Earticle

Home 검색결과

검색결과

검색결과 좁혀보기

직접입력 - 발행연도는 최대 5개까지 선택할 수 있습니다.

간행물은 최대 5개까지 선택할 수 있습니다.

검색조건
좁혀보기
결과 내 검색
검색 조건 및 좁혀보기 범위가 변경되었습니다. 재검색을 원하시면 아래 검색버튼을 클릭해 주십시오.
검색결과 : 353
No
1

Burden of Proof in Safeguards' Litigations

Sherif Heikal

한국국제경제법학회 국제경제법연구 제7권 제2호 2009.11 pp.185-224

※ 기관로그인 시 무료 이용이 가능합니다.

Burden of proof pertains to legal issues in the disputes, thus the parties can not come to a decision with respect to the bearing party. It is essential subject matter in the domestic and international legal systems. The significance of burden of proof came from its concept that tells us which party (complainant or defendant) in a case must provide proof of a determinate issue at the risk of having the adjudicator rule against it with respect to that issue. The issue of the burden of proof in domestic legal systems is affirmatively stilled. Nonetheless, in the international law still unresolved issue, i.e. the judicial bodies in the international law enjoy the extreme freedom to appoint what is admissible as evidence and also which party bears the burden of proof. WTO dispute settlement bodies toke the position of the international tribunal. Consequently, the Appellate Body and the panel can appoint the bearing party of the burden of proof. In the WTO disputes the Appellate Body stated specific doctrine in order to allocate the burden of proof among the disputing parties. The burden of proof in safeguard measure disputes is inconsistent with the established doctrine in the WTO disputes generally. Moreover, the allocation of burden of proof in GATT panel practices regarding the safeguard measures disputes differs from the recent one under the WTO regime. The characteristics of safeguard measures require special allocation of burden of proof, i.e. the claimant has several difficulties to prove his claim since the data and confidential information in the possession of the seeking party (respondent). The standard of proof in the safeguard measures disputes varies from case to case which constitutes an instability that threats the reliability and predictability of safeguard measures in WTO.

8,500원

2

A Graphical Proof That the Median Minimizes the Mean Absolute Error

Seong-Ju Kim

고려대학교 통계연구소 응용통계 제8권 1993.12 pp.71-78

※ 원문제공기관과의 협약에 따라 모든 이용자에게 무료로 제공됩니다.

5

불이익취급의 부당노동행위와 입증구조 ― 입증책임 전환 및 입증방법의 개선방향을 중심으로 ―

김소영

한국비교노동법학회 노동법논총 제22집 2011.08 pp.93-119

※ 기관로그인 시 무료 이용이 가능합니다.

Unfair treatment of employee on grounds that he or she has joined or intends to join a labor union, or has attempted to organize a labor union, or has performed any other lawful act for the operation of a labor union by employer must be prohibited in order to secure the basic rights of the employees. An employee or labor union may apply for remedy to the Labor Relations Commission upon infringement of rights due to unfair labor practices on the part of the employer. In order to determine whether the concerned treatment of employee constitutes an act of unfair labor practice, it is necessary to be proved an employer's intention of unfair labor practice by employee or labor union. Employee or a labor union should give the Labor Relations Commission an evidence as a presumtive proof of unfair labor practice. In fact it is difficult to be proved an employer's intention of unfair labor practice because workers can not easily get information of the company. Labor Relations Commission often encounter an obstacle to determine employer's unfair labor practice because of the procedure of the burden of proof by workers. Therefore it is necessary to be changed the principle of the burden of proof in unfair labor practice. The burden-shifting rules is needed to lighten to prove an employer's intention of unfair labor practice. Moreover unfair labor practices by employers of this year are estimated to be increased because Korean government introduced the plural union system in same company on July 1, 2011 to gurantee the right to organize which Constitution Law gurantee. Employers has to bargain in good faith all labor unions and treat them partially. If the employer not to keep neutral attitude, the action of the employer will be unfair labor practice.

6,600원

6

불이익취급의 부당노동행위와 입증구조 ― 입증책임 전환 및 입증방법의 개선방향을 중심으로

김소영

한국비교노동법학회 노동법논총 제22집 2011.08 pp.93-119

※ 기관로그인 시 무료 이용이 가능합니다.

