동북아 문화연구 [Journal of North-east Asian Cultures]

간행물 정보
  • 자료유형
  • 발행기관
    동북아시아문화학회 [The Association of North-east Asian Cultures]
  • ISSN
  • 간기
  • 수록기간
  • 등재여부
    KCI 등재
  • 주제분류
    복합학 > 학제간연구
  • 십진분류
    KDC 309 DDC 306.0959
제56집 (14건)



『中和經』詩에 내재된 宿와 卦辭의 상징성 연구 - 「安心安身의 性理」 章을 중심으로 -


동북아시아문화학회 동북아 문화연구 제56집 2018.09 pp.5-22

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“Jungwha Sutra(中和經)” is a scripture written by Kang Jeung-san, a modern Korean thinker in the Empire of Korea. “Jungwha Sutra” seems to have reorganized Confucianism thoughts and supplemented them. Jeungsan(甑山) seems to have oriented to integrated religious pluralism as he evenly accepted three religions such as Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism. Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism are included in this scripture. Especially, he tried to suggest circular thinking and a practical plan of the future through the trigram of ‘The Book of Change’. Asian perspectives on holistic modes of thinking and the ways of living appear in “Jungwha Sutra”. For example, among the 64 trigrams of ‘The Book of Change(周易)’, 8 trigrams; “Hwasanye(火山旅), jisusa(地水師), lesuhe(雷水解), liwehwa(離爲火), chentekli(天澤 履), teklesu(澤雷水), pungleik(風雷益), sanlei(山雷頤) trigram(卦)” and ‘8 out of 28 Constellation(宿)’ were expressed in the poem. In other words, it is expressed as a poem with two pairs of poems as one, but it is merely poetry in general terms. However, if you look at them closely, there is a name that expresses each trigram in this poem. Holistic modes of thinking and the ways of living were reflected in the interpretation of the principle of the protagonist. I have considered that Jeongsan has given symbolism to representative stars, trigrams and historical figures, “Undae(臺台)” 28 generals which represent 28 zones among the stars floating in the sky, in expressing literary works through the form of Chiran Yulsi(七律詩). And this symbolism has an organic relation with the stars, trigrams and “Undae(臺台)” 28 generals and reveals the principle of change and transformation. Through this, it can be said that the phenomenon of prosperity sees nature as the flow and progress of the organic relation of all the individual beings.



원효의 『涅槃宗要』에 나타난 보신의 상주론과 무상론의 화쟁방식 - <和諍門>의 분석을 중심으로


동북아시아문화학회 동북아 문화연구 제56집 2018.09 pp.23-43

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Wonhyo(元曉, 617-686) is harmonizing the disputes between the permanence and impermanence of the Body of Bliss(Saṃbhogakya) in an epistemological way, such as ‘being called as permanent because it is ultimately serene’, and ‘being called as impermanent because it can act anything with its dynamic movement.’ It is an inclusive theory of harmony corresponding to the middle, without sticking to one’s position, as the opposite method of Anaikntika-viruddhâvyabhicrin or Reductio ad absurdum which deduces ‘the two propositions and reasons being mutually conflicting whatever position one may follow.’ Yet, not only the method of ‘synthesizing or harmonizing the opposing perspectives’, but the logic of ‘deducing affirmation through negation’ which encompasses prasaṅga, dilemma or a fait accompli are also employed. Adversely, it comprehensively synthesizes all views from the aspects of non-duality of dharmata(性) and characteristics of all things(相) after co-relating the theory of permanence in the line of dharmat with the theory of impermanence in the line of all characteristics. It manifests bi-directional structure of open logic whether it places dharmat or characteristics as its subject. Further, it also analyzes the way of harmonizing with Buddhavacana, which was understood in the context of the true nature of things(dharmat) and logical principle (yukti). Seen from the aspects of the secret mark of Buddha, it is expressed as the 4th koṭi, in that it transcends both of the characteristics and dharmat. Meanwhile, from the aspects of the negation of both, it is expressed as the 3rd koṭi in the sense that these two positions are not different. Likewise, it manifests a theory of circulation of meaning in its way of harmonizing the disputes. Through this method, it reduces dharmat and characteristics to the non-dual middle way while creating the infinite meaning through intersecting affirmation and negation.



