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영어영문학21 [English21]

간행물 정보
  • 자료유형
    학술지
  • 발행기관
    21세기영어영문학회 [The 21st Century Association of English Language and Literature]
  • ISSN
    1738-4052
  • 간기
    계간
  • 수록기간
    1967~2019
  • 등재여부
    KCI 등재
  • 주제분류
    인문학 > 영어와문학
  • 십진분류
    KDC 840 DDC 820
제23권 4호 (14건)
No
1

정보 왜곡의 문제—바바라 킹솔버의 『라꾸나』

강용기

21세기영어영문학회 영어영문학21 제23권 4호 2010.12 pp.5-24

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The Problematics of Information Distortion in Barbara Kingsolver’s The Lacuna Yong-Ki Kang (Chonnam National University) In her documentary novel The Lacuna (2009), Kingsolver criticizes politicians, newspaper men, or magazine editors, who intentionally distort plenty of information involving a Bolshevik revolutionist Leon Trotsky's political career and an American novelist Harrison W. Shepherd's lifetime experience as well. The primary distortion of information is made by Joseph Stalin and his followers who allege Trotsky as a traitor. The first twisted information spreads across the world through Pravda and many American presses whose coverage activity is nothing but speculation, the result of which is to justify the assassination of Trotsky. Even if Harrison has never been a communist, now, he is also accused as a communist writer by the American government simply because he once served for Trotsky in Mexico as his cook and typewriter. The relevant authorities and capitalism-addled American presses concur to set him up as a communist and finally drive him to commit suicide. Information distortion produced within the story could be seen in the pragmatist perspective. Although the first distortion is generated by politicians are highly motivated with their greed for power, the lack of enough ‘inquiry’ and ‘deliberation,’ along with their immorality, causes the second distortion of the reporters and editors. Procuring un-falsified information is more important than any other element in sustaining democracy. Also, the uninhibited flow of true information certainly helps to base the ideal evolution of our future-society. The smaller ‘lacuna,’ thus, the better community.

2

셰익스피어 노래하다!—국내외 셰익스피어 뮤지컬 공연에 대한 통시적 고찰과 문화적 전망

김강

21세기영어영문학회 영어영문학21 제23권 4호 2010.12 pp.25-64

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Shakespeare Sings!: A Diachronic Study on Musical Renderings of Shakespeare’s Plays and Their Cultural Outlook In and Out of Korea Kang Kim (Honam University) Shakespeare took on a new disguise in the twentieth century in and out of Korea. He sang and danced and helped to shape American musical theater on the Broadway stages, which dominantly flexed its muscle over European and Asian stages. During the twentieth century, a growing new genre, adaptations of Shakespeare's plays incorporating techniques from the musicals provided us a new possible themes and messages that can be applicable to our time. Five of Shakespeare's plays were particularly conducive to this new form and successfully made the transfer: Boys from Syracuse grew out of The Comedy Errors; Kiss Me, Kate owed its origin to The Taming of the Shrew; West Side Story evolved from Romeo and Juliet; Your Own Thing transformed Twelfth Night; and Two Gentlemen of Verona metamorphosed into a rock musical. In Korea, the last decade of the twentieth century provided a rich revival for the Shakespeare musical genre, covering from the production of The Tempest and Rock Hamlet in 1999 to King Uru, a Koreanized musical rendering of King Lear in 2000 to Club Sibiya (Twelfth Night) in 2010. Many artistic and cultural elements contributed to this kind of renaissance, from the rise of many local musical companies to a less political climate that welcomed a rash of musicals including creative productions and imported ones. Given the fact that musicals are far more appealing to today's audience than traditional authentic theater in terms of entertainment and amusement, it is possible to argue that they will continue to enjoy the expected future of commercial and artistic success. Now it is high time for our Korean theater to create more indigenous forms of Shakespearean musicals that possibly reflect and contain our present ways of life and various shapes of traditional cultures.

