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JER [Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation]

간행물 정보
  • 자료유형
    학술지
  • 발행기관
    한국운동재활학회 [Korean Society of Exercise Rehabilitation]
  • ISSN
    2288-176X
  • EISSN
    2288-1778
  • 간기
    격월간
  • 수록기간
    2013~2018
  • 등재여부
    KCI 등재,SCOPUS
  • 주제분류
    의약학 > 재활의학
  • 십진분류
    KDC 514.03 DDC 617.03
Vol.9 No.2 (19건)
No
1

A new start

Khae-Hawn Kim

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.9 No.2 2013.04 p.211

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Review Article

2

Effects of aging and exercise training on apoptosis in the heart

Hyo-Bum Kwak

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.9 No.2 2013.04 pp.212-219

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Aging is characterized by a progressive decline in cardiac function. A critical contributor to the age-related impairment in cardiac function is the loss of cardiac myocytes through “apoptosis”, or programmed cell death. Structural remodeling in the heart with advancing age includes (a) loss of cardiomyocytes, (b) reactive hypertrophy of the remaining cardiomyocytes, and (c) increased connective tissue and altered geometry. The loss of cardiomyocytes with aging occurs through apoptosis. Particularly, mitochondrial-mediated apoptotic pathway is the best characterized and believed critical in regulating apoptosis with aging, suggesting that mitochondria are very important sites of programmed cell death. It has been also reported that mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative stress, and impaired stress response contribute to age-induced mechanical remodeling as well as apoptosis. In contrast, exercise training not only improves cardiac function, but also reduces the risk of heart disease. We recently found that aging increased mitochondrialmediated apoptotic signaling and apoptosis in the left ventricle, while chronic exercise training was effective in diminishing mitochondrial- mediated apoptotic signaling pathways in the aging heart, as indicated by lower DNA fragmentation, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase- mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL)-positive staining, and caspase-3 cleavage, when compared with left ventricles from the agematched sedentary group. In this review, we will provide a comprehensive update regarding the effects of aging and exercise training on apoptosis in the heart.

4,000원

Original Article

3

Treadmill exercise improves behavioral outcomes and spatial learning memory through up-regulation of reelin signaling pathway in autistic rats

Tae-Beom Seo, Han-Sam Cho, Mal-Soon Shin, Chang-Ju Kim, Eun-Sang Ji, Seung-Soo Baek

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.9 No.2 2013.04 pp.220-229

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Autism is a complex neurodevelopmental disability with impairments of social interaction and communication, and repetitive behavior. Reelin is an extracellular glycoprotein that is essential for neuronal migration and brain development. Neuroprotective effects of exercise on various brain insults are well documented, however, the effects of exercise on autism in relation with reelin expression are not clarified. In the present study, we investigated the effects of treadmill exercise on the functional recovery and on the expressions of reelin and its downstream molecules, phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K), phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt), phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase 1 and 2 (p-ERK1/2), using autistic rats. For the induction of autism-like animal model, 400 mg/kg valproic acid was subcutaneously injected into the rats on the postnatal day 14. The rat in the treadmill exercise groups were forced to run on a treadmill for 30 min once a day, five times a week for 4 weeks, starting postnatal day 28. To investigate autism-like behaviors and memory deficit, open field, social interaction, and radial 8-arm maze were performed. Immunohistochemistry and western blotting were conducted. In the present results, treadmill exercise alleviated aggressive tendency and improved correct decision in the spatial learning memory in the autistic rats. Treadmill exercise increased neurogenesis and the expressions of reelin and its down-stream molecules, PI3K, p-Akt, and p-ERK1/2, in the hippocampus of the autistic rats. The present study showed that treadmill exercise ameliorated aggressive behavior and improved spatial learning memory through activation of reeling signaling pathway in the valproic acid-induced autistic rats.