1910년대 부산 극장가 문화 연구 - 연속활극 열풍과 부산 극장가의 식민지 근대성을 중심으로-


동북아시아문화학회 동북아 문화연구 제56집 2018.09 pp.45-58

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The purpose of this study is to consider how the colonial modernity was substantialized, particularly based on the Busan theater district in the 1910s which is one of the modern urban culture treasures. In the circumstances where the American film industry was expanded in the 1910s, Hollywood silent movies entered into Joseon and the fever of action movie series was spreading in the entire area of Joseon including Kyungsung. The Busan theater district strongly showed cultural hybridism due to its geographical characteristic as a border area. This cultural hybridism continued even after action movie series were brought in. Entering into Joseon in 1916, “The Broken Coin”, a Hollywood movie, was released and very successful in the movie theater named Haeng Gwan. For the silent movie “The Broken Coin”, the role of narrator was magnified. In Kyungsung, there were two narrators for the audience: a Korean and a Japanese. In Busan, however, there is no sign of Korean narrator working and the then Korean audience is presumed to have enjoyed movies based on the performance by a Japanese narrator. In general, narrators played a role to induce the audience’s emotions by expressing the original text in their own fashion. It is presumed that the narration or description of a Japanese narrator was significantly different from that of a Korean narrator, in terms of cultural translation. Moreover, the then Korean audience in Busan was not able to enjoy such theater culture as that of Kyungsung where Koreans gathered and enjoyed movies in a kindred language space. This can be deemed the coloniality of the Busan theater district behind the fever of action movie series in the 1910s.



새로운 플랫폼 시대의 한국화산업 진흥 방안 - 내수 진작을 중심으로


동북아시아문화학회 동북아 문화연구 제56집 2018.09 pp.59-76

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The Korean film, which is based on Kim Doo-san's , which was unveiled on October 27, 1919, is celebrating its 100th anniversary next year. Despite the poor industrial environment, the film industry, which was born during the Japanese colonial rule period, has been steadily developing. As a result, the box office sales are the seventh in the world in terms of size and the fifth in both the number of audiences and productions did. Although the Korean film industry has a relatively small domestic market, it has made very dynamic changes and developments. But there is a concern that the film industry will no longer be developed industrially. At this point, building a healthy cinema ecosystem is a top priority for all policies and systems for promoting the film industry. Currently, most of the risk factors in the film industry are caused by the damage of the cinema ecosystem. The strengthening of cinema literacy presented in this paper will provide momentum to create a sustainable cinema culture and the establishment of a new profit model can be regarded as a practical way to search for healthy cinema ecosystem. In the 21st century digital media environment, film will be consumed in the form of OTT or streaming services rather than theaters. Developing a revenue model for a new platform is consistent with the current trend. In addition, the theater, which is regarded as the old media, should consider the paradigm shift to make it possible to reverse re-mediation. The screening of alternative content, which is claimed in this paper, will provide new vitality to the theater, and the introduction of cinema cards will open doors to the stagnant film industry.





여정화, 정성임

동북아시아문화학회 동북아 문화연구 제56집 2018.09 pp.77-90

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Although Chinese and Korean belong to different language families, Korea is one of the countries in the East Asian Chinese cultural circle, the development of language is deeply influenced by Chinese characters. In Korean vocabulary system, we know that Korean vocabulary is divided into three types: intrinsic words, Chinese characters, and foreign words, while 70% of the total Korean vocabulary are Chinese characters. This paper will focus on the meaning of comparison between Korean Chinese Characters and Chinese words. Furthermore, we will analyze the similarities and differences between Korean Chinese Characters and Chinese words. Finally, the problems in the teaching of Chinese vocabulary to Korean students will be summarized. This paper is divided into four sections. The first section is a comparative analysis of Korean Chinese Characters and Chinese vocabulary. It mainly expounds the similarities and differences between Chinese vocabulary and Korean Chinese Characters. In the second section, combining with the practical experience of the author's teaching work, the application and teaching methods of Chinese teaching to Korean students will be discussed through the methods of classification and comparison. The third section is the conclusion of this paper. Problems existing in the teaching of Korean Chinese words will be summarized. We hope to promote the teaching of Chinese characters, provide practical reference and some help for Chinese learners in Korean. Moreover, for the deep study, we will prepare the paper about Korean Chinese Characters and Chinese Words focusing on the grammar. We hope to promote the teaching of Chinese characters, and provide some help for Chinese learners in Korean.



