언어과학 [Journal of Language Sciences]

간행물 정보
  • 자료유형
  • 발행기관
    한국언어과학회 [The Korean Association of Language Sciences]
  • ISSN
  • 간기
  • 수록기간
  • 등재여부
    KCI 등재
  • 주제분류
    인문학 > 언어학
  • 십진분류
    KDC 710 DDC 401
제10권 1호 (10건)

제약중심이론에 의한 영어 음절화 분석


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제10권 1호 2003.02 pp.1-23

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The processes of syllabifying words in English could not be explained adequately with rule derivations or absolute principles in the rule-based approach. They should be analysed from the interaction of violable and relatively ranked constraints. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the needed constraints and their ranking in the discussion of English syllabification within the framework of a constraint-based theory. Needed constraints and their ranking are available for our discussion of English syllabification. From the constraint-based perspective, a few constraints and their ranking for English syllabification are suggested as follows: Align》 No Lax》 Coda Con》 Onset》 Parse》 MOS(MOP) In this paper, a single constraint ranking for English syllabification has been proposed. I have seen that the optimal forms among a few candidates in each example can be well selected by the above single constraint hierarchy. Therefore above hierarchy has been justified in the explanation of English syllabification with reference to the OT.



중세국어의 몇 가지 음운 현상과 모음 체계


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제10권 1호 2003.02 pp.25-50

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영어 사역구문의 도상적 분석


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제10권 1호 2003.02 pp.51-71

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This study aims to explore the relationship between meaning and syntactic form with reference to English causative constructions in terms of a theory of iconicity developed by Haiman(1980, 1983, 1985a, 1985b). By analyzing the causative constructions relying on Haiman's(1980) iconicity theory, I try to show the explanatory power of the distance principle, which is one of the most important principles in the theory. It is shown that according to the scale of the distance principle of the iconicity theory, the formal distance between the expressions of cause and effect is largest in the analytic causatives and shortest in the lexical causatives, whereas the morphological causatives are between the two. Based on this observation, a proposal is made that the length of the linguistic distance between the causer and the causee corresponds to the conceptual distance between the two. This means that if the linguistic distance is greater between the two elements, the causer will have more influence on the causee, less depend on the causee, and achieve greater success of manipulation. The distance principle is also argued to be more appealing than any other schema because it is laid on human cognitive process and said to indicate the necessity of paying due attention to both arbitrariness and iconicity to explicitly explain various syntactic phenomena.



A Link between C and Wh-phrase in English and Korean


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제10권 1호 2003.02 pp.73-107

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In this paper, we consider the problems of the convergence that Chomsky's phase notion and the copy theory contain in the derivation of wh-questions. In order to solve the problems, we suggest that we need two different notions of phases in the derivation under Atkinson's (2000) argument: lexical selection phase and derivational phase. Under the two different notions of phase, depending on which type of C is selected from the lexicon, the timing of applying Spell-out can be different in wh-questions. Furthermore, we suggest that unlike English, neither C nor wh-phase has an uninterpretable feature in Korean. They are all interpretable features. Thus, there is no Agree operation between them. Instead, there is a Binding relation between Cs and the wh-phrases. Even though their linking systems are different in Narrow Syntax between Korean and English, there is no difference in LF.



결속과 복원 - 결속조건 A/B의 파생적 성격과 순환적 파생접근법 -


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제10권 1호 2003.02 pp.109-132

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In this paper, I discuss some interactions between movement and binding, which has been called reconstruction effects. I first discuss some empirical data that show three asymmetries in relation to reconstruction effects, and suggest a cyclic derivational approach, which suggests the following.: binding theory applies at a (binding) point in the derivation where an argument is introduced (i.e., TP or VP). I further show that the cyclic derivational approach can explain two of the asymmetries discussed here (A vs. A-bar asymmetry and Condition A vs. Conditions B/C asymmetry). During the discussions, I suggest that Condition C, a negative rule, requires that it be satisfied at the highest binding point (the highest TP) while Conditions A and B show some "on-line" anywhere properties. Based on some facts in relation to Condition B, I suggest that pronouns are lexically ambiguous: referential pronouns and anaphoric pronouns and that the existence of anaphoric pronouns is responsible for the anywhere properties of Condition B.



