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한림일본학 [THE HALLYM JOURNAL OF JAPANESE STUDIES]

간행물 정보
  • 자료유형
    학술지
  • 발행기관
    한림대학교 일본학연구소 [Institute of Japanese Studies]
  • ISSN
    1738-5334
  • EISSN
    2466-1015
  • 간기
    반년간
  • 수록기간
    1996~2017
  • 등재여부
    KCI 등재
  • 주제분류
    인문학 > 일본어와문학
  • 십진분류
    KDC 913 DDC 952
제23집 (9건)
No
1

体力ㆍ人口ㆍ民族 : 総力戦体制と厚生省

高岡裕之

한림대학교 일본학연구소 한림일본학 제23집 2013.12 pp.5-19

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중일전쟁이 장기전으로 돌입하려 하던 무렵인 1938년 1월 11일 일본에서는 육군의 주도로 이루어진 ‘건민건병정책(健民健兵政策)’을 수행하기 위한 관청으로 ‘후생성’이 발족한다. 이후 후생성은 ‘건병건민정책’ 수행기관으로 주목을 받다가 1990년대에 들어서 전시기에 대한 재평가가 이루어지며 후생성을 만들어낸 일본의 총력전체제가 ‘복지국가’에 매우 가까운 체재였으면 일본형 복지국가의 골격이 이 시기에 형성되었다고 강조하는 연구가 등장하기에 이른다. 이에 본고에서는 지금까지의 논의에서 간과되었던 후생성과 후생성을 둘러싼 정책론에 대한 분석을 통해 후생성이 그당시의 고유한 논리에 기초한 복수의 정책체계들의 경합의 장이었다는 것을 제시하였다. 특히, 전시기 후생성과 후생성의 정책에 대한 특징을 개관하고, ‘내지’에서의 ‘건민건병정책’과 조선에서는 ‘건민건병정책’의 상이점에 대해 고찰하였다.

4,800원

2

체력ㆍ인구ㆍ민족 : 총력전체제와 후생성

다카오카 히로유키

한림대학교 일본학연구소 한림일본학 제23집 2013.12 pp.21-35

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日中戰爭が長期戰への道を踏み出そうとしていた1938年1月11日、「厚生省」という新省が發足した。この厚生省は、長らく、陸軍の主導で作られた「健兵健民政策」のための官廳であると目されてきた。ところが1990年代になると、戰時期に對する再評價が進む中で、厚生省を生み出した日本の總力戰體制が、「福祉國家に非常に近い體制」であったこと、「日本型福祉國家の骨格」が戰時期に形成されたことを强調する硏究が登場するようになった。これに對して筆者は、これまでの議論では看過されてきた厚生省をめぐる政策論の分析を通じて、「福祉國家に非常に近い體制」とも評される戰時期の厚生省が、その時代固有の論理に基礎付けられた複數の政策體系のせめぎ合いの場であったことを提示した。本報では、こうした戰時期の厚生省とその政策の特徵を槪觀した上で、「內地」における「健兵健民政策」と朝鮮におけるそれとの異同について考えてみたい。

