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한국습지학회지 [韓國濕地學會誌]

간행물 정보
  • 자료유형
    학술지
  • 발행기관
    한국습지학회 [Korean Wetlands Society]
  • ISSN
    1229-6031
  • EISSN
    2384-0056
  • 간기
    계간
  • 수록기간
    1999~2018
  • 등재여부
    KCI 등재
  • 주제분류
    자연과학 > 기타자연과학
  • 십진분류
    KDC 472.526325 DDC 577
제9권 제1호 (13건)
No
1

정체된 시화 인공습지와 해수유통이 활발한 강화 갯벌에서의 혐기성 유기물 분해능 및 분해경로 비교

김성한, 목진숙, 정정호, 장윤영, 최광순, 현정호

한국습지학회 한국습지학회지 제9권 제1호 2007.03 pp.1-11

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본 연구에서는 상대적으로 정체된 환경인 시화 인공습지와 조석에 의한 흐름이 존재하는 강화도 갯벌에서 혐기성 유기물 분해능과 분해경로 중 황산염 환원과 철 환원의 상대적 중요성에 대해 비교하고, 조절요인으로서 퇴적물 상층수 흐름의 중요성을 토의하였다. 퇴적토 상층수의 흐름이 존재하지 않는 시화 인공습지의 공극수에서 CO2, NH4+ , 및 H2S의 농도가 강화도 갯벌에 비해 각각 3 배, 20 배 및 3배 높은 것으로 나타났다. 또한 퇴적물의 산화-환원의 정도를 알 수 있는 Fe(III)와 총 환원된 황의 농도 비는 강화도 갯벌이 시화 인공습지에 비해 12배 이상 높은 값을 나타내어 강화도 갯벌이 시화 인공습지에 비해 상대적으로 산화된 상태인 것을 알 수 있었다. 혐기성 유기물 분해능은 강화도 갯벌 (0.039 mM C h-1 )이 시화 인공습지 (0.0001 mM C h-1 ) 보다 약 390배 높은 값을 보이고 있다. 유기물 분해경로에서 황산염 환원력은 시화인공습지 (314 ~ 580 nmol cm-3 d-1)가 담수습지임에도 불구하고 강화도 갯벌 (2 ~ 769 nmol cm-3 d-1 )과 같은 높은 값을 나타낸 반면, 철 환원력은 강화도 갯벌 (0.1368 μmol cm-3 h-1 )이 시화 인공습지 (0.087 μmol cm-3 h-1 ) 보다 약 1.7배 높은 값을 보였다. 이러한 결과들은 시화 인공습지에서는 전자수용체가 적절히 공급되지 못하고 있음을 나타내며, 이의 개선을 위해서는 강화도 갯벌의 조석과 같은 상층수의 흐름을 조절하는 것이 필수적인 사항으로 인식되었다.
The objectives of this study are: (1) to compare the rates and pathways of organic matter minerlaization at stagnant freshwater wetland in Shiwha to highly irrigated coastal wetland in Ganghwa; and (2) to discuss the significance of irrigation into the sediment in controlling the organic carbon oxidation in Shiwha wetland. Concentrations of CO2, NH4+ and H2S in the pore water of the Shiwha wetland were 3 times, 30 times, and 3 times higher than that in the pore water of the Ganghwa wetland, respectively. The ratio of Fe(III) to total reduced sulfur at the Ganghwa wetland was 12 times higher than at the Shiwha wetland. The results indicated that the Ganghwa wetland with frequent tidal inundation were relatively oxidized than highly stagnant Shiwha wetland. Rates of organic matter oxidation at the Ganghwa wetland (0.039 mM C h-1) was 390 times higher than that at the Shiwha wetland (0.0001 mM C h-1). Rates of sulfate reduction at the Shiwha wetland (314 ~ 580 nmol cm-3 d-1) were comparable to the sulfate reduction at Ganghwa wetland (2 ~ 769 nmol cm-3 d-1), whereas Fe(III) reduction rates were 1.7 times higher at the Ganghwa wetland (0.1368 8mol cm-3 h-1) than at the Shiwha wetland (0.0878mol cm-3 h-1). The results implied that the water flow system of the Shiwha wetland was too stagnant to flush out the reduced pore water from the sediment, and thus anaerobic microbial respiration was limited by the availability of electron acceptors.

