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JER [Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation]

간행물 정보
  • 자료유형
    학술지
  • 발행기관
    한국운동재활학회 [Korean Society of Exercise Rehabilitation]
  • ISSN
    2288-176X
  • EISSN
    2288-1778
  • 간기
    격월간
  • 수록기간
    2013~2019
  • 등재여부
    KCI 등재,SCOPUS
  • 주제분류
    의약학 > 재활의학
  • 십진분류
    KDC 514.03 DDC 617.03
Vol.13 No.3 (18건)
No

Editorial

1

Exercise rehabilitation in the fourth industrial revolution

Yong-Seok Jee

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.13 No.3 2017.06 pp.255-256

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Original Article

2

Interval and continuous aerobic exercise training similarly increase cardiac function and autonomic modulation in infarcted mice

Cesar Cavinato Cal Abad, Ademir Manuel do Nascimento, Leandro Eziquiel dos Santos, Diego Figueroa, Pamella Ramona, Michele Sartori, Katia B. Scapini, Oscar Albuquerque, Ivana Cinthya Moraes-Silva, Hélio José Coelho-Júnior, Bruno Rodrigues, Cristiano Teixeira Mostarda, Kátia De Angelis, Maria Cláudia Irigoyen

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.13 No.3 2017.06 pp.257-265

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The present study aimed to compare the effects of moderate-intensity continuous and high-intensity interval exercise training (ET) on exercise tolerance, cardiac morphometry and function, hemodynamic, and car-diac autonomic modulation in myocardial infarcted mice. Wild-type mice (WT) were divided into four groups: sedentary WT (S); WT myo-cardium infarction sedentary (IS); WT myocardium infarction under-went to moderate-intensity continuous ET (MICT), and WT myocardium infarction underwent to high-intensity interval ET (MIIT). After 60 days of descending coronary artery ligation, moderate-intensity continuous ET consisted of running at 60% of maximum, while the high-intensity in-terval training consisted of eight sprints of 4 min at 80% of maximum and a 4-min recovery at 40% of maximum. Both exercises were per-formed 1 hr a day, 5 days a week, during 8 weeks. Results demonstrated that IS showed elevated exercise tolerance, as well as decreased he-modynamic and heart function, and autonomic control. On the other hand, both programs of ET were equally effective to increase all param-eters, without further differences between the groups. In conclusion, the results of the present study showed that myocardial infarction leads to damage in both investigated strains and the two types of physical ex-ercise attenuated the major impairments provoked by myocardial in-farction in exercise tolerance, cardiac structure, cardiac function, he-modynamic and cardiac autonomic modulation.

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3

Paternal physical exercise improves spatial learning ability by enhancing hippocampal neuroplasticity in male pups born from obese maternal rats

Hye-Sang Park, Tae-Woon Kim

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.13 No.3 2017.06 pp.266-272

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Maternal obesity exerts negative effects on cognitive function and be-havior of the offspring. In the present study, we assessed the effects of paternal physical exercise on spatial learning ability in relation with hip-pocampal neuroplasticity in the rat pups born from the obese maternal rats. There were four experimental groups: paternal nonexercised male pups from normal maternal rats, paternal exercised male pups from normal maternal rats, paternal nonexercised male pups from obese maternal rats, and paternal exercised male pups from obese maternal rats. Normal diet was supplied for normal maternal rats and high-fat diet was supplied for obese maternal rats for a 12-week period until mating, and the same diet for each group continued throughout pregnancy and lactation period. Male rats in the exercising groups exercised for a 12-week period. Spatial learning ability was reduced in the male rat pups born from the obese maternal rats. Expressions of brain-derived neuro-trophic factor (BDNF) and tyrosine kinase B receptor (TrkB) in the hip-pocampus were suppressed and cell proliferation and differentiation in the hippocampus were reduced in the male rat pups born from the obese maternal rats. Paternal treadmill exercise improved spatial learn-ing ability, increased BDNF and TrkB expressions, and enhanced cell proliferation and differentiation in the male rat pups born from the obese maternal rats. It can be suggested that paternal exercise enhances hip-pocampal neuroplasticity and consequently improved spatial learning ability in the rat pups born from the obese maternal rats.