4,800원

3

日中戰爭期以降における朝鮮總督府の言語政策と朝鮮社會 : 日本語 「普及」問題を中心に

三ツ井崇

한림대학교 일본학연구소 한림일본학 제23집 2013.12 pp.37-66

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The history of After Japan-China War so-called: "Imperialisation (Kominka)" Policy, has been understood as a one-sided assimilation process to Japanese. It will be taken for a similar image about the policy on language for the Korean, too. In fact, the strength to force Japanese on was strengthened, and there was tile movement that was going to reduce an opportunity of the use of Korean. However, it was not the measures that were realistic for the governor-general`s office "crossing out (malsal)" Korean in the situation that Japanese diffusion rate was not necessarily high in. On the other hand, it is a fact that a lot of people applied Japanese in the everyday life and vocabularies derived from Japanese spread among Korean people, Then, what would be the political and social connotation of the existence of Japanese? In this paper, I want to think about "language problem" in a connection with the political and social history.
日中戰爭以後、いわゆる 「皇民化」政策期の政策史は、日本人への一方的な同化の過程として理解されてきた。朝鮮人に對する言語政策に關しても同樣なイメ一ジで受け止められていよう。事實、日本語を强要する强度は强まっていき、朝鮮語の使用の機會を縮小しようとする動きもあった。しかし、全體的にみれば、日本語普及率が必ずしも高くない狀況で、朝鮮語を 「抹殺」することは總督府にとっても現實的な對策ではなかった。他方で、日本語を運用する人も多く、日常生活のなかにも日本語系語彙が浸透していったことも事實である。そのとき、日本語という存在の政治、社會的な含意は何であっただろうか。本稿では、「言語問題」を政治、社會史の脈絡において考えてみたい。

7,000원

4

중일전쟁 시기 이후 조선총독부의 언어정책과 조선사회 : 일본어 “보급” 문제를 중심으로

미쓰이다카시

한림대학교 일본학연구소 한림일본학 제23집 2013.12 pp.67-97

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중일전쟁이 발발한 이후 ‘황민화’정책을 펼치기 시작한 조선총독부의 갱책에 대해서는 소위 일본으로의 일방적인 동화의 과정으로 이해되어 왔다. 조선에서의 언어정책에 대해서도 같은 이미지가 존재한다고 보여진다 실제 일본어를 강요하는 강도가 점차 높아져 갔고, 조선어를 사용할 수 있는 기회를 축소하고자 하는 움직임도 있었다. 그러나 전체적으로 볼 때, 일본어 보급률이 높다고 할 수 없었던 당시 상황에서 조선총독부가 취한 대책은 현질적이었다고 보기 는 어렵다. 한편 일상생활 속에서 일본어계 어휘가 침투해 간 것도 사실이다 위와 같은 상황에서 일본어라는 존재의 정치· 사회적인 함의는 어떻게 규정할 수 있을까? 본고에서는 식민지시기 조선에서의 언어정책을 통해 ‘언어문제’를 정치 ·사회사적인 맥락에서 짚어보고자 한다.
The history of After Japan-China War so-called: "Imperialisation (Kominka)" Policy, has been understood as a one-sided assimilation process to Japanese. It will be taken for a similar image about the policy on language for the Korean, too. In fact, the strength to force Japanese on was strengthened, and there was tile movement that was going to reduce an opportunity of the use of Korean. However, it was not the measures that were realistic for the governor-general`s office "crossing out (malsal)" Korean in the situation that Japanese diffusion rate was not necessarily high in. On the other hand, it is a fact that a lot of people applied Japanese in the everyday life and vocabularies derived from Japanese spread among Korean people, Then, what would be the political and social connotation of the existence of Japanese? In this paper, I want to think about "language problem" in a connection with the political and social history.