4,200원

2

북한 함경북도 신포 지역 포유류 및 양서파충류 조사 연구

이상돈, 길준우

한국습지학회 한국습지학회지 제9권 제1호 2007.03 pp.13-20

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북한의 함경북도 신포지구에 원자력발전소 설립에 따른 생태환경조사의 일환으로 본 조사는 2003년 2월 27-3월 4일까지 4박 5일간 수행되었다. 이 지역의 대표적인 식생은 소나무림이며 주로 15-50년생으로 나타났다. 해안가에는 곰솔이 우점하고 있으며, 주로 방풍림의 역할을 수행하고 있었다. 이 지역의 포유류는 사업부지를 중심으로 반경 50km 내에 서식하는 포유류는 33종(5목 15과)로 나타났다. 양서파충류는 6종(2목 3과)로 나타났다. 천연기념물은 포유류 6종 및 파충류 1종으로 나타났다. 이 지역은 산림의 황폐, 밀렵 등 서식환경의 악화에도 불구하고 포유류 및 양서파충류상은 비교적 풍부한 것으로 보인다. KEDO 사업의 중단에도 불구하고 공사가 다시 시작될 수도 있는 점을 감안하면 보전대책 및 지속적인 모니터링이 필요한 지역이다.
Fauna of Shinpo nuclear powerplant site were surveyed during Feb 27-Mar 4, 2003 as a part of ecological environmental survey. This area is well dominated by coniferous trees (Pinus densiflora) ranging 15-50 years. In the shoreline black pine (Pinus thungergii) is the dominant species and was planted for wind protection. Around Shinpo areas inside 50 km in radius was found 33 mammal species (3 orders, 15 families), and amphibian-reptiles 6 species (2 orders, 3 families) were recorded. Natural monument in the areas were estimated 6 species of mammals and one species of reptiles. Although the habitat of Shinpo area is deteriorated due to deforestation, illegal hunting, etc. the fauna seems to be rich in species. Despite the sudden halt of KEDO project the conservation efforts and continuous monitoring are required considering a continuation of the project.

4,000원

3

물벼룩과 형광성 박테리아를 이용한 타르색소의 독성평가

추연종, 김건흥, 김형수

한국습지학회 한국습지학회지 제9권 제1호 2007.03 pp.21-29

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국내에서는 독성이 강한 화학물질 중 535종을 유독물로 지정하고 있다. 이들 유독물 중 약 10%만이 수 질관련 기준으로 관리하고 있다. 타르색소도 화학물질이지만, 수계에 미치는 영향에 대한 자료가 미비한 상태이다. 본 연구에서는 형광 박테리아(Vibrio fischeri)와 큰물벼룩(Daphnia magna)을 이용하여 타르색소에 대한 생물검정을 수행하고자 한다. 국내에서 식용으로 허가되어 있는 7종 중 5종에 대한 타르색소의 독성을 평가하여 향후 연구의 기초자료를 제공하고자 한다. 물벼룩을 이용한 결과 독성순위는 적색 제2호, 황색 제5호, 적색 제3호, 황색 제4호, 청색 제1호순으로 그리고 형광성 박테리아를 이용한 Micorotox 독성시험은 15min-EC50을 기준으로 황색 제5호, 적색 제3호, 적색 제2호, 황색 제5호, 청색 제1호 순으로 나타났다. 타르색소들은 종류에 따라 수 서생태계에 미치는 영향이 다르며, 수계에 타르색소들의 독성치 이상이 유출되었을 경우 먹이사슬에 의한 생물농축현상(bioconcentration)으로 수계와 인간에게 영향을 줄 것으로 생각된다.
In Korea, we assign the chemical substances of 535 types as toxic substance. Only 10% of the 535 toxic substances are being managed by the Ministry of Environment related with water quality standard. Tar color is also one of chemical substances, but we have the lacks for the information of tar colors about the environmental effects of aquatic ecosystem. This study performed the test of bioassay using Water Fleas and Luminescent Bacteria. The tar has 7 types of colors allowed as the edible color and we evaluate the toxicities of 5 tar colors out of 7 colors and we would like to provide the informations for further study as we perform the toxicity test for the samples of 5 tar colors. We did the toxicity test of using Water Fleas From the results, we obtained the magnitudes of toxicity in order of Red No.2, Yellow No.5, Red No.3, Yellow No.4, Blue No.1. As the result based on Microtox Acute Toxicity Test using Luminescent Bacteria with the standard of 15min-EC50 , we obtained in order of Yellow No.5, Food Red No.3, Red No.2, Yellow No.4, Blue No.1. We could expect the tar colors may have different effects on the aquatic ecosystem, respectively and it may influence to the aquatic ecosystem and the human, because of bioconcentration by food chain when toxicity of the tar colors overflow in the aquatic ecosystem.