민국시기 중국에서의 한국문학 비평 양상 연구


동북아시아문화학회 동북아 문화연구 제56집 2018.09 pp.91-104

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Based on the journals published from 1912 to 1949, this paper investigates the characteristics of Korean literary criticism published in China during the Republican Period. This study can not only advance the literary communication between China and South Korea, but also provide basic data for the longitudinal study of communication and acceptability of Korean literature in China. The existing scholarship relevant to the theme of this paper is based on modern Korean novels and poetry, merely studying Chinese translation of Korean literature and the acceptability, overlooking Chinese scholars’views and understanding of Korean literature. This is out of the fact that Korean literature, compared with Western and Japanese literature that featured realism, drew less attention from Chinese scholars. However, it was in the Republican Period that Chinese modern literature and academic studies flourished, so Korean literary criticism published then was able to reflect the heights foreign literature studies achievedin that era, and helpful to fully understand the acceptability of Korean literature within Chinese academia. Based on the variations in language for criticism, literary research methods, and textual features, this paper analyzes the characteristics of Korean literary criticism made by Chinese scholars during the Republican Period, demonstrating Chinese scholars’ different understanding, their acceptability of Korean literature and the characteristics of their researches at that time. In short, this study is of practical and referential significance for the present communication and research of Korean literary in China.



산업화와 개혁ㆍ개방 시기 한중 ‘이향소설’ 비교 연구 - 황석과 진응송(陈 应松)의 작품을 중심으로

왕매, 조수진

동북아시아문화학회 동북아 문화연구 제56집 2018.09 pp.105-127

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During Korea’s industrialization period and China’s Reform and Opening-up, both countries’ economy developed rapidly. However, under the shadow of the economic development, Korea produced a large number of wandering laborers who were deprived of their hometowns, while China witnessed the emergence of migrant workers without a sense of identity and the expansion of materialism. This paper focuses on Hwang Seok-young and Chen Yingsong's Leave home novel which embody the theme of industrialization and Reform and Opening-up, and analyzes the characters and the hometown image in their works. The main works studied in this paper are “The Road to Sampo”, “A Strange Land”, “The Dream of Strong man” and “A lucky dream” by Hwang Seok-young and “Taiping Dog”, “Masiling Murder” and “Live Like the White Cloud” by Chen Yingsong. The common features of their works are, first of all, the wandering laborers and migrant workers who have lost both their identity and their hometown. During Korea’s industrialization period and China’s Reform and Opening-up both groups lived a tragic life in the city and lost their sense of identity and hometown. Second, with a view to the perplexity of the characters and materialism caused by the loss of hometown. However, this paper mainly examines the differences of the loss of hometown in these two writers’ novels. The hometown in Hwang’s works is a hometown lost because of the development, which is a romantic ideal place the characters want to return and a way out of the industrialization. The hometown in Chen’s works is a hometown to escape in order to survive, to get rid of poverty and to seek a better future, which the migrant workers have left to pursue the sense of stability and security in the Reform and Opening-up. Although their hometown is preserved, it becomes even more barren and impoverished because of the loss of labor force and the deprivation of the Reform and Opening-up. In their works, the characters’ response to the loss of the hometown differs as well. The wandering laborers in Hwang’s works overcome the grief of losing their hometown with a sense of solidarity and love among people. In contrast, The migrant workers in Chen’s works show a sense of hostility to the society and the loss of love. In this way, The novels of these two novelists, who represent the theme of industrialization, Reform and Opening-up, and leaving hometown for the city, expressed their realistic world view and their critical awareness of the absurd society. However, Hwang’s works expounds that the future of society lies in the preservation of love among people, the dream of returning home, and the sense of solidarity. On the contrary, Chen merely objectively depicts the image of the degraded characters in reality and doesn’t clarify the future of society. the migrant workers live in the city and lost their sense of identity.






동북아시아문화학회 동북아 문화연구 제56집 2018.09 pp.129-144

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This paper focused on the polysemy in mimetic words of softness in Japanese and  Korean. According to the synesthetic study of these mimetic words of softness which has been pursued by the author, there are many words with peripheral meaning besides the central meaning, and they are transferred to various senses such as sight, hearing and taste from tactile sense. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the polysemous structure in the two languages by exploring the use of metaphysical extension. As a result of the study, it was found that the expansion of the meaning of the two languages has basically the same direction. The first is a positive direction such as gentleness and kindness, conformability, femininity and calmness. The other is a negative direction such as weakness, indecisiveness, instability and unreliability. These two directions can be considered as a universal meaning of softness. As for semantic extensions in both languages, there are many description of psychological aspect and about people, and next there are items such as atmosphere, scent (odor) and organization of society, in addition, light and sound in Korean. It was found that Korean has more expanded polysemous structure than Japanese, such as visual and auditory sense In comparison with the semantic extensions of adjectives and mimetic words, meaning of adjective “soft” is mainly extended only to positive direction in both languages and there are meaning of “flexible, calm, quiet, friendly”. In Japanese, it was found that there is a meaning range of another adjective “fragile(moroi)” in the semantic expansion of negative direction.



