언어과학 [Journal of Language Sciences]

간행물 정보
  • 자료유형
  • 발행기관
    한국언어과학회 [The Korean Association of Language Sciences]
  • ISSN
  • 간기
  • 수록기간
  • 등재여부
    KCI 등재
  • 주제분류
    인문학 > 언어학
  • 십진분류
    KDC 710 DDC 401
제14권 2호 (13건)

최소주의에서의 양화사 작용역과 중의성


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제14권 2호 2007.06 pp.1-21

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The purpose of this paper is to analyze the quantifier scope and ambiguity phenomenon in minimalist program and to provide a way to explain the scope ambiguity involving quantifiers in the Agree system of Chomsky(2000). Since the minimalist program proposed that all the operations should be motivated by morphological requirements and the QR-based account has more advantages than the A-movement account, I make a proposal that we need QR effects triggered by Agree and Move of [QU] feature. This paper proposes that v have the [QU] feature and become a probe looking for a quantificational goal when vP dominates the quantifier. The [QU] feature of the quantifier moves to [Spec, vP] for Agree with the [QU] feature of v And this movement obeys the Shortest condition and the ambiguity of the sentence which includes quantifiers can be explained by the relative quantifier scope.



‘지다’ 구문의 영어번역문에 대한 기능문법적 분석


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제14권 2호 2007.06 pp.23-42

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The purpose of this study is to provide a functional account of the English translations of Korean ‘cita’ constructions. Previous studies have shown that ‘cita’ constructions have four different functions: passive, inchoative, nonautonomous, and non-volitional. The analysis of our Korean-English parallel corpus shows that ‘cita’ constructions are translated into five different types of English constructions: passives, transitive clauses, intransitive clauses, copular verb construction, and modality verb construction. It is argued that English does not have a grammatical device to systematically encode semantic domains such as non-volitional, empathy defocusing and controllability defocusing in such a way that Korean ‘cita’ construction does, and that the five construction types of English translations are functionally motivated by discourse-pragmatic factors such as topicality of participants and discourse markers as well as by semantic factors such as subtle differences in meaning reflected in the change of state.



CP 분리 구조에서의 문자화 규칙 - 영어의 [that-t] 효과를 중심으로 -


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제14권 2호 2007.06 pp.43-60

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The purposes of this study are to review the analyses of the [that-t] effect within the framework of Government and Binding(hence, GB), Generalized Phrase Structure Grammar(hence, GPSG), and Minimalist Program(hence, MP), and to propose the Spell-out Rule based on CP-split hypothesis. To accomplish these purposes, the functions of complementizers are reviewed. It is argued that the Spell-out Rule based on CP-split hypothesis can explain the [that-t] effect, Doubly-filled Comp constructions, and that-AdvP effect. In this paper, it is shown that a head in a split CP projection can be spelled out in English as: (ⅰ) that in a complement clause if it carries a declarative force feature(with or without a finiteness feature) and SpecTP is overt(that is, phonetic), (ⅱ) ∅ or if if it carries a finiteness feature(with or without a declarative force feature), and (ⅲ) for if it doesn't carry a finiteness feature(with or without a declarative force feature).



한국어 학습자를 위한 올림말의 뜻풀이 모형


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제14권 2호 2007.06 pp.61-79

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The purpose of this study is to examine the methods of meaning explanations of an entry and how to arrange the example phrases and sentences with the subject of /nun/, a human body-part term in the compilation of a dictionary for Korean language learners as a foreign language. Considering the compilation of a special dictionary for Korean language learners, the methods of meaning explanations of an entry and the principles of arrangement of example sentences are as follows: ⅰ) The meaning explanations show all of the FORMAL, CONSTITUTIVE, and TELIC aspects from the central meaning of an entry. ⅱ) The meaning explanations are described in the order of the concrete FORMAL aspect, CONSTITUTIVE aspect, and abstract TELIC aspect. ⅲ) The arrangement of example phrases or sentences follows the order of the meaning explanations.



영어 중간문의 총칭성


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제14권 2호 2007.06 pp.81-100

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This study proposes that the genericity of English middle constructions comes from the speaker's indirect judgement about implicit comparisons of the inherent properties of subjects to function as causers. It is widely agreed that middles typically involve an implicit agent argument, which is interpreted as arbitrary in reference and usually appear in the present tense with a generic reading. Despite the general tendency of middles to favor the present tense, some middles do appear in the past tense and with progressive aspect. This study aims to show that only if we suppose the genericity of English middle constructions comes from the speaker's indirect judgement about implicit comparisons of the inherent properties of subjects to function as causes, the generic reading from English middles can be explained not only in the present tense but also in the past tense, progressive aspect, and future tense.



주어 생략에 대한 소고


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제14권 2호 2007.06 pp.101-120

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It has generally been said that in Korean and Japanese the subject of the sentence is optionally deletable. There have been some attempts to account for the matter of subject ellipsis, but no clear answer has yet been found. According to previous studies, subjects which are identifiable in a given context can be deleted. However, there are many cases where such subjects are not deleted, but appear. This paper attempts to solve the problem of why some subjects are deleted while other subjects are not, by suggesting four discourse-pragmatic concepts, such as 'contrast', 'forming and cutting off a connection', 'making clear', and 'expressing the speaker's surprise.'