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4

Functional effect of mouse embryonic stem cell implantation after spinal cord injury

Tae-Hoon Lee

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.9 No.2 2013.04 pp.230-233

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We transplanted mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) to improve functional loss in a rat model of clip-compression spinal cord injury (SCI). The mouse embryonic stem cells were transplanted to injured cord 7 days after injury. We include minimizing the progression of secondary injury, manipulating the neuroinhibitory environment of the spinal cord, replacing lost tissue with transplanted cells and substantial improvement of motor. A number of potential approaches optimize functional recovery after spinal cord injury. We review the application of stem cell transplantation to the spinal cord, emphasizing the use of embryonic stem cells for reconstruction of spinal cord injury. Thus, this study provides strong evidence to support that transplantation of mESC could improve functional recovery after SCI.

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5

Treadmill exercise exerts ameliorating effect on isolationinduced depression via neuronal activation

Joon-Ki Park, Sam-Jun Lee, Chang-Suk Oh

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.9 No.2 2013.04 pp.234-242

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Maternal isolation has been used as a valid animal model of early life stress, and it induces depression to offspring. Exercise ameliorates the incidence and severity of stress-related mood disorders, such as depression and anxiety. Here in this study, we investigated the effects of treadmill exercise on brain neuronal excitation in the rat pups with maternal isolation-induced depression. Forced swimming test and immunohistochemistry for glucocorticoid receptor and c-Fos in the hippocampal dentate gyrus and hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus were conducted. Maternal isolation lasted for 6 hours per day and was continued from postnatal day 1 to postnatal day 30. The rat pups in the exercise group were forced to run on a treadmill for 30 min once a day for 10 consecutive days, starting from the postnatal day 21 until the postnatal day 30. In the present results, treadmill exercise alleviated depressive state in the maternal separated rat pups, as potently as fluoxetine treatment. Treadmill exercise also restored the expressions of glucocorticoid receptor and c-Fos in the hippocampal dentate gyrus and hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus of the maternal separated rat pups near to the control level, as fluoxetine treatment. The present study suggests the possibility that treadmill exercise can be used as the therapeutic strategy for the childhood depression induced by disturbed motherchild relationship.

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6

Sudden detraining deteriorates swimming traininginduced enhancement of short-term and spatial learning memories in mice

You-Mi Kim, Eun-Sang Ji, Sung-Jin Yoon, Jin-Hwan Yoon

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.9 No.2 2013.04 pp.243-249

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In the present study, we investigated the effect of swimming training and sudden detraining on learning ability and spatial memory capability and on neurogenesis and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) expression in the hippocampus of mice. Male ICR mice were randomly assigned into three groups (n= 15 in each group): the control group, the swimming training group, and the detraining group. The mice in the swimming training group were made to swim (6 days/week, 60 min/day) for 8 weeks. The mice in the detraining group were accomplished the same swimming program for 4 weeks and then discontinued exercise for 4 weeks. In the present results, enhanced short-term and spatial learning memories and increased hippocampal neurogenesis and BDNF expression were observed in the mice of the swimming training group. In contrast, decreased short-term and spatial learning memories were observed in the mice of the swimming detraining group compared to the control level. Hippocampal neurogenesis and BDNF expression were also decreased in the mice of the detraining group near to the control level. Here in this study, we suggest that sudden cessation of exercise training might bring decline of the brain functions.

4,000원

7

Effects of Ylang-Ylang aroma on blood pressure and heart rate in healthy men

Da-Jung Jung, Jun-Youl Cha, Sung-Eun Kim, Il-Gyu Ko, Yong-Seok Jee

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.9 No.2 2013.04 pp.250-255

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Although the Ylang-Ylang aroma (YYA) has used as a general method for enhancing sedative effect, there was a little report on the efficacy of YYA on heart function using the electrocardiogram (EKG). Therefore, identifying of the effects of YYA on blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) is important in order to demonstrate the effectiveness of YYA. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of YYA on BP and HR in healthy men. Twenty-nine men took part in this study. The subjects were randomly divided into 2 groups: Ylang-Ylang group (YYG, n= 15) and control group (CG, n= 14). Physiological parameters recorded were BP by using a sphygmomanometer and HR by using an EKG. The present results demonstrated that inhalation of YYA significantly decreased the systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Inhalation of YYA also significantly decreased the HRs in 10 leads, except in lead I and aVR. This indicates that the HRs recorded in lead I and aVR were less sensitive or obtuse compared to those in the 10 other leads. Therefore, such a result reveals that it is necessary to be aware of the terms regarding the position. In the present results, YYA caused a reduction of HR and BP, and a relief of the arousal level in healthy men. The present results show a sedative effect of YYA, and this study provides some evidences for the usage of YYA in medicinal agent.

