언어과학 [Journal of Language Sciences]

간행물 정보
  • 자료유형
  • 발행기관
    한국언어과학회 [The Korean Association of Language Sciences]
  • ISSN
  • 간기
  • 수록기간
  • 등재여부
    KCI 등재
  • 주제분류
    인문학 > 언어학
  • 십진분류
    KDC 710 DDC 401
제24권 2호 (15건)

고대 프랑스어의 목적어 전이와 동사 이동의 매개변인에 대한 연구


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제24권 2호 2017.05 pp.1-24

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This study is aimed at proposing the following two possibilities and analyzing them in connection with the positions of objects in Old French(OF) (11c-12c): i) Can objects move to the left position of a clause by means of Object Shift? and ii) Does the object raising comply with the feature inheritance theory proposed by Chomsky(2008) in order to realize the V2-structure of OF constructions? Although these two syntactic operations have quite close relations, we will verify which parameter can apply to them in OF considering that they operate in a different manner among languages. Consequently, we will observe and analyze the following subjects: i) The trigger in C is a tense feature which causes a finite verb to raise to C; ii) What moves an object to Spec-CP is an edge feature in C?; iii) How is the OF object raising different from the object shift?; iv) How can the status of lexical or null subject be determined during the OF object raising/shift?; v) Is the object raising/shift derived from the verb movement and the feature inheritance in OF? Shedding light on these tasks, we will clarify that the object raising/shift can be verified by the verb movement and feature inheritance in the object raising constructions observed in La Chanson de Roland(1090) and Le Chevalier de la Charrete(1179-81).



코퍼스 기반 남북한 영어 교과서 어휘의 공시적 분석

김지영, 이제영, 김정렬

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제24권 2호 2017.05 pp.25-56

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This paper aims to analyze English vocabulary in the latest secondary school textbooks of South and North Korea synchronically, using corpus linguistics. To perform the study, six English textbooks of North Korea published between 2001 and 2008 have been constructed as corpora. All the textbooks for secondary school in North Korea, and those that correspond to the same grade levels in South Korea were compared and analyzed. The vocabulary sizes of both categories are similar, but the word variations in South Korean textbooks are twice as much as those in North Korean textbooks. That means the vocabulary in the textbooks of South Korea are more diverse than those of North Korea. To compare the differences in vocabulary levels, the two corpora were analyzed with corpus-based analysis programs such as 2015 KBEWL and GSL-AWL. The results show that student defectors from North Korea will likely have difficulties learning some of the English vocabulary. Thus, it is necessary to develop extra vocabulary teaching programs and materials to help them adapt to English learning in South Korea.



미국 신문의 한국 관련 보도에 관한 코퍼스 언어학적 분석


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제24권 2호 2017.05 pp.57-77

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This paper describes an analysis of 476,589 word corpus of news articles from American newspapers which deal with the topic of Korea. In order to analyze reports of Korea in the news, the focus was put on a keyword analysis. The keywordlist was made using a reference corpus made of news articles that refer to the U.S. from American newspapers. In order for an investigation on the contents of the target corpus, the keywords were categorized under specific topics. It was found that the keywords from Korea-related news tended to be grouped under the following seven topic categories: North Korea’s nuclear weapon, the division of North and South Korea, countermeasures against the nuclear weapon, neighboring countries, political leaders, the Korean culture, and other topics. This research would argue that the first four topics among the seven can be evaluated negatively, and that American readers may associate these negatively categorized lexes with Korea. As a result, it can be argued that the readers may develop negative prejudice against Korea.



원어민과 한국인의 등위접속사 and의 사용에 관한 비교분석연구

류미령, 박매란

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제24권 2호 2017.05 pp.79-99

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The purpose of this study is to compare the usage of the coordinator ‘and’ between the International Corpus of English(USA) and a Korean learner corpus of English. For this study, 120 sentences were randomly selected, both from the ICE and the Korean learner corpus that was collected from basic English writing courses in university. The authors analyzed the syntactic and semantic aspects of the coordinator to find out the similarities and differences between native English speakers and Korean learners of English. In this study, we examine the eight types of connotation by Quirk et al.(1985) and the six types of coordinated constituents, viz. NP, PP, AP, AdP, VP and S to find out if Korean learners use it in a proper way. This study argues that they are not fully aware of linguistic principles such as iconicity and grammatical knowledge of English such as post-nominal modifier, nominalization and collocation. Based on the results, it suggests that Korean learners should learn and be exposed to the coordinator in various register.



「2015 개정교육과정」초등영어 기본어휘 분석 및 제안 : 1음절어 모음자를 중심으로

양병선, 이미자

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제24권 2호 2017.05 pp.101-125

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On September 23, 2015, the Ministry of Education announced a new national curriculum for elementary and secondary schools, Proclamation of the Ministry of Education #2015-74. This revised national curriculum for elementary school English textbooks will take effect on March 1, 2018 and suggests about 800 English vocabularies for elementary school English textbooks. The purpose of this paper is threefold: i) to analyze one-syllable words in the elementary school English vocabulary, ii) to find the vowels' spelling-pronunciation rules, and iii) to suggest how to organize the words in the new elementary school English textbook according to the spelling-pronunciation rule’s complexity.