자율독을 위한 초등 영어 읽기 교육 프로그램


한국언어과학회 언어과학 제14권 2호 2007.06 pp.131-143

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The purpose of this paper is to suggest an elementary English reading program to help children improve English on their own in the future and to alleviate current problems: declining enthusiasm in learning English and a gap between language learners at upper and lower levels. A set of recent empirical studies of the effects of reading programs in elementary schools in Korea is outlined. Those children who were read to by teachers and experienced a sustained silent reading program developed positive attitudes towards reading in English, and showed good gains in language, confirming the power of reading in English as a foreign language. Following these empirical studies, an implementation of a reading program was presented. For a successful English reading program in elementary schools, a large supply of interesting reading should be available: a library filled with a variety of books, magazines, films, audiotapes, audio books, CDs, and DVDs for all of the children and teachers.



Extending Focus-on-form Instruction to Teaching Pragmatics : An Exploratory Study

Yunkyoung Cho, Seonkeyung Lee

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제14권 2호 2007.06 pp.145-169

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As an exploratory study to expand the scope of focus-on-form instruction to the teaching of pragmatics, the present research sought to examine the effects of two different obtrusive instructions on the learning of request forms. The effects were examined in three respects: the learning of target request forms, the confidence in formulating request forms, and the rationale for formulating request forms. To this end, 76 female students at a middle school in Busan, Korea, participated in the present study and were divided into explicit teaching group and form-comparison group. They were required to take a pretest, receive four sessions, and take a posttest set. The results suggest that the two groups did not differ from each other nor from the native-speaker group in terms of the request forms employed, and that the treatments did not suffice to promote learners’ confidence. Nevertheless, the self-report data indicated that the explicit teaching has helped the learners understand the significance of sociolinguistic variables in selecting appropriate request forms.



The attitudes of students' and teachers' toward a Computerized Oral Test(COT) and a Face-To-Face Interview(FTFI) in a Korean university setting

Mi-jin Joo

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제14권 2호 2007.06 pp.171-193

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This study was conducted to examine students' and teachers' attitudes to a Computerized Oral Test (COT) and a Face-To-Face Interview (FTFI). The results of this study showed that the students had significantly more positive attitudes to the COT in terms of preparation time, nervousness, tiredness, and fairness, but more students tended to prefer the FTFI primarily because it better approximated real-time interaction and conversation. On the other hand, the teachers clearly showed more favorable attitudes to the COT, especially with regard to various question types, fairness, and practicality despite some perceived weaknesses of the COT; it poorly approximated real-life interaction and therefore felt less valid. On the whole, the teachers' attitudes and reactions to the COT were more positive than those of the students.



A Study on Metaphor and Metonymy of Hand

Hyun Jung Ahn, Yeon Jin Kwon

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제14권 2호 2007.06 pp.195-215

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Metaphorical and metonymical expressions of body-part terms have been understood in light of cognitive linguistics. From the cognitive linguistics on the conceptual metaphors and metonymy, studies on body-part terms have proliferated. Especially, We tried to examine the body-part term, hand, because there are relatively lots of idiomatic expressions and studies. However, since the studies on hand have focused primarily on the most common idiomatic expressions, they have been somewhat limited in their scope, and are unable to account for almost all kinds of idiomatic expressions. Therefore we suggest that the addition of new standpoints for metaphors and metonymy of hand be necessary to account for the wealth of expressions that cannot be understood solely on the basis of previous approaches. In metaphor of hand, orientational metaphor and structural mataphor have been added to the previous standpoint. Also, in metonymical expressions of hand, a few of standards of metonymy of hand have included. A variety of newly added idiomatic standpoints of metaphor and metonymy of hand would be helpful to understand many expressions of hand.



Two Kinds of Causee in the Periphrastic Causative : ACC and DAT Causees

Doo-Won Lee

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제14권 2호 2007.06 pp.217-238

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In Japanese periphrastic causatives with the embedded IP (i.e., TP), the dative (i.e., DAT) causee is generated in the matrix [Spec, VP], while the ACC causee is a subject of the lexical verb (Miyagawa 1999, among others): that is, the accusative (i.e., ACC) causee is in the embedded [Spec, TP] at overt syntax, whereas it moves into the matrix object Case position at LF. However, this assumption is not on the right track in Korean periphrastic causatives in the sense that the surface position of the ACC causee must be an upper clause. This is also different from Song's (2005) prediction that the ACC causee should be in the embedded [Spec, vP] of the vP-shell structure. There are two types of ACC causee in Korean periphrastic causatives: one undergoes movement from the embedded subject position to the upper clause, the other is base-generated in the matrix [Spec, VP]. The EPP feature on v triggers the overt object shift of the ACC causee; hence, specificity. This is also different from Yeo's (2006) argument that Korean periphrastic causative constructions employ a single structure underlying both ACC and DAT causatives.



Two Subject Positions in Multiple Nominative Constructions

Seong-yong Lee

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제14권 2호 2007.06 pp.239-262

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Although much research has been done in multiple nominative constructions (MNCs), it is difficult to analyze their syntactic structures and derivations in that they contain two nominative-marked phrases whose functions are different. This paper shows that the two nominative DPs in MNCs are indeed subjects, not topic or focus. We assume that the two nominative DPs are located in [Spec, RefP] and [Spec, TP] respectively and the MNCs involve the predication operation which make the head predicate and its θ-selected argument (the inner subject) a compound predicate. We also argue that MNCs should be derived through movement, not base-generation, from more basic underlying structures. We will demonstrate that our analysis has a lot of advantages.



한국언어과학회 회칙

한국언어과학회 언어과학 제14권 2호 2007.06 pp.263-278

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