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JER [Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation]

간행물 정보
  • 자료유형
    학술지
  • 발행기관
    한국운동재활학회 [Korean Society of Exercise Rehabilitation]
  • ISSN
    2288-176X
  • EISSN
    2288-1778
  • 간기
    격월간
  • 수록기간
    2013~2019
  • 등재여부
    KCI 등재,SCOPUS
  • 주제분류
    의약학 > 재활의학
  • 십진분류
    KDC 514.03 DDC 617.03
Vol.10 No.5 (16건)
No

Editorial

1

Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation goes beyond

Khae-Hawn Kim

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.10 No.5 2014.10 p.251

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Original Article

2

Effect of treadmill exercise on social interaction and tyrosine hydroxylase expression in the attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder rats

Dae-Jung Baek, Chae-Bin Lee, Seung-Soo Baek

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.10 No.5 2014.10 pp.252-257

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Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) involves clinically het-erogeneous dysfunctions of sustained attention, with behavioral hyper-activity and impulsivity. The exact underlying mechanisms of ADHD are not known, however, impairment of dopaminergic system in the ni-grostriatal pathway was suggested as the one of the possible mecha-nisms of ADHD. Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) is the rate-limiting enzyme that is involved in the synthesis of dopamine. Spontaneous hypertensive rats have been used as the animal model for ADHD. Physical exercise is known to restore the brain functions disrupted by several neurode-generative and psychiatric disorders. In the present study, we investi-gated whether treadmill exercise exerts therapeutic effect on ADHD. Social interaction test for the evaluation of impulsivity was performed using spontaneous hypertensive rats. TH expressions in the substantia nigra and striatum were evaluated by immunohistochemistry. In the present results, the rats of ADHD model showed hyper-social behav-iors. TH expressions in the substantia nigra and striatum were de-creased in the rats of ADHD model. Treadmill exercise alleviated hy-per-social behaviors in the ADHD rats. TH expressions of ADHD rats were also enhanced by treadmill exercise. Here in this study, we showed that treadmill exercise effectively alleviates the ADHD-induced symptoms through enhancing of TH expression in the brain.

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3

Treadmill exercise improves motor coordination through ameliorating Purkinje cell loss in amyloid beta23-35-induced Alzheimer’s disease rats

Jae-Min Lee, Mal-Soon Shin, Eun-Sang Ji, Tae-Woon Kim, Han-Sam Cho, Chang-Ju Kim, Myung-Soo Jang, Tae-Wook Kim, Bo-Kyun Kim, Dong-Hee Kim

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.10 No.5 2014.10 pp.258-264

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Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a most common age-related neurodegener-ative disease. AD is characterized by a progressive loss of neurons causing cognitive dysfunction. The cerebellum is closely associated with integration of movement, including motor coordination, control, and equilibrium. In the present study, we evaluated the effect of tread-mill exercise on the survival of Purkinje neurons in relation with reactive astrocyte in the cerebellum using Aβ25–35–induced AD rats. AD was in-duced by a bilateral intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection of Aβ25–35. The rats in the exercise groups were forced to run on a motorized treadmill for 30 min once a day for 4 weeks, starting 2 days after Aβ25–35 injection. In the present results, ICV injection of Aβ25–35 deteriorated motor coordi-nation and balance. The number of calbindin-positive cells in the cere-bellar vermis was decreased and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) expression in the cerebellar vermis was increased in the Aβ25–35-induced AD rats. Treadmill exercise improved motor coordination and balance. Treadmill exercise increased the number of Purkinje neurons and sup-pressed GFAP expression in the cerebellar vermis. The present study demonstrated that treadmill exercises alleviated dysfunction of motor coordination and balance by reduction of Purkinje cell loss through suppressing reactive astrocytes in the cerebellum of AD rats. The pres-ent study provides the possibility that treadmill exercise might be an im-portant therapeutic strategy for the symptom improvement of AD pa-tients.