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8

Regular exercise modulates obesity factors and body composition in sturdy men

Il-Gyu Ko, Pil-Byung Choi

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.9 No.2 2013.04 pp.256-262

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The purpose of this study was to find the change and correlation between obesity factors and body composition according to regular exercise. Thirty-six sturdy men at twenty years old in ‘K’ university students were participated in this study. The subjects were randomly divided into two groups (n= 18 in each group): control group and regular exercise group. Exercise program composed of three programs: warm-up (10 min), work-out (30-60 min), cool-down (10 min), and categorized by five days per week for eight weeks. Aerobic exercise using a treadmill at 60% of heart rate reserve was performed, and weight training was composed of nine different exercises for the large muscles. Before the performing regular exercise, there was no significant difference between control and regular exercise groups. In the present results, 8 weeks regular exercise significantly decreased leptin, weight, fat mass, % fat, waist to hip ratio (WHR), and body mass index (BMI) more than compared to before performing regular exercise, whereas significantly enhanced lean mass more than compared to before performing regular exercise. Furthermore, regular exercise group reduced leptin, weight, fat mass, % fat, WHR, and BMI compared to control group in the post test. In the correlation of obesity-related factors and body composition, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) showed correlation with weight, lean mass, and fat mass after performing regular exercise. Here in this study, we suggest that regular exercise is a valuable tool for the improvement of health in the sturdy men, because regular exercise suppresses body fat and obesity-related factors.

4,000원

9

The relationship of baby boomers’ participation motivation in leisure sports with recovery resilience and life satisfaction

Jae-Eun Koo, Gwang-Uk Lee

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.9 No.2 2013.04 pp.263-270

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This study aimed to provide basic materials for resolving the problems of baby boomers, emerging as a social issue by identifying the effect of baby boomers’ participation motivation in leisure sports activities on recovery resilience and life satisfaction empirically. Using the convenience sampling method, the subjects were conducted by baby boomer’s 323 person lived in Seoul and Gyeong-in, 2012, excluding the missing question paper of 27 person. For accomplishing this purpose of the study, the survey questionnaires were used to collect data. Collected data was processed by factor analysis, reliability analysis, multiple regression, SPSS for Win V 18.0 program. From the analysis of this study, the following conclusion were obtained: First, among participation motivation factors of baby boomers in leisure sports activities, psychological stability and health pursuit had a significant effect on all factors of recovery resilience, while among motivation of personal relationships had a significant effect on the sub-factors of recovery resilience; empathy, optimism, and self-efficacy. Second, among participation motivation factors of baby boomers in leisure sports activities, psychological stability, personal relationships, and health pursuit had a significant effect on life satisfaction.

4,000원

10

Effect of long-term resistance exercise on body composition, blood lipid factors, and vascular compliance in the hypertensive elderly men

