언어과학 [Journal of Language Sciences]

간행물 정보
  • 자료유형
  • 발행기관
    한국언어과학회 [The Korean Association of Language Sciences]
  • ISSN
  • 간기
  • 수록기간
  • 등재여부
    KCI 등재
  • 주제분류
    인문학 > 언어학
  • 십진분류
    KDC 710 DDC 401
제23권 3호 (15건)

관형사형 어미의 기능의미와 불명확한 가장자리 현상


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제23권 3호 2016.08 pp.1-23

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This study presupposed that adnominal ending represented the logical order between the event of adnominal clause and the event and utterance time of main clause. This presupposition implied that ‘-eun’ signified ‘E1>E2’ or ‘E1>U’, ‘-neun’ ‘E1=E2’ or ‘E1=U’, and ‘-Øeul’ ‘E2>E1’ or ‘U>E1’. This study aimed to explore the change of the logical order adnominal ending connotes depending on different parameters, and the fuzzy edge indicated when the logical order was changed. That one sentence was interpreted in more than two logical orders was mainly due to the disagreement of the logical order between the order adnominal ending conveys and the event building a sentence. Adnominal clause combined with ‘-eul’ was considered as a combination of ‘-eosseul’ and ‘-Øeul’ because the logical order was changed according to the integration of ‘-eoss-’ and ‘-Ø’. In addition, ‘-eul’ was considered not to have the logical order of ‘E1=E2’ or ‘E1=U’ due to its maintaining the functional meaning of assumption. Lastly, through the meaning analysis of a sentence, adnominal ending conveyed the fuzzy edge and that was also restricted to only some syntactic properties.



인상구문의 여격 간섭효과에 대한 비교연구


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제23권 3호 2016.08 pp.25-44

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This paper deals with the intervention effect of dative experiencers and the parametric variation in terms of A-movement between French and English raising constructions. According to the series of Chomsky's Minimalist Program, a general A-movement occurs in order of Agree-Move. Agree is a prerequisite step towards Move and is subject to the locality conditions, but Move is not. In order to address the problems with A-movement, Goto(2013) proposes the order "Move-Agree" in English raising constructions. We will observe the corelation between Move and Agree and verify that, especially in French counterparts, quasi-argument expletives and real expletives must be distinguished in terms of A-movement. We conclude that French real expletives do not move but must be merged in the Spec-TP of the main clause. Based on the fact that there exist different syntactic operations in these constructions and various authors' opinions in acceptability, French counterparts can be accounted for by both the two orders. Finally, we will verify French dative experiencers must be differently taken care of from the English counterparts.



외국어 불안 연구에 관한 고찰

김정옥, 민수정

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제23권 3호 2016.08 pp.45-72

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Out of many factors that hinder the learners' motivation and language performance, this paper explores the foreign language anxiety(FLA) which is referred to as the one of the most powerful predictors on students' language performance. The purpose of this study is to review the studies on FLA and discuss how it is differentiated between learners and target languages. The reviewing process will provide the foreign language educators how FLA influences the language performance and achievement of learners differently according to learners' levels, L1s, and countries. The findings could offer the comparison between studies on Korean students' FLA and those on students of other countries. It will eventually give the language teachers a perspective on how they can possibly create a learning environment which can alleviate language learners' FLA.



한국어 이동사건 표현과 종결성의 상호작용에 관한 연구


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제23권 3호 2016.08 pp.73-89

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The purpose of this paper is to investigate the interaction between the expressions of motion events and the notion of telicity in Korean. The notion of telicity refers to the property of presenting the action or event as complete. In this paper the telicity in the motion events is divided into two types: speaker telicity and event telicity. The followings are discussed in this paper. First, what is referred to as speaker telicity is clearly shown in the use of the verb ‘ota(come)’ which implies the completion of the motion events. That is, the verb ‘ota’ is typically used in the environment where the motion towards the speaker is completed, while the verb ‘gata(go)’ does not imply the situation where the motion away from the speaker is completed, which also influences the alternation or choice of ‘ota’ or ‘gata’. Second, it is argued that the choice of complement case markers ‘-ey’ or ‘-lul’ is associated with the event telicity. The case marker ‘-ey’ with the complements shows the greater probability of event telicity than the marker ‘-lul’. Third, it is claimed that the serial verb constructions with the verbs of movement show the greater probability of event telicity than the single verb constructions with only the manner component