7,200원

5

20세기초 한국의 일본농업이민연구 : 동양척식회사를 중심으로

文春美

한림대학교 일본학연구소 한림일본학 제23집 2013.12 pp.99-137

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Japanese Oriental Development Company (hereinafter abbreviated as the Company), established in December 1908, was a national enterprise to engage in the emigration of Japanese farmers to Korea. The two major operational fields of the Company were operating large-scale farms in Korea and working on Japanese agricultural migration. Due to the decree sing number of farmable lands in Japan, the Imperial Japan decided to establish migration po licies which would help people to move to the Korean Peninsula to farm. This gave rise to a number of Japanese farmers coming to Korea. By 1917, the company accepted 1,000 families annually, and by 1926, they had god[clarification needed] 260 families per year too. Therefore, the company accepted about 9,000 families in total by 1926. From the newly formed company commenced operation, most of the documents and reports relating to the project were confidential. Besides, when surrendered, Japan destroyed a number of important documents, including the Company`s archives. Therefore, so far, the primary sources of information on the Company are rare. For the above reasons, studies of the Company, compared with its functions and scale, are sparse. Studies are much rarer especially on the living conditions, distribution and the Company`s management of the agricultural migrants and the role of the Company in Japanese colonial rule to South Korea. From 1910 to 1926, the Company performed the Japanese agricultural migration cause to South Korea and implemented the plan of “migrating 20,000 complete families in twenty years” in Manchukuo in 1936, which had a profound impact on the Japanese government`s agricultural migration policy, in level of experience and lessons. In this sense, the study of the Company`s agricultural migration will help us deeply understand the overall evolution and outlook of Japanese agricultural migration in colonies. Based on the existing research results, this paper attempts to clarify the historical context of Japanese agricultural migration plans, the creation of relevant theory, content and operational changes, its influence on Japan colonial rule on South Korea and reasons for the failure of Japanese agriculture migration. After the Russo-Japanese war, mass Japanese migrated to the United States, Canada and other North American area. In February 1908, Japan signed the “gentlemen`s agreement” with the United States, whose purpose was to limit the Japanese migrants to North America countries, and at the same time Japan decided to focus on migration to Manchuria and South Korea. The most important goal of establishing the Company is to implement the agriculture migration cause to Manchuria and South Korea. Japan intended to solve the problem of domestic population increase, food shortage and other social problem and more important to construct the ruling system in colonies by sending a large number of Japanese tenants to colonies such as South Korea and Manchuria and cultivating them to be yeomen. The Company sold land to Japanese migrants and let them pay by installment. When they paid in full, they owned the land and became yeomen. Afterwards, the Company three times (1915, 1917, and 1917) modified the 1910 “Migrant rules”, which made the migration type gradually shift from the original yeomen migration to the landlord immigration. In the aspects of amenities, agricultural infrastructure and financial support, etc. the Company provided many preferential policies to Japanese migrants to make them rapidly rooted in South Korean rural area. Although supported by the Japanese government with a variety of preferential policies, the Company`s migration agricultural management did not fulfilled its original aims and later class differentiation phenomenon arose in its business. The Company`s agricultural migration program deprived the South Korean peasants` tenancy rights and compelled them leave their motherland to Manchuria, therefore, at that time South Korean public opinion blamed the Company as the culprit of worsening the South Korean agricultural operating conditions. Given the final results, the Company`s agricultural migration business had negative impact on Japanese colonial rule in South Korea. Because of the severe underestimation of strong resistance and revolt of South Korean peasants, the Company`s Japanese agricultural immigration plan was rebuffed in the implementation process and eventually failed. Due to the fundament problems that the migration enterprise itself bred ethnic and class contradictions, the failure of the Japanese agricultural migrants program was expected.

8,400원

6

오키나와 복귀운동의 역사적 동학 : 동화주의의 형성과 전환, 비판을 중심으로

정영신

한림대학교 일본학연구소 한림일본학 제23집 2013.12 pp.139-178

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It is a question that can not be avoided “What was the return of Okinawa” for the modern history of Okinawa. Historical dynamism of Okinawan return movement, a response of the Okinawan people over the reversion of Okinawa can be understood by the frame of the formation and transformation of assimilationist movement and its critics. Political and social movement of Okinawa which was tilted to the trend of de-Japan from the experience of the Battle of Okinawa leaned toward pro-Japanese return movement around the period of peace negotiation with Japan. The expectations of democracy Japan under the Peace Constitution and the cultural trend of assimilation from the pre-war period has had a major impact here. However, in the late 1960s, assimilation-oriented return movement was transformed to the anti-war return movement under the impact of the outbreak of the Vietnam war and the exposure of negotiation contents of Okinawa reversion. In addition, ‘the theory of anti-return’ and historical awareness of ‘Ryukyu/Okinawa disposal’ has emerged as a criticism of the assimilation-oriented mind and movement. This trend may be understood as a introspective movement about the structural discrimination that has been accumulated in the long-term history of Ryukyu/Okinawa and a departure of some movements trying to aim to more autonomous Okinawa.
沖繩の現代史にとって 「沖繩返還とは何だったのか“」という質問は回避できない質問である。沖繩返還をめぐる沖繩の民衆の對應として、祖國復歸運動の歷史的なダイナミズムは、同化主義の形成と變換、批判を中心に理解して見ることができる。沖繩戰の經驗から脫日本の傾向に傾けた沖繩は、對日講和條約締結頃には日本への復歸指向に傾いた。ここには平和憲法下の民主主義國家日本への期待と戰前の同化主義に起因する日流同祖論が大きな影響を及ぼした。しかし、ベトナム戰爭の勃發と沖繩返還交涉が進行される過程のなかで現實の基地問題を中心とした 「反戰復歸運動」への轉換が明らかになった。さらに、復歸運動を支配してきた同化主義的志向への批判として 「反復歸論」と 「沖繩處分論」という歷史認識が登場した。このような流れは、長期間の歷史の中で蓄積されてきた構造的差別の認識の中で、より自立的な沖繩を目指ししようという動きとして理解することができる。