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4

Treadmill exercise with bone marrow stromal cells transplantation potentiates recovery of locomotor function after spinal cord injury in rats

You-Mi Kim, Tae-Beom Seo, Chang-Ju Kim, Eun-Sang Ji

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.13 No.3 2017.06 pp.273-278

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Transplantation of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) is regarded as a promising candidate for the spinal cord injury (SCI). In the present study, we investigated whether treadmill exercise potentiate the effect of BM-SCs transplantation on the functional recovery in the SCI rats. The spi-nal cord contusion injury applied at the T9–T10 level using the impactor. Cultured BMSCs were transplanted into the lesion at 1 week after SCI induction. Treadmill exercise was conducted for 6 weeks. Basso-Beat-tie-Bresnahan (BBB) scale for locomotor function was determined. Sprouting axons in the lesion cavity were detected by immunofluores-cence staining for neurofilament-200. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and synapsin-I expressions were analyzed using western blot-ting. BMSCs transplantation improved BBB score and increased ex-pressions of neurofilament-200, BDNF, and synapsin-I in the SCI rats. Treadmill exercise potentiated the improving effect of BMSCs trans-plantation on BBB score in the SCI rats. This potentiating effect of treadmill exercise could be ascribed to the enhancement of BDNF ex-pression in the SCI rats.

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5

Examination of levels pentraxin-3, interleukin-6, and C-reactive protein in rat model acute and chronic exercise

Melek Tunc-Ata, Gunfer Turgut, Mukaddes Mergen-Dalyanoglu, Sebahat Turgut

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.13 No.3 2017.06 pp.279-283

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Different types of exercise occurs damage at the cellular level in the muscles. Muscle damage caused by exercise is determined creatine kinase, myoglobin, and increase in levels of acute phase protein and in-terleukin in blood. The purpose of this study was investigated the levels of pentraxin-3 (PTX-3), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and C-reactive protein (CRP) following acute and chronic exercising in rats. Twenty-six Wistar Albino male rats were divided in to three groups. A treadmill exercise was per-formed 3 days/week, 10 min/day for 1 week in acute groups. In chronic group, exercise performed 7 days/week, 60 min/day for 4 weeks. At the end of the experiment, plasma PTX-3, IL-6, and CRP levels were mea-sured. In current study, the PTX-3, IL-6, and CRP levels not observed statistically significant difference among control, acute, and chronic groups. The levels IL-6 and CRP were not significantly different between acute and chronic exercise groups (P>0.05). However, the level of PTX-3 was found to be higher in the chronic group compared to the acute group (P<0.05). The PTX-3 level increase on chronic exercise-induced muscle damage. Accorting to our results, we think that PTX-3 may have a protect role on muscle damage during chronic exercises.

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6

Physiological adaptations induced by swimming in mice fed a high fat diet

Pedro Augusto Silva Nogueira, Miriam Pimenta Pereira, Jeferson José Gomes Soares, Anderson Ferraz Norton Filho, Izadora Mayumi Fujinami Tanimoto, Ivana Alice Teixeira Fonseca, Homero Oliveira Avelar, Francoise Vasconcelos Botelho, Leonardo Roever, Alexandre Antônio Vieira, Renata Graciele Zanon

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.13 No.3 2017.06 pp.284-291

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This study examined physiological variables of animals fed with a high-fat diet (HFD) or with a normal diet (ND) subjected to swimming at low and moderate level. Over 16 weeks, a group of animals was fed with HFD or ND, and at the 8 weeks, they started swimming with 50% or 80% of the maximum load achieved in the progressive work test. Weekly, body weight and the amount of ingested food were registered. The gly-cemic level was measured at the beginning, middle and at the end of the experiment. Adipose tissue, gastrocnemius muscles and hearts were collected for morphometry. The results showed that the animals fed an HFD had a minor caloric intake; however, the HFD increased body weight and adiposity, likely causing cardiac hypertrophy and an increase in the glycemic level. In this context, swimming with an 80% load contributed positively to weight control, adiposity, glycemic level, to control cardiac hypertrophy and induce hypertrophy in the gastroc-nemius muscle. All parameters assessed showed better results for the ND animals. Therefore, the importance of fat consumption was empha-sized in relation to obesity onset. The practice of swimming with an 80% load produced greater benefits than swimming with a 50% load for overweight treatment.