3

현대비극—밀러의 사회비극론을 중심으로

김성철

21세기영어영문학회 영어영문학21 제23권 4호 2010.12 pp.65-86

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Modern Tragedy: With Regard to Miller’s Social Tragedy Sungchul Kim (Daebul University) The purpose of this thesis is to investigate how modern tragedies could be established and the concept and meaning of Miller's social tragedy. Traditional views of tragedy assume a hero who is either upper-class or a very intelligent aristocrat, and who violates, because of some personal weakness in his nature, called tragic flaw, the moral values and social regulations. For daring such a challenge, the hero suffers, to prove to audiences that their society and its values are inviolable. Miller, however, refused to adhere to the traditional tragic theory. He wants to write plays in which the average man in the street becomes the tragic protagonist. For Miller a character is tragic when he is ready to sacrifice his life to secure his sense of personal dignity and he believes that the common person knows the feeling of displacement and alienation best. He argues that tragic heroes are defined by their willingness to sacrifice everything in order to maintain their personal dignity-whatever their status in society. A great variety of plots and characters appear in Miller's social tragedies, yet there are certain thematic concerns which tend to reappear frequently. Examples of some of his more specific concerns would be the importance of the past, issues regarding responsibility and connection, the nature of families, the damage caused by capitalism and materialism, and the law. Miller also tried to use various experimental forms like a memory drama and expression by overcoming or expanding conventional realism. The memory play is his important vehicle for articulating his social visions. He thinks that realism by itself cannot bridge the gap between private and social life because the language of prose, he argues, is the language of our private life, and verse or nonrealistic drama is the medium for dramatizing social forces. The memory plays include Death of a Salesman, After the Fall, A View from the Bridge, A Memory of Two Mondays, and Playing for Time. Here, expressionism has been useful to him for grappling with moral, ethical, and social concerns, as well as breaking down the walls of realism. Miller never sees milieu as destiny, though, like the early realists he is interested in the idea of the stage as an environment, rather than as simply a platform for acting, because he is always concerned with the way the outside world shapes the individual. Important, for Miller, is a life which takes on both individual and social responsibility, trying to make the world a better place. His tragedies, on a general level, create a better society by exploring the demands of morality, and uncovering individual and social needs. He lays emphasis on the harmonious relationship between the individual and society. So he tries to teach his audience certain truth about their own lives. Raising social and moral problems, he writes about sucess and failure, guilt and betrayal, and love and responsibility. We can read his plays as lessons suggesting ways by which we can improve our lives. Miller makes his protagonists accept unpleasant truth about their own lives and overcome them to lead a better life. Meaningful, for his socal tragedy, means a life which takes on both individual and socal responsibilities, and actively participate in trying to make the world a better place.

4

『두 도시 이야기』—디킨즈의 도덕적 관념에 관한 해석

문상화

21세기영어영문학회 영어영문학21 제23권 4호 2010.12 pp.87-100

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A Tale of Two Cities: Dickens’ Concept of Morality Sang-Wha Moon (Gwangju University) This paper shows what Dickens' concept of morality of the Victorian society in A Tale of Two Cities is. Throughout the Victorian period there were long-standing anxieties about female sexuality and working-class political revolt, both of which were seen as a threat to middle-class life and property. During the first half of the nineteenth century, there was a long struggle to reform the treatment of the mentally ill, and Victorian medical psychology sought to reclaim the insane as moral subjects, subjects lacking control and self-restraint, who for various and often unknown reason had failed to internalize the moral standards of the middle class. In A Tale of Two Cities, domestic space is no longer the opposite of the asylum, no longer the private home from which the insane individual is removed and to which he or she must return. In his novel Dickens shows madness of revolution can be treated with the ideology of Victorian middle class, represented by Lucie Mannette.

5

리차드 파워스의 탈구조주의—생명과학의 패러다임의 변화

송태정

21세기영어영문학회 영어영문학21 제23권 4호 2010.12 pp.101-117

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Richard Powers’ Poststructuralism: A Paradigm Shift in the Science of Life Taejeong Song (Daebul University) This essay illustrates how Richard Powers' novels like Gold Bug Variations (1991), Three Farmers on Their Way to a Dance (1985), Prisoner's Dilemma (1988), Operation Wandering Soul (1993), Galatea 2.2 (1995), and Gain (1998) recreate the discourse of the “life science,” and connects this to other fragmentary objects to create new forms of the “metaphor of human genome.” While others have examined the novel's relationship to aesthetics, I focus on Richard Powers' poststructural writing techniques and a paradigm shift in the science of life to explain the development of the human genome as an interdisciplinary study. I explain how scientific theories and their modes of articulation have evolved so that one scientist's theory or hypothesis will be solved and decoded by the next generation. This causes a consistent movement of the center of scientific focus as each new discovery is made. Powers wants to explore the genome and the history of genomic study within the archaeological standpoint of knowledge, and more importantly, the current historical moment, in which the infinity of the genome is articulated through the cybernetic metaphor. By weaving multiple discourses on biology, genetics, computer science, medical science, neurophysiology, and neuro-linguistics, he shows the development of biology from modern to postmodern through cybernetic metaphors and advanced technologies. Consequently, in the unstoppable advances of the art of decoding the genome, GBV interrelates the inter-disciplinary approaches through the rhetorical tropes that unfold the complex discursive world of the genome. Powers shows that the complex mechanisms of the genome in the microworld of every cell can be designed and written as the plot of the “text of life,” using DNA language. At the same time, his genomic reading and writing demonstrate the historical processes of the shifting center of new genomic development and inter-pretation.