Unfair treatment of employee on grounds that he or she has joined or intends to join a labor union, or has attempted to organize a labor union, or has performed any other lawful act for the operation of a labor union by employer must be prohibited in order to secure the basic rights of the employees. An employee or labor union may apply for remedy to the Labor Relations Commission upon infringement of rights due to unfair labor practices on the part of the employer. In order to determine whether the concerned treatment of employee constitutes an act of unfair labor practice, it is necessary to be proved an employer's intention of unfair labor practice by employee or labor union. Employee or a labor union should give the Labor Relations Commission an evidence as a presumtive proof of unfair labor practice. In fact it is difficult to be proved an employer's intention of unfair labor practice because workers can not easily get information of the company. Labor Relations Commission often encounter an obstacle to determine employer's unfair labor practice because of the procedure of the burden of proof by workers. Therefore it is necessary to be changed the principle of the burden of proof in unfair labor practice. The burden-shifting rules is needed to lighten to prove an employer's intention of unfair labor practice. Moreover unfair labor practices by employers of this year are estimated to be increased because Korean government introduced the plural union system in same company on July 1, 2011 to gurantee the right to organize which Constitution Law gurantee. Employers has to bargain in good faith all labor unions and treat them partially. If the employer not to keep neutral attitude, the action of the employer will be unfair labor practice.

6,600원

7

커피가 정신질환에 효과가 있다는 심리에 관한 입증 (커피와 정신질환과의 상관관계에 관한 연구)

정승호, 김수진

한국외식산업학회 한국외식산업학회지 제13권 제3호 통권 제36호 2017.09 pp.221-241

※ 기관로그인 시 무료 이용이 가능합니다.

This study suggests that coffee drinkers may be more effective in preventing mental illnesses such as Alzheimer 's disease and Parkinson' s disease than those who do not, and antibiotics, antidepressants, and psychotropic drugs It is a study to demonstrate the fact that disabled people have less psychiatric medication and more coffee. The findings revealed that patients with Alzheimer's disease or Parkinson's disease did not prefer coffee as a remedy. These results indicate that coffee drinkers are unlikely to be taking a mental illness. Conversely, mental illnesses such as psychotropic drugs such as schizophrenia, obsessive compulsive disorders, anxiety disorders, and depression, antidepressants, and antidepressants were preferred to caffeine rather than a remedy, while reducing their use of medication. Especially, the more mental illness was, the higher the preference of coffee and the more the number of psychiatric medication was decreased. The results of this study show that the unique aroma of caffeine, sugar, and coffee in coffee brings about psychological stability.

5,700원

8

Erdös-Faber-Lovász 추측 증명 알고리즘

이상운

한국인터넷방송통신학회 한국인터넷방송통신학회 논문지 제15권 제1호 2015.02 pp.269-276

※ 기관로그인 시 무료 이용이 가능합니다.

본 논문은 지금까지 미해결 문제로 알려진 정점 색칠 문제에 대한 Erdös-Faber-Lovász 추측을 증명하였다. Erdös-Faber-Lovász 추측은 “k개의 Kk-클릭 합 교차 그래프는 k개의 색으로 칠할 수 있다.” 즉, x(G) = k이다.” Erdös-Faber-Lovász 추측을 증명하기 위해 본 논문은 교차되는 정점수와 한 정점에서 교차되는 클릭수를 구하여 모 두 짝수이면 그래프의 최소 차수 δ(G) 정점을 최대독립집합 (minimum Independent set, MIS)에 포함시키는 방법을 적용하고, 둘 중 어느 하나가 홀수이면 최대 차수 Δ(G)정점을 MIS에 포함시키는 방법을 적용하였다. 알고리즘 수행 결과 얻은 MIS 개수가 x(G) = k이다. 3 ≤ k ≤ 8 인 Kk-클릭 합 교차 그래프에 대해 실험한 결과 모든 그래프에서 x(G) = k를 얻는데 성공하였다. 결국, “k개의 Kk-클릭 합 교차 그래프는 k개의 색으로 칠할 수 있다.”는 Erdös- Faber -Lovász 추측은 성립함을 증명하였다.
This paper proves the Erdös-Faber-Lovász conjecture of the vertex coloring problem, which is so far unresolved. The Erdös-Faber-Lovász conjecture states that "the union of k copies of k-cliques intersecting in at most one vertex pairwise is k-chromatic." i.e., x(G) = k. In a bid to prove this conjecture, this paper employs a method in which it determines the number of intersecting vertices and that of cliques that intersect at one vertex so as to count a vertex of the minimum degree δ(G) in the Minimum Independent Set (MIS) if both the numbers are even and to count a vertex of the maximum degree Δ(G) in otherwise. As a result of this algorithm, the number of MIS obtained is x(G) = k. When applied to Kk-clique sum intersecting graphs wherein 3 ≤ k ≤ 8 , the proposed method has proved to be successful in obtaining x(G) in all of them. To conclude, the Erdös-Faber-Lovász conjecture implying that “the k-number of Kk-clique sum intersecting graph is k-chromatic” is proven.