윤홍길의 『매우 잘 생긴 우산 하나』에 나타나는 담화서술구조의 텍스트 기호학적 분석


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제10권 1호 2003.02 pp.133-152

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The purpose of this paper is to suggest the narrative structure of a given text through the theory of Greimas and Courtes (1979, 1991) and to analyze the close interrelationship between the practical domain and the cognitive one in the given text. This text is largely composed of three continuous events and the descriptive structure is relatively applied up to the third event. All the three events have an identical speciality. The narrative structure of each event provides a suitable structure to a perfect narrative scheme ("control-action-result", in french schema narratif cononique).



The Essay Writing Processes and Strategies : The Comparative Study of a Skilled Writer and an Unskilled Writer


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제10권 1호 2003.02 pp.153-168

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This study reports the essay writing processes and strategies of an English as Second Language (ESL) skilled writer and an ESL unskilled writer. On the basis of the comparative study through the retrospective reports, interviews, and essay writing, results indicated that the skilled writer and the unskilled writer underwent different processes and strategies in their essay writing: the skilled writer used macrostrategies to convey the main idea coherently at a macro level, while the unskilled writer focused on microstrategies to put together the sentence meaning at a micro level. In addition, the skilled writer and the unskilled writer exhibited differences in the metacognitive awareness on the control of essay writing processes and the allocation of strategies, and in their dependence on their first language. These results, therefore, suggest that the comparative data of a skilled writer and an unskilled writer on essay writing processes and strategies are useful tools for improving and refining the essay writing of ESL writers (159).



EFL 상황에서 읽기의 효율적인 교수법에 관한 연구 - 읽기 전 활동을 중심으로 -


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제10권 1호 2003.02 pp.169-188

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The purpose of this study is to find the effects of the ability of reading by the pre-reading activities from a schematic point of view in an EFL situation. Two hundred fifty-nine subjects from girls' high school were assigned to either a high or low level based on their English test score in the school and three treatment conditions. (pre-teaching vocabulary, semantic- mapping, and mutual method (vocabulary+semantic-mapping)). After the three pre-reading activities were completed, students took the multiple- choice test and recall test for comprehension. The materials from these experiments were analyzed by Anova, Duncan's method and T-test. In this study, the questions were investigated as follows: (1) Which pre-reading activity is effective for comprehending the text among three pre-reading activity conditions? (2) Which pre-reading activity is effective for comprehending in each high and low level? If the results of this study are compared with that of Hudson's, we can determine that there are differences among them. Hudson noticed when subjects' background knowledge was activated, the effect of comprehending was increased. In this study, the results of statistical analyses indicated that both groups (a high and low level) had difficulties in comprehending the text because of the unknown vocabulary. Therefore, the conclusion drawn from this study is that the pre-teaching of vocabularies must be done and then the student's background knowledge should be activated through the vocabularies which can build a schema on the content of the text in an EFL situation.



Immersion Instruction for Korean Students in EFL Environment


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제10권 1호 2003.02 pp.189-207

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There have been many empirical studies and research conducted on immersion programs and the results have thus far been positive. This may be comforting to those who believe in the spread of immersion programs. There are many aspects of immersion instruction that make it appealing. Firstly, there are many types of immersion programs. It varies depending on the learners' attitude and instructional environment. It can be divided into 'early, delayed immersion' and 'late immersion' in which one can decide when the good time is and one has to start and join. Further division is possible into 'full immersion' or 'partial immersion' programs, providing even more flexibility. The last important aspect that needs discussion is that these programs operate on a voluntary basis. This is a particularly important point, as a large portion of the programs success should be attributed to the self-motivation of the children to enter such voluntary program. To join a program voluntarily indicates parental support for the child, and that the child is willing to try a new system.



편집위원회 구성 임기 및 기능 외

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제10권 1호 2003.02 pp.209-216

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