JER [Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation]

간행물 정보
  • 자료유형
  • 발행기관
    한국운동재활학회 [Korean Society of Exercise Rehabilitation]
  • ISSN
  • 간기
  • 수록기간
  • 등재여부
  • 주제분류
    의약학 > 재활의학
  • 십진분류
    KDC 514.03 DDC 617.03
Vol.10 No.3 (10건)



Anti-apoptotic effect of exercise on neuropsychiatric disorders

Chang-Ju Kim

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.10 No.3 2014.06 pp.141-142

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Review Article


Psychopathology of social isolation

Sang-Bin Baek

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.10 No.3 2014.06 pp.143-147

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The most important defining factor of being human is the use of symbol-ic language. Language or communication problem occurs during the growth, the child will have a higher risk of social isolation and then the survival will be threatened constantly. Today, adolescents and youths are familiar with computer and smart-phone devices, and communica-tion with others by these devices is easy than face-to-face communica- tion. As adolescents and youths live in the comfortable and familiar cy-ber-world rather than actively participating real society, so they make social isolation. Extreme form of this isolation in adolescents and youths is so-called Socially Withdrawn Youth. In this study, the psychopatho-logical factors inducing social isolation were discussed. Development stages of social isolation in relation with types of social isolation, Ego- syntonic isolation and Ego-dystonic isolation, were also consid-ered.


Original Article


Influence of mild traumatic brain injury during pediatric stage on short-term memory and hippocampal apoptosis in adult rats

Mi-Sook Park, Hyean-Ae Oh, Il-Gyu Ko, Sung-Eun Kim, Sang-Hoon Kim, Chang-Ju Kim, Hyun-Bae Kim, Hong Kim

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.10 No.3 2014.06 pp.148-154

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Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of neurological deficit in the brain, which induces short- and long-term brain damage, cognitive impairment with/without structural alteration, motor deficits, emotional problems, and death both in children and adults. In the present study, we evaluated whether mild TBI in childhood causes persisting memory impairment until adulthood. Moreover, we investigated the influence of mild TBI on memory impairment in relation with hippocampal apoptosis. For this, step-down avoidance task, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transfer-ase-mediated dUTP nick end la¬beling (TUNEL) assay, and immunohis-tochemistry for caspase-3 were performed. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were used in the experiments. The animals were randomly divided into two groups: sham-operation group and TBI-induction group. The mild TBI model was created with an electromagnetic contusion device acti-vated at a velocity of 3.0 m/sec. The results showed that mild TBI during the pediatric stage significantly decreased memory retention. The num-bers of TUNEL-positive and caspase-3-positive cells were increased in the TBI-induction group compared to those in the sham-operation group. Defective memory retention and apoptosis sustained up to the adult stage. The present results shows that mild TBI induces long-last-ing cognitive impairment from pediatric to adult stages in rats through the high level of apoptosis. The finding of this study suggests that chil-dren with mild TBI may need intensive treatments for the reduction of long-lasting cognitive impairment by secondary neuronal damage.



Treadmill exercise ameliorates disturbance of spatial learning ability in scopolamine- induced amnesia rats

Yu-Mi Heo, Mal-Soon Shin, Su-Hyun Kim, Tae-Wook Kim, Sang-Bin Baek, Seung-Soo Baek

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.10 No.3 2014.06 pp.156-161

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Alzheimer’s disease is the most common neurodegenerative disease and this disease induces progressive loss of memory function Scopol-amine is a non-selective muscarinic cholinergic receptor antagonist and it induces impairment of learning ability. Exercise is known to ame-liorate memory deficits induced by various brain diseases. In the pres-ent study, we investigated the effect of treadmill exercise on spatial learning ability in relation with cell proliferation in the hippocampus us-ing the scopolamine- induced amnesia mice. For the induction of amne-sia, 1 mg/kg scopolamine hydrobromide was administered intraperito-neally once a day for 14 days. Morris water maze test for spatial learning ability was conducted. Immonofluorescence for 5-bromo -2-deoxyuri-dine (BrdU) and western blot for brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and its receptor tyrosine kinase B (TrkB) were performed. In the present results, scopolamine-induced amnesia mice showed deteriora-tion of spatial learning ability. Inhibition of cell proliferation and suppres-sion of BDNF and TrkB expressions were observed in the scopol-amine-induced amnesia mice. Treadmill exercise improved spatial learning ability and increased cell proliferation through activating of BD-NF-TrkB pathway in the amnesia mice. These findings offer a possibility that treadmill exercise may provide preventive or therapeutic value for the memory loss induced by variable neurodegenerative diseases in-cluding Alzheimer’s disease.