4,000원

9

노후아파트 안전관리를 통한 풀 푸르프 재설계로 안전성 확보에 관한 연구

백동승, 이종현, 박성봉

한국재난정보학회 한국재난정보학회논문집 제14권 3호 통권41호 2018.09 pp.280-287

※ 기관로그인 시 무료 이용이 가능합니다.

연구목적: 본 연구는 아파트에서 실제 운영한 점검 실태를 비교 검토하고 기존에 설치된 안전물에서 한층 개선된 풀 푸르프 안전관리를 제시하는 것을 목적으로 한다. 연구방법: 연구를 위해 공동주택인 아파트에 대한 선행 연구를 토대로 주택관련법령에 근거와 주택법에 근거한 보고서에 나타난 실태와 문제점을 제시하였다. 연구결과: 건축물의 안전관리계획 및 안전점검을 실시하고 수립해서 보안해야 하고 건축물 점검시 내외관에 대한 시설물의 추적관리가 되어야 한다. 특히, 소방, 승강기, cctv등에 자체관리시스템이 24시간 필요하다. 결론: 본 연구를 통해 아파트 등의 건물안전관리에 입주자 대표 등 관리상의 문제를 확인하고 그에 대한 대책을 수립해야 한다.
Purpose: The study is based on comparative review of the actual inspection of apartments and aims at proposing easy accessible and useful safety control which is enhanced from pre-existing safety apparatus. Method: On the basis of preceding research data of apartment buildings, the study presents reported problems and real condition of apartment buildings based on Housing Related Legislation and Housing Act. Results: Safety management plans and safety inspection for buildings are needed. When conducting a safety check, traceability management system for internal/exterior facilities should be available. Most important of all, 24 hour a day of self-management system for elevators, fire protection, and security cameras is necessary. Conclusion: Through the study, there should be a process of confirming problems of building security management; such as checking the management condition through apartments’ resident representatives, and seeking improvement measures.

4,000원

10

자유의지에 대한 과학적 증명, 그 의미와 한계 - 후성유전학을 둘러싼 철학적 논의를 중심으로

손향구, 조은희

대동철학회 대동철학 제81집 2017.12 pp.81-102

※ 기관로그인 시 무료 이용이 가능합니다.