4,000원

4

Nature-based Tourism in Small Islands Adjacent to Jakarta City, Indonesia : A case study from Seribu Islands

Luchman Hakim, Sun-Kee Hong, Jae-Eun Kim, Nobukazu Nakagoshi

한국습지학회 한국습지학회지 제9권 제1호 2007.03 pp.31-46

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In this paper, the nature-based tourism is described as one of the tools to achieve sustainable development in small islands. The study was carried out at Ayer, Bidadari and Onrust Islands of Kepulauan Seribu chains at Jakarta Bay, Indonesia. While the historical records show that previous uses of such islands have started at sixteen century, tourism uses was started at the beginning of 1970s. Among nature-based tourism destination in Kepulauan Seribu chains, these islands are the famous destinations and received a lot of tourists. Tourism growth at these islands has stimulated development of numerous tourism facilities and infrastructure to meet visitor satisfaction. It is observed in this study that island’s site-plan destination design has contributed to the successful and sustainability of tourism in small island. The key success lies on the successful integration and implementation of three substantial perspectives into practices, namely economic, ecosystem and social perspectives. First, in order to enhance economic benefits, a site-plan design allowing floating cottages establishment to extent room availability, to build strong images as tropical paradise islands, and to enhance tourist satisfaction with the objectives of improving income and sustaining tourist loyalty to the destination. This design is also reducing land risk from tourism impact and it becomes the significant key of second perspective, the ecosystem perspective. Moreover, the ecosystem perspective has been implemented through native vegetation preservation that led island’s wildlife conservation and became potential tourism attraction. The design also develops effective mechanism to manage and regulate visitor flows by establishing visitor track corridors. In implementation, such corridor plays an important role to reduce tourist density in single places and therefore become instrument to reduce severe visitor impact to wildlife, vegetation and heritages of islands. Third, the social aspect of development allowing heritages to conserve and furthermore serve numerous benefits for education, socio-political, culture, and historical studies. Through this study, it is clear that the success of these islands to continuous tourism growth lies on the island’s vision to integrate economic, ecosystem and social perspectives on tourism evelopment.

4,900원

5

Status, Trend and Strategy on Municipal Wastewater Management in China

Wang Baozhen, Wang Lin, Liu Shuo, Wang Li, Wang Zheng

한국습지학회 한국습지학회지 제9권 제1호 2007.03 pp.47-60

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The rapid development of economy in China at the expense of consuming huge amount of energy and resources, water resource in particular, which has resulted in the production and discharge of increasing amount of wastewater to the water environment. In order to effectively control the increasing water pollution trend, the State Council has stipulated that all the cities with population over 500,000 should reach wastewater treatment rate of 60% by 2005, and all the cities should reach the rate of 60% by 2010, of which Capital Beijing and all the province capital cities and important tourism cities should reach 70% then. By the end of 2005, of the 661 cities in China, 393 have built and operated municipal wastewater treatments with a total number of 790 sets, total treatment capacity of 80.91×106 m3/d and total treatment rate of > 48%. Other 73 cities have started the construction of municipal wastewater treatment plants, and other 168 cities have started to prepare, planning and design of wastewater treatment plants. Most of municipal wastewater treatment plants in big cities in China operate normally and perform well with good quality of effluent in terms of wastewater treatment train, but the sewage sludge treatment is usually poor with big problems. It has been found that the small scale WWTPs using activated sludge process in the towns are usually operated and maintained abnormally because of lack of fund, skilled operators and energy. It is therefore suggested that the small scale MWWTPs in small cities and towns adopt appropriate technologies, of which the most available ones are multi-stage ponds, constructed wetlands and the combination of them for further purification and reuse of treated wastewater.

4,600원

6

Prospects of Activated Sludge Process in Japan - Its Past, Present, and Future -

Masanori Fujita

한국습지학회 한국습지학회지 제9권 제1호 2007.03 pp.61-67

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Our life totally depends on activated sludgeprocess for treatment of wastewater: sewage and industrial wastewater. Activated sludge process was the epoch-making technology in Environmental field. One century has been almost passed since the process was developed in England, and the process is still on the development of improvement. Here, history of activated sludge process, its mechanismsof treating the wastewater, expectations that we had on the process in the past, and future image and possibility on the process were presented. By reviewing the events related to the process, we can foresee potentials for new possibility of activated sludge process.