6

팀버레이크 워튼베이커의 『조국을 위하여』에 나타난 연극의 힘과 가치

윤여복

21세기영어영문학회 영어영문학21 제23권 4호 2010.12 pp.119-142

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The Power and the Value of the Theatre in Timberlake Wertenbaker’s Our Country’s Good Yobok Yoon (Dong-A University) Our Country's Good depicts the changing process of the desperate prisoners in an unexplored land, while they prepare to perform Recruting Officer, a British comedy from the 18th century. In this article, I try to show how a play could make changes among the prisoners in the deepest despair who participated in the first performance of the play in Australia. In the beginning, Timberlake Wertenbaker explains what the authorities think about theatre and why the Governor Philip supports the prisoners’ performance so strongly. The most dramatic salvation takes place by the practical transitions of the participating prisoners and the officer, Ralph. Emotional alterations of the prisoners are reflected in the reversed structure of the play by placing the tone of ending in the first scene and plans for the future and even the prologue of the play within the play in the last. The personal changes through drama are described with concrete illustrations: activeness of the prisoners towards their lives, ambitions for the new lives in the unexplored territory, interests in the new love. The prisoners who don't have any individuality at the beginning of the play show their diversity and then they become one to resist against the outside oppression for their performance. On the other hand, the play becomes an effective history class, where the writer portrays the arrival of The First Fleet with the founding fathers and mothers of Australia. Also explained are the historical facts about the first drama performance in Australian history, the conventions of comedy of manners in Britain, and the realities of lower class in the 18thcentury of Britain. The play doesn't show any predominant hero or heroine but various characters have their voices on the same level and feelings and thoughts of diverse classes, gender and races are reflected in the play. Wertenbaker has demonstrated the firm belief in the power and the value of theater, that a piece of drama can change a man, and its effective history education can begin a new life for him/her, even when he/she is just in the deepest desperation.

7

서지학적 관점에서 존 스타인벡의 종교적 태도와 성경사용

황치복

21세기영어영문학회 영어영문학21 제23권 4호 2010.12 pp.143-163

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John Steinbeck’s Religion Attitude and Use of the Bible from A Bibliographical Point of View Chee Bok Hwang (Jeonju University) This is a study about John Steinbeck's religion attitude and use of the Bible from a bibliographical point of view. Until now Steinbeck scholars have had to rely almost exclusively upon Steinbeck's fiction to extrapolate the author's attitudes toward religion and Christianity. Such enterprise is fraught with critical danger, itself a trap into which we often stumble. To observe an author's characters believing or behaving in certain ways, and to ascribe the belief or behavior to the author is, of course, a critical error of the worst kind. With the aid of Steinbeck's published letters, recent biographies and various articles, however, I can more clearly understand Steinbeck's own attitudes toward religion and, to the point of my study here, toward orthodox Christianity and the Bible. Therefore the intention of this study is to illustrate one tradition in Steinbeck criticism, the focus upon his use of the Bible in fiction. Moreover, as the bibliographic entries make clear, I think that it is a particularly rich but unsettled tradition, marked both by naive and superficial judgements but also by carefully sustained textual analyses that have illuminated Steinbeck's fictional technique.

8

동사 의존 형태소 re-의 의미

박한기

21세기영어영문학회 영어영문학21 제23권 4호 2010.12 pp.165-188

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Meanings of the Verb-Bound Morpheme re- Hanki Park (Chonnam National University) This paper is a research for a semantic network in which each meaning of re- is related to one of the member meanings. The bound morpheme prototypically adds the adverbial meaning of “another time” to its host verb and this re- of “another time” can be expanded to acquire the meaning of “another time and another time” to represent iteration. Re- can add the adverbial meaning of “another time in a more intensive way” to its host verb and the “another time in a more intensive way” can be expanded to “in a more intensive way” to represent intensification without repetition. Re- can add “another time to a better/different state/place” to its host verb and this re- can be expanded to acquire the meaning of “to a better/different state/place” to combine with a verb to represent improvement without repetition. “Another time back to the former place/state” is another meaning of re-, which can be expanded to acquire the meaning of “back to the former place/state” to combine with a verb to represent restoration without repetition. “Another time in return for the former deed” is the last meaning of re-, which can be expanded to acquire the meaning of “in return for the former deed” to combine with a verb to represent return without repetition.