이 글은 후성유전학에 기초하여 전개되어온 철학적 논의를 비판적으로 검토하기 위해 쓰여졌다. 후성유전학은 개체의 영양 상태나 정신적 경험에 의해 결정되는 DNA메틸화, 히스톤변형, 비번역 RNA의 작용 등의 요인을 통해 유전자의 발현 여부와 발현정도가 조절되고 최종적으로 개체의 표현형질이 변한다는 사실을 밝혀냈다. 이러한 내용은 사람들이 스스로 환경을 선택하고 의도된 정신적 경험을 부여함으로써 유전자 발현을 조절할 수 있다는 내용을 함축하고 있어 자유의지 성립을 위한 주요한 근거로 제시되었다. 후성유전학과 연관된 자유의지 논증은 그동안 진화론, 유전공학, 신경과학 등의 분야에서 주장된 유전자결정론이나 유물론적 기계론을 극복하고 나아가 유전자 돌연변이로 인해 발생하는 다양한 질병을 치료하거나 원하는 대로 각자의 행동을 조절할 수 있는 가능성까지 함축하는 것이어서 사회적, 철학적 관심이 집중되기도 하였다. 하지만 후성유전학적 근거가 제대로 밝혀진 경우는 몇몇 사례에 불과하고 특히 분자적 수준에서의 인과성을 통해 전 과정을 체계적으로 설명한 경우는 극소수에 불과해 논의의 타당성에 의문이 제기될 수 있다. 이러한 문제는 앞으로 후성유전학 연구가 지속된다고 하더라도 쉽게 개선되기는 어려울 것이다. 과거 유전공학의 안정성 문제에 대한 논의에서 충분히 드러났듯이 인간은 기본적인 구조로 환원되기 어려운 유기체적 복잡성을 갖고 있기 때문에 DNA발현부위를 조절하는 보편적인 후성유전 법칙을 찾아내기란 쉬운 일이 아니기 때문이다. 후성유전학이 과거 본성과 양육의 대립논쟁을 뛰어넘어 이 둘을 하나의 메커니즘안에서 종합적으로 설명하고 유전자결정론을 극복할 수 있는 근거를 마련한 것은 높이 평가할 부분이다. 하지만 유전자발현부위 조절에 대한 일반적 원리가 정립되기 어려운 상황에서 후성유전학을 자유의지 성립 근거로 제시한다면 논리적으로 반박당할 가능성이 클 뿐만 아니라 사회적으로도 다양한 문제를 야기할 수도 있어 보다 신중한 태도로 접근할 필요가 있다.
This thesis aims to examine critically philosophical debate that has been based on the findings of epigenetics. Epigenetics is characterized by the fact that expression itself and expression levels of genes are regulated through factors determined by the nutritional status and mental experience of individuals. This implies that people can control their gene expression by choosing their own environment and giving them the intended mental experience, which is presented as the main basis for establishing free will. The free will argument associated with epigenetics has been presented as a major basis for overcoming genetic determinism or materialistic mechanics in the fields of evolution, genetic engineering, and neuroscience, and furthermore, to treat various diseases caused by gene mutations. It implies the possibility of controlling each person's behavior as desired, so much attention has been focused on philosophical implication. However, the cases in which the epigenetic basis is revealed scientifically are only a few. This will not be easy to improve even if research continues to be done in the future. It is not easy to find a universal epigenetic rule that regulates DNA expression sites, as human organisms are complex organisms that are difficult to be reduced to basic structures, as has been fully demonstrated in the discussion of past genetic engineering stability issues. It is highly appreciated that epigenetics can explain both a mechanism beyond the controversy of past nature and nurturing, and provide grounds for overcoming genetic determinism. However, if the generic principle for controlling the gene expression site is difficult to establish, suggesting epigenetic genetics as a basis for establishing free will will not only be logically contradictory but may also lead to various social problems. Therefore we need to take a more cautious approach in this regard.

5,800원

11

懷感의 淨土往生에 대한 利益과 難題의 입증

정광균(법상)

한국정토학회 정토학연구 제19권 2013.06 pp.265-302

※ 기관로그인 시 무료 이용이 가능합니다.