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Association between exercise-induced asthma and parental socio-economic status among school-aged adolescents in a semiurban community in Nigeria

Adekola A. Adewumi, Rufus A. Adedoyin, Taofeek O. Awotidebe, Gregory E. Erhabor, Olayemi F. Awopeju, Rita N. Ativie, Kayode I. Oke

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.13 No.3 2017.06 pp.292-299

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This study investigated the prevalence and association between exer-cise-induced asthma (EIA) and parental socio-economic status (PSES) among school-aged adolescents in a semiurban community in Nigeria. Three hundred and eighty-five adolescents (185 male and 200 female adolescents) whose ages ranged between 10 and 19 years participated in this cross-sectional study. Participants were recruited from four gov-ernment approved secondary schools in Ido-Ekiti using a multistage sampling technique. Peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) was assessed at baseline and after 6-min run test (6-MRT) on a level playing ground us-ing a standard peak flow meter. PEFR measurements were repeated at 5th, 10th, 15th, and 20th min post 6-MRT. Participants who had >15.0% PEFR fall were considered to have EIA. PSES was assessed using a validated socio-economic status questionnaire. Descriptive and infer-ential statistics were used to analyze data. Alpha level was set at P<0.05. The mean ages of males and females were 13.9±2.0 and 13.8±1.6 years, respectively. More than half of the participants, 58.2% had EIA (>15.0% PEFR scores) while 53.5% belonged to middle PSES class. There was no significant difference between PEFR scores of male and female participants at baseline and 5th min post 6-MRT. How-ever, male participants had significant higher PEFR than the female counterparts at 10th (t=2.090, P=0.037), 15th (t=2.162, P=0.031), and 20th min (t=2.978, P=0.003). There was significant association between EIA and PSES (χ2=152.4; P=0.001). The prevalence of EIA is very high among school-aged adolescents in Nigeria and was significantly asso-ciated with PSES.

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8

Nationwide survey of cancer center programs in Korea

Ji-Youn Kim, Eun-Surk Yi

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.13 No.3 2017.06 pp.300-306

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This study was conducted to investigate cancer centers established for the purpose of satisfying various needs about cancer, improving the cancer treatment environment, and subdividing services ranging from diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation to palliative care. To this end, the authors have surveyed programs in 17 cancer centers representing Korea, including 12 national cancer centers and five major hospitals. As a result, it was found that the most common type of lecture program was disease management, followed by health care and hospitalization, while the most common type of participation program was psychologi-cal relief, followed by physical activity. The most frequently operated type of program was found to be psychological relief, followed by phys-ical activity and health care in the regional cancer centers, while the most frequently operated type was disease management, followed by psychological relief and health care in the five major hospitals. The pro-portion of physical activity was very high in two regional cancer cen-ters, whereas five regional cancer centers did not offer physical activity programs at all. In the five major hospitals, physical activity programs were conducted regularly at least once a month or at least once a week. In addition, further studies are required to provide professional and detailed medical services for the establishment and operation of programs for cancer patient management and the environmental as-pects of the hospital.

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Kinematics and neuromuscular recruitment during vertical treadmill exercise

Alastair R. Jordan, Andrew Barnes, David Claxton, Alison Purvis, Mary Fysh

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.13 No.3 2017.06 pp.307-314

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The vertical treadmill (VertiRun) is an unresearched, partial weight-bear-ing exercise mode for lower limb rehabilitation. The user undertakes a “running-like” action whilst body weight is supported by a bench and the limb is drawn downwards against overhanging resistance cables on a vertically hung nonmotorised treadmill. This study sought to describe the kinematics and neuromuscular recruitment during VertiRun exercise in the supine, 40°, and 70° postures. Twenty-one healthy male partici-pants (age, 25±7 years; stature, 1.79±0.07 m; body mass, 77.7±8.8 kg) volunteered for sagittal plane kinematic analysis of the ankle, knee and hip and electromyography of lower limb musculature in all three pos-tures. Results indicated similar kinematic and neuromuscular profiles in the 40° and 70° postures which differed from the supine. Regardless of posture, a basic movement pattern was observed where the hamstrings and gastrocnemius muscles were active to extend the hip, flex the knee, plantarflex the ankle and draw the leg down the treadmill belt in the contact phase. The rectus femoris and tibialis anterior were active to flex the hip and knee, and dorsiflex the ankle to draw the leg upwards during the swing phase. The vasti muscles were not active during Ver-tiRun exercise. The VertiRun demonstrated similar kinematic and neuro-muscular patterns to overground gait, allows workload progression based on effort and posture changes, and is a low-impact exercise mode that could maintain physical fitness without loading injured tis-sues. This study suggests that the VertiRun could supplement rehabilita-tion programmes for lower-limb injuries.

