This paper aims to identify the characters in Hemingway's and Fitzgerald's works. Their novels have often been treated as the love affairs and the fall or decline of the American Dream in the 1920s∼1940s. Though they have led to some stimulating plots, it seems to be a little bad. They reduced their novels to a variety of simplified version. Therefore, this thesis shows that they also offer a strong moral sense against material society of 1920s∼1940s. Nick tried to take moral sense opposed to the dominant values of materialism. Although the terminal of these novels is ambiguous, I read Nick's leaving the reality for the Rich and the True as a moral gesture in The Great Gatsby and In Our Time. His return to the Truth shows us that Fitzgerald criticized the corrupted materialism embodied in The Great Gatsby. In Conclusion, I claim that though Nick Adams and Nick Carraway does not propose an alternative to materialistic society, they showed a struggling will against real world.
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