회감의 대표작이 바로 󰡔釋淨土群疑論󰡕인데, 중국 당대 초기 정토계의 저작 가운데 분량이 가장 많고, 내용도 다른 정토교가에 비해서 가장 전체적이며 분명한 체계를 갖추었다. 하지만 한국에서는 회감에 대한 연구가 거의 전무한 상태다. 설사 있다고 해도 부분적인 것에 불과하다. 이러한 회감에 대해서 지금까지 한국 정토교가에게 주목을 받지 못하고, 회감을 주제로 논하는 주요한 연구가 결여되었기 때문에 충분히 연구할 가치가 인정되며 연구의 필요성도 요청된다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 永明延壽의 󰡔萬善同歸集󰡕에 수록된 여러 이익 가운데 ‘회감의 30가지 淨土往生의 利益과 難題에 대한 입증’을 네 부분으로 나누어 대략적으로 분석하여 기술하였다. 먼저 왕생의 어려운 변론에 대해서이다. 즉, 제법이 공한데 누가 어디로 왕생하느냐이다. 다음에 회감이 극락세계에 왕생한 이익과 이와 상관한 문제의 견해에 대해서다. 즉 1. 극락세계와 색계의 비교 2. 극락세계에 성문승 존재여부 3. 극락세계에 존재하는 중생 가운데 여인의 존재여부의 어려운 해명이다. 4. 궁극에 극락왕생을 권장한 이유를 밝혔다. 이러한 내용은 회감이 정토종 교리체계에 대해서 상세하게 분석하여 세운 저작의 공헌이 매우 지대하다. 다시 말해서 극락세계에 왕생과 그 상관한 난제의 견해에 대해서다.
The Masterpiece of Huai-Gan on the book Explanations on the doubts of Pure Land(󰡔釋淨土群疑論󰡕) most the amount of the Chinese contemporary writings of the early days of Buddhism based and the most holistic and clear system contents and compared to other Pure Land sect(淨土敎) and services respectively. But Korea for Huai-Gan research is almost nonexistent. If even that it is only partial. The worth enough research to discuss the major research subjects did not receive attention until now to Korea Pure Land sect the these Huai-Gan points and Huai-Gan because of the lack of recognized and the need for research is required. Therefore In this study divided into four parts among numerous advantages contained in of YangmingYenshou(永明延壽)` Manseondonggwijip(󰡔萬善同歸集󰡕) ‘proven’ for the benefit of 30 Huai-Gan to go in the Pure Land and the approximate analysis of the technology. First, debate about a difficult challenges. In other words Where to go together all beings śūnya who is said was born. Born to go to the Pure Land of the Huai-Gan interests and about the challenges in the opinion of this matter. In other words 1. The Pure Land is the comparison of the color world 2. Śrāvaka-yāna(聲聞乘) exists in Pure Land 3. It is difficult to explain the presence of women among sentient beings that exist in the Pure Land 4. Ultimate recommended benefiting said that the reason for born in Pure Land. The contents of these the about Huai-Gan in the doctrinal system of the Pure Land sect of Buddhism established by detailed analysis of the contribution of the work zone. In other words as you go to the Pure Land was born in view of the difficult problems that.

8,200원

12

항공기 소음에 기인한 영화관 실내소음의 저감대책

김형두, 김병삼

한국기계기술학회 한국기계기술학회지 제14권 제5호 2012.10 pp.31-36

※ 기관로그인 시 무료 이용이 가능합니다.

It is important to increase the sound proof performance of building for reduction the influence of aircraft noise on the basic of actual survey of existed buildings. The purpose of this study is to propose the sound proof method about indoor noise of a movie theater due to aircraft. In this study, field measurement of aircraft noise level difference were carried out for 5 type aircraft. As the result, aircraft noise levels showed to be 83.6∼98.3dB(A) and indoor noise level were NC-50∼NC-65 over acceptable NC-30 in a movie theater. Noise reduction effect showed to be NC-15∼NC-30 in a movie theater.

4,000원

13

인쇄 공정의 최적화를 위한 하드카피 프루프 프로파일링

차재영, 조가람, 구철회

한국인쇄학회 한국인쇄학회지 제28권 제1호 2010.05 pp.25-42

※ 기관로그인 시 무료 이용이 가능합니다.

One of the important roles of worflow is color management. In general, color management technique, which is called CMS(color management system), is a method to solve problems that show different characteristics of color regeneration in output devices, and the characteristics of output devices is created in data file called ICC(International Color Consortium) profile. In addition, ICC profile is used to manage color in workflow, and includes other functions, process management and printing quality management. In domestic printing market, workflow is in the pipeline at rapid speed along with CTP, and use of ICC profile required for color management is also in rapid progress. Therefore, this paper produced optimal ICC profile through experiment from the work of linearizing devices used in each field to color conversion work. Moreover, the paper confirmed how ICC profile will be used in printing field. In the profiling experiment based on hardcopy proofing, photographed copy and chrominance were compared by printing out in proof the image created through application and color conversion with the use of camera profile and proof profile produced in colorimetric method. By evaluating if color is expressed accurately from input to output through colorimetric color conversion experiment as above, the paper intended to propose color management method using optimal profile in printing process.

5,200원

14

论民事诉讼中私文书真伪的证明

包冰锋, 王茂叶

원광대학교 한중관계연구원 한중관계연구 제4권 제3호 2018.10 pp.19-37

※ 기관로그인 시 무료 이용이 가능합니다.