8,500원

7

在外資産等報告書의 생산 경위와 집계 개요

정안기

한림대학교 일본학연구소 한림일본학 제23집 2013.12 pp.179-217

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在外資産等報告書는 1945년 11월 연합국최고사령부(GHQ)의 명령과 대장성 지시에 따라 일본은행이 1945년 11월부터 1948년 9월에 걸쳐 접수, 정리, 집계한 1945년 8월 이전 일본인(황실과 정부기관, 금융기관, 재내법인, 재외법인, 개인)이 외국, 식민지, 점령지에서 소유했던 유형, 무형의 대외재산의 보고서이다. 본 논문은 일본 공문서관 筑波分館이 소장하는 『在外財産等報告書處理要綱』 등 새로운 자료를 발굴해서 在外資産等報告書의 생산 주체는 물론이고 보고 주체별 자산의 집계 경위와 방법 그리고 그 개요를 구체적으로 검토해서 1948년 9월 연합국최고사령부(GHQ/SCAP)가 편찬한 『일본인 해외자산(Japanese External Assets)』의 사료적 가치와 성격을 재조명하고자 한다.
External-assets reports are those reports the Bank of Japan received, filed and aggregated between November 1945 and September 1948 by order of the General Headquarters (GHQ) of the Allied Powers and under the directions of the Japanese Ministry of Finance. They provide information on tangible and intangible assets the Japanese (including the imperial family, government agencies, financial institutions, local firms and individuals) possessed before August 1945 in foreign countries, colonies or other occupied territories. This paper aimed to find new materials including the Guidelines for Handling of External Property Reports which is in the possession of the National Archives of Japan (called Tyu kubabunnkann); provide a concrete review of who produced external-assets reports, how they were aggregated and what they describe; and rethink the historic value and nature of the Japanese external assets that have been with the College Park branch of the U.S. National Archives and Records Administration in Maryland.

8,400원

8

관계의 빈곤과 청년의 홈리스화 : 동경지역 청년 홈리스 8인의 생애사 분석을 중심으로

김영

한림대학교 일본학연구소 한림일본학 제23집 2013.12 pp.219-251

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이 논문은 8명의 청년 홈리스의 생애사를 통해 청년을 홈리스로 진입/이탈하게 만드는 요인이 무엇인지를 분석했다. 분석 결과 고용불안정, 가족해체, 장애 등으로 인해 사회적 관계 속에 안착할 수 없었기 때문에 청년들이 홈리스가 되었음을 발견했다. 즉 관계의 빈곤이 청년을 홈리스로 진입하게 만드는 것이다. 때문에 자신의 존재를 인정해주고 지지해주는 친밀한 관계를 발견하거나 형성하게 되었을 때 청년들은 홈리스 생활에서 벗어날 결심과 준비를 하게 된다. 뿐만 아니라 관계 자원은 생활보호 수급보다 청년의 탈홈리스화에 더 큰 영향을 미친다. 20세기 후반 이후 탈근대사회로의 이행 속에서 진행되는 고용과 가족의 유동화는 점점 사회성원들이 안정된 관계 속에 정착하기 힘들게 만들고 있어, 탈근대 사회의 청년들은 근대사회에 성인기로 진입했던 기성세대보다 홈리스가 될 위험에 노출될 가능성이 더 크다. 이러한 이 연구의 결과는 청년 홈리스 정책에서 관계 자원을 형성할 수 있도록 지원하는 방안을 보다 구체적으로 고민할 필요성을 제기한다.
The aim of this study is to explore the factor which makes the youth to be homeless and to exit homelessness. Analyzing the oral life history of 8 youth homeless, this article found that the youth became homeless as they couldn`t settle down in the social relationship because of insecure employment, family disorganization and disability. In other words, poverty of relationship makes the youth to become homeless. The youth come to a resolution and make ready for exiting homelessness, when they find or build a intimate relationships which support and accept theirselves. Furthermore, relationship resource has stronger influence on exiting homelessness than economic support. The result of this study implies we should think more the way to support to building social relationship in youth homeless policy.