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Physical exercise programs at Basic Healthcare Units decrease body fat and improve the functional capacity of women over 50 years old

Fabrício Eduardo Rossi, Anderson Rogério Lecca, Luiz Gustavo Perón Martins, Luciana Sanae Ota Takahashi, Diego Giuliano Destro Christofaro, Luís Alberto Gobbo, Ismael F. Freitas Jr

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.13 No.3 2017.06 pp.315-321

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This study verified the effects of a physical exercise program performed at Basic Healthcare Units on the body composition and functional capacity of women over 50 years old and to compare these variables according to age. Forty-eight women (age, 65.4± 7.3 years) were assessed. The program lasted 20 weeks, and was conducted 2 times per week, 60 min/day. Body mass and height were collected and body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Bioelectrical impedance was used to estimate fat mass and fat free mass. Functional capacities: handgrip test, Timed Up and Go (TUG) test, and Guralnick test were assessment. Weight (68.7± 12.5 [pre]× 66.8± 12.5 [post], P< 0.001), BMI (28.5± 4.1 kg/ m2 [pre]× 27.6± 4.0 kg/m2 [post], P< 0.001), and fat mass (28.4± 7.8 kg [pre]× 26.4± 7.3 kg [post], P< 0.001) were decreased. For functional capacity, handgrip (21.2± 5.8 kg [pre]× 22.9± 6.9 kg [post], P= 0.014), lower limb strength (12.0± 3.0 sec [pre]× 8.5± 2.2 sec [post], P< 0.001), TUG (8.4 ±1.5 sec [pre] ×7.6 ±1.1 se [post], P<0.001) and Guralnik tests (10.6± 1.6 [pre]× 11.8± 0.5 [post], P< 0.001) were improved. 20 weeks of exercise program performed at Basic Healthcare Units decreased body fat and improvement of functional capacity of women over 50 years old and there was difference according to age only on the body composition variables.

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Combined training (strength plus aerobic) potentiates a reduction in body fat but only functional training reduced low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in postmenopausal women with a similar training load

Fabrício Eduardo Rossi, Ana Claudia S. Fortaleza, Lucas M. Neves, Tiego A. Diniz, Marcela R. de Castro, Camila Buonani, Jorge Mota, Ismael F. Freitas Junior

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.13 No.3 2017.06 pp.322-329

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The aim of this study was to compare the effects of combined (CT; strength plus aerobic) and functional training (FT) on the body composition and metabolic profile with a similar training load in postmenopausal women. The participants were divided into three groups: CT (n= 20), FT (n= 17), and control group (CG, n= 15). The trunk FM, fat mass (FM), percentage of FM (FM%), and fat-free mass were estimated by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. The metabolic profile, glucose, triacylglycerol, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c) were assessed. There were main effects of time in trunk fat, FM, and FM% (P< 0.05). There were statistically significant interaction for FM (P= 0.015), FM% (P= 0.017) with lower values for CT group. For LDL-c, there was significant interaction (P= 0.002) with greater values for FT group in relation to CG and CT. Furthermore, when performed the post hoc test on the “mean absolute differences” (Δ), it can observed statistically significant difference between FT, CT, and CG (-13.0± 16.5 mg/dL vs. 4.8± 18.4 mg/dL vs. 9.2± 18.8 mg/dL, P< 0.05). In conclusion, when training loads are equivalent CT potentiated a reduction in FM and FM%, however, only FT reduced LDL-c in postmenopausal women.

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Effect of a professional soccer match in skin temperature of the lower limbs : a case study

Alex de Andrade Fernandes, Eduardo Mendonça Pimenta, Danilo Gomes Moreira, Manuel Sillero-Quintana, João Carlos Bouzas Marins, Rodrigo Figueiredo Morandi, Tane Kanope, Emerson Silami Garcia

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.13 No.3 2017.06 pp.330-334

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The purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship between lower limbs skin temperature (Tsk) recorded by infrared thermography and creatine kinase (CK) response following an official soccer game. A pro-fessional soccer player, from the first division Brazilian League, defender, 27 years and 183 cm of height was analyzed. Measures of Tsk with a thermal camera and blood CK concentrations were obtained 24 hr be-fore (24H-PRE), 24 (24H-POST) and 48 hr (48H-POST) after an official match. The results showed that CK values were 193 U/L 24 hr before, ris-ing to 1,083 U/L 24 hr after the game and 414 U/L 48 hr after the game. Anterior thigh Tsk was 31.5ºC, 33.8ºC, and 31.8ºC in the moments 24H-PRE, 24H-POST, and 48H-POST, respectively. Similarly, anterior leg presented temperature of 31.2ºC, 33.3ºC, and 31.5ºC at the same moments. Qualita-tive analysis of the thermograms showed that whole lower limbs are much warmer 24 hr after the match and certain areas as the right anteri-or thigh, the left anterior leg, both anterior ankles, and both posterior thighs have not fully recovered their initial Tsk 48 hr after the match. The results of this study indicate that participation in a professional soccer match can lead to significant increases in Tsk values measured by IRT 24 hr after the match. Considering this variable as an indicator of muscu-lar damage, it could help in the process of training control, being part of an injury prevention program in professional soccer clubs.