제2언어 한국어 학습자의 조사 ‘이/가’의 실현ㆍ비실현 습득 연구


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제23권 3호 2016.08 pp.91-110

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This paper explores L2 acquisition of Korean ‘i/ka’ occurrence in spoken context. Korean subject marker ‘i/ka’ has different occurrence depending on the linguistic contexts. In the study, 47 L1 Chinese learners of Korean (24 Advanced learners and 23 Intermediate learners) and 25 Korean native speakers have participated. The experiment material consists of 18 multiple choice tasks where 15 ‘i/ka’ occurrence items and 3 ‘i/ka’ non-occurrence items were provided along with written discourse context. The contexts of ‘i/ka’ occurrence were designed to provide ‘exclusive contrast’, ‘selecting focus’, ‘replacing focus’, ‘rhetoric question’, and ‘confirmation question’ according to their unpredictability level. The contexts of ‘i/ka’ non-occurrence were neutral in terms of focus on the subject and had high expectable subject from the given context. The results showed that the L2ers had different choices compared to Korean native speakers’ in most of the occurrence and non-occurrence contexts. This implicates that more focused instruction on case marker occurrence is needed in order to equip the Korean L2ers better for their spoken language proficiency.



한국인 영어 학습자의 동사구 생략 구문 내 재귀사 해석에 관한 연구


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제23권 3호 2016.08 pp.111-135

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This paper discusses the interpretation of reflexive anaphora in VP-elliptical sentences by L2 learners of English in Korea. Thirteen intermediate learners, 13 advanced learners(experimental group) and 10 English native speakers(control group) participated in this research which was designed to investigate the effect of minimal process and the context effect when L2 learners choose the sloppy/strict reading. The task consists of 12 experimental sentences in a null context, 12 experimental sentences in a referential context eliciting the strict reading and 12 experimental sentences in a non-referential context. The results showed that these respondents’ interpretation of reflexive anaphora in VP-elliptical sentences was constrained by the minimal processing effort and contextual effects of Relevance Theory.



영미 아동의 서술적 비교급 사용 요인


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제23권 3호 2016.08 pp.137-156

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English adjectives and comparatives can be used in two different ways: attributive and predicative. Mondorf(2003) stated that adults prefer to use Periphrastic comparatives(‘more + Adjectives,’ as in more interesting) rather than Synthetic comparatives(‘Adjectives+-er,’ as in stronger) in the predicative position. This research aims at finding out determinants of English-speaking children's comparative constructions in predicates, using linguistic and frequency variables employed in the previous adult's preference research. In the CHILDES database, children used Synthetic comparatives more than Periphrastic ones in predicates. One reason might be that children used monosyllabic adjectives more while adults used more multisyllabic adjectives. The two determining factors in predicative comparatives are ‘to-infinitive as a complement’ and ‘value,’ the meaning of adjectives. Also, children produced correct forms of Periphrastic comparatives in predicates at the ages of 4 and/or 5.



