영어영문학21 [English21]

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    21세기영어영문학회 [The 21st Century Association of English Language and Literature]
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  • 등재여부
    KCI 등재
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    인문학 > 영어와문학
  • 십진분류
    KDC 840 DDC 820
제17권 1호 (11건)

개인의식의 소통 가능성과 한계 -『댈러웨이 부인』과 『등대로』-


21세기영어영문학회 영어영문학21 제17권 1호 2004.09 pp.5-25

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In Mrs. Dalloway and To the Lighthouse, Virginia Woolf explores the possibility and limitations of a complete communication of individual consciousness. Such main characters of the two novels as Mrs. Dalloway and Lily Briscoe have a wish that their consciousness can assimilate completely the consciousness of others. While they respectively try to embrace the individual consciousness of Septimus Warren Smith and Mrs. Ramsay, they usually feel frustrated partly because of the divided condition of their self and partly because of the unstable linkage between their sensational experience and their consciousness. Ironically, their wish seem to be finally fulfilled after the death of their doubles, that is, Septimus and Mrs. Ramsay. They receive an impression that the individual consciousness of Septimus and Mrs. Ramsay is revived and then assimilated into their own. At the very moment of the assimilation of consciousness, however, they feel emptiness and isolation in the center of their individual consciousness. Woolf as a modernist writer suggests that the communication of consciousness between individuals is fundamentally imperfect, and that the personality of an individual ultimately remains a mysterious phenomenon which avoids being captured by either our intellectual or sensational perception.


월트 휘트먼과 신경림 시에 나타난 '떠남'의 원형질(原形質) 비교 연구


21세기영어영문학회 영어영문학21 제17권 1호 2004.09 pp.27-58

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This study is to make parallel analogies and differences between two poets clear by a comparative analysis of the archetypical substances of ‘departing' motif in Walt Whitman's Leaves of Grass(1855) and Shin, Kyung-Lim's Street (1990) and Horn (2002). The ‘dynamism of departing' always has been generated in Whitman's and Shin's poems. Even if their poetic selves depart from the daily lives and homelands to meet the true and the immortal world, the process to metamorphose their selves and the substances of that desire is different from each other. While Whitman's self set dynamic and lively centrifugal sails from the lands to sea shores and from the shores onto the sea, Shin's self departed homeland immanent in the centripetal recurrence. As Whitman had a mythical disposition to recognize the spirit and body, good and evil as a unity(unio mystica), it was true that some religionists and critics devaluated his poetic meanings. But the will to sublimate his self onto higher phase melted in the Leaves of Grass surpassed the narrow social conformities and ethical measures. Although he presaged and faced the nihilistic death like bubble through the 'last of ebb', a poetic symbol, he represented the possibility and belief that his self would be able to overcome the wave of death eventually. Although 'the negative phases of departing homeland' was shadowed in Shin's poems in 1970's and 1980's, the sharpened ideological persistence of the personal pains and political-social injustice in the later poems in Horn was decolorized to a considerable extent. Eventually, poetic selves in the later poems surpassed and overcame the limit of a single-tracked 'departing and returning'. They were on the streets like “a special privileged postman of the remote post office” in order to seek the entity left in departing and ‘the not-being'. He dreamed of restoring the ‘the matrix of self' of his archetypical figure. Thus, the eventual aim of this comparative study is to contribute to preparing for a step-stone of mutual understanding and exchange between American and Korean literature by broadening an interpretative and critical horizon of poetry in two counties.


『블라이드데일 로맨스』 -이상 사회 건설의 시도와 실패-


21세기영어영문학회 영어영문학21 제17권 1호 2004.09 pp.59-81

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The Blithedale Romance is in some ways based on Hawthorne's four-month stay at Brook Farm in 1841, though the extent of his concern with actual communal life is an issue for debate. In this work, Hawthorne(1804-1864) deals with the possibility and failure of a new Utopian community based on transcendentalism. The people who gather together in Blithedale establish an ideal society which pursues brotherhood and sisterhood and the harmony of body and spirit. They object to the corrupted existing society, but they fail to construct an alternative society because they are ignorant of reality and human nature. The ideal society can't be accomplished by simply establishing a structural reformation through moving into the country from the city without an understanding of human nature. They are too optimistic and superficial. The reformers can not, or will not, put off their veils, so they can't help separating. The Blithedale community has the almost a complete absence of any actual brotherhood and sisterhood. The major characters, Zenobia, Priscilla, Coverdale, and Hollingsworth, are scarcely concerned at all about the fate of the community; each uses it for his own purposes. Zenobia falls in love with Hollingsworth but her love is a manifestation of eros rather than agape. Priscilla, despite the veil thrust upon her in her role as the Veiled Lady, is the only main character who does not wear a veil by choice. She manifests spiritual and intellectual pride. But her love is redemptive so far as the others will let it be. Coverdale does not need a mask, but he remains hidden, peering, peeking, and eavesdropping. Hollingsworth is thrown completely off his moral balance to achieve a philanthropic scheme, “the plan for the reformation of criminals through an appeal to their higher instincts.” He is unable to overcome selfishness. Through this work, Hawthorne emphasizes that an ideal society can be attained only through a moral balance between Head and Heart. He asserts that all reformations are superficial so long as the heart remains unchanged. In other words, we can't create “Paradise anew” while maintaining our separateness, our disguises, and the fundamental self-centeredness, or pride.