해외(일본)취업역량 강화를 위한 IT관련 어휘 분석


동북아시아문화학회 동북아 문화연구 제56집 2018.09 pp.145-161

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Japan has been short of working youths due to the declining birth rate and the fact that baby boomers are retiring during the current baby boom. In addition, the government has selected overseas employment training institutions such as K-Move School and ChongHyeJin Program(The youth employment business) to implement programs for human resources development overseas, especially those in Japan, where IT-related programs were the most common. ITmedia, the IT comprehensive information portal, collected IT-related articles in January 2017 and February 2017, and analyzed the vocabulary, which is considered to be highly correlated with IT-related business, by word and composition. The classified vocabulary is described, and the ratios of the number of vocabulary in the top 20th, 50th and 100th positions of the number of different words in the number of words are investigated to calculate a cover rate. According to the analysis of vocabulary by word type, the most kanji words were 54.2%, foreign words were 31.7% for the next time, proper Japanese words were 11.8%, mixed words were 2.3%, and Chinese characters were more frequently used. Thus, by deciding the priority order of the vocabulary education from the vocabulary with the highest frequency, the technical knowledge of the IT vocabulary can be cultivated. In the actual curriculum, there are many aspects of Japanese language education, but even though the Japanese language has reached a high standard of proficiency in the Japanese language test, the IT industry does not need to provide the necessary technical vocabulary for the Japanese language.





동북아시아문화학회 동북아 문화연구 제56집 2018.09 pp.163-178

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This study not only examines “Plurilingusalism” and “Pluriculturalism of CEFR”, but analyzies education, utilized with “Plurilingusalism” and “Pluriculturalism”, in respect of Japanese language education. It also contemplates education method of “Plurilingusalism” and “Pluriculturalism” First and foremost to do so, this study comprehends various opinions from the perspectives of learners’language education. Furthermore, this study deeply considers class curriculum to be effective in terms of “Plurilingusalism” and “Pluriculturalism”. As a result, it provides three ways to understand and practice them. 1) Even if it is unlikely to have some opportunities to exploit languages they learnt abroad, it is significant to provides provoking images so that learners can be interested in education since learners can keep focusing on education more vividly. 2) The education provides several skills, corresponding to specific situation, to foster both communication ablilities and abilities of social languages. 3) Setting education purposes of the whole class suitable for each individual’s needs. A variety of languages and cultures must be comprehended for further reinforcement of ”Plurilingusalism” and “Pluriculturalism” education. Besides, the new education improves the meta consciousness by forcing the abilities of social languages and language application. The inter-cultural exchanges with voluntary leaners results in not only communication in depth, but the education for nurturing global man of ability. In terms of “Plurilingusalism” and “Pluriculturalism”, this study expects the foreign language education in Korea to be contemplated, starting with this analysis.



오에 겐자부로의 『안녕, 나의 책이여!』론 - 문학적 상상력과 인간 회복에 대한 희구 -


동북아시아문화학회 동북아 문화연구 제56집 2018.09 pp.179-195

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In this paper, Ōe Kenzaburō’s “Sayōnara, watashi no hon yo!(Farewell, My Book!)”(2005) is subject to the study. The preceding research dealt with “Sayōnara, watashi no hon yo!” on the common horizon of ‘Pseudo-Couples’, and there were a lot of things to consider the effect and the function or the meaning of ‘Pseudo-Couples’. But I focus on the ‘Sign’, which is also the title of the final chapter of the novel, considering the literary imagination of Ōe through the world of typography and the aspiring to human recovery. “Sayōnara, watashi no hon yo!” is the basis of the novel by the experience of the printed world of Ōe, including Elliot's poetry. Such a “Sayōnara, watashi no hon yo!”, the reason that it does not become ‘fictitious in the fictitious’ is to present the possibility of violence and terrorism which are omnipresent in various forms with the sense of crisis to the real world. After failing in the last big game, Kogito is absorbed in the task of reading and recording ‘signs’. It is because he expects the emergence of ‘New Men’ from among their generations to assume a child of about fourteen years old as a ‘signs’ record reader. The ‘New Men’ means a person who fights against those who oppress human intelligence and imagination in the age of nuclear, recovery people who bring peace and peace, and people who are broken by violence, eliminating hostility and confrontation. It was a ‘signs’ of violence and terrorism in various forms ubiquitous in the world that Ōe is drawing through his novel. And the figure of Kogito who spared the effort to record ‘signs’ for future generations to become the leading role of society after a quarter century, it can be read in the form of Ōe who aspires to manifestation of ‘New Men’ and human recovery.