Hyun-Sub Kim, Dae-Geun Kim

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.9 No.2 2013.04 pp.271-277

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Hypertension is designated as either essential (primary) hypertension or secondary hypertension and is defined as a consistently elevated blood pressure exceeding 140/90 mmHg. Hypertension is called “the silent killer” because it often causes no symptoms for many years, even decades, until it finally damages certain critical organs. In various causes of hypertension, obesity is an increasing health problem worldwide, and several epidemiological studies have identified a positive association between obesity and an increased incidence of hypertension. Therefore, in the present study, we investigated the effect of long-term resistance exercise on body composition, blood lipid profile, vascular compliance, and blood pressure in the elderly men. For this study, the In- Body test, blood lipid profile, and analysis of vascular compliance and blood pressure were performing before and after in experiment. The twenty male subjects aged between 68 and 72 yr were recruited from the ‘Y’ senior towers in Korea. All subjects performed exercises on a weight training machines 40 min once a day for 52 weeks. The exercise intensity for resistance training was 60% of the 10 RM maximal voluntary contraction test. All subjects before performing resistance exercise showed an increase in hypertension following enhanced %fat, blood lipid factors (TC, LDL-C), whereas decreased lean body mass (LBM), vascular compliance. However, 52 weeks of resistance exercise suppressed %fat and LDL-C, whereas improved LBM, vascular compliance, resulting in reducing hypertensive levels in the elderly men. We suggest that resistance exercise can be a valuable tool for the remarkable improvement of hypertension.

4,000원

11

The effects of empowered motivation on exercise adherence and physical fitness in college women

Sook-Jung Kim, Bok-Hee Cho

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.9 No.2 2013.04 pp.278-285

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The purpose of this study is to identify the effects of exercise adherence when exercise motivation was empowered. It was planned as a pretest-posttest nonequivalent quasi-experimental design. The study subjects were female college students who wanted exercise and agreed to participate in the Jane Fonda Workout Program (1982) for a period of six months. The subject sample was divided into an experimental group and a control group by college department to prevent contamination of the intervention, which promotes long-term exercise-program adherence through the EMPOWER Step Program. All subjects’ body composition and physical fitness were measured using the Inbody (520) Body Composition Analyzer and Helmas (Korea) measuring equipment. Cronbach’s α, t-test, odds ratio and analysis of covariance were used to analyze the data using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences program. According to the results the experimental group showed a 66.66% exercise adherence success rate and the control group showed only a 26.31% success rate (OR= 5.60, P= 0.01; t= 2.932, P= 0.006). Skeletal muscle mass was significantly higher in the experimental group than in the control group (F= 8.45, P= 0.006). Body fat mass decreased significantly more in the experimental group than in the control group (F= 6.08 P= 0.01). Empowered motivation has positive effects on adherence to exercise regimes and physical fitness in female college students. Therefore it is suggested to actively utilize the EMPOWER Step Program to foster long-term exercise.

4,000원

12

The effects of abdominal draw-in maneuver and core exercise on abdominal muscle thickness and Oswestry disability index in subjects with chronic low back pain

Seong-Doo Park, Seong-Hun Yu

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.9 No.2 2013.04 pp.286-291

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The purpose of this study was to effects of abdominal draw-in maneuver and core exercise with 4 weeks using the musculoskeletal ultrasonography on muscle thickness and disability in subjects with low back pain. Twenty patients with nonspecific back pain (abdominal draw-in maneuver group: n= 10, core exercise group: n= 10) were recruited in the study. Both group received exercise intervention 3 times a week for 4weeks. The test were based on muscle thickness (transversus abdominis; Tra, internal oblique; IO and external oblique; EO), disability (Oswestry disability index; ODI) measured immediately before and after intervention. The data was measured by SPSS program 12.0 version and analyzed by Paired t- test and Independent t- test. The following results were obtained. The thickness of IO, EO for both group significantly improved except for muscle thickness of Tra. The ODI were significant difference for both groups. As the results of this study, we suggest that it may be effective method to apply to increase for the thickness of Tra, EO using abdominal draw-in maneuver and thickness of IO using core exercise.