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Comparison of abdominal muscle activity during abdominal drawing-in maneuver combined with irradiation variations

Young-In Hwang, Du-Jin Park

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.13 No.3 2017.06 pp.335-339

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Many experts have used an indirect method for enhancing strength and performance of muscles in clinical practice. The indirect method, which called an irradiation is a basic procedure of proprioceptive neuromus-cular facilitation, there is little research related the effects of irradiation. This study investigated abdominal muscle activity during abdominal drawing-in maneuver (ADIM) combined with irradiation variations. The study recruited 42 healthy, young adults who were divided randomly into three groups according to which intervention they received. The first group performed the ADIM combined with coactivation of the pel-vic floor muscle. The second group performed the ADIM combined with the irradiation resulting from dorsiflexion of the ankle. The third group performed the ADIM combined with the irradiation resulting from bilat-eral arm extension. Electromyography data were collected from the rectus abdominis, external oblique abdominis, and transversus abdomi-nis/internal oblique abdominis (TrA/IO) muscles during ADIM combined with irradiation variations. There were significant differences in the ab-dominal muscle activity and the preferential contraction ratio of the TrA/IO among the three groups (P<0.05). ADIM combined with irradiation resulting from bilateral arm extension may be effective for enhancing the deep and superficial abdominal muscles of healthy people and ath-letes. The ADIM without the irradiation is advantageous for recovering motor control of the TrA/IO.

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Effects of physical activity on debilitating behaviours in 13- to 20-year-old males with severe autism spectrum disorder

Linda Duffy, Bahman Baluch, Sarah Welland, Evren Raman

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.13 No.3 2017.06 pp.340-347

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The presented study investigated the extent to which engaging in a therapeutic sporting programme in males with severe autism spectrum disorder (ASD) improves the debilitating behaviours commonly associ-ated with ASD. Furthermore, the views of parents of the autistic partici-pants were assessed concerning the effectiveness of the programme. Participants were eight 13- to 20-year-old males born in the United Kingdom from a school and sports college for pupils with severe learn-ing difficulties. The selection was using volunteer sampling from the “Monday Club” initiative, run by Saracens Sports Foundation in part-nership with a local school and specialist sports college. The Gilliam Autism Rating Scale, 3rd edition was administered to identify and mea-sure the severity of ASD behaviours at four time periods namely: at pro-gramme entry as the baseline (Time 1, T1), a second time after 8 weeks (Time 2, T2), a third time after 16 weeks (Time 3, T3), and a fourth time post programme (Time 4, T4). The results showed that for the more se-vere cases of ASD (Autism Index >101) there was no positive change in subscale performance from T1 to T2. For milder cases (Autism Index, 71.100) there were subtle non-significant improvements on the sub-scale scores from T1 to T2. Of the 6 subscales at T2, emotional respons-es, cognitive style, and maladaptive speech approached significance at the P=0.05 level. At T3 and T4, there was also no statistically significant improvement in ASD behaviours compared to the baseline for either condition. Finally parents’ were “very satisfied” with their child’s partici-pation in the physical activity programme.

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Study of gait using weighted vests on balance with paraplegic patients

Hyuk-Jae Choi, Hyun-Joo Kang

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.13 No.3 2017.06 pp.348-352

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The aims of this study were to identify static and dynamic balance with the addition of weighted vests for the rehabilitation of paraplegic pa-tients. The study was conducted using weighted vest exercises with applied optimal weight ratios. Ten paraplegic patients who use custom orthosis were enrolled for experiments including static standing and dynamic gait with a weighted vest. We set weight ratios as 0%, 10%, and 15% of the patients’ weight. A plantar pressure device was used for static balance tests for excursion and velocity of center of pressure and we identified dynamic balance through the tool of Timed Up and Go (TUG) test. The results of static and dynamic balance in 0%, 10%, and 15% weight ratios did not have statistically significant differences, but we found an increasing tendency of sway excursion from nonweight (0%) to weight ratios (10%, 15%) in static balance when weight is ap-plied. Sway excursion in anteroposterior direction is greater than medi-olateral sway. In dynamic balance, the TUG results showed a more de-layed time when weight ratios were applied. In conclusion, we have to focus on balance training with anteroposterior direction to upgrade a patient’s balance and prevent falls. Exercises with weighed vests are more useful than nonweighted but there is no difference between 10% and 15% weight ratios. Weighted vest exercises may play a role in the rehabilitation of balance in those with paraplegia.