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4

The effects of horseback riding participation on the muscle tone and range of motion for children with spastic cerebral palsy

Kwang Baik, Jung-Kyun Byeun, Jae-Keun Baek

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.10 No.5 2014.10 pp.265-270

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The objective of this research is to verify the effects of horseback riding participation on the muscle tone of pelvic limbs and articular range of motion for children with spastic cerebral palsy. The research target is 16 children with spastic cerebral palsy, 8 children for the experimental group and 8 children for the control group. As a tool to measure the muscle tone, Modified Ashworth Scale (MAS), was used and a goniom-eter was used to measure the range of motion (ROM). A therapeutic horseback riding program was conducted to an experimental group of 8 children with spastic cerebral palsy in the therapeutic horseback rid-ing for 60 min a day, 2 days a week and a total of 12 weeks. The results are as follows: First, the participation in the therapeutic horseback rid-ing program showed a statistically significant difference in the muscle tone for the knee of children with spastic cerebral palsy (P<0.01). Sec-ond, though the difference in knee muscle tone between the experi-mental group and the control group was statistically insignificant, the average was improved by the participation. Third, the participation in the therapeutic horseback riding program showed a statistically signifi-cant difference in the hip-joint motion range for the knee of children with spastic cerebral palsy (P<0.01). Fourth, though the difference in the hip joint motion range between the experimental group and the control group was statistically insignificant, the average was improved by the participation.

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5

Frequency-effect of playing screen golf on body composition and golf performance in middle-aged men

Jung-Hoon Jang, Yong-Seok Jee, Hye-Won Oh

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.10 No.5 2014.10 pp.271-278

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There are many studies showing that physical training improves body composition including bone mineral density (BMD) in almost all sub-jects. However, the frequency-dependent effect of playing golf on body composition is still not clearly comprehended. Moreover, the effect of screen golf in relations with exercise-frequency on body composition and golf performance has not been documented. Forty year old men participated and were classified into 4 groups: Control group (n=10), BMD1 group (n=10) played screen golf less than 1 day per a week, BMD2-3 group (n=10) played screen golf 2-3 days per a week, and BMD5 group (n=10) played screen golf 5 days per week. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) was performed on 30 male recreational golfers and 10 sedentary individuals. The data gained through DXA were fat mass, lean mass, regional (head, rib, arm, leg, pelvis, spine and trunk) BMD level, and total BMD level summed by regional scores. The club speeds were measured using the Golfzon Vision machine and the handicap points were measured using a simple questionnaire. The present results suggest that the long-frequency of playing screen golf does not improve bone mineral density, lean mass, and handicap point yet improves fat mass and club speed in the middle-aged men.

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Effects of the six-minute walking test on dyspnea and activities of daily living in pneumoconiosis patients

Eun-Jin Kim, Hye-Soon Kim, Myung-Hee Lee

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.10 No.5 2014.10 pp.279-285

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The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of walking exer-cise through a 6-min walking test on subjective dyspnea, pulmonary function test, arterial blood gas analysis, and activities of daily living to provide base data for the nursing intervention of pneumoconiosis pa-tients. The subjects were pneumoconiosis patients men aged over 60. This quasi-experimental study was designed with a non-equivalent control group pre- and post -test design, and the study period was Sep-tember to December 2013. Of the pneumoconiosis inpatient subjects, 39 were assigned to the experimental group and the 39 to the control group. Only the experimental group was subjected to a 6-min walking test three times a week for 10 weeks. Subjective dyspnea was mea-sured based on anxiety about dyspnea during and after the exercise. FEV1% prediction and FEV1/FVC% were used to measure the pulmo-nary function. The arterial blood gas was measured based on the pH, PaO2, PaCO2, and activities of daily living. The data were analyzed through an χ² and t -test. The study results showed that the 6-min walk-ing test reduced the anxiety about dyspnea of the pneumoconiosis pa-tients during the exercise, moderated the dyspnea index after the per-formance of the activities, and improved the patients’ ability to perform activities of daily living. Thus, walking exercise seems to be an effective nursing intervention to maintain the respiratory rehabilitation outcomes by minimizing the pneumoconiosis patients’ burden.