라이트노벨과 미성년 욕망의 매커니즘 - 니시오 이신(西尾維新)을 중심으로


동북아시아문화학회 동북아 문화연구 제56집 2018.09 pp.197-212

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This article examines the juvenile desiring mechanism of Light Novel centered on the analysis of Isin Nisio’s works. Given the prolific Light Novel creating almost 20 years, Nisio’s works are emblematic of Light Novel and its mechanism. Light Novel, one of the representative genres of Otaku subculture, is operated by two desire in regard to juveniles: one is the desire to stay the position of juvenile as a subject and the other is to posses the other juveniles as objects. What’s important here is that the gender identity of juvenile subject of Otaku subculture is male, in other words, they desire to be boys to obtain girls. Even if they are no longer juveniles in actual ages, they would like to stay the position of boys as ever. Within the mechanism in regard to juveniles, Otaku subculture has secured their contents users almost 40 years. From the psychoanalytical point of view, especially in terms of the Melanie Klein’s theory, Light Novel may be viewed that they stay the early stage of Oedipus, to be concrete, between the paranoid-schizoid position and the depressive position. The juvenile subjects repeat the progress and the regression between those two positions. In Nisio’s Light Novel, the progress to the depressive position is presented by misogyny: the cliché sexualising of girls, which is a sort of literacy of Otaku subculture, reproduces at Nisio’s works. Meanwhile, the regression towards the paranoid-schizoid position is expressed as desire for degrowth and they show solidarity in their Otaku community. At the same time, however, they express anxiety about being adults and being influenced by their older generation, especially the influence by their senior writers. That anxious identity revels the position of Light Novel as a new form of Literature.




A Study of the Effect of a Medium of Instruction on the East Asian Students’ Writing Development

Park, Ji-Young, Park, Chong-Won

동북아시아문화학회 동북아 문화연구 제56집 2018.09 pp.213-231

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In the field of teaching English as a Second or Foreign Language, researchers have addressed the importance of teachers’ language use on the premise that English as a medium of instruction will accelerate students’ language acquisition process as well as product. One of the symbolic examples which reflect on this popular belief could be English Medium Instruction (EMI). However, the efficacy of this instructional strategy still needs to be further scrutinized to provide solid empirical evidence. With the combination of EMI and written corrective feedback in writing, this study used quantitative approach to test the efficacy of these combined instructional strategies and qualitative approaches to depict how EMI and Korean-led students' acquisition paths are similar or different in terms of the acquisition of global errors. The results of the study indicate that EMI students outperformed Korean-led students in short and long term period of writing tasks. As to acquisition paths, when global errors are a primary concern, EMI exposed students also show less errors at the final stage of the instruction which differentiates them from Korean-led students. This study provides empirical evidence supporting the positive role of medium of instruction in second language writers’ writing development. Based upon the findings of the study, suggestions on what to teach first and next to a specific group of learners, for this case 69 out of 100 score, are provided.



역사정책: ‘현재’에서 재현되는 ‘과거’의 ‘작용 메커니즘’ - 에드가 볼프룸 역사정책 개념의 동북 아시아 역사 사례적용과 비판적 성찰 -


동북아시아문화학회 동북아 문화연구 제56집 2018.09 pp.233-248

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In this paper, I apply the historical policy theory Wolfram’s to the case of Northeast Asia. In his historical policy, Wolfrum has studied and analyzed the process of how historical facts of the past are instrumentalized in present real politics. According to Wolfrum, history is the means by which the leaders or community combat internal and external enemies and at the same time the means for the integration of ethnic, religion, societies or other groups. Thus, history in historical policy is a means to slander opponents against leaders and leaders group and to justify their actions. Here, the actore plays a role in shaping the history policy to reflect the ideals and interests of the initiator as much as possible. According to Wolfram's analysis, it is undeniable that history is used for real politics. However, the historical policy of Wolfram has various problems. His historical policy lacks discussions on communication and compromise with its members. In addition, there are in his historical policy no ethnic or moral aspects. It is also worth noting that in the historical policy of Wolfrum, there is no engagement and reconciliation. It is a negative aspect that there is a risk of distortion or manipulation of history in this historical policy phenomenon, But it is a positive aspect that according to the viewpoint of diversified interest groups within a community, a variety of different pasts can be observed and understood. This ‘new generation of the past’ should be continuously analyzed and critically analyzed in relation to the current mechanism of action from a history science.


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