사문서는 우리가 일상생활에서 자주 볼 수 있는 것으로 최근 몇 년 간 사법실무에서 사문서의 진위 문제가 소송절차에 있어 당사자 쌍방의 쟁점으로 되고 있다. 즉, 사문서의 지위 문제가 소송의 성패에 영향을 미치고 있다. 또한 민사소송에 있어, 차용증서나 영수증 등의 대차증명은 대차관계의 성립여부를 판단하는 중요한 직접적 증거이다. 하지만 중국은 현재 법규범 면에서 사문서의 진실성에 대하여 어떤 당사자가 증명할 것인지, 재판에 있어 사문서의 진위 등에 대한 문제를 어떻게 판단할 것인지에 대한 구체적인 규정이 없다. 또한 이론적으로도 여전히 통일적 의견이 형성되어 있지 않다. 이로 인해 ‘동일한 사안에 대한 다른 판결(同案不同判)’이라는 문제를 피할 수 없게 되었다. 본 연구에서는 중국의 사문서 진위 증명에 존재하는 실질적 문제를 검토하고, 증명과 관련한 이론을 분석하고 사법실무에서의 경험과 사법사례를 검토함으로써 증명책임이론을 체계화하여, 사문서의 진실성 설립과 증명력 및 입증책임 분배 문제에 대한 해결방안을 제시한다.
Private documents are common in people’s daily life. In recent years, the problem of authenticity of private documents in judicial practice has often become the focus of disputes between the parties in the proceedings, which affects the success of litigation. Especially in the loan civil lawsuit, promissory note’ loan receipts and other documents is the key direct evidence to prove the establishment of the loan relationship. However, the current legal norms in China does not make specific provisions on which the parties should prove the evidence of the authenticity of the private document and on how to judge the authenticity of the private document. On the other hand, it is clearly stated that the theoretical level has not yet formed a unified judgment. The double-level deficiency of the theoretical level and the legal norm can’t meet the needs of the practical circles so that the judgments made by the judges will inevitably present the scene of “different judgments in the same case.” Therefore, this paper is based on the realistic dilemma of the authenticity of the private documents in China. Through the combing of the relevant proof theory and the summary of relevant judicial practice experience and judicial cases, relying on the specific proof of responsibility theory, combined with dynamic process of the judges that judges can form a credible evidence sure , the paper proposes a staged proof concept and a specific structure for the proof of the true establishment of the private document in order to solve the problem of responsibility distribution of the authenticity of the private document. The evidence facts of the authenticity of the private document are auxiliary facts, and the proof of the authenticity of the fact belongs to the scope of burden of production. In the stage of evidence investigation, the burden of proposing proof moves back and forth between the parties as the judge's state of confident changes. Under the premise of the doctrine of discretional evaluation of evidence, this paper puts the problem of authenticity of private documents under the theoretical framework of litigation proof for dynamic research and analysis. In order to solve the problem of the authenticity of private documents, this paper attempts to establish the typed and staged practical rules for the reference of the practice field.
私文书在人们的日常生活中具有常见性, 且近些年来司法实践中私文书真伪问题时常成为诉讼程序中当事人双方的争议焦点, 影响着诉讼成败。尤其是在借贷民事诉讼中, 借条、收条等借贷凭证是证明借贷关系成立与否的关键的直接证据。然而我国目前法规范层面对于私文书的真实性具体应由何方当事人证明及裁判者具体如何判断私文书的真伪等问题未作出明确规定, 理论层面也尚未形成统一的判断, 理论层面与法规范层面的双层缺失无法满足实务界的需求, 致使法官所作出的裁判难免呈现“同案不同判”的景象。 因而本文立足于我国私文书真伪证明存在的现实困境, 通过对相关证明理论的梳理以及相关司法实务经验与司法案例的总结, 依托于具体的提出证明责任理论, 结合法官形成心证确信的动态过程, 就私文书真实成立的证明提出阶段化证明理念及具体结构, 以解决私文书真伪证明的责任分配问题。 私文书真伪的证据事实是辅助事实, 对该事实真伪的证明属于提出证据责任范畴。在证据调查阶段, 提供证据责任随着法官心证状态的变化在双方当事人之间来回游移。在适用自由心证原则的前提下, 本文将私文书真伪证明的问题放置于诉讼证明的理论框架之下进行动态的研究与分析。为解决私文书真伪的证明问题, 本文试图建立类型化与阶段化的实务操作规则, 以供实务界参考。

5,400원

16

국제물품매매계약에 관한 UN협약(CISG)상의 물품의 계약적합성과 입증책임

강정혜

한국경제법학회 경제법연구 제10권 1호 2011.06 pp.237-255

※ 기관로그인 시 무료 이용이 가능합니다.