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13

The effects of ankle mobilization and active stretching on the difference of weight-bearing distribution, low back pain and flexibility in pronated-foots subjects

Ki-Seok Yoon, Seong-Doo Park

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.9 No.2 2013.04 pp.292-297

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The purpose of this study was designed to analyze the effects mobilization and active stretching on the difference of weight-bearing distribution, low back pain, and flexibility in pronated-foot subjects. The subjects of this study were 16 chronic low back pain patients. They were randomly divided into the control and experimental group. The experimental group had used the model of ankle mobilization and calf muscle active stretching three times per week, for 4 weeks. The control group did same method without an ankle mobilization. The range of flexion and extension motion of the lumbar vertebrae and low back pain degree and difference of weight-bearing were measured before and after the experiment. The model of ankle mobilization and calf muscle stretching of pronated-foot significantly improved the range of flexion and extension motion of the vertebrae. And the visual analogue scale and distribution of weight-bearing were decreased in both of two groups. In other word, the exercise of this study showed that the model of ankle mobilization and calf muscle stretching of pronated-foot had positive effects on improving the range of flexion and extension motion of the vertebrae. The calf muscle stretching was easy and it is effective in therapy that patients by themselves and helped to recover the balance of the vertebrae to combine ankle mobilization and muscle stretching.

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14

The effects of combined exercise intervention on body composition and physical fitness in elderly females at a nursing home

Bo-Ae Lee, Jong-Gyun Kim, Deuk-Ja Oh

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.9 No.2 2013.04 pp.298-303

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The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of practicable combined exercise program in daily lives on body composition and physical fitness in elderly females. A total of 34, old female adults and all over 75 yr of age participated in this study. Collected data were statistically analyzed by SPSS PC win 12.0/pc for by paired simple T-test. Alpha was set at .05. The results of the study showed statistical significance in weight (P< 0.001), body fat mass (P< 0.001), waist-hip ratio (P< 0.001), basal metabolic rate (P< 0.05), body mass index (P< 0.001), standing-up and down on a chair (P< 0.001) and showed not statistically significant in one leg standing with eyes closed, back hand holding, grip strength and emotional state. But it was found that there was significant change in a mean value between pre and post test.

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15

Lifeworld conflicts and relation rebirth of couple dancing sport participants

Ji-Yeon Park, Yong-Jin Yoon

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.9 No.2 2013.04 pp.304-308

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This study aims to analyze how the conflict factors occur in lifeworld between couples are healed up through participating in the couple dancing sport, that is, how the couples are reborn to recover the relationship, and why they select the dancing sport for such an intermediate instrument. To achieve such research aims, a qualitative research has been conducted subjecting 5 couples, 10 people who both a couple is participating in the dancing sport activity. The results according to this research procedure are concluded in the following. First, the marital conflict factors occur in lifeworld include day-to-day factors, distance of conjugal relations, expression of negative emotion, etc. Second, the motives for selecting the dancing sport to resolve the marital conflict factors comprise of suggestions from surroundings, mass media, filling up the empty nest, proposals during consultation treatments, problem recognitions of conjugal relations, mutual agreement between a couple, etc. Third, the relation recovered through the couple dancing sport activity, i.e., the rebirth is deemed to be resulted from the promotion of communication opportunities through the couple dancing sport, formation of emotional communion between the couple, building new feelings between the couple, etc.

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16

Complex exercise rehabilitation program for women of the II period of age with metabolic syndrome

Eun-Ok Lee, Kozyreva Olga

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.9 No.2 2013.04 pp.309-315

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The purpose of this study was to develop a complex exercise program integrating Eastern and Western complex exercise rehabilitation programs in order to examine the effects of it on the human body with the subjects for women of the II period of mature age with metabolic syndrome. The subjects of this study are 60 II period of mature aged women with metabolic syndrome living in G City, and the experimental group conducted Taekwon-aerobic exercise, European rehabilitation gymnastics, gym ball exercise, and elastic band exercise while the control group performed European rehabilitation gymnastics, gym ball exercise, and elastic band exercise which is the rehabilitation program being presently conducted in Russia, for 90 min per day for three weeks. Two-way ANOVA with repeated measures was utilized to verify preand post-intergroup difference, and the significant level was set as P< 0.05. Whereas body weight, % fat, WHR, SBP, DBP and blood glucose were significant decreased, muscle weight and pulse wave velocity were significant increased after complex exercise rehabilitation programs Both Eastern and Western complex exercise rehabilitation programs showed positive effects on the body of the II period of mature aged women with metabolic syndrome, and if various exercise programs are conducted, it will be more effective in improving II period of mature aged women’s metabolic syndrome afterwards.

