JER [Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation]

간행물 정보
  • 자료유형
  • 발행기관
    한국운동재활학회 [Korean Society of Exercise Rehabilitation]
  • ISSN
  • 간기
  • 수록기간
  • 등재여부
  • 주제분류
    의약학 > 재활의학
  • 십진분류
    KDC 514.03 DDC 617.03
Vol.11 No.5 (10건)



2015 Autumn Conference

Chang-Ju Kim

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.11 No.5 2015.10 p.239

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Review Articles


Interaction between HSP 70 and iN OS in skeletal muscle injury and repair

Kijeong Kim

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.11 No.5 2015.10 pp.240-243

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Muscle injuries are frequently occurred in various sports. The biological process and mechanism of muscle repair after injury are well known through the many studies. This study aimed at presenting heat shock protein and nitric oxide synthase are to respond to muscle damage and repair. This section discusses the results obtained through many arti-cles. Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are considered to play an essential role in protecting cells from damage, preparing them to survive on new environmental challenges. In addition, exercise-induced changes such as heat shock, oxidative, metabolic, muscular, and cytokine stress seem to be responsible for the HSP response to exercise. Also, inducible ni-tric oxide synthase (iNOS) generates nitric oxide (NO) for prolonged pe-riod and causes pathophysiological effects. Furthermore, iNOS is in-volved in processes such as cell injury, wound repair, embryogenesis, tissue differentiation, and suppression of tumorigenesis. In conclusion, the inhibition of HSP 70 on caspase-3 and apoptosis is associated with its inhibition on iNOS that leads to less NO production.


Review Article


Role of creatine supplementation in exercise-induced muscle damage : A mini review

Jooyoung Kim, Joohyung Lee, Seungho Kim, Daeyoung Yoon, Jieun Kim, Dong Jun Sung

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.11 No.5 2015.10 pp.244-250

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Muscle damage is induced by both high-intensity resistance and en-durance exercise. Creatine is a widely used dietary supplement to im-prove exercise performance by reducing exercise-induced muscle damage. Many researchers have suggested that taking creatine reduc-es muscle damage by decreasing the inflammatory response and oxi-dative stress, regulating calcium homeostasis, and activating satellite cells. However, the underlying mechanisms of creatine and muscle damage have not been clarified. Therefore, this review discusses the regulatory effects of creatine on muscle damage by compiling the infor-mation collected from basic science and sports science research.



Recommendations to the primary care practitioners and the patients for managing pelvic pain, especially in painful bladder syndrome for early and better prognosis

Kyung Jin Chung, Adelaide Na Yeon Han, Khae Hawn Kim

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.11 No.5 2015.10 pp.251-254

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Painful bladder syndrome (PBS) is a common disease presenting with chronic pelvic pain and discomfort with at least one urinary symptom with no identifiable cause. The etiology is still unknown, and the medi-cation has limited effects on pelvic pain or other urinary symptoms. This article presents advanced insight regarding the approach to PBS, par-ticularly pelvic pain for primary care practitioners and patients. We sug-gest six tips for medical staff and suspected patients for easy diagnosis and proper treatment of pelvic pain. These six tips cover: Self-aware-ness of the disease; immediate urine culture test; specifying the location of pain urinary incontinence; frequency, or urgency without functional disorder of an overactive bladder helpful dietary control; complementa-ry, and alternative medicine, and finding an expert. These tips might be helpful in advancing the schematic approach and in achieving better prognosis of PBS. Further study should be conducted to achieve better treatment for this disease, including development of a definitive test and diagnosis.


Original Articles


Changes in blood lactate concentrations during taekwondo combat simulation

Marcos Bürger-Mendonça, João Carlos de Oliveira, Jefferson Rosa Cardoso, Monica Bielavsky, Paulo Azevedo

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.11 No.5 2015.10 pp.255-258

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The aim of this study was to analyze blood lactate response before, during and after simulated taekwondo fight in young male athletes. The experiment was composed of simulated official taekwondo fight. During the experiment a total of 7 blood samples (25 μL) were collected that following: at rest, after 1st, 2nd, and 3rd rounds, and 3, 5, and 10 min af-ter the end of combat. The results showed that blood lactate concen-trations [Lac]B increased significantly after 1st, 2nd, and 3rd rounds of the combat compared to the rested values. The [Lac]B after 3rd round was higher when compared to 3, 5, and 10 min of recovery. After 10 min of passive recovery, the [Lac]B was significantly lesser than 3 and 5 min of recovery, and 2nd round. These data showed that taekwondo re-quires high activation of anaerobic lactic metabolism, and improves the ability to rapidly remove the lactate from blood.



Dyspnea, depression and health related quality of life in pulmonary arterial hzyertension patients

