Earticle

Home

Issues

언어과학 [Journal of Language Sciences]

간행물 정보
  • 자료유형
    학술지
  • 발행기관
    한국언어과학회 [The Korean Association of Language Sciences]
  • ISSN
    1225-2522
  • 간기
    계간
  • 수록기간
    1994~2018
  • 등재여부
    KCI 등재
  • 주제분류
    인문학 > 언어학
  • 십진분류
    KDC 710 DDC 401
제15권 2호 (15건)
No
1

경남 방언의 부름말 실현 양상과 문화적 특성

강우원

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제15권 2호 2008.06 pp.1-19

※ 기관로그인 시 무료 이용이 가능합니다.

The purposes of this study are to clarity analogy and difference of the summonses ‘eoi, bara, yaya, ayo, boso’ in Gyeongnam dialect. The speakers of ‘eoi, bara, ayo, boso’ must have similar or stronger power but the speakers of ‘yaya’ must have stronger power. In case intimacy, ‘eoi, bara, yaya, ayo’ almost have but ‘boso’ doesn't have. There are formality on the ‘ayo’ and ‘boso’ but there are not ‘eoi, bara, yaya’. The speakers of ‘eoi, bara’ call a teenager group and an adult but ‘yaya, ayo, boso’ call adult group. ‘eoi, boso’ are use to between males, ‘yaya’ is use to between females. but ‘bara, ayo’ is use to between males and females. The cultural traits of Gyeongnam dialect are existence of intimacy with hearers.

5,400원

2

국어 한자어의 형태 분석과 품사 태그

김영선

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제15권 2호 2008.06 pp.21-40

※ 기관로그인 시 무료 이용이 가능합니다.

Generally speaking, Korean dictionary has pure Korean words and Sino-Korean words. But there are many differences between our original words and Sino-Korean words from their morphological structures and combinational aspects. The troubles connected with building a TAG SET of Sino-Korean words is influenced by their morphological characters. The purpose of this paper is to try their TAG SET by identifying the nature of the structure elements in Sino-Korean words. The structure elements in Sino-Korean words are two, a base and an affix. But I don't know what is base or affix in ‘정적(靜的)’, because it isn't fixed ‘정(靜)(quiet)’ is a base and it is hard to explain ‘적(的)(-ical)’ is an affix. However, the combinational regularity and the derivational meanings of the structure elements get criteria to confirm it is a base or an affix. And I tried to describe some problems in order to build a TAG SET of Sino-Korean words. In conclusion, I proposed that to build their TAG SET is in the given TAG SET for pure Korean words.

5,500원

3

베이즈 추론에 의한 단어 중의성 해소

김종휘

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제15권 2호 2008.06 pp.41-59

※ 기관로그인 시 무료 이용이 가능합니다.

In this paper multiple senses of some Korean ambiguous words are discriminated on the basis of Bayesian inference which utilizes the conditional probability widely accepted in mathematics. A POS tagged 8.1 million words Korean corpus was used as the resource of the linguistic informations for disambiguation. As a result of disambiguational experiment on the 13 words(9 nouns and 4 verbs) by computational programming of the algorithm based on the Bayesian inference, the whole precision accomplished 81.5%(25981/31874), with 83.5%(12546/15030) for nouns and 79.8%(13435/16844) for verbs respectively. In the course of the experiment some parametric variations were engaged to reveal the optimistic condition for this methodological process. The focus was set on the effect of the variation of the smoothing values from 0.9 to 0.0001 which is substituted for the value 0 of the co-occurrence frequency of a word in the context, and to the contrary of general expectations, smoothing value 0.1 resulted in the topmost precision. In addition to the machine process and its promising result, the way how the individual words of the sentences in the corpus are to be treated under the Bayesian inference is exemplified in this paper in detail, thus clarifying the methodological understanding.

5,400원

4

보문소로 문법화된 that과 랙의 통사자질

박상수

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제15권 2호 2008.06 pp.61-80

※ 기관로그인 시 무료 이용이 가능합니다.