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Effects of communal exercise with visual and auditory feedback provided by a smart application on gait ability and fear of falling in Parkinson’s disease patients

Yun-Jin Park

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.10 No.5 2014.10 pp.286-290

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Parkinson’s disease is a chronically developing neurodegenerative dis-ease showing typical motor symptoms of the following triad: resting tremor, freezing of gait, and bradykinesia-hypokinesia. In the present study, we investigated the effects of a communal exercise program, us-ing the visual and auditory feedback provided by a smart application, to assess gait ability, fear of falling, and fall efficacy in Parkinson’s disease patients. Subjects consisted of 29 Parkinson’s disease patients who were non-demented individuals. The subjects were randomly divided into three groups: the control group (n=9, CG), the communal exercise group using the smart application (n=10, CCEG), and the individual ex-ercise group using the smart application (n=10, ICEG). The communal exercise program consisted of a warm up (10 min) followed by commu-nal exercise using the smart application (40 min), and a cool down (10 min) for 3 days per week over 10 weeks. The results presented here show that velocity and cadence were significantly increased among groups. Step and stride length were significantly increased among times. Fear of falling and fall efficacy were significantly different among groups and times. In particular, fear of falling was lower and fall effica-cy was higher in the CCEG than in the ICEG and CG. These findings indi-cate that 10 weeks of the communal exercise program using the smart application can be effective in improving gait ability, fear of falling, and fall efficacy in Parkinson’s disease patients.

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8

Relationships of exercise with frailty, depression, and cognitive function in older women

Bog Ja Jeoung

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.10 No.5 2014.10 pp.291-294

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The purpose of the present study was to provide basic data to identify which types of exercise promote health of older adults. To this end, this study investigated how exercise affects frailty, depression, and cogni-tive functions in older adults. Frailty, depression, and cognitive function assessed in the exercise participants, 164 older adult women. Results revealed that participants’ frailty and depression varied according to exercise participation time and frequency. In particular, dancing was more effective than other types of exercise in reducing frailty and de-pression. Exercise duration and frequency did not influence cognitive function, but results indicated that table tennis exerted a greater influ-ence on cognitive function than other types of exercise did. In addition, cognitive function differed according to the degree of frailty participants displayed.

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Effect of psychological skill training as a psychological intervention for a successful rehabilitation of a professional soccer player: single case study

Inae Yoon, Yong-Jin Yoon

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.10 No.5 2014.10 pp.295-301

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The purpose of this study is developing and applying psychological skill training (PST) program as one of the methods of intervention for psy-chological rehabilitation in order for a successful recovery of the pro-fessional soccer player (K). He is currently on rehabilitation training af-ter an injury, and we tried to see the results of this program. It was de-signed as a program of 17 sessions including 3 interviews and diagnos-tic checks (psychological skill questionnaire: PSQ, profiles of mood states: POMS) and 14 sessions of PST (goal setting, anxiety reduction, concentration, confidence). After the application of the program, the levels of anxiety reduction, goal setting, concentration, and confidence were visibly increased, and in POMS, which is an indicator of physical rehabilitation process of K, vigor was increased. Meanwhile negative emotions, such as tension, depression, and fatigue were decreased. This program was developed for K, and therefore it has some difficulties in applying it to other players. However, the significance of this study is that it could serve as a basis on developing programs for other players in the rehabilitation process. In addition, it has also proven that PST can be used as a successful method for psychological rehabilitation inter-vention.

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Change in onset times of the abdominal muscles following functional task in lumbar spinal stenosis

Hyun Seung Song, Seong Doo Park

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.10 No.5 2014.10 pp.302-305

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the difference in the onset times of the abdominal muscle following a rapid arm task in lumbar spi-nal stenosis (LSS). In total, 32 patients with LSS were recruited from W oriental hospital. Muscle activity onset of the internal oblique (IO) and external oblique (EO) muscles was measured by electromyography (EMG) activity with a rapid arm movement and during the performance of a walking task. The LSS group demonstrated a significantly later on-set of the IO, EO, and rectus abdominal (RA) muscles than the normal group. The deltoid reaction time of the normal group demonstrated sig-nificantly earlier activations of IO and EO, while the deltoid reaction time of the LSS group demonstrated significantly delayed activations of IO and RA. The EMG measurements of the IO, EO, and RA muscles while standing and walking were reliable and they offer empirical information about the trunk muscle activation of LSS patients.