4,000원

7

Integrated Eco-Engineering Design for Sustainable Management of Fecal Sludge and Domestic Wastewater

Thammarat Koottatep, Chongrak Polprasert, Carsten H. Laugese

한국습지학회 한국습지학회지 제9권 제1호 2007.03 pp.69-78

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Constructed wetlands and other aquatic systems have been successfully used for waste and wastewater treatment in either temperate or tropical regions. To treat waste or wastewater in a sustainable manner, the integrated eco-engineering designs are explained in this paper with 2 case studies: (i) a combination of vertical-flow constructed wetland (CW) with plant irrigation systemfor fecal sludge management and (ii) integrated CW units with landscaping at full-scale application for domestic wastewater treatment. The pilot-scale study of fecal sludge management employed 3 vertical-flow CW units, each with a dimension of 5 x 5 x 0.65 m (width x length x media depth) and planted with cattails (Typha augustifolia). At the solid loading rate of 250 kg total solids (TS)/m2.yr and a 6-day percolate impoundment, the CW system could achieve chemical oxygen demand (COD), TS and total Kjeldahl nitrogen (TKN) removal efficiencies in the range of 80 - 96%. The accumulated sludge layers of about 80 – 90 cm was found at the CW bed surface after operating the CW units for 7 years, but no clogging problem has been observed. The CW percolate was applied to 16 irrigation Sunflower plant (Helianthus annuus) plots, each with a dimension of 4.5 x 4.5 m (width x length). In the study, the CW percolate were fed to the treatment plots at the application rate of 7.5 mm/day but the percolate was mixed with tap water at different ratio of 20%, 80% and 100%. Based on a 1-year data of 3-crop plantation were experimented, the contents of Zn, Mn and Cu in soil of the experimental plots were found to increase with increasing in CW percolate ratios. The highest plant biomass yield and oil content of 1,000 kg/ha and 35%, respectively, were obtained from the plots fed with 20% or 50% of the CW percolate, whereas no accumulation of heavy metals in the plant tissues (i.e. leaves, stems and flowers) of the sunflower is found. In addition to the pilot-scale and field experiments, a case study of the integrated CW systems for wastewater treatment at Phi Phi Island (a Tsunami-hit area), Krabi province, Thailand is illustrated. The 5,200-m2 CW systems on Phi Phi Island are not only for treatment of 400 m3/day wastewater from hotels, households or other domestic activities, but also incorporating public consultation in the design processes, resulting in introducing the aesthetic landscaping as well as reusing of the treated effluent for irrigating green areas on the Island.

4,000원

8

Persistent Organic Pollution and Arsenic Contamination in Asia Pacific Water : Case Study of Emerging Environmental Problems in Vietnam

Viet. H. Pham.

한국습지학회 한국습지학회지 제9권 제1호 2007.03 pp.79-89

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This paper provides a comprehensive overview of the present status of several environmental problems caused by emerging toxic substances such as persistent organic pollutants (POPs), endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs), and arsenic in various environmental media in Vietnam. Monitoring data reported during the 1990s demonstrated elevated contamination of DDTs in most of these compartments in Vietnam. Studies in frame of the Asia-Pacific Mussel Watch Program revealed that fish, mussels and resident birds from Vietnam contained higher concentrations of DDTs as compared to other countries in region, suggesting the role of Vietnamese environment as a significant emission source of DDT in the Southeast Asian region. The estimated dietary intakes of PCBs and DDTs for Vietnamese were relatively high among Asian developing countries, suggesting potential risk for humans posed by thesechemicals. Widespread contamination of some endocrine active compounds such as alkylphenols and phthalates was observed at various sites along the coasts of northern and middle Vietnam. The presence of significant source of bisphenol-A along Red River estuary was revealed with the concentrations comparable to those reported for developed nations. A case study on seasonal variation of alkylphenols and phthalates in surface water of river delta and estuary of north and middle Vietnam indicated the differences in distribution of these compounds between dry and rainy seasons. Higher concentrations of alkylphenols and phthalates were found in dry season in estuary; while the contrasting pattern was observed in the river delta, showing elevated residues in rainy season. This result suggests the different behavior of alkylphenols and phthalates in river delta and coastal environment. From ecotoxicological perspectives, concentrations of bis-phenol A and di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalates [DEHP] in surface water from some locations in Vietnam exceeded the guideline values for Ecotoxicological Effects and the Environmental Risk Limit, respectively, suggesting potential for toxic implications on aquatic wildlife. Widespread and elevated arsenic contamination was discovered inour recent surveys in groundwater in a large area of suburban areas of Hanoi city, the capital of Vietnam. The most recent investigation in 4 villages showed about more than 50 % of groundwater samples contained As concentrations exceeding 50 g/L (the WHO and Vietnamese standard). In particular, in Son Dong villages, 58 % of samples analyzed contained As concentrations higher than 200 g/L. Good correlations were found in As concentrations in water and hair and urine of peoples in corresponding families, suggesting the chronic exposure to As by people living in As-contaminated ground water areas. In Son Dong village, As levels in hair (mean: 1.7 mg/kg dry wt) and urine (g/g creatinine) exceeding the reference values recommended by WHO, suggesting potential for human risk posed by long term accumulation of As in human body. Future studies should be focused on the time trends of POPs and EDCs in biota in Vietnam in order to predict future trend of contamination and to reveal new clues for understanding possible toxic impacts on aquatic organisms. The issues of arsenic contamination in groundwater and their chronic toxic implications on human health should be systematically investigated in the future.

