how Labeling Algorithm in Chomsky(2013, 2015) can explain the syntax of there- constructions. To capture this, we will consider the previous analyses of there-constructions and their problems. Especially, we will show Goto’s (2016) analysis of there-constructions under Labeling Algorithm in Chomsky(2013, 2015) and point out his problems. Given this, we will propose the novel analysis of there-constructions under the theory of Labeling Algorithm in Chomsky(2015), suggesting the following assumptions. First, the expletive there is inserted to [Spec, T] to fill the subject position in conformity with the Extended Projection Principle. Second, since the Root(R) in there-constructions is unaccusative verb, the associate DP can not be raised to [Spec, R] but is directly merged with R. Third, since T in there-constructions is too weak to serve as a label, the expletive there can strengthen T. Thus, T in there-constructions can label TP after there-insertion. Given this, we can explain the anti that-trace effect in there-constructions.

5,800원

14

Cyclic Computation of Focus Intonation in Numeral Quantifier Floating Constructions in Korean

Seong-yong Lee

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제23권 4호 2016.11 pp.281-306

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In this paper, I propose that Kayne’s(1994) LCA underlies the entire set of syntactic representations, even those at LF, imposing a tight relation between hierarchical structure and linear order. It will be shown that the Distinctness principle of Copies I suggested earlier(Son 2015a, 2016) is a manifestation of the LCA. More specifically, the LCA applies to a Spell-Out domain shipped to LF, choosing only those representations that satisfy the LCA. An LF-representation bearing nondistinct copies in the head and tail of the chain will turn out to be a non-trivial chain since it conflicts with the requirements on linearization and thus cannot be linearized.

6,400원

15

English Learners’ Acceptability to Nuclear Stress Rule on Postverbal PPs in Chinese

Wenyu Lu, Se-Eun Jhang

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제23권 4호 2016.11 pp.307-330

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This study examines English learners’ acceptability to the Nuclear Stress Rule(NSR) on postverbal prepositional phrases in Chinese and provides a piece of evidence to prove that the NSR active at phonology-syntax interface is difficult for English students learning Chinese (L1-English L2-Chinese learners) to acquire. The result from sentence acceptability judgment task shows that L1-English L2-Chinese learners and Chinese native speakers perform significantly differently in three out of four conditions of postverbal PPs. English native speakers rely on their L1 transfer to judge the acceptability of sentences in Chinese. Therefore they are likely to accept grammatical sentences which are prosodically unacceptable to native speakers. Pedagogically speaking, L2 learners need to be instructed in terms of negative inputs in order to acquire this property.

6,100원

16

“I’m still insecure” : Korean English Language Teachers’ Perceptions on English Education Policy Favoring Native English Teachers

Soon Bok Park, Jyun Bang

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제23권 4호 2016.11 pp.331-355

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This qualitative study explores the teacher identities of three Korean English language teachers(KELTs) in higher education by delving into how they perceive the current college English education policy in favor of native English speaking teachers(NESTs); and themselves as non-native English speaking teachers. Data was collected mainly through interviews and teaching journals. A grounded theory approach was used to analyze the data. While teacher participants recognized that NESTs have been recently on the increase in universities, they perceived that there are problems with the overall employment policy of NESTs such as doubt on effectiveness of NESTs’ classes and their qualifications as college professors. With regard to KELTs’ teaching and status, they felt insecure and thus wanted to reinforce their qualifications as language teachers, and also frustrated with the situation that would limit themselves to partaking just a supporting role in classes taught by NESTs. Based on the findings, pedagogical implications on teacher education programs are provided.

6,300원

17

English Middles Revisited

Soonhyuck Park

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제23권 4호 2016.11 pp.357-372

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The purpose of this paper is to explain the historical development of the English Middle, by investigating its semantic structure and analyzing it as a topic-prominent structure. The theme-subject in the English Middle is analyzed as an affected arguments; the adverbial phrase is an inherent property of the English Middle, and the implicit arbitrary agent is interpreted as people in general or one. This paper concludes, basically following Li and Thompson(1976), that the English Middle has the topic-comment structure, which is characteristic of topic-prominent language. The English Middle is thus defined to have originated to satisfy the discourse requirement for topic-prominent structure in English. The large number of the English Middle in early modern English is attributed to the fact that English has become a completely subject-prominent language in this period and the need for topic-prominent structures motivated the use of the English Middle.

4,900원

18

The Distinctness Principle of Copies and The Linear Correspondence Axiom

Gwangrak Son

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제23권 4호 2016.11 pp.373-396

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In this paper, I propose that Kayne’s(1994) LCA underlies the entire set of syntactic representations, even those at LF, imposing a tight relation between hierarchical structure and linear order. It will be shown that the Distinctness principle of Copies I suggested earlier(Son, 2015a, 2016) is a manifestation of the LCA. More specifically, the LCA applies to a Spell-Out domain shipped to LF, choosing only those representations that satisfy the LCA. An LF-representation bearing nondistinct copies in the head and tail of the chain will turn out to be a non-trivial chain since it conflicts with the requirements on linearization and thus cannot be linearized.

6,100원

 
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