영어영문학21 [English21]

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    21세기영어영문학회 [The 21st Century Association of English Language and Literature]
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  • 간기
  • 수록기간
  • 등재여부
    KCI 등재
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    인문학 > 영어와문학
  • 십진분류
    KDC 840 DDC 820
제19권 1호 (12건)

『노생거 사원』에 나타난 페미니스트 글쓰기


21세기영어영문학회 영어영문학21 제19권 1호 2006.06 pp.5-23

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This paper explores Jane Austen's feminist writing in Northanger Abbey. Northanger Abbey contains elements that Austen could be seen as a feminist writer in that it is centered on women. She wrote Northanger Abbey in reaction to conservative ideas about gender roles and relations. She critiques the recommended code of feminine decorum popularized in 1790s while undermining the established notions of idealized feminine passivity, and challenges the gender role stereotypes. She also demonstrates men's views of and behavior toward women and criticizes tyrannical male power highlighting the potential cruelty of a patriarchal figure like General Tilney. Austen allows the heroine, Catherine Morland to act upon her own instincts and judgement, and presents her as an alternative role model who acts beyond the sexist notions of male supremacy and female subordination for readers. Austen furthermore insists that women's novels are the means of education for men and women while defending women writers and novels written by and about women.


데리다사상과 노장사상의 만남에 대한 또 다른 모색


21세기영어영문학회 영어영문학21 제19권 1호 2006.06 pp.25-43

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In the East Asian thought the other against the Confucianism is the Lao-Chuang's thought, and in the European thought the other against the Platonism is the Derrida's Deconstructionism. Between the Derrida's thought and the Lao-Chuang's thought, there are some different contents and some similar contents, but the basic root of thought is very similar. - the opening Acceptablity among Differences · the inter-Textuality of Differance and the Hyun in Tao · inter-Relational Monogenesis · Bio-naturalism. It is very important that the Derrida's thought and the Lao-Chuang's thought encounter at this time and this spot across 2500 years and Eurasia continental. But the Derrida's thought was staying at Deconstruction against main stream of European thought and didn't suggest a new thinking vision, and the Lao-Chuang's thought had hung around nihilism and seclusion. Moreover the Derrida's thought is very dizzy and difficult, and the Lao-Chuang's thought is very obscure and bragging. If we will be not escaped from these problems, this meaningful contact will not begin to develop. Therefore we must effort to overcome these problems containing this contact. For this purpose, I will try to approach a method called 'the thinking frame of LiangGeuk and LiangMyun'. It criticise and will overcome the problems rooted in ‘the Western Dichotomy' and ‘the Eastern EumYang'. My thinking frame has similar contents and different contents with the Derrida's thought and the Lao-Chuang's thought. I will try to construct a new contact of the Derrida's thought and the Lao-Chuang's thought with the similar contents, and to overcome the problems of the Derrida's thought and the Lao-Chuang's thought with the different contents.


자아와 문화의 정체성-세이머스 히니의『어느 자연주의자의 죽음』


21세기영어영문학회 영어영문학21 제19권 1호 2006.06 pp.45-64

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The issue of identity of a personal self or a cultural community has been one of the major themes throughout Western literature. This one has traditionally been an especially important concern for the writers of Ireland which had been colonized by England for a long time. Seamus Heaney often confessed that he had felt from the early time that he had constantly been threatened with the dissolution of the self. Like many postcolonial writers, many of his poems and proses express a sense of dividedness on both sides of self and culture. Heaney describes himself placed between English influence and native Irish experience. Around the time his first collection, Death of a Naturalist, was published, Heaney defined his few poems as revelation of the self to the self, as restoration of the culture to itself. But the self and the culture his poem revealed and restored do not show any continuous and unified inheritance or quality. His poems eventually imply that it is impossible that any culture continues to maintain the original quality, and that the self, even though preoccupied with the past, continually suffers from breaking off from its past and unstably stays confused among the memory of the past, and the experience of the present, and the perspective of the future. The connection between digging and writing is the most important aspect of Heaney’s poetic idea. But Heaney’s digging as writing a poem is poignantly paradoxical and contradictory because it is both an act that bonds the generations as well as an act that severs the living roots of the past. The act of setting darkness echoing, which is also another metaphor for writing, simultaneously involves a continuation of the past as well as a rupture within that continuation.