영어 이화현상의 지각단서에 의한 분석


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제24권 2호 2017.05 pp.127-147

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The purpose of this study is to identify that dissimilation is the process of preventing the same or similar features from neighboring in the view of perceptional cues. In this study, dissimilation is treated to include alternation, deletion, epenthesis of sounds, since they make the environment of the same or similar sounds different in order to observe OCP. Therefore this paper shows that what kinds of features are involved in the clash of features and that dissimilation occurs in the clash of features between syllables as well as between segments. Furthermore in order to keep OCP, the element having weaker perceptual cues among two equal or similar features is changed into different sound or deleted and if it can't be changed or deleted to keep other rules, a certain vowel can be inserted between two clashing sounds. For all those analyses this paper presents some constraints about perceptual cues such as ALT-WPC, POCP, SD (1



통합 및 분리 형태초점 교수법과 학습자의 사전 문법지식 수준이 목표언어형태 학습에 미치는 영향


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제24권 2호 2017.05 pp.149-171

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The present study seeks to compare the effects of integrated and isolated form-focused instruction(FFI, hereafter) on the learning of a target form. It further examines the effects of learners’ prior knowledge of the target form. To this end, 79 female students at a high school in Busan received one of the three different treatments over four sessions: integrated FFI, isolated FFI, or textbook-based reading instructions. The results showed that those exposed to the integrated and isolated FFI received higher scores on the comprehension posttest than those exposed to the reading instruction. On the production posttest, on the other hand, those who received the integrated FFI had higher scores than those who received the isolated FFI or the reading instruction. However, the interaction effects were not observed between the types of form-focused instruction and the level of the learners’ prior knowledge of the target form.



An Analysis of Lexical Elements in High School English Textbooks

Young-Ju Han

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제24권 2호 2017.05 pp.173-193

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The present study conducted an analysis of lexical elements in high school English I textbooks using the categories developed by Kasuya(2000). Two research questions investigated which English lexical elements are presented and how they are treated in high school English I textbooks from the point of view of the lexical approach whose main focus is away from individual words to lexical chunks. Results of the analyses were as follows: the textbooks varied in the number of the lexis-related exercises they included. Lexis-related exercises largely exceeded grammar-related exercises in all of the four textbooks examined suggesting the primacy of lexis over grammar. However, the traditional approach focusing on individual words still appears to prevail. Although the textbooks employed CR activities more than non-CR activities, there was generally a restricted range of CR techniques and they did not create exercises in ways to raise learners’ consciousness of different lexical features effectively. The results were discussed in terms of the lexical approach and the study concluded with some aspects of textbook writing which need to be improved.



Contour Tone Avoidance in Pitch Accent Systems

Haruo Kubozono

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제24권 2호 2017.05 pp.195-207

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This paper proposes a new typology of ‘mora-counting’ pitch accent systems by considering how contour tones are avoided(or not avoided) in Japanese. Japanese dialects greatly differ from one another in the roles of the syllable and the mora, ranging from an entirely syllable-counting system as found in Kagoshima Japanese, to an entirely mora-counting system as found in Nagasaki Japanese. Most other dialects are largely mora-based, but show different degrees of dependence on the syllable. The most crucial difference can be found in the ways they avoid or tolerate the two types of contour tones, rising and falling. The rising contour tone involves a lexical accent —or H tone equivalent to it— on the non-head mora of heavy syllables, e.g. puU.ru ‘swimming pool’. This structure is disfavored by most Japanese dialects, which falls into two sub-groups depending on whether the marked structure is remedied by accent (H tone) shift, e.g. puU.ru → PUu.ru, or by accent spreading, e.g. puU.ru → PUU.ru. On the other hand, the falling contour tone is more prevalent, avoided only in some pitch accent systems. When it is avoided, this marked structure is remedied by accent(H tone) spreading where the prominence placed on the head mora, i.e. first mora, of heavy syllables spreads to the entire syllables. The final part of the paper expands the discussion on contour tone avoidance to the loanword accent of Kyungsang Korean. Building on the moraic analysis proposed by Kubozono(forthcoming), it will be argued that the so-called syllable weight effects found in Korean loanwords from English can be reinterpreted as a case where rising contour tones are avoided in word-initial position.



On the Locative Alternation

Soo-Min Hong

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제24권 2호 2017.05 pp.209-226

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This paper is mainly concerned with the nature of the locative alternation. Under the derivational account, even though alternating verbs have two different syntactic structures, they may have a single lexical semantic representation. The two distinct syntactic structures are related by transformations on the assumption that transformations do not change meanings. However, it seems that there is an obvious difference in meaning between the variants. Thus, the two variants cannot be used in a given context at the same time. In contrast, under the lexical account, an alternating verb is assumed to have distinct lexical semantic representations. These distinct lexical semantic representations may easily give rise to two different syntactic realizations, whereas a verb with distinct lexical entries would pose a pressing problem in capturing the near-paraphrase relation between the two variants even though they vary in meaning. Accordingly, not only syntactic and semantic properties but also pragmatic properties of the locative alternation should be taken into account to provide a satisfying account.