The aim of this paper is to investigate syntactic features which are carried by the finite complementizer þæt>þat>that and the non-finite complementizer for from diachronic perspective. Given that þæt/þat wasn't followed by a focalized or topicalized element, but permitted wh-word+þæt/þat sequence from an embedded clause, þæt/þat had the finiteness feature of φ-features and a tense feature that was agreed with the finite feature of a finite verb in OE and EME. On the other hand, considering that that has been followed by a focalized or topicalized element in the embedded clause and φ-features and a tense feature in C has been inherited to T from LME onward PDE, that came to carry a declarative force feature rather than a finiteness feature from that time on. Meanwhile, the prepositional complementizer for began to be added to the to+N/V+enne to strengthen the grammatical function of to from EME, and this phrase has developed into an infinitival verb phrase for+to+V+(O). As inflections were lost, V-2 was reanalyzed, and OV was reordered as VO, the for+to+V+(O) sequence was changed into an infinitival verb clause and ultimately transformed into for+Osubj+to+V in LME. With such restructuring of an infinitival verb clause, a non-finite future feature which was inherently carried by for came to be inherited to the infinitive marker to that started denoting an unrealized future tense ever since.

5,500원

5

break, cut, hit, touch 동사의 의미와 통사적 교체현상

백미현

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제15권 2호 2008.06 pp.81-106

※ 기관로그인 시 무료 이용이 가능합니다.

This paper aims to clarify the semantic differences between four prototypical transitive verbs, break, cut, hit, and touch. Since Fillmore‘s (1970) simple classification of change-of-state verbs and surface-contact verbs, various attempts have been made to identify the semantics of these verbs. Levin (1993) classifies English verbs depending on various diathesis alternations, arguing that semantic components of a verb determine the syntactic argument structures. Langacker (1991) and Talmy (1996), from the cognitive position, have different insights into the verbs. They explain prototypical transitive constructions and the syntactic variations, based on cognitive principles such as prominence and windowing of attention. Their construal-based explanation seems to go beyond the description of the semantic determinants shaping the syntactic behavior of a verb. In this paper, there are some modifications and elaborations both on Levin's and Langacker-Talmy's ideas: semantic determinants and syntactic prominence (or profiling) are redefined as semantic focus and syntactic focus, respectively, on the action-chain schema, and various syntactic alternations are consistently explained.

6,400원

6

프랑스어의 Cataphore에 대한 연구

백 미혜리

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제15권 2호 2008.06 pp.107-123

※ 기관로그인 시 무료 이용이 가능합니다.

Up to recently, the cataphora has not been the object of a theoretic reflection because its characteristics are subject to the functions of pronouns. According to a variety of its concepts introduced in Maillard, Bally and Dubois, the term "cataphora" designates every kind of contextual dependancy. Each example of cataphora has a following common feature: It is necessary to have recourse to the subsequent context in order to find out the referent of indexical expressions. In this study, we observe and verify the following findings: 1. The relation between a cataphora and its subsequent is not related to the syntactic dependancy, but it is a supplementary connection from the semantic point of view. 2. There exist certain types of semantic relation between these two constituents: direct, indirect or co-referential relation. 3. The relation is asymmetrical. In particular, we distinguish a segmental cataphora from a resumptive cataphora after the extension of the subsequent, and an intra-clausal cataphora from a trans-clausal cataphora according to the textual aspect determined by the relation. The confrontation of cataphora with the right dislocation not only makes the status of cataphora transparency-oriented, but also represents the affinity of cataphora with the acts of language. We finally observe that the non-denomination category and the ontological distinction of second or third ordering element could also play an important role in the theory of cataphora.

5,100원

7

영어의 다중의문사 의무문에 관한 고찰

유병노

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제15권 2호 2008.06 pp.125-139

※ 기관로그인 시 무료 이용이 가능합니다.