4,200원

9

Effects of Compost Tea Making from Differently Treated Compost on Plant Disease Control

Masafumi Tated, Daisuke Yoneda, Yukio Sato

한국습지학회 한국습지학회지 제9권 제1호 2007.03 pp.91-98

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Antifungal activity of compost teas was evaluated in vitro and in vivo experiments. In vitro test, fourteen compost teas were produced using five different composts and through six different methods for compost tea production. Eleven pathogenic fungi were used as indicators of antifungal activity of compost teas. In vivo test, one of the compost teas used in vitro test was sprayed to cucumber leaves which were infected with powdery mildew in order to evaluate antifungal activity of compost tea. From the results of the tests, it was found that all compost teas used this study showed antifungal activity and the proper application of compost teas against pathogenic fungi for obtaining optimal effects was important to know.

4,000원

10

A Study on Degradation of Nonylphenol Polyethoxylate Metabolites Using Uv / Photocatalytic Silicagel Treatment

Masahiro Asano, Naoyuki Kishimoto, Fumihiko Jiku, Isao Somiya

한국습지학회 한국습지학회지 제9권 제1호 2007.03 pp.99-105

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Nonylphenol polyetoxylates (NPnEOs) metabolites; nonylphenol (NP), nonylphenol monoethoxylate (NP1EO), nonylphenoxyacetic acid (NPEC) (collectively referred to "NPE-c") were examined for their degradations by using of lab-scale UV/photocatalytic silicagel (ultraviolet photocatalytic degradation in the presence of silicagel coated with titanium dioxide as a catalyst) reactor. NPE-c degradations by UV/photocatalytic silicagel treatment reached approximately 85-93 % after 40 min irradiation independently of its initial concentration (between ca. 0.5 and 2.0mg/l). Any intermediates under the NPE-c degradation were not identified by GC/MS sample analysis. Degradations of NPE-c were followed pseudo first-order kinetics. Then, the effectiveness of UV/photocatalytic silicagel treatment for degradation of NPE-c was in the order of NPEC > NP > NP1EO.

4,000원

11

Hexachlorobenzene Dechlorination Ability of Microbes from Canal and Estuary Sediments

Anotai Jin, Voranisarakul J., Wantichapichat W.Chen I.M.