한국인 영어 학습자의 통사적 섬에 대한 수용성 연구


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제23권 3호 2016.08 pp.157-179

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The purpose of the study is to examine how Korean EFL learners' knowledge of syntactic islands is represented in their interlanguage grammars of English, focusing on the correlation between proficiency and acceptability of syntactic islands. For this purpose, it explores whether Korean EFL learners display native-like island effects in all types of syntactic islands as their proficiency. It is based on the syntactic acceptability-rating experiment designed by Sprouse et al.(2012), considering factorial design, including two factors, Structure and Gap. The subjects in experimental group were divided into three groups-basic, intermediate, and advanced group-based on the scores of the cloze test and the results in the experiment were compared with English native speakers'. Advanced EFL learners' island effects are shown statistically significantly in subject and adjunct islands at the same level as native speakers' acceptability. Also some of advanced EFL learners are as sensitive to island vs. non-island distinctions as L1 native speakers are. In conclusion, Korean EFL learners can acquire the knowledge of syntactic island structures based on Universal Grammar.



PELI(Preschool Early Literacy Indicators)를 적용한 문자해득단계 아동의 영어 초기읽기능력 변인분석


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제23권 3호 2016.08 pp.181-200

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The study analyzed the validity of the PELI(Preschool Early Literacy Indicators) and its pedagogical application for Korean elementary-school students with emergent English literacy skills. Participants were 40(20 male, 20 female) students in Grades 3 to 4. The PELI test was administered and the following questions were studied; (1) How do the participants’ results on the PELI compare with those of similarly aged ESL learners in the U.S.? (2) Do the results of the PELI differ by gender? (3) What are the correlations between pairs of variables of the PELI? The main conclusions are as follows: (1) Their AK(alphabetical knowledge) and PA(phonological awareness) are higher than the benchmarks of similarly aged the results shows that VOL(vocabulary and oral language) needs to strategic support, but AK and PA is higher than benchmarks of similarly aged learners in the U.S. (2) Compared with male students, female students tend to achieve higher scores on the PLI(PELI language index), and male participants need strategic support on VOL. (3) A positive correlation exits among all the variables except between AK and VOL, VOL and PA, and C and PA. Results are discussed in terms of the PELI’s value as early screening test for Korean students who may have difficulty reading in English.



ESP 학술논문의 저자키워드와 코퍼스키워드의 비교 연구

이성민, 장세은

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제23권 3호 2016.08 pp.201-223

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The purpose of this study is to explore the similarities and differences between author keywords and corpus keywords. Author keywords intuitively given by article authors have been used as a method of information retrieval to identify their articles. Corpus keywords are called keywords automatically extracted from abstract subcopora by using statistical measures such as Log-likelihood. Our research started with a research question regarding whether or not corpus keywords can be used in another way for this information retrieval. This study uses 800 offshore industry journal articles and classifies them four sub-parts, each of which contains a five-year period from 1995 to 2014. This paper compares author keywords with corpus keywords to examine whether or not corpus keywords can be another method for information retrieval both by showing the distribution of the types of n-gram compounds shared in author keywords and corpus keywords. It also compares the two different keywords by using a percent ratio of the types of n-gram compounds shared in the article title corpus as a reference point. Finally it explores the statistical relationship between author keywords and corpus keywords by using a chi square test with a percent ratio of the types of all the n-gram compounds used in the article title corpus as a reference point.



L2 학습자들의 영어 욕설 사용 및 화용적 기능 인식에 대한 연구

전지현, 이현정, 김주현

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제23권 3호 2016.08 pp.225-250

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This study aimed to investigate the difference between Korean English learners and English native speakers in terms of the use and awareness of pragmatic functions of English swearwords. 78 Korean English learners and 30 English native speakers participated in the study and two questionnaires designed to examine the use and pragmatic functions of English swearwords were implemented. Results from the analysis of One-way ANOVA and Chi-square revealed that Korean English learners were aware of various types of English swearwords although they perceived the offensiveness of English swearwords differently compared to that of English native speakers, that the preference of English swearwords of Korean English learners was different from that of English native speakers when power and distance are involved in the discourse, and that the awareness of pragmatic functions (i.e. closeness, forcefulness and offensiveness) of swearwords differed between Korean English learners and English native speakers. The directions of further studies were discussed with the limitations of this study.