In GB framework, covert operations, such as covert raising of wh-in-situ and quantifier raising, had been postulated to explain such phenomena as ACD constructions or scope interactions between the scope bearing elements. However, the recent minimalist approaches may have no way of explaining them in the framework since there is no covert operations in narrow syntax. To solve the problems, I will propose such covert operations be reconsidered and that the wh-in-situ in English be raised overtly to the outer Spec of v*P to satisfy the EPP of v*P and further be raised beyond the position through DISL. By assuming this proposal, we can get several advantages to explain the nature of human languages. First, we reduce the computational burden raised in Chomsky's(2000, 2001) approach to wh-movement constructions. The object shift of wh-element to the outer Spec of v*P causes computational complexity in Chomsky's system since the raising of wh-element is triggered just by the observance of PIC. However, we have no difficulty raising wh-element to the outer Spec of v*P since wh-element must raise to satisfy the EPP of v*P. Second, we can capture the correct reading of multiple-wh-questions eliminating the asymmetry between overt wh-movement and wh-in-situ. Finally, we can derive the object shift property of wh-movement by assuming that the shifted element in the outer Spec of v*P further raises beyond the position through wh-movement or TH/EX.

4,800원

8

환유로 본 소유 표현

이수련

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제15권 2호 2008.06 pp.141-161

※ 기관로그인 시 무료 이용이 가능합니다.

Metonymy is a cognitive process in our conceptual structure. Possessional Expression in Idealized Cognitive Model is divided into four types, such as ①'possessum→possessor' schema, ②'part→whole' schema, ③'whole→part' schema, ④'part event→whole event' schema. Types ①,②, and ③ are 'referential metonymy' of space contiguity. Type ④ is 'predicative metonymy' of time contiguity. Those source domain of four types become reference point, and they approach target domain. Schema ①, ②, and ④ are metonymic extensional transfer, which 'part' indicates 'whole'. The schema ③'whole→part' is metonymic reduction transfer, which source and target domain are asymmetric. Next, the continuum of source domain and target domain are as follows: In type ① source domain adjoins target domain spatially. In type ② source domain is included in target domain spatially. In type ③ source domain includes target domain spatially. In type ④ source domain is included in target domain temporally. In case of Possessional Expression, 'part→whole' schema appears more often than 'whole→part' and spatial metonymy appears more extensively than temporal metonymy.

5,700원

9

장소도치어구와 병렬이동

이원빈, 권기양

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제15권 2호 2008.06 pp.163-182

※ 기관로그인 시 무료 이용이 가능합니다.

This paper explores the dual property of the inverted locative PP in English locative inversion constructions. In general, the inverted PPs are assumed to be topicalized to the Spec of CP from the Spec of TP, or base-generated in the Spec of CP. However, previous approaches have some conceptual problems in some respects, such as Chain Uniformity Condition, vacuous topic movement, etc. In this paper, we propose the inverted locative PPs do not undergo topicalization to the Spec of CP, via the Spec of TP. Instead, we assume that both C and T attract locative PP in VP simultaneously. We also show that the dual property of the inverted locative PPs is captured through the parallel movement of PP to the Spec of TP and to the Spec of CP, respectively.

5,500원

10

외국인 학습자의 한국어 선어말어미 -시-, -았/었-, -겠-의 중첩 습득 연구

황종배, 심창용, 안희돈, 임인재, 한정임, 홍진주

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제15권 2호 2008.06 pp.183-199

※ 기관로그인 시 무료 이용이 가능합니다.

The present study investigates Chinese and Japanese learners' acquisition of some combinations of Korean prefinal endings: -si-, -ass/ess-, and -kess-. Forty-nine Chinese speakers and forty-two Japanese speakers participated in the experiment that asked the participants to judge the grammaticality of the combination of the prefinal endings. They were presented through a computer monitor a verb form which included the combination of two or three prefinal endings and asked to judge the grammaticality of the verb form. The findings of the study revealed a strong influence of the learners' native language. The Japanese participants showed a substantial improvement as their Korean proficiency increased, while the Chinese learners of Korean showed a small increase, which was not statistically significant. A new approach that considers both positive and negative effects of the learners' native language should be developed in the teaching of Korean in the classroom and in the development of Korean teaching materials.