독자반응과 브라우닝의 서술전략 -『반지와 책』의 2, 3, 4권을 중심으로


21세기영어영문학회 영어영문학21 제19권 1호 2006.06 pp.65-93

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The diverse imperfect characters of Robert Browning's dramatic monologues were created by a poet who thought of human beings and the world with affection, and such characters also reflect his readers' human imperfectious. Among his works, especially in his greatest long poem The Ring and the Book, there are many imperfect characters of various personalities, and in this poem Browning directly addressed his contemporaries in Britain in the 19th century. Therefore this paper examines what awareness Browning had of his contemporary readers and what he thought of them, by analyzing the general Roman speakers' points of view toward the Guido case mainly in Book 2, Book 3, and Book 4 of The Ring and the Book. “Half-Rome” in Book 2 took advantage of the Guido case to warn or threaten his own wife's seducer. “The Other Half-Rome” in Book 3 showed a self-interested view of the case. “Tertium Quid”, the speaker of Book 4, displayed to an ethical relativism. Thus, through the attitudes of the speakers failing to approach the truth for their individual reasons, readers realize that the pictures of the speakers are no different from themselves. And the fact that Browning presented these general speakers before any other speakers except the poet/speaker resulted from an intentional descriptive strategy of the author to help readers discover their images of themselves first by reading the work, and so, to gain a more objective perspective in the poem as well as in the problems of 19th century Britain.


노예의 성과 자유-선언, 부인, 계산 그리고 결혼


21세기영어영문학회 영어영문학21 제19권 1호 2006.06 pp.95-115

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Although there are various reasons why slaves had written their narratives, the common themes are the negation of slavery and the restoration of slaves’ humanity. Slave narrators attempted to prove themselves to be human beings with emotions and intellect and to refute the inhumane and animalistic stereotypes of slaves. Their interests are often focused, but not limited, on the relationship with slave-owners: while describing slave-owners’ abuse and violence, they also expose their relationship with the opposite sex—either a slave-owner or a lover. Their relationships with the opposite sex are associated with the claim of their own bodies, the negation of slavery, calculation for freedom, and the legitimacy of marriage. Examining three slave narratives—The History of Mary Prince (1831), Narrative of the Life and Adventures of Henry Bibb (1849), and Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl (1861), this essay considers such questions as “How did slaves express and use their relationships with the opposite sex of either race?” “What restriction and oppression did they have in the relationships?” “What does their love mean to themselves and to slave-owners?” Responding to those questions, this essay scrutinizes the social, cultural, and ideological significance of slaves’ relationships with the opposite sex and ruminates on the effect of the exposure of the “secretive” relationships in slave narratives.


버지니아 울프와 포스트 휴머니즘


21세기영어영문학회 영어영문학21 제19권 1호 2006.06 pp.117-129

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Virginia Woolf has been spotlighted recently as the god-mother of feminism. It is true that she has affirmed woman's rights in saying that they must be extended beyond household affairs and that women should share the same social status as men. Her novels continuously demand new ways of appreciation. One of those new aspects stems from the fact that her novels can be read from a post-human point of view. A big progress was made in the fields of science and technology since the 19th century, thus bringing human beings convenience and a comfortable lifestyle. And yet the progress in civilization caused pressure for autonomy and individuality. The immediate response to this was the realization that we should maintain the dignity of human beings apart from the violence of science. This is the starting point of post-humanism. Woolf seemed to be very intentional in including the conception of human nature into her novels. Characters in her novels perceive a unity of humanity only at the moments when they feel moments of being. Lily Briscoe in To the Lighthouse feels a moment of her existence looking at the boat on which Lamsay family was crossing the bay. She feels as if she was watching the last moments of their fates. In Mrs. Dalloway, as Sir William told Mrs. Dalloway that a man named Septimus committed suicide, Mrs. Dalloway was thinking about death for a few moments in the middle of her party, but she didn't feel she was connected to that war hero except for her fear that the sad news might damage her party and make her guests feel grave. The Waves might be more closely connected to post-humanism. Bernard was talking of the gradual coming together, running into one, acceleration and unification at the end of the novel. And we are confronted with Bernard's apocalyptic vision of a civilization lacking the unification of his previous assertion. Consequently, Woolf's novels are regarded to be containing seeds of post- humanism when viewed from Derrida's perspective. These seeds may also subvert and undermine any attempts in building a common human essence. These warning elements are clearly visible in the opposition between Virginia Stephen's wholeness of human beings and the German raiders in Moments of Being, between the revelation of Lily Briscoe on Mrs. Ramsay's lawn and the hateful atmosphere soaking the discarded remnants of the Ramsay family in the boat.