로렌스의 후기소설 재조명 -『캥거루』를 중심으로-


21세기영어영문학회 영어영문학21 제17권 1호 2004.09 pp.83-104

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D.H. Lawrence's later novels Aaron's Rod, Kangaroo, and The Plumed Serpent make up a trilogy. So far many of Lawrence's critics have regarded the trilogy as ‘leadership novels,' focusing solely on the single issue of power. However, there are two more issues in these novels that are equally important - selfhood and sexuality - on which Lawrence lays equal emphasis. This paper attempts to confirm Lawrence's vision of complete accord of the three vital forces by analyzing the second novel in the trilogy, Kangaroo. Kangaroo as a whole seems to be possessed by indifference. In regard to the goals of renewal and accord, it appears as a great lull between the pulses of Aaron's Rod and The Plumed Serpent. No balance is achieved in Kangaroo: instead, there is a fierce struggle between the principle of power and that of selfhood. It is noticeable that in the struggle Somers, the champion of selfhood, wins over Kangaroo, who represents the principle of power. Kangaroo thus functions as the bridge which links Aaron's Rod with The Plumed Serpent. After the long rest-condition of Kangaroo, the complete accord of the three vital forces seems to be achieved in The Plumed Serpent, realizing Lawrence's vision at last.


워즈워스의 「무너진 시골집」 -도봇장수가 말하지 않고 있는 것-


21세기영어영문학회 영어영문학21 제17권 1호 2004.09 pp.105-129

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Wordsworth's several revisions of “The Ruined Cottage” shows that the pedlar is the most important character in the poem. The structure of the poem's main story depends on what the pedlar narrates about Margaret and the natural environment. Readers' understanding also relies on how the pedlar looks at nature. The pedlar uses the dualistic rhetoric to make the narrator share his sympathy of Margaret's suffering. The pedlar shows a contemplative attitude towards the natural environment. The attitude is based on his rationalistic perspective on life, which opposes reason and the invisible with feeling and visible in the poem. The pedlar also tends to use the natural entities around the ruined cottage to demonstrate Margaret's sadness. What the pedlar's dualism suggests is that he is anthropocentric. But the pedlar's anthropocentricism tends to be positive because it contributes to the construction of a sympathetic community with Margaret, the narrator, and the natural environment. The pedlar's dualistic anthropocentricism results from his emotional affinity with the other Margaret, and his sympathy extends from the human Margaret to the natural environment through a philosophical consolation at the end of poem. According to Wordsworth's “The Ruined Cottage,” current environmentalism needs to be cautious when it advocates an ecocentric worldview, since the poem suggests that we humans cannot avoid a human centered way of thinking.


「자정에게 아침인사를」 -어둠으로부터의 탈주-


21세기영어영문학회 영어영문학21 제17권 1호 2004.09 pp.131-148

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Jean Rhys' fourth novel published in 1939, Good Morning Midnight, is about Sasha, a middle-aged woman returning to Paris for a short holiday. Jean Rhys represents a crisis within the heroine, Sasha, who is on the other side of the privileged classes and the language they speak. Rhys, a West Indies Creole living as an outsider, became acutely sensitive to the exploitation of women and Creole women. In her writing, the marginalized and silenced female protagonists end up in a seemingly miserable situation. However, the miserable reality experienced by them is not all that her novels are about. Her heroines address their anger at the distressing situation and their wish to find a way out. In Good Morning Midnight, Sasha, who has been considered “marginal” or “the other” in the society where she lives, is fully aware of her victimization and tries not to lose her existence. This article aims to explore how Sasha resists the typical images imposed on her and seeks to escape from the darkness. She seems to embody otherness in her own name and nationality and is confined in a prison from which she cannot be freed. She recognizes that her imprisonment has reduced her to being a victim and an "other". However, she is not a blank surface; instead, there is always within her the repressed subtext in which she articulates her insightful awareness of her life and seeks escapes from the impositions. Finally, Sasha finds an exit out of her dire situation by accepting and embracing “the other” within herself with no denial of its otherness.


