언어과학 [Journal of Language Sciences]

간행물 정보
  • 자료유형
  • 발행기관
    한국언어과학회 [The Korean Association of Language Sciences]
  • ISSN
  • 간기
  • 수록기간
  • 등재여부
    KCI 등재
  • 주제분류
    인문학 > 언어학
  • 십진분류
    KDC 710 DDC 401
제11권 1호 (14건)

Notes on Feature Valuation and Spell Out


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제11권 1호 2004.02 pp.1-18

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This paper considers the theory of feature valuation and spell out. First, we will observe that there are two different feature valuations: Case-feature valuation and φ-feature valuation (Boeckx 2001, Nomura 2002), instead of a single operation AGREE (Chomsky 2000, 2001a, b) and Multiple Agree (Hiraiwa 2002). Second, we will argue that Case-feature and φ-feature valuation are distinct operations, based on the application of Move between Case-feature valuation and φ-feature valuation in Icelandic quirky constructions and Japanese hyper-raising construction. Finally, we will propose that a DP may be spelled out at once when its Case-feature is valued to account for the intervention effect in Icelandic raising verb construction.



영어자동사 구문의 도출에 관한 소고 - 비능격, 비대격, 능격 그리고 중간태구문을 중심으로 -


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제11권 1호 2004.02 pp.19-37

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This paper tries to figure out the syntacitc derivations of one-argument predicates in English. Lots of studies has already pointed out that the so-called intransitive in English must be classified into 4 types-unergatives, unaccusatives, ergatives, middles on the basis of their syntactic and semantic properties, etc.. The attractive hypothesis on the phonological derivations of one argument predicates by K Hale and J. Keyser(l998, 2000, 2001), namely, 'conflation' might be useful to differenciate their syntactic derivations, respectively Furthermore, 'conflation analysts with merge' will clear up the fact that unaccusative and ergative and middles in English are intimately related with the corresponding transitives, respectively.



영어가 한국어에 미친 언어학적 영향

김수정, 오주영

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제11권 1호 2004.02 pp.39-49

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This paper examines English borrowed words in Korean. A close contact with the English culture and language brought about extensive borrowing of English words in Modern Korean and it affected the grammatical system of Korean. The lexicon and syntactic structures of the Korean languages have been enriched by means of the borrowing of English. It is inevitable to accommodate English words in this global world where English has become a world language, but the excessive use of English loan words in our daily life is problematic. In this respect, it is meaningful to perform a broad linguistic analysis on the English borrowing in order to document the permeation of English in the Korean language and further to arouse attention to the proper use of English borrowed words in our linguistic community.



고대영어 V-2 구조에서 문두에 오는 요소의 문법기능


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제11권 1호 2004.02 pp.51-72

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We investigated V-2 constructions in Old English within the theory of Minimalist Program. The derivation of V-2 word order by Phase in OE is triggered by the checking of Agree feature in C against an XP element and the resultant XP movement to the sentence initial position where it performs the grammatical function of focalization. As the external motivation of XP-raising to the CP-spec in a V-2 construction, we propose a focus feature [+F] that owns an uninterpretable EPP-feature of OCC as its subfeature in C. The Agree of feature between the XP that has to move to the CP-spec in narrow syntax and the [+F]-feature in C that must be lexicalized by the tense verb within the phonological component. This syntactic operation is carried out through internal Merge so as to satisfy the C-I system that should manifest discourse-related semantic Property of V-2 constructions. The syntactic evidence that a displaced XP manifests the grammatical function of localization in the CP-spec, not that of topicalization, is proved by the incompatibility with a wh-fronting or a negative inversion in the same sentence. As the [+wh]-feature is checked in the head C of an open sentence, so is the [+F]-feature checked in the head of C of a focalized structure. A representative type of verbs that can occur in V-2 constructions involve unaccusative and passive verbs including some unergatives. This class of verbs has the underlying argument structure in which v, not v* selects defective VP with φ-incomplete as its complement.



영어형용사적 수동의 본질과 특성


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제11권 1호 2004.02 pp.73-86

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This paper aims to explore the nature of adjectival passives in English and their properties. It claims that the past participle of the adjectival Passives is an adjective rather than a verb in nature. Supporting evidence for this claim includes the possible occurrence of the participle in the pre-modifying position of noun phrases, its coordination with adjectives, its complement (unction of adjective-subcategorizing verbs, its word-formation with the prefix un-, and its ability to take very as a modifier. It is also shown that adjectival passives have their own properties different from those of verbal passives. They are said to be characterized by these facts: the absence of their corresponding active sentences, the general tendency not to take [by + agentive NP], the limited range of their subject, impossibility to be in progressive aspect, to form get-Passives, and to occur after remain to be, co-occurrence with as yet, and complementary distribution with subject-oriented adverbs.



외국어 학습에서의 생성문법의 적용 - 스페인어 학습 사례를 중심으로 -


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제11권 1호 2004.02 pp.87-110

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The purpose of this paper is to explore a possibility of applying Generative Grammar to learning of the second foreign languages by focusing on Spanish. Firstly, we deal with the reduced relative constructions. The Issue is how to account for the mechanism of making these constructions. Our proposal is that if the learners can understand the distinction between the base structure and the derived structure on the one hand, and the one between the so called unaccusative verbs and the "Pure" intransitive verbs on the other hand, they can predict correctly whether the reduction is possible or not. Secondly, we argue that if the learners make use of the notion of the argument, they can decide easily how to translate "??tt?? ke". Finally, we deal with the issue of translating the so called complex wh-questions. We propose that if the learners can understand the parametric differences between Korean and Spanish with respect to wh-fronting, they can decide easily where to place wh-phrase.