은유로서의 서부와 동지적 우애 -쿠퍼의『개척자들』을 중심으로


21세기영어영문학회 영어영문학21 제19권 1호 2006.06 pp.131-158

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The West in 19th century American literature has been embodied as a contradictory space-time. It is a material background that paves the way for Manifest Destiny disguised in the name of Progress. On the other hand, it is a spiritual place in which a brotherly love of two different racial males takes shape and develops into a sort of human solidarity that calls the progress into question; Americanism, a begetter of Manifest Destiny, also gives birth to a redeeming vision in its very womb; a brotherly love between the men free from the curse of racism. James Fenimore Cooper's The Pioneers, the first work of the Leatherstocking Tales is one of the amazing literary realizations of that paradox. It is highly intriguing the way The Pioneers solves the dilemma embedded in the antithetical forces represented by Judge Temple as a representation of Progress and Natty Bumppo as an exemplar of Conservation. A marriage plot and Deux ex Machina are meticulously mobilized as a trouble shooter that streamlines its complex narrative to a happy ending. But the deathbed testimonies of the last survivor of the Delaware, Chingachgook, and Natty's disenchantment with the way Templeton society runs belie Cooper's rosy success in bringing the narrative order out of the chaotic plot; withal the overriding of Judge Temples' reason, Chingachgook's heading for “the happy hunting-ground,” and Natty's leaving for the West interrogate the shaping ideology of American white civilization.


문화적 독립을 향한 탈 식민 담론 -19세기 미국작가 연구


21세기영어영문학회 영어영문학21 제19권 1호 2006.06 pp.159-194

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In the 19th century America, Ralph Waldo Emerson and Walt Whitman were the pioneers of cultural independence of America from Europe. It was Emerson that started to discuss the necessity of cultural independence, critical acceptance of European culture, and construction of the American culture. In specific perspective, Whitman continued to manifest cultural independence of America embarked by Emerson. This essay examines Emersonian prose writings and Whitman's Leaves of Grass in terms of their efforts to create cultural independence. Reading their works, however, I will not employ the post-colonial discourses which have been developed since the late 20th century, because they do not contribute to investigating their works composed free from racial and ethnical sentiments. A number of Emersonian essays are directed toward criticism of British society: newspaper, university, aristocracy, parliament, and so on. By doing so, he seeks to make differences between America and England. Out of envy, nevertheless, he looks at the hegemony over the world which England enjoyed at the time. Whitman's Leaves of Grass is full of admiration of America. In his eyes, whatever exists in America looks idealistic and wonderful because they are the very expression of democratic ideas that they invented by themselves; thus, he admires not only American democracy, but also its advocate and defender, President Lincoln. His primary aim of Leaves of Grass consists in creating an American version of epic which is quite different from the traditional style of western epic.