Arunabh Talwar, Sonu Sahni, Eun Ji Kim, Sameer Verma, Nina Kohn

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.11 No.5 2015.10 pp.259-265

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Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare and devastating dis-ease which is characterized by worsening dyspnea and exercise toler-ance. These patients are often found to have concomitant, depression, anxiety and impaired health-related quality of life (HRQOL). The interre-lationship of dyspnea, depression and HRQOL in these patients is not well studied. Retrospective analysis was performed on 46 PAH patients (mean age 51.73). Patients completed Medical Outcomes Study Short - Form 36 V2 (SF-36) to measure HRQOL, Modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) Dyspnea Scale and Zung Depression Scale (ZDS). Physical Health Composite Scores (PCS) and Mental Health Composite Scores (MCS) were derived from SF-36. Spearman’s correlation was computed to determine degree of correlation between pairs of scales. 46 patients (12 males, 34 females; median age 51.4 yr) with confirmed PAH were considered for the study of which 36 patients (9 males, 27 fe-males, median age 50.1 yr), were eligible for further analysis. MMRC Dyspnea Scale Score was 1.0 (Q1 to Q3:1.0 to 2.0). Median MCS was 52.1 (Q1 to Q3:41.7 to 57.1) and PCS was 37.9 (Q1 to Q3: 30.7 to 49.6). There was a significant negative correlation between dyspnea and PCS (r =-0.660, P<0.0001) and MCS (r =-0.342, P<0.0411). The ZDS was avail-able for 17 of these patients; their median score was 42.0 (Q1 to Q3: 33.0 to 46.0). There was a significant correlation between the ZDS and PCS (r =-0.578, P<0.0150,) MCS (r =-0.752, P<0.0005). Patients with PAH suffer from diminished HRQOL correlating with their dyspnea and underlying depression.


Original Article


Effect of regular swimming exercise on the physical composition, strength, and blood lipid of middle-aged women

Bo-Ae Lee, Deuk-Ja Oh

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.11 No.5 2015.10 pp.266-271

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The purpose of this study is to define the effects of regular swimming exercise on the physical composition, physical strength, and blood lip-ids of middle-aged women. The subjects of this study are a total of 24 middle-aged women in the swimming group and the control group, with 12 women for each group. The swimming group performed swimming exercise for 60 min every time for 3 times a week, for a total of 12 weeks. For data processing, SPSS 21.0 statistics program was used to calculate the mean and standard deviation. For the difference verifica-tion on the change in mean for each group and between the groups, paired and independent t-tests were respectively used. As a result, for physical composition, the body fat rate decreased in the swimming group. Moreover, the difference verification result showed a statistical-ly significant difference between the groups. For physical strength, the difference verification result for each group showed that the swimming group had a statistically significant difference in flexibility and cardio-vascular endurance. Moreover, the difference verification result be-tween the groups showed a statistically significant difference only for flexibility. For blood lipids, as a result of the difference verification for each group, T-C and TG showed a significant decrease, and HDL-C, a significant increase. However, in the difference verification result be-tween the groups, only T-C and TG showed a statistically significant dif-ference. With these results, it is considered that regular swimming ex-ercise is effective for improving the physical composition, physical strength, and blood lipids of middle-aged women.



The effects of aquatic walking and jogging program on physical function and fall efficacy in patients with degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis

Jae-Hyun Lee, Eunsook Sung

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.11 No.5 2015.10 pp.272-275

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The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of 12-week aqua walking and jogging program on muscle function, ankle range of motion (ROM), balance and fell efficacy in degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis (DLSS) patients. Six patients (2 males, 4 females) with DLSS participat-ed in aquatic exercise program 3 times per week with each session of 60 min (warming-up, aqua walking, aqua jogging and cool down) at 1 m 20 cm-1 m 30 cm deep pool. Janda’s muscle function test, ankle ROM, Berg balance scale (BBS) and fall efficacy scale (FES) were analyzed before and after the training intervention. We found significant increas-es in balance, muscle function, ankle ROM and fall efficacy after train-ing intervention. In conclusion, aquatic exercise seems to affect physi-cal function and fall efficacy positively in elderly DLSS patients.



Effects of the combined PNF and deep breathing exercises on the ROM and the VAS score of a frozen shoulder patient : Single case study

Byung-Ki Lee

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.11 No.5 2015.10 pp.276-281

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This study was conducted to examine the influence of combined exer-cise using proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) and deep breathing exercise on range of motion (ROM) and visual analog scale (VAS) score in acute frozen shoulder patient. The subject of this study was woman complained disabilities in daily routine due as a frozen left shoulder. The exercise program was composed of 11 sessions and con-tinued four weeks. The program was composed of PNF and deep breathing exercise, and the subject was compared by passive ROM (shoulder flexion, abduction, and internal and external rotation) test and VAS score in shoulder movement before and after the exercise. The re-sults showed that patient who practiced this program, the ROM of the shoulder joint increased and the VAS score decreased. Thus, this pro-gram was shown to be effective in suppressing pain and increasing the ROM of the shoulder joint in acute frozen shoulder patient.



Association between exonic polymorphism (rs629849, Gly1619Arg) of IGF2R gene and obesity in Korean population

Seung-Ae Yang

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.11 No.5 2015.10 pp.282-286

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The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and susceptibility to obesity. A previ-ous study suggested that insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) may affect obesity and that IGFs regulate cellular signals by receptors that include the insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R) and the insulin-like growth factor 2 receptor (IGF2R). In this research, the rs3743262 and rs2229765 SNPs of IGF1R gene and rs629849 and rs1805075 SNPs of IG-F2R gene were genotyped in 120 overweight and obese patients with a BMI≥23 kg/m2 (Body Mass Index) and 123 healthy controls with a BMI of 18.5-23.0 kg/m2. Genotyping of each SNP was performed by direct sequencing. Among tested SNPs in IGF1R and IGF2R genes, rs629849 SNP of IGF2R gene showed significant association with obesity (OR=1.86, 95% CI=1.02-3.40, P=0.044 in codominant1 model; OR=1.99, 95% CI=1.10-3.57, P=0.020 in dominant model; OR=1.93, 95% CI=1.13-3.31, P=0.013 in log-additive model). And allele distribution between the control group and overweight/obese group also showed significant dif-ference (OR=1.93, 95% CI=1.14-3.28, P=0.015). In conclusion, these re-sults indicate that rs629849 SNP of IGF2R might be contributed to devel-opment of obesity in the Korean population.


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