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17

Effect of complex treatment using visual and auditory stimuli on the symptoms of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children

Mi-Sook Park, Ki-Won Byun, Yong-Kyung Park, Mi-Han Kim, Seong-Hwa Jeong, Hong Kim

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.9 No.2 2013.04 pp.316-325

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We investigated the effects of complex treatment using visual and auditory stimuli on the symptoms of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children. Forty-seven male children (7-13 yr old), who were clinically diagnosed with ADHD at the Balance Brain Center in Seoul, Korea, were included in this study. The complex treatment consisted of visual and auditory stimuli, core muscle exercise, targeting ball exercise, ocular motor exercise, and visual motor integration. All subjects completed the complex treatment for 60 min/day, 2-3 times/week for more than 12 weeks. Data regarding visual and auditory reaction time and cognitive function were obtained using the Neurosync program, Stroop Color-Word Test, and test of nonverbal intelligence (TONI) at pre- and post-treatment. The complex treatment significantly decreased the total reaction time, while it increased the number of combo actions on visual and auditory stimuli (P< 0.05). The Stroop color, word, and color-word scores were significantly increased at post-treatment compared to the scores at pretreatment (P< 0.05). There was no significant change in the TONI scores, although a tendency toward an increase in these scores was observed. In conclusion, complex treatment using visual and auditory stimuli alleviated the symptoms of ADHD and improved cognitive function in children. In addition, visual and auditory function might be possible indicators for demonstrating effective ADHD intervention.

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18

The effect of McConnell taping on vastus medialis and lateralis activity during squatting in adults with patellofemoral pain syndrome

Sung-Eun Lee, Sung-Hyoun Cho

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.9 No.2 2013.04 pp.326-330

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This study aims to examine the effect of McConnell taping to patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome on the change of the muscle activity of vastus medialis and vastus lateralis during squatting. The total numbers of participants are 16 patients with pain in their knee. There are three different experiments: no-taping, placebo taping, and McConnell taping. As a result, both the muscle activity of vastus medialis and muscle activity ratio of vastus medialis to vastus lateralis increased in placebo taping compared to no-taping, which wasn’t statistically significant. However, the muscle activity of vastus medialis and muscle activity ratio of vastus medialis to vastus lateralis increased in McConnell taping compared to no-taping, which was statistically significant. These results suggest that McConnell taping affects the activity of quadriceps by changing the position of the patella, and thus can effectively be applied in the treatment of patellofemoral pain syndrome.

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19

The effect of convalescent meridian acupressure after exercise on stress hormones and lactic acid concentration changes

Won Shin

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.9 No.2 2013.04 pp.331-335

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Meridian acupressure has been used as the one way recovering body conditions. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether meridian acupressure is effective on removing cortisol, norepinephrine, epinephrine, and lactic acid in blood following exercise. The subjects were 12 healthy male college students and data were processed using SPSS 12.0 statistical program and the results were calculated by setting the significance level at P< 0.05. First, there was a significant difference between exercise recovery group except for stability group and acupressure recovery group in convalescent cortisol concentration changes after exercise (P= 0.001). And acupressure recovery group showed a significant difference compared with two groups (P= 0.001). Second, exercise recovery group showed nonsignificant difference in convalescent norepinephrine concentration changes but meridian acupressure recovery group showed a significant difference (P= 0.001). There was a significance difference in the groups rather than exercise recovery group and rest recovery group (P= 0.001). Third, exercise recovery group and acupressure recovery group showed a significant difference in convalescent epinephrine concentration changes after exercise (P= 0.001). However, rest recovery group showed nonsignificant difference. In addition, three groups showed nonsignificant difference in the groups. However, it showed in order of acupressure= exercise> rest recovery. Fourth, three groups showed a significant difference in convalescent lactic acid concentration changes after exercise (P= 0.001). And it showed in order of acupressure= exercise> rest recovery after recovery treatment in the groups (P= 0.001).

4,000원

 
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