연극으로서의 텍스트-『난 아니야』


21세기영어영문학회 영어영문학21 제19권 1호 2006.06 pp.195-212

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This study is to investigate what makes a play be a theater itself from Beckett's play, Not I. There are usually four ingredients for a theater: play, space, character, audience. In order for a play to become a theater, therefore, the play has all the factors in it. As a performance based a play needs a stage(space), Not I has to satisfy the rest, that is, character and audience, to be a theater. Mouth in the text could hardly be described as an intact actor or just a prop because it is neither a human being nor an inanimate object. It is a facial organ simply. This dramatic method of Beckett smashes the traditional idea that a theater should employ a living body and rewrites what a character could be. In the light of Beckett's reduction-oriented view, it could be possibly said the character or sender is modified into a mouth, just one physical component, and that Mouth performs brilliantly its creator's famous phrase, ‘the obligation to express' through pouring words ceaselessly. Auditor who is listening attentively to Mouth without single word throughout the play on the down-right stage evidently represents audience. The presence of him should dedicate himself to not a reader who is reading a play at a table in a room, but an audience who is seeing a performance on a chair at a playhouse. He conducts two missions in the text. One is the counterpart paying attention to Mouth's words, and the other is an audience observing Mouth. As a result, Auditor fulfills multiple roles in the play, such as, character, receiver, seer, audience, so we can say that he is an implied audience in Not I. Furthermore, the multi-function trait given to him can be accomplished only on a stage. Since a theater without even an audience is never called a theater at all, Beckett has established the necessary and sufficient condition for a play to be a theater itself by exploiting an unusual device, Auditor, in Not I.


Developing a Theme-based Reading Instruction for Children: Focusing on Science

Punahm Park, Mi-ok Lee

21세기영어영문학회 영어영문학21 제19권 1호 2006.06 pp.213-234

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이 논문은 주제(과학)를 중심으로 한 영어 읽기 프로그램을 구성해 초등학생들의 영어학습을 돕고자 하는 취지에서 연구되었다. 초등영어는 어린이들에게 영어에 흥미와 자신감을 갖고 의사소통 할 수 있는 기본 능력을 기르게 하기 위한 목적으로 기본적인 영어 문형과 기능을 이해하고 표현하는 활동을 주로하게 된다. 그러나 단순히 언어의 4가지 기능을 학습하는 것 이외에도 학생들의 계속적인 흥미를 유발하기위해서는 유의미한 지식을 습득하는 내용중심의 언어 교수 학습 프로그램이 효율적이라고 제시 되고 있다. 내용중심의 교수는 학습자의 인지수준에 맞는 유의미한 내용을 외국어와 통합하여 가르칠 수 있다는 점에서 ESL 상황에서 성공적으로 진행되어오고 있다. 또한 EFL상황 에서도 영어를 매개로 해 교과목과 연관된 학습 내용의 메시지를 이해하려는 시도가 언어와 교과목 내용의 통합모델로 제시되고 있다. 그 노력의 일환으로 이 연구는 초등학교 3-6학년을 대상으로 언어교육원의 어린이 프로그램에서 과학내용, 특히 동물에 대해 개념중심의 영어 읽기 수업을 7주동안 Concept-Oriented Reading Instruction (CORI)의 교수요목에 맞추어 실시해 보았다. 설문지 조사, 면접, 수업 관찰을 통해, 본 연구는 학생중심의 주제별 영어 읽기전략 학습이 목표어 읽기에 대한 동기를 유발하고 학생중심의 협동학습과 참여에 긍정적인 효과를 주었다는 결과를 볼 수 있었다. 그러나 본 연구가 적은 참여자와 장기적인 연구가 되지 못해 연구 결과를 일반화 할 수는 없었다. 그러나 질적인 연구로, 내용중심의 주제별 학습이 외국어로서 영어를 배우는 어린이에게 흥미를 유발하면서 읽기에 참여하게 하는 효과적인 교수/학습모형이 될 수 있다는 교육적인 시사점을 제시해 주고 있다.


Reviving the Environment in Research on Computer-Assisted Language Learning

Hee-Jung Jung

21세기영어영문학회 영어영문학21 제19권 1호 2006.06 pp.235-250

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이 논문은 지금까지의 국제적인 CALL 연구 추세를 살펴보면서, 작은 요건들에 중점을 두기보다는, 전체적인 학습 환경을 관찰하는 것이 필요함을 제시한다. 많은 이전의 논문들을 볼 때, 이미 학습 환경의 중요성은 증명되었지만, 현 CALL연구들은 영어교실에서 일어나는 큰 그림을 보기보다는, 일부의 학습요건들을 보는데 만 치중되어있다. 그래서 진정한 CALL이 주는 언어학습의 모습을 연구하기위해서는 전체적인 학습 환경을 주시해야한다고 이 논문은 보여준다.


21세기영어영문학회 연혁 외

21세기영어영문학회 영어영문학21 제19권 1호 2006.06 pp.251-263

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