9

교육연극에 의한 영어교과 교수설계방법 연구

한규용

21세기영어영문학회 영어영문학21 제23권 4호 2010.12 pp.189-211

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Instructional Design Model of Educational Drama for English Teaching Gyu-Yong Han (Dankook University) The thesis is to explore lesson planning methods for English teaching in educational drama (DIE) by understanding the differences between syllabuses for other classes such as history, literature, etc. and language class. Generally, instructional design model consists of the steps, so-called ADDIE model: Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation and Evaluation. Factors impacting to instructional design are learner, contexts of learning, classroom environment and teaching method. Lesson planning of educational drama for English teaching is divided into two levels: planning and working levels. The drama-oriented teacher first needs to specify the goals from the viewpoint of planning the scaffolding of a course. Drama-oriented lesson is consisted of the spiral structure of dramatic form and context. Therefore, planning a drama-oriented syllabus of English teaching should be organized on the basis of the themes or the language items to be introduced in drama. Another important factor is the grouping of learners. Some of learners should have fluency of language and others less. Some of learners should be progressive and others passive. By organizing them into group (generally 5~6 persons) properly mixed, the drama-oriented teacher needs to guide into drama activities with their group work, and to raise the chances of their interactive linguistic delivery. The fluency of learners is also one of variables to decide the language used in class. After the orientation of the syllabus is decided, the outline of the units or lessons at the working level can be planned accordingly. The drama-oriented teacher should structure each drama episode before it begins. The context of drama, the roles to be created and encountered, and the developments of each episode should be carefully considered. The teacher will have to design the general outline of the drama and will work with the whole class in determining how the drama is to be continued, completed, and followed-up according to what occurs in each scene or episode. A syllabus developed in this way recognizes the value of negotiation among participants about what to do and how to behave in the classroom. All pre-decisions made by teacher should be open for modification and further development once they are brought into the classroom because new drama ideas or language aspects stimulated in the teacher-student interaction are likely to be the most appropriate source of learning and teaching. This opened teacher-student interaction is essence of communication in communicative teaching method. In these points of view, educational drama is a task-centered, student-centered, cooperative, communicative teaching method through drama activities, based on oral approach and situational language teaching.

10

A Study on the Syntax and Semantics of Noun Phrases with Numeral Classifiers in Korean

Jung-Min Jo

21세기영어영문학회 영어영문학21 제23권 4호 2010.12 pp.213-241

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A Study on the Syntax and Semantics of Noun Phrases with Numeral Classifiers in Korean Jung-Min Jo (Sunchon National University) This paper examines the syntax and semantics of noun phrases with numeral quantifiers in Korean. Pointing out the syntactic properties of these noun phrases, I propose their syntactic structure and provide some syntactic motivation for the proposed structure. Also I examine the semantic properties of these noun phrases while pointing out their semantic ambiguities, i.e. cardinal vs. partitive reading of the numeral quantifier. Raising some problems of Y-S Jung (1997)’s analysis, I propose the analysis on the basis of Diesing (1992). Depending on the position of the noun phrases at the LF, they can have different interpretations. Noun phrases and ClPs adjoined to the MP (mood phrase) are mapped to the restrictive clause (R)and the operator (Q), respectively, in the tripartite logical representation. Consequently this gives rise to the presupposition of the existence of the entity denoted by the noun and the partitive reading of the numeral classifier. On the other hand, if the noun phrase with the ClP remains VP internally at the LF, the numeral classifier functions as a cardinality predicate, along with no presupposition of the entity denoted by the noun.