Treadmill exercise improves spatial learning ability by enhancing brain-derived neurotrophic factor expression in the attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder rats

Hye Im Jeong, Eun-Sang Ji, Su-Hyun Kim, Tae-Wook Kim, Sang-Bin Baek, Seung Wook Choi

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.10 No.3 2014.06 pp.162-167

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Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) patients show learning difficulty and impulsiveness. Exercise is known to improve learning abil-ity and memory function. In the present study, we investigated the dura-tion-dependence of the effect of treadmill exercise on spatial learning ability in relation with brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) expres-sion in ADHD rats. For this study, radial 8-arm maze test and western blot for BDNF and tyrosine kinase B (TrkB) were performed. Sponta-neous hypertensive rats were used as the ADHD rats and Wistar-Kyoto rats were used as the control rats. The rats in the exercise groups were forced to run on a treadmill for 10 min, 30 min, and 60 min once a day for 28 consecutive days. ADHD rats displayed impairment of spatial learn-ing ability, in contrast treadmill exercise ameliorated impairment of spa-tial learning ability. Treadmill exercise for 30 min per day showed most potent ameliorating effect on impairment of spatial learning ability. BDNF and TrkB expressions in the hippocampus were decreased in the ADHD rats, in contrast treadmill exercise enhanced BDNF and TrkB ex-pressions. Treadmill exercise for 30 min and for 60 min per day showed enhancing effects on BDNF and TrkB expressions. Treadmill exercise alleviated deficits in the spatial learning ability through enhancing BDNF and TrkB expressions in the ADHD rats. Treadmill exercise for 30 min per day can be considered as the most effective therapeutic mo-dality for the ADHD symptoms.



The effect of action observation training on knee joint function and gait ability in total knee replacement patients

Seong Doo Park, Hyun Seung Song, Jin Young Kim

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.10 No.3 2014.06 pp.168-171

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The purpose of this study is to investigate that effect of action observa-tion training (AOT) on knee joint function and balance in total knee re-placement (TKR) patients. The subjects consisted of eighteen post-TKR patients. All participants underwent conventional physical therapy. In addition, patients in the AOT group (n=9) were asked to observe video clips showing daily actions and to imitate them afterward. Patients in the control group (n=9) were asked to execute the same actions as pa-tients in the AOT group. Outcome measures Western Ontario and Mc-Master Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) included pain, stiff-ness, function and Timed Up and Go (TUG) test. After intervention, pa-tients in the AOT group score better than patients in the control group. After TUG test, patients in the AOT group and control group were no significant difference between two groups. In addition to conventional physical therapy, AOT is effective in the rehabilitation of post-TKR pa-tients. Action observation training is considered conducive to improving knee functions and ameliorating pain and stiffness, of patients who un-derwent TKR.



The effect of complex training on the children with all of the deformities including forward head, rounded shoulder posture, and lumbar lordosis

Hae-Chan Park, Yang-Soo Kim, Sang-Hun Seok, Soo-Kyung Lee

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.10 No.3 2014.06 pp.172-175

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The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of complex training on children with the deformities including forward head, rounded shoul-der posture, and lumbar lordosis. The complex training program was performed for 6 month three times per week. The complex training im-proved posture as measured by forward head angle (FHA), forward shoulder angle (FSA), and angle between anterior superior iliac spine and posterior superior iliac spine (APA). In the present results, complex training might overcome vertebral deformity through decreasing for-ward head, rounded shoulder posture, and lumbar lordosis and increas-ing flexibility in the children.