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Effects of combined linear and nonlinear periodic training on physical fitness and competition times in finswimmers

Kyung-Hun Yu, Min-Hwa Suk, Shin-Woo Kang, Yun-A Shin

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.10 No.5 2014.10 pp.306-312

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of combined lin-ear and nonlinear periodic training on physical fitness and competition times in finswimmers. The linear resistance training model (6 days/week) and nonlinear underwater training (4 days/week) were applied to 12 finswimmers (age, 16.08±1.44 yr; career, 3.78±1.90 yr) for 12 weeks. Body composition measures included weight, body mass index (BMI), percent fat, and fat-free mass. Physical fitness measures included trunk flexion forward, trunk extension backward, sargent jump, 1-repeti-tion-maximum (1 RM) squat, 1 RM dead lift, knee extension, knee flex-ion, trunk extension, trunk flexion, and competition times. Body compo-sition and physical fitness were improved after the 12-week periodic training program. Weight, BMI, and percent fat were significantly de-creased, and trunk flexion forward, trunk extension backward, sargent jump, 1 RM squat, 1 RM dead lift, and knee extension (right) were sig-nificantly increased. The 50- and 100-m times significantly decreased in all 12 athletes. After 12 weeks of training, all finswimmers who partici-pated in this study improved their times in a public competition. These data indicate that combined linear and nonlinear periodic training en-hanced the physical fitness and competition times in finswimmers.

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The influence of family’s participation in recreational sports on its resilience and communication facilitation

Min-soo Cho

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.10 No.5 2014.10 pp.313-318

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This study aims to define the influence of the motive and degree of fam-ily’s participation in recreational sports on its resilience and communi-cation facilitation. Of members of sports centers in Seoul and Gyeonggi areas, 202 people who participated in recreational sports together with their family members were sampled as the population. Input data were computerized for analysis, using PASW 22.0 and AMOS 18.0 programs. Data statistical processing methods of reliability analysis and structural equation modeling were used, and the results are outlined as follows. Motive for family’s participation in recreational sports did not influence family resilience and communication facilitation. However, the degree of family’s participation in recreational sports influenced family resil-ience and communication facilitation. Degree of family’s participation in recreational sports did not directly influence communication facilita-tion, but boosted family resilience, further facilitating family communi-cation. In other words, family resilience is an important parameter be-tween recreational sports and communication facilitation.

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Verification of the mediation effect of recovery resilience according to the relation between elderly users’ participation in exercise rehabilitation program and their successful aging

Min-soo Cho

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.10 No.5 2014.10 pp.319-325

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This stud aims to verify the mediation effect of recovery resilience ac-cording to the relation between Senior Citizen Community Center (SCCC) elderly users’ participation in exercise rehabilitation programs and their successful aging. Toward that end, 400 65-yr or older partici-pants and non-participants in SCCCs’ exercise rehabilitation programs, living in Incheon, were sampled. Of their answered questionnaires, 35 copies which were deemed low-reliability, duplicated, and inadequate-ly specified were excluded from the analysis. And, the other data were coded through computers, and underwent a descriptive statistical anal-ysis (DSA) and a standard multiple regression analysis (SMRA) using Windows SPSS/PC+21.0 Version statistical program. Thus it was firstly found that elderly people’s participation or non-participation in exercise rehabilitation programs partially influenced their recovery resilience and successful aging. The participants group, compared with the non-participants group, had greater recovery resilience and experi-enced successful aging. Second, the relation between the degree of participation in exercise rehabilitation programs, recovery resilience and successful aging revealed that the longer and the more frequent the participation in exercise rehabilitation programs was, the greater the recovery resilience was and the more successful aging was. Third, the verification of the mediation effect of recovery resilience in the rela-tion between the program participation degree and the successful ag-ing revealed that, compared with those of the model of direct effects of independent variables and dependent variables, the recovery resil-ience-mediated model’s verification power and explanation power were greater.