Morphological case vs Abstract CASE


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제11권 1호 2004.02 pp.111-143

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영어 구동사의 인지적 학습에 관한 연구


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제11권 1호 2004.02 pp.145-164

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English phrasal verbs are very often used in colloquial English, but their meanings are considered arbitrary, and cause much difficulty to EFL students. However, recent studies of cognitive semantics suggest that languages reflect our conceptual system which is structured by image schemas and conceptual metaphors, and therefore, most linguistic expressions are not arbitrary, but motivated. In this respect, this study was to show that English phrasal verbs, which were considered independent of our conceptual system and only to be memorized, can be presented to EFL students in a more meaningful way through image schemas and conceptual metaphors. For this purpose, this study sorted out English Phrasal verbs with OUT and put them into several groups by the standard of image schemas and conceptual metaphors. The results are as follows: First, the meanings of particles which were considered arbitrary could be presented in a meaningful way by showing underlying conceptual system of the moaning through transformation of the image schemas and conceptual metaphors. Second, cognitive semantic approach can facilitate retention and creative loaming of English phrasal verbs by activating the subconscious conceptual system onto the conscious level. In conclusion, the cognitive semantic approach to English phrasal verbs can be an effective alternative to the traditional method of learning phrasal verbs in a more motivated and creative way. So it is recommended that further studies on the cognitive semantic approach to learning languages be carried out to understand idiomatic expressions effectively.



담화 표상 이론과 영향권의 중의성


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제11권 1호 2004.02 pp.165-181

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This paper aims to overcome some problems of scope ambiguity in DRT by Kamp & Reyle(1993), to decide four types of the meanings from an indefinites within the scope of universal quantifier and to present the DRSs corresponding to them. In particular, the DRS to specificity is different from the one by Kamp & Reyle(1993) and the DRSs to a generic moaning and to a universal one will be presented as well. The Proposal in this paper is based on the conclusion that more than four kinds of meanings can result from an indefinite M) within the scope of universal quantifier, regardless of any syntactic structure and any kind of a movement rule like quantifier-raising.



New Zealand 영어의 몇 가지 특성


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제11권 1호 2004.02 pp.183-203

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The purpose of this paper is to explore some aspects of New Zealand English(NZE) and to provide a more complete understanding of NZE. NZE has developed as a dialect of Oxford English or BBC English. However, the lexical items and expressions of NZE reflect New Zealandisms, for instance, sleepout (a separated small building for guests) The pronunciation of NZE is also quite different from that of BBC English; for instance, every cardinal vowel is pronounced at the one level higher position. that is/e/of of NZE has the same value as /i/ of BBC English. In addition to this, some New Zealanders use quite different expressions such as We wasn't allowed to walk on the floor (disagreement of numbers), I done all the talking (tense), Her and Malcom were mates (case). You could make it more cleaner (double comparative), however, these are regarded as ungrammatical expressions in BBC English and American English.



Is L2 Vocabulary Learning Incidental or Intentional?: A Review Essay


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제11권 1호 2004.02 pp.205-225

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Vocabulary is arguably central to language acquisition and use, and recently there is a growing interest in vocabulary acquisition among L2 researchers and teachers. This article examines whether the learning of L2 vocabulary is incidental or intentional reviewing the research that has addressed each type of learning. The studies reviewed suggest that vocabulary teaming is primarily incidental with the learner guessing the meaning of unknown words through the use of contextual clues. However, L2 vocabulary learning from context Is neither efficient nor effective and some researchers argue for some direct teaching large numbers of initial words with the later stages being more context-based. Some empirical studies found positive evidence in support of a combination of reading plus instruction for vocabulary learning. In addition, the studies reviewed showed that oral context as well as written text has a role as a source of input for vocabulary acquisition.



어휘범주와 음운론적 비대칭성


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제11권 1호 2004.02 pp.227-250

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This paper is concerned with how category-dependent phonological asymmetries in Korean can be dealt with. The phonological phenomena that show such asymmetries can be divided into two groups; those in one group apply only to verbs whereas those in the other apply only to nouns. The second type runs counter to Smith's (1997, 1999) proposal that nouns license more phonological contrasts than other words. It is proposed that of the approaches that have been put forward to treat such category-dependent asymmetries, only the base-identity type approach can account (or both of the two groups found in Korean.



An Iconicity-theoretic Approach to Argument Structure Alternations in English


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제11권 1호 2004.02 pp.251-272

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It is said that there exist meaning differences between dative, dative, and locative sentences and the variants associated with these alternation constructions and that no convincing account from generative grammar is available. Given this, this papers aims to give a cognitive and functional account to the semantic and pragmatic differences at issue in terms of Haiman's (1980, 1983, and 1985) distance principle of his Iconicity Theory. An attempted is first made to explore the properties of the three constructions and some constraints imposed on them. Based on the principle that "the linguistic distance between expressions corresponds to the conceptual distance between them" it is then proposed that the closer the (beneficiary/goal, attempt-action, location) object NP is to the verb, the greater and the more direct the verb's effect on the NP.



편집위원회 구성 임기 및 기능 외

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제11권 1호 2004.02 pp.273-283

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