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Six-week physical rehabilitation protocol for anterior shoulder dislocation in athletes

Ahmed Gaballah, Mohamed Zeyada, Adham Elgeidi, Eadric Bressel

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.13 No.3 2017.06 pp.353-358

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Anterior shoulder dislocations are common in young athletes. The mechanism for the first or primary shoulder dislocation may involve a collision or a fall typically with the arm in an abducted and externally ro-tated position. The aim of this study was to design a physical rehabilita-tion program using the elastic band and resistive exercise to improve joint strength and range of motion in individuals diagnosed with a first-time shoulder dislocation. Twelve physically active males with a first-time acute shoulder dislocation were asked to volunteer. Participants began a physical rehabilitation program 2 weeks after the shoulder dis-location, which was confirmed by a referring physician. The rehabilita-tion program was 6 weeks in duration and required the participants to engage in progressive resistive loads/duration using elastic bands and weights 5 days per week. Pretest and posttest measures included shoulder strength and range of motion. All outcome measures were compared between the injured and uninjured shoulder, which served as the control condition in this study. There were statistically significant differences between the injured and uninjured shoulder for measures of strength and range of motion during pretests (P<0.01) but not post-tests (P<0.53). Finally, there were no differences between shoulders in regards to the volume measure suggesting that any changes in muscle atrophy or swelling were not detected. The physical rehabilitation pro-gram proposed in this study was effective at improving strength and range of motion in the injured shoulder as evidenced by the similarity in posttest values between the injured and uninjured shoulder.

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Effects of taping therapy for carpal space expansion on electrophysiological change in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome

Yeong-Dong Park, Yun-Jin Park, Sang-Seo Park, Hae-Lim Lee, Hyeong-Hun Moon, Myung-Ki Kim

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.13 No.3 2017.06 pp.359-362

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Taping therapy is one of the most conservative treatments for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). Preceding research studied on pain control, grip strength, and wrist function but no studies have been reported on electrophysiolgical changes after taping therapy. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of taping therapy for carpal space expansion on electrophysiological in 20 female patients aged from 40s to 60s with CTS. Experimental group applied taping therapy for carpal space ex-pansion twice a week for 4 weeks and control group did not. There were significant differences between distal motor latency (DML) and sensory nerve conduction velocity (SNCV), but no difference between compound muscle action potential and sensory nerve action potential (SNAP) after 4 weeks taping treatment. Also, there was a significant difference in DML, SNCV, and SNAP in between groups. In conclusion, taping therapy for carpal space expansion can help to reduce the pres-sure of the carpal tunnel in CTS patients with mild symptoms.

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Comparative effectiveness of two stabilization exercise positions on pain and functional disability of patients with low back pain

Adesola Ojo Ojoawo, Mulikat Abiola Hassan, Matthew Olatokunbo B. Olaogun, Esther Olubusola Johnson, Chidozie Emmanuel Mbada

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.13 No.3 2017.06 pp.363-371

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The study investigated the effects of two stabilization exercise positions (prone and supine) on pain intensity (PI) and functional disability (FD) of patients with nonspecific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP). The 56 sub-jects that completed the study were randomly assigned into stabiliza-tion in prone (SIP) (n=19), stabilization in supine (SIS) (n=20), and prone and supine (SIPS) position (n=17) groups. Subjects in all the groups re-ceived infrared radiation for 15 min and kneading massage at the low back region. Subjects in SIP, SIS, and SIPS groups received stabilization exercise in prone lying, supine lying and combination of both positions respectively. Treatment was applied twice weekly for eight weeks. PI and FD level of each subject were measured at baseline, 4th and 8th week of the treatment sessions. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The alpha level was set at P<0.05. With-in-group comparison indicated that PI and FD at the 4th and 8th week were significantly reduced (P<0.001) when compared with baseline in all the three groups. However, the result showed that there was no sig-nificant difference in the PI and FD at the 8th week (P>0.05) of the treat-ment sessions across the three groups when compared. It can be con-cluded that stabilization exercises carried out in prone, supine and combination of the two positions were equally effective in managing pain and disability of patients with NSCLBP. However, no position was superior to the other.

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