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The effect of weight loss by ketogenic diet on the body composition, performance-related physical fitness factors and cytokines of Taekwondo athletes

Hyun-seung Rhyu, Su-Youn Cho

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.10 No.5 2014.10 pp.326-331

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the weight loss through 3 weeks of ketogenic diet on performance-related physical fitness and inflammatory cytokines in Taekwondo athletes. The subjects selected for this research were 20 Taekwondo athletes of the high schools who participated in a summer camp training program. The sub-jects were randomly assigned to 2 groups, 10 subjects to each group: the ketogenic diet (KD) group and the non-ketogenic diet (NKD) group. Body composition, performance-related physical fitness factors (2,000 m sprint, Wingate test, grip force, back muscle strength, sit-up, 100 m sprint, standing broad jump, single leg standing) and cytokines (Iinter-leukin-6, Interferon-γ, tumor necrosis factor-α) were analyzed before and after 3weeks of ketogenic diet. No difference between the KD and NKD groups in weight, %body fat, BMI and fat free mass. However, the KD group, compared to the NKD group, finished 2,000 m sprint in less time after weight loss, and also felt less fatigue as measured by the Wingate test and showed less increase in tumor necrosis factor-α. This result suggests that KD diet can be helpful for weight category athletes, such as Taekwondo athletes, by improving aerobic capacity and fatigue resistance capacity, and also by exerting positive effect on inflammato-ry response.

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Exonic polymorphism (rs315952, Ser133Ser) of interleukin 1 receptor antagonist (IL1RN) is related to overweigh/obese with hypertension

Seung-Ae Yang

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.10 No.5 2014.10 pp.332-336

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Recent studies demonstrated that interleukin 1 receptor antagonist (IL-1RN) plays an important role in metabolic effects. To investigate wheth-er IL1RN polymorphisms are associated with obesity, two single nucle-otide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the IL1RN gene [rs4251961 (-828, T>C) and rs315952 (Ser133Ser)] were analyzed in 122 overweigh/obese and 123 control subjects. Overweigh/obese subjects were classified ac-cording to body mass index (BMI). SNPStats was used to obtain odds ratios (ORs), 95% confidence intervals (CIs), and P values. Multiple lo-gistic regression models (codominant1, codominant2, dominant, reces-sive, and log-additive) were conducted to analyze the genetic data. Synonymous SNP (rs315952) of the IL1RN gene was associated with overweigh/obese with hypertension (OR=4.98, 95% CI=1.74-14.19, P=0.003 in codominant 1 model and OR=3.98, 95% CI=1.48-10.74, P=0.0029 in dominant model). However, another SNP (rs4151961) did not show association with overweigh/obese or overweigh/obese with hypertension. These results suggest that exonic SNP of IL1RN (rs 315952, Ser133Ser) may be contributed to overweigh/obese with hyper-tension.

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Comparing Argus sling and artificial urinary sphincter in patients with moderate post-prostatectomy incontinence

Bumjin Lim, Aram Kim, Miho Song, Ji-Youn Chun, Junsoo Park, Myung-Soo Choo

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.10 No.5 2014.10 pp.337-342

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Post-prostatectomy incontinence (PPI) is a main complication of radical prostatectomy. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of the Argus male sling (Argus) with that of artificial urinary sphincters (AUS) in patients with moderate PPI. A total of 33 moderate PPI patients underwent AUS or Argus implantation from January 2009 to June 2013 (13 AUS, 20 Argus). We defined moderate PPI as the use of 2–4 pads per day. To compare efficacy, we assessed the success rate between the two groups. Success was defined as the daily need for no pads or one small safety pad that remained dry most of the day. The mean patient age was 73.5±6.3 yr in the AUS group and 70.9±5.1 yr in the Argus group, and the mean follow-up period was 29.8±14.9 months in the AUS group and 24.7±11.8 months in the Argus group. The success rate was 72.7% in the AUS group and 85.0% in the Argus group (P=0.557). Abnormal postoperative pain persisted in more patients in the Argus group (6/20, 30%) than in the AUS group (1/13, 7.7%) (P=0.126). However, the rate of other complications was not different between the two groups (7.7% and 15.0% for AUS and Argus, respectively, P=0.822). Argus surgery showed similar success and complication rates to those of AUS in moderate PPI patients, indicating that it could be an alternative surgical option for the treatment of moderate PPI.

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