한국습지학회 한국습지학회지 제9권 제1호 2007.03 pp.107-114

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This study aimed to investigate the hexachlorobenzene (HCB) dechlorinating ability of sediment microbes collected from a natural canal receiving secondary effluents from an industrial estate and nearby factories. Nine sites along the stream and one in the estuary in the Gulf of Thailand into which the canal spills were specified and sampling for sediment and water. Preliminary analysis of the sediments showed that the first four sites nearest to the discharging location were contaminated by HCB within the range of 0.18 to 1.25 ppm. Apart from that, 1,3,5-trichlorobenzene which has never been commercially produced or used in any manufacturing processes except for the transformation from higher chlorinated benzene was also identified in the range of 0.16 to 0.24 ppm. This suggested a possibility of sporadically HCB contamination in this stream. Of more important, people in the community along this canal earn their living by coastal fishery; hence, posing a risk of spreading HCB and its less chlorinated congeners via food chain from caught marine creatures to human. As a result, there is an urgent need to understand the behavior of HCB dechlorination in this stream sediment which can lead to a clean-up action in the future. Serum bottles with sediment slurries (sediment to water ratio of 1:1 (v/v) and filtered to remove particles larger than 0.7 mm) from each site were inoculated with 2 mg/l of HCB, kept anaerobically in the dark at room temperature without any nourishment, and analyzed for HCB and its less-chlorinated congeners every 6 days. Total chemical oxygen demand, suspended solids, and volatile suspended solids were in the range of 21,492-73,584, 158,100-518,100 and 6,000-32,700 mg/l, respectively. It was found that all sediment slurries began to dechlorinate HCB in 12 to 30 days and the HCB was completely removed within 42 to 60 days or so. On the other hand, there was no HCB dechlorination occurred in the controlled set which was sterilized by autoclaving prior to the addition of HCB. This implies that the HCB transformation was solely due to microorganisms’activities. HCB was dechlorinated principally via pentachlolobenzene to 1,2,3,5-tetrachlorobenzene and terminated at 1,3,5-trichlorobenzene which is the major pathway as reported by many researchers. Dichlorobenzene has not been detected in any samples within the dechlorination period of 60 days. The results indicate that the microbial matrix in the sediment of this stream has an outstanding capability to dechlorinate HCB. Existing substrates and nutrients which mainly sorbed onto the solid phase and the typical temperature in Thailand were sufficient and suitable to promote the activities of these HCB-dechlorinating microbes.

4,000원

12

Stable Fermentative Hydrogen Production by Polyvinyl Alcohol (Pva) Gel Beads Fluidized Bed Reactor

Masaharu Nakao, Yasunori Kawagoshi, Naoe Hino, Tomonori Iwasa, Kenji Furukawa

한국습지학회 한국습지학회지 제9권 제1호 2007.03 pp.115-121

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A novel hydrogen fermentation technique by using polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) gel beads as a biomass carrier was investigated. The hydrogen gas was stably produced throughout the experimental period in a continuous reactor. Even though the hydrogen productivity was suddenly decrease by experimental troubles, the bacteria attached to the PVA gel beads played as an inoculum, it was promptly recovered. The hydrogen yield per glucose was not very high (1.0 – 1.2mol-H2/mol-glucose), thus the optimization of the experimental conditions such as ORP and HRT should be considered to improve the hydrogen productivity. Bacterial community was stable during experimental period after the PVA gel beads applying, which indicated that applying of biomass carrier was specific to keep not only the biomass but also the bacteria commonly. Clostridium species were phylogenetically detected, which suggested that these bacteria contributed to the hydrogen production in the biofilm attached to the PVA gel beads..

4,000원

13

Effect of Nitrogen-Load Condition on Hydrogen Production and Bacterial Community in Continuous Anaerobic Hydrogen Fermentation Process

Yasunori Kawagoshi, Masaharu Nakao, Naoe Hino, Tomonori Iwasa, Kenji Furukawa

한국습지학회 한국습지학회지 제9권 제1호 2007.03 pp.123-131

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Effect of nitrogen-load condition on hydrogen (H2) production and bacterial community in a continuous anaerobic hydrogen fermentation were investigated. The slight H2 production on extremely low nitrogen-load condition (C/N ratio: 180) at the start-up period. The highest H2 production was obtained when the C/N ratio was 36, the H2 production yield (mol-H2 / mol-glucose) reached to 1.7, and it was indicated that Clostridium pasteurianum mainly contributed to the H2 production. The H2 production was decreased on both the lower (C/N: 72) and higher (C/N: 18) nitrogen-load conditions. The excess nitrogen-load was not always suitable for the hydrogen production. The fluctuation of H2 production seemed to be caused by a change in the bacterial community according to the nitrogen-load condition, while a recovery of H2 productivity was possible by a control of nitrogen-load condition through the bacterial community change. When the nitrogen-load condition was not suitable for hydrogen production, the lactic acid concentration was increased and also lactic acid bacteria were definitely detected, which suggested that the competition between hydrogen fermentator and lactic acid producer was occurred. These results demonstrated that the nitrogen-load condition affect on the H2 productivity through the change of bacterial community in anaerobic hydrogen fermentation.

4,000원

 
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