A Corpus Study of the Use of the English Loanword ‘Mom’-Derived Words in the South Korean Media

Min-Hee Bang, Mi-Jin Joo

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제23권 3호 2016.08 pp.251-275

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This study uses corpora of South Korean media texts and examines how the English word ‘mom’ is borrowed and adapted to produce what is termed as 맘(mam) words in Korean, and how the use of these 맘(mam) words contributes to certain ways of representing women as working mothers. Firstly, the classification of 맘(mam) words shows how women’s identity as a mother is essentially shaped by their educational zeal and ability to raise an academically successful child. Secondly, the analysis of the collocational patterns of 워킹맘(workingmam), 직장맘(jikjangmam) and 일하는 엄마(ilhaneun eomma) shows that while the majority of collocates are shared, some collocates are distinctive to each word, revealing a number of patterns in representing women who work.



Temporal and Spectral Characteristics at the midpoint of Frication Noise in Korean Fricatives

Kyung-Im Han

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제23권 3호 2016.08 pp.277-300

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This paper examines the temporal and the spectral characteristics of the two Korean fricatives, /s/ and /s*/ in terms of fricative category, dialect, gender, age, and vowel context by measuring fricative duration and the four spectral moments. The study results show that fricative duration is the only robust cue to differentiate between the two dialects, but the four spectral moments do not play a role in distinguishing between the two dialects. The study indicates significant effects of fricative category and vowel context on the values of the four spectral moments as well as the fricative duration for the two Korean fricatives. Furthermore, among the four spectral moments, spectral mean and skewness show significant differences between age groups and gender groups, and variance is used to distinguish between the two genders. However, kurtosis does not serve as a distinctive cue for the speaker variability.



The Relationship between Use of Writing Strategies and Writing Level of Korean University Students

Youngkyong Jong, Yanghee Kim

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제23권 3호 2016.08 pp.301-326

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The main purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the way writing strategies are used by L2 learners and their level of English writing. In addition, patterns of writing strategies employed by them were investigated as well. The participants of this study were 73 university students who were enrolled in ‘Practical English Composition’ course at a university in Busan in 2015. Data collection was conducted in two phases: first, a questionnaire consisting of 43 closed-ended questions and 11 open-ended questions was administered; and second, a sample of students’ English writing on a given topic was gathered through an in-class writing task. Results of the questionnaire were analyzed by content analysis and descriptive statistics. One-way ANOVA analysis was also run to measure the relationship between the participants’ use of writing strategies and their level of English writing. The analysis showed that overall, the students preferred cognitive strategies most, followed by meta-cognitive strategies and social/affective strategies. However, relative difference was found in the way students with different writing proficiency level used meta-cognitive strategies. Intermediate high level students used more meta-cognitive strategies than intermediate low level students. Further, while intermediate high level students used both meta-cognitive strategies and cognitive strategies evenly, intermediate low level students preferred cognitive strategies more than meta-cognitive strategies.



Early Detection of English Attrition in Korean-English Bilingual Children

Sang-Gu Kang

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제23권 3호 2016.08 pp.327-344

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This longitudinal case study utilized a body-part picture-naming task (Hawaii Assessment of Language Access project) to assess the changing proficiencies and dominance of Korean and English from two Korean sisters who returned back to Korea after living in Honolulu, Hawaii for two years. The task consisted of two strata based on the frequency of body-part vocabularies: high-frequency and low-frequency items. Children's accuracy and response time were gauged to demonstrate the participants' relative proficiency in English and Korean over three sessions starting from 18 months after their return until the 25th month after return. Since infrequent language use limits accessibility to that language, which in turn eventually causes further language loss(O'Grady et al., 2009), less frequently used words would be more vulnerable to proficiency change than high-frequency words. The result of this study suggests that lexical accessibility is one of the earliest linguistic aspects influenced by attrition, which can show up as early as around 21 months after their return to Korea.


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