Trends in Maritime Safety Standards through Keyword Analysis of the SOLAS Convention

Se-Eun Jhang, Yang Yu, Sung-Min Lee

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제24권 2호 2017.05 pp.227-251

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The International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS), as the most important international maritime treaty regulating ship safety, establishes minimum safety levels for construction, equipment and operation. Due to the development of technology over time, safety understanding and management, all three safety standards have been undergoing revision. This paper aims to explore and explain the trends of these changing standards by employing keyword analysis of the SOLAS Convention based on the idea that keywords are indicative of changes in writing style, which can ultimately be linked back to social change. To achieve this objective, five consolidated versions of the SOLAS Convention, covering the period from 1974 to 2015, were targeted for data collection. Keywords for three safety standards in each version were extracted respectively using WordSmith Tools 6.0. Statistical measures, including frequency count and type-token ratio, were adopted to analyze the degree of diachronic changes in each safety standard, comparing the lexical distribution and density of each keyword list. The findings suggest that all three safety standards have been revised over time, and the changes vary in terms of degree and content. This study is believed to be useful in understanding the safety concerns in the maritime industry and to contribute to the literature in diachronic research conducted by a keyword-based approach.



Program Planning and Evaluation for Elderly Korean Learners of English in an ESL Context

Youngkyong Jong

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제24권 2호 2017.05 pp.253-272

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This study evaluated a language program in a lifelong education center in the U. S. where elderly Korean learners of English attended by examining their view on the program as well as their English development. A total of 45 elderly learners participated in the study. The data were collected through a student survey, pre-and post tests and an individual interview with the classroom teacher. The findings showed that most of the elderly were content with the language program they attended . Also, on the post-tests for speaking and writing, the learners showed great improvement, participating more in the conversation and responding to the situation appropriately. This result was supported by the learners’ responses to the questions in the survey stating that learners considered their speaking and writing abilities to be improved as a result of participating in the program. With regard to the contents of the class, they found basic situational dialogue and vocabulary learning most useful.



Some Notes on Nuclear Stress in English

Kiyang Kwon

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제24권 2호 2017.05 pp.273-291

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In this paper, we will suggest a new analysis of nuclear stress shift phenomena in English, focusing on the wh-movement construction and the relative clause. To capture this, we will consider the previous analyses of nuclear stress phenomena in Bresnan(1971), Legate(2003), Kahnemuyipour(2004), Yosuke(2009) and Richards(2017), and point out their problems. In English, the simple wh-phrase like the simple indefinite triggers the shift of nuclear stress to the verb, and the complex expressions receive nuclear scope in the standard way for direct objects. As for the effects of nuclear stress shift, we will propose the following assumptions. First, nuclear stress is assigned to a direct object prior to the movement in narrow syntax. Second, nuclear stress cannot be assigned to an empty element. Third, nuclear stress can be assigned to the CHAIN. If the tail of a movement chain is an empty element, then nuclear stress can be assigned to the head of a movement chain. Fourth, when a direct object is a pronoun or a simple indefinite, nuclear stress is shifted to the leftmost element of a direct object. Given our assumptions, we will explain nuclear stress shift phenomena in the wh-movement construction, the relative clause, and tough-construction.



Identity, Power, and Language Use in Workplaces

Chun Hwa Lee

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제24권 2호 2017.05 pp.293-315

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The purpose of this study is to examine how adult second language(L2) learners negotiate their identities in the workplaces of their immigrant lives through language practices. Multi-cultures and multi-norms exist in the workplaces, and L2 learners’ identities were fluctuating, depending on the time and places. Along with their multi-layered identities, this study also showed their power relationships through their language use. This study employed a qualitative research design which includes case study methodology and narrative analysis. The theoretical framework of this study is post-structuralism in which language is treated as the site of identity construction. This study argues when second language learners are encouraged to speak in whatever language they feel comfortable, they have more opportunities to move into new circumstances seamlessly.



A Task Effect Based Explanation for Advanced L2 Learners’ Insensitivity to Agreement Errors in L2 Sentence Processing

On-Soon Lee

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제24권 2호 2017.05 pp.317-335

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This study examines whether L1-Korean L2 learners of English are sensitive to morphological agreement violations in sentence processing and whether task type affects their sensitivity. One experiment evaluates online grammaticality judgment accuracy and uses reading times to assess sensitivity to ungrammaticality. A second experiment evaluates offline grammaticality judgment accuracy. Forty-six English native speakers and 28 advanced L2 learners of English completed the online task, and 13 native speakers and 11 advanced L2 learners completed the offline task. The L2 learners showed a lack of sensitivity to the agreement violations in the online task but native-like sensitivity in the offline task. These findings suggest that non-linguistic factors such as task differences play an important role in modulating L2 learners’ sensitivity to agreement errors. The findings also provide evidence that supports the computational deficit approach as an explanation for L2 learners’ insensitivity to morphological violations.


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