대학 영어에 있어서 영어연극의 적용과 성과


21세기영어영문학회 영어영문학21 제17권 1호 2004.09 pp.149-169

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This is an action research revolving around a drama project in the conversational English and writing class in Chonnam National University from 2001 to 2003. I started to use drama presentations as a midterm assessment in the spring of 2001. The students' response was immediate and they prepared drama presentations with enthusiasm, which had been hard for me to observe in regular English classes. With this to bolster my confidence, I used drama presentations in every semester from 2001 to 2004. I found that drama gives ample opportunities to practice English both inside and outside of classroom. It makes classrooms interactive and interesting. More than anything else, it builds strong cohesion between the members of the class. There are some prerequisite in order to achieve these merits. First it is necessary to give students an ample amount of time to plan their presentation. Students work harder when they will receive a grade for their presentation. Class size is important to enable all the students to complete their performances within the alloted time. I believe that EFL classrooms will become more interesting and interactive if drama is integrated into curriculum.


고등영어 교과서의 과업활동 텍스트 분석


21세기영어영문학회 영어영문학21 제17권 1호 2004.09 pp.171-192

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The purpose of this study is to compare and analyze the aspects of task-based activities in high school English textbooks for first year students in Korea. Based on the task evaluation criteria presented by Nunan(1989) and basic contents of the 7th English educational curriculum, six different qualitative categories of task-based activities were evaluated quantitatively. The results of the analysis show that the regulations of the 7th national English curriculum aimed at improving the students' communicative abilities were properly reflected in the materials of task-based activities of all textbooks. On the other hand, a few problems were found in some textbooks: a) too many individual tasks; b) out of proportion in presenting task types and themes; c) non-systematic introduction of language skills, etc. Based on these results some suggestions were made for developing future textbooks. However, since this study was carried out by only one observer, a more objective evaluation should be made by the teachers or students who have been using the textbooks through the use of detailed questionnaires.


Festivity and Social Conflicts in Thomas Dekker's The Shoemaker' Holiday

Kim, Tai-Won

21세기영어영문학회 영어영문학21 제17권 1호 2004.09 pp.193-210

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본 연구는 엘리자베스 여왕 말기에 쓰이고 공연되었던 토마스 데커의 󰡔구두장이의 휴일󰡕에서 발견하게 되는 시민적 삶이나 축제적 양상이 그 이면에 도사리고 있는 다양한 사회적 갈등과 어떤 방식으로 상호연관하고 있으며, 또 그러한 이질적이고 배타적인 요소가 어떤 극적 역학에 의해 작동하고 있는지를 밝히려는 시도이다. 작가 자신이 서문에서 밝히고 있듯이, 󰡔구두장이의 휴일󰡕은 “즐거움”과 “유희”를 전면에 내세운 르네상스 영국의 대표적 “축제 희극”(festive comedy)이라 할 수 있다. 다른 한편으로 이 희극은 당대 영국의 지리적 사회적 경제적 현실을 상당히 사실적으로 묘사하는 듯하고, 또 사실적임을 적극적으로 부각시키는 연극적 장치들이 다양하게 동원되고 있다. 그러나 이러한 낙관적이고 축제적인 전망은 실상 당대에 만연한 사회적 갈등을 은폐하고 봉합하면서 새로운 세기를 맞이하는 영국의 관객들에게 사회・통합적 전망을 부각시키는 기제로 작용하고 있음을 밝히고자 한다. 작품이 전면에 내세우는 낙관적이고 통합적 전망은, 그러나 작품 곳곳에서 사실적인 묘사와 인물의 형상화와 충돌한다. 본 논문은 그러한 충돌과 타협의 양상이 세기말이라는 시대적 조건과 작가의 낙관적 전망의 불철저한 결합의 한 형태로 설명하고자 한다.


A Note on Feature Checking

Lee, Eun-Ji

21세기영어영문학회 영어영문학21 제17권 1호 2004.09 pp.211-228

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Chomsky suggests Agree in a long distance or in situ, abandoning feature movement. In contrast, Lasnik supports for feature movement over Agree. Among these two, I show that feature movement is problematic, conclusively arguing for Agree. Addressing the question of why movement takes place anyway, given Agree for feature checking, I propose that -interpretable features of goals (probes at the same time) and the c-command requirement of goals by probes for Agree trigger movement.


21세기영어영문학회 연혁 외

21세기영어영문학회 영어영문학21 제17권 1호 2004.09 pp.229-240

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