The effect of the action observation physical training on the upper extremity function in children with cerebral palsy

Jin-young Kim, Jong-man Kim, Eun-young Ko

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.10 No.3 2014.06 pp.176-183

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The purpose this study was to investigate the effect of action observa-tion physical training (AOPT) on the functioning of the upper extremities in children with cerebral palsy (CP), using an evaluation framework based on that of the International Classification of Functioning, Disabili-ty and Health (ICF). The subjects were divided into an AOPT group and a physical training (PT) group. AOPT group practiced repeatedly the ac-tions they observed on video clips, in which normal child performed an action with their upper extremities. PT group performed the same ac-tions as the AOPT group did after observing landscape photographs. The subjects participated in twelve 30-min sessions, 3 days a week, for 4 weeks. Evaluation of upper extremity function using the following: the power of grasp and Modified Ashworth Scale for body functions and structures, a Box and Block test, an ABILHAND-Kids questionnaire, and the WeeFIM scale for activity and participation. Measurements were performed before and after the training, and 2 weeks after the end of training. The results of this study showed that, in comparison with the PT group, the functioning of the upper extremities in the AOPT group was significantly improved in body functions and activity and participa-tion according to the ICF framework. This study demonstrates that AOPT has a positive influence on the functioning of the upper extremi-ties in children with CP. It is suggested that this alternative approach for functioning of the upper extremities could be an effective method for rehabilitation in children with CP.



The effects of aquatic exercise on body composition, physical fitness, and vascular compliance of obese elementary students

Bo-Ae Lee, Deuk-Ja Oh

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.10 No.3 2014.06 pp.184-190

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of aquatic exer-cise on body composition, physical fitness, and vascular compliance of obese elementary school students. For the purpose of this study, 20 obese elementary students were selected as subjects. The subjects were then divided into two groups: the swimming group (n=10) and the control group (n=10). The subjects were asked to exercise for 60 min-utes a day, 3 times a week for 12 weeks with an exercise intensity of 50-70% HRmax. The following results were achieved: first, in terms of body composition, both body fat percentage and fat-free mass showed sig-nificant differences within the swimming group. There were also signifi-cant differences again in the posttest of difference between the two groups. Second, in terms of changes in physical fitness, there were, again, no significant changes in muscular strength between the two groups. However, muscular endurance, flexibility, and cardiopulmonary endurance showed significant differences in the swimming group’s test for difference within groups. Significant differences in both groups for the posttest of differences between groups were also seen. Third, in terms of vascular compliance, there was a significant increase in the right leg for the swimming groups’ test of difference within groups, as well as in the posttest of difference between groups.



Feasibility of integrating the “Healthy moves for aging well” program into home care aide services for frail older adults

Chae-Hee Park, Wojtek Chodzko-Zajko

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.10 No.3 2014.06 pp.191-197

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The purpose of the study was to assess the feasibility of implementing simple, safe, non-equipment evidence-based movements (Healthy Moves for Aging Well program) using an affordable and sustainable homecare-aide based delivery model that reaches the maximum possi-ble number of frail older adults living at home in Illinois. Two local agen-cies were asked to identify two experienced home care aides and two inexperienced home care aides (n=8). Each home care aides delivered the Healthy Moves to four clients (n=16). Eight home care aides visited the client in the home and were asked to deliver the Healthy Moves program on a regular basis for a four-month time period. Outcome mea-sures included a pre-and post- survey, a functional fitness test (older adults), and interviews. Evaluation procedures focused on older adult participants, homecare aids, and sites. The results showed that both interview and survey data revealed that most participants including older adults, home care aides, and site directors had a positive percep-tion and high satisfaction with the program. Specially, 100% of older adult participants reported that they would recommend the program to others. Additionally, seniors and home care aides reported that they en-joyed working with each other on the program and both site directors reported that dissemination of the program in the State of Illinois em-ploying home care aides was feasible and acceptable. Our study re-sults indicate that Healthy Moves for Aging Well could be safely and successfully be disseminated to frail older adults in the State of Illinois.


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