5,100원

11

From Lexical to Grammatical Concepts With Reference to Top-Bottom Orientation

Jungbye Baik

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제15권 2호 2008.06 pp.201-221

※ 기관로그인 시 무료 이용이 가능합니다.

The objective of this paper is to explore grammaticalization of top-bottom relational terms top and bottom into locative markers on top of and at the bottom of. Cross-linguistically, it has been observed that spatial notions often grammaticalize into locative markers, i.e. primary or complex prepositions. In English, of various spatial notions, top-bottom relational concepts also show gradual and intriguing developments, typically marking hierarchical conditions of status, position, state, or quality in addition to basic spatial notions. This paper describes such a semantic extension of top-bottom notion: [relational concepts >> spatial concepts >> abstract concepts], that occurred in the course of grammaticalization, based on semantic designations provided in the Oxford English Dictionary (2nd ed., 1991). In order to illustrate how particular meanings and semantic changes of top-bottom concepts evolve, basic cognitive mechanisms of semantic change are invoked here to explain such semantic changes, i.e. metaphor and metonymy. For investigating of structural development, i.e. from nominal sources in genitive construction [on-[the.top]-of-NP] into prepositional phrasal constructions [on-top-of-NP], this paper also shows the process of the formal development, focusing on 'reanalysis' which is defined as the reinterpreting or rebracketing of old structure. Furthermore, this paper deals with the functional-semantic specialization of the locative markers within the same semantic domain by using such corpora as MICASE, LOB, and Brown corpus. Finally, this paper discusses on the degree of grammaticality of the locative markers within the same category on the basis of their morphological weight and frequency occurrence, employing corpus data provided from the three corpora.

5,700원

12

Secondary Predicate and Its Distribution

Jae-Yoon Kim

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제15권 2호 2008.06 pp.223-237

※ 기관로그인 시 무료 이용이 가능합니다.

All secondary predicates are within the Vp and follow the generalization that rightward is downward. The distribution of secondary predicates looks entirely positional or syntactic, not semantic. The distribution of secondary predicates: they can be oriented toward the surface subject position, the position of complement of the verb (object position, not the position of object experiencers), and whatever position is responsible for the implied subject of a passive. The depictives predicated of subjects in by-phrases are actually oriented toward, allowing us to maintain the generalization that objects of prepositions cannot host secondary predicates, and moreover accounting for the optionality of placement of the secondary predicate with respect to the by-phrase.

4,800원

13

Toward a Cognitive Neuroscience of Language

Masatoshi Koizumi

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제15권 2호 2008.06 pp.239-265

※ 기관로그인 시 무료 이용이 가능합니다.

Language, as part of the human mind, must be studied from various perspectives at different levels of abstraction. These studies should be integrated into a unified approach, which may be referred to as the cognitive neuroscience of language. A series of researches on Japanese scrambling were reviewed from linguistic, psychological, and neurophysiological perspectives, as an initial attempt toward a cognitive neuroscience of language.

6,600원

14

Age Parameter of derivation

Soonhyuck Park

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제15권 2호 2008.06 pp.267-288

※ 기관로그인 시 무료 이용이 가능합니다.

The core area of the computational system designed in a recent version of Minimalist Program consists only of lexicon and Merge. All other notions are attributed to conditions on interfaces, which are restricted by performance. Among them is phase, a syntactic domain, which bars syntactic relations from outside. From the psycholinguistic view, phase can be regarded as a parsing domain, such that it is required to be as small as possible to minimize computational loads. In this paper, we explore the possibility that processing of language can be characterized in a way that the 'mental' derivation converges. Based on the psychological and neurobiological evidence that the language system continues to change as it progresses toward older age, the mental derivation is constrained by cognitive factors in the life span, such as age-based memory span and capacity.

5,800원

15

한국언어과학회 회칙

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제15권 2호 2008.06 pp.289-306

※ 기관로그인 시 무료 이용이 가능합니다.

5,200원

 
페이지 저장