7,500원

9

아베노믹스 1년의 평가와 한국경제

송석원, 공정승

한림대학교 일본학연구소 한림일본학 제23집 2013.12 pp.253-280

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This article aims to explore the background and contents of the Abenomics and evaluate its one-year achievements by looking into macroeconomic indicators since the launch of the Abe cabinet. In addition, the problems the cabinet might face in the near future, the counter-strategy of the cabinet and how the Abenomics would affect Korean economy will be discussed. The “three-arrow” policy of the Abenomics is deemed successful in reversing the mood of Japanese economy. When focusing on the trend of Japanese economy since the Abenomics, Japanese market seems to have gradually recovered with consumption and export in 2013. It can be analyzed that the market has reacted to various economic policies and private consumption has been revitalized. However, the recovery of export might take more time as the world economy continues with the recession. Japan domestically evaluates the current situation as ‘modest recovery’ and the government also finds it self-restoring. Moreover, several economic indicators show improvements. For instance, private investment turned to profit after six quarters. In this respect, the Abenomics has achieved a half success of raising hope for economic recovery by increasing the ratio of expected inflation and forming a weak yen trend. Yet, there are many more obstacles the Abenomics has to overcome. Even though it has tried to stray from deflation by changing expectations of citizens with strong policy-impact, concerns still remain since the policies themselves involve uncertainty.
本稿は、アベノミクスが登場するようになった背景やその主な內容を探り、安倍內閣誕生以後の日本經濟の主要な巨視經濟指標をベ一スにアベノミクスの一年の成果を評價してみようとしたものである。またアベノミクスが今後直面する課題やそれに對する安倍內閣の對應戰略およびアベノミクスが韓國經濟に及ぼす影響についても考えてみた。何よりもアベノミクスの三本の矢政策は日本經濟の雰圍氣轉換には成功していると評價できる。今までみてきたアベノミクスの施行以後の日本經濟の動向を總合してみると、日本の景氣は2013年に入って消費や輸出を中心に緩やかに改善されつつある。多樣な經濟對策に市場が反應し、民間の消費が回復しているのも肯定的に評價できるであろう。ただ、輸出の回復は世界經濟の沈滯によって多少時間がかかるものと思われる。現在の狀況に對しては日本內部でも 「緩やかに回復しつつある」と評價しており、日本政府もまた自律的な回復の動きがみられると評價している。物價が上昇し始め、円安により日本企業の輸出競爭力も强化された。また雇用も回復振りを見せており、消費心理も甦りつつあるのも注目に値する。民間投資も6分期ぶりにプラスに轉じるなど日本經濟に靑信號をつけたと評價できそうな樣樣な經濟指標が改善されている。アベノミクスが円安の流れを誘導することによって經濟回復の可能性に對する期待を持たせた点では一應半分の成功を收めたと見ることができよう。しかし、まだアベノミクスが越えなければならない山はいくつもある。アベノミクスは、前例のない强力な政策的な衝擊を通じて人人の期待に變化を持たせ、デフレ一ションの惡循環から拔け出そうとしているものの、それと同時に政策自體に對する不確實性が存在しているため短期的な成果にもかかわらず、アベノミクスに對する不安感が提起されているのが實情であるといえよう。

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