11

Semantic Principles of Predication of Korean Serial Verb Constructions

Youngiu Choi

21세기영어영문학회 영어영문학21 제23권 4호 2010.12 pp.243-261

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Semantic Principles of Predication of Korean Serial Verb Constructions Youngju Choi (Chosun University) The purpose of the paper is to argue for Goldberg's (1998, 2010) claim that various kinds of syntactic predication represent limited and shared set of semantic relations. The semantic relations are possible as far as pre-existing semantic frames based on our experiences allow them. She provides English examples, lexical verbs, verb-plus-construction combinations, and coordinate structures violating coordinate structure constraint. I examine Korean serial verb constructions and conclude that they also show the same set of possible semantic relations. One of two verbs can designate a cause of the event the other verb indicates, as shown in mile ponayta ‘push-send'. If you push things, they are going to move forward and at the end leave from you. In other cases, one of two verbs is a precondition of the event the other verb indicates, as shown in kwu-e mekta ‘bake-eat'. The baking event is a precondition for the eating event. Finally, one of two verbs negates what the assertion of the second verb implies, as shown in noh-a mekita ‘free-feed'. The implication of feeding is not to let go of something. You need to put animals into a cage and feed them. But the first verb is negating the implication.

12

Elementary School Teachers’ Perspectives toward the Reading Materials in an Extensive Reading Program

Ji-Hyun Byun

21세기영어영문학회 영어영문학21 제23권 4호 2010.12 pp.263-286

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Elementary School Teachers’ Perspectives toward the Reading Materials in an Extensive Reading Program Ji-Hyun Byun (Hannam University) The purpose of this research is to explore the perceptions of elementary school teachers toward the reading materials that are likely to be offered in the extensive reading program. A total of twenty elementary school teachers who were undergoing a professional development program participated in the study. They were situated in a print-affluent classroom replete with approximately 1,100 English-language reading materials including graded readers, young-adult books, and children’s books. In the program, the teachers were encouraged to check out any book related to their interests and proficiency levels. Data were collected from multiple sources to enhance the credibility of the study: observation with field notes, learner diaries, and interviews. The findings of the study indicated that the participating teachers showed great fondness for graded readers and perceived them to be appropriate reading materials for their elementary school students. The teachers' positive attitudes toward graded readers originated from these elements: simplified language and interesting content. They also believed that reading such books can be a cornerstone in instilling confidence in learners at elementary schools. Unlike the great popularity of graded readers, other reading materials including young-adult books, best sellers, magazines, and newspapers received less attention mainly due to colloquial language and a high level of text-difficulty.

13

A Narrative Research Study: Implementing Portfolios as Comprehensive Assessment

Do-Hyun Yun

21세기영어영문학회 영어영문학21 제23권 4호 2010.12 pp.287-304

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A Narrative Research Study: Implementing Portfolios as Comprehensive Assessment Do-Hyun Yun (Hankuk University of Foreign Studies) The purpose of this qualitative research study is to analyze how portfolios can be implemented as comprehensive assessment. Portfolios provide today's educators with a viable means of measuring student knowledge within the framework of the life experiences and the values of learners. Through narratives from two participants, Hyun and David, this study gives English teachers in Korea valuable information about how portfolio assessment can make up for the weak points in the existing standardized tests. The findings say that for a key to success in implementing portfolios as an assessment strategy, we need thoughtful consideration about the contents taken from Hyun's and David's perspectives within the particular purposes and social contexts of schools.

14

A Study of ESL Program with a Special Reference to the English Education of University

Isabel

21세기영어영문학회 영어영문학21 제23권 4호 2010.12 pp.305-323

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A Study of ESL Program with a Special Reference to the English Education of University Isabel (Chosun Univesity) This study identifies the effect of the current ESL program, aiming at development of University English education based on studies on the ESL program developed by Chosun university. First, this study investigated whether the ESL program improved the communication ability of students. As a result, it was found that students themselves know they have improved their English skills through the program. In our environment of EFL, students were provided opportunities to improve the four skills in an integrated basis for more than 15 hours a week. The program invited native English teachers to help students relieve their fear of them for basic communication. Second, ESL programs were provided for students from 1st grade in pre-medicine, Dept. of Global Law and Division of Undeclared Majors, and CU Leader scholarship students for Semester 1, 2009 and two simulated TOEIC tests were given to them. Considering changes in scores between Semester 1 and Semester 2, a mean of their TOEIC scores in Semester 2 was higher than that of Semester 1, which indicates that the program contributed to enhancing students' communicative skills. Thus, the ESL program of Chosun University is very significant for present university English education in which communication-oriented education has not been achieved. However, this study did not present directions for long-term English education and curriculum for each level and it is expected that such limitations will be overcome through further studies.

 
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