국제물품매매계약에 관한 UN협약(CISG)은 물품의 계약적합성의 입증책임에 대하여 특별한 규정을 두고 있지 않다. 그 결과 CISG 제35의 해석과 관련하여, 물품이 계약에 적합 또는 부적합하다는 점의 입증책임에 대하여 각국에서 다양한 판결과 중재결정들이 나오고 있다. 즉 매도인이 입증책임을 진다는 견해, 매수인이 입증책임을 진다는 견해 등이 그것이다. 이러한 다양한 견해는 입증책임과 관련하여 대륙법계와 영미법계가 다른 법적 접근방법을 취하기 때문이기도 하다. 그러나 CISG의 세계법적 지위에 비추어 볼 때, CISG상의 물품의 계약적합성의 입증책임과 관련한 각국의 다양한 판결과 중재결정례들을 종합하여 법적 통일성을 확보할 필요가 있다고 할 것이다.
The CISG does not prescribe specific rules regarding the allocation of the burden of proof with regard to lack of conformity in goods. As a result many decisions have discussed in regard that who bears the burden of proving that goods fail to conform to the contract under article 35 at CISG. Some courts or tribunals ruled that the seller bear that burden. On the other hand, several courts or tribunals have concluded that the buyer bears the burden. Also continental law system and common law system have different legal understanding at the allocation of burden of proof. This is why there are so many diverse rulings and principles in the interpretation of burden of proof with regard to the lack of conformity at the CISG. According thereto, to ensure an internationally uniform interpretation and application is needed and this goal is achieved by the effort to rule out the main principle and uniform legal interpretation among the various national court decision on the CISG.

5,400원

17

질적 접근방법의 몇 가지 논점과 실증

김종명

동아시아국제정치학회 국제정치연구 제8집 2호 2005.12 pp.209-224

※ 기관로그인 시 무료 이용이 가능합니다.

including participant observation and intensive interviewing. This article looks at the role of qualitative methods in eliciting people's views inside and outside the political system. The criticism of qualitative methods centers around the problem of the reliability in the collection of data and the analysis and interpretation of interview data. The representative actual proof of qualitative methods can be shown by the study of budgeting process by the Heclo and Wildavsky and the study of voting behavior of workers by Devine. Qualitative studies have made a significant contribution to political science from the study of power relationships in central government to voting in general elections. But the participant observation and intensive interviewing is the most appropriate techniques in the study of such issues.

4,900원

19

중국 의료소송에 있어서의 입증책임과 구성요건

김정진

원광대학교 법학연구소 의생명과학과 법 제12권 2014.12 pp.57-79

※ 기관로그인 시 무료 이용이 가능합니다.

Recently, that a Korean star performer was killed in medical accident became a controversial issue. Besides, the accident opened up the possib ility that a patient will put in a claim for damages by medical accident. G enerally, for the public, it was almost impossible to demand reparation fo r damages by medical accident despite there is related legal provisions. The burden of proof lies with the patient, and it is a laborious task for t he patient because of the problem with asymmetries of information betwe en patient and medical institutions. In medical disputes, thus, the possibility of a claim for damages depen ds on who has the burden of proof. In the past, medical accident was tre ated in accordance with the principle of liability without fault which is on e of the traditional 귀책 responsible ways. Consequently, it was hard to d etermine the specific fact relevance about medical accident. However, th e principle of liability with fault has been changed to either the principle of presumption of negligence or the principle of liability without fault in modern times. With the change, the burden of proof lied on patient in me dical accident was lightened. Thus, the paper will investigate the way of imputation responsibility regulated under the responsibility of medical damage of chapter 7 in Chin ese Tort Law, which was legislated in 2009, first. Next, it will review th e type of medical accident, and what China adopts as the way of the burden of proof through the application of specific cases. It is worth to review in that it will provide basic data about the dispute resolution for the li ability of medical demage under Korea-China FTA regime to Korean rese archers. Furthermore, this study will generally examine the burden of pro of when medical accident occurs according as the type of the liability of medical damage.

6,000원

20

딜레마구간 의사결정 지원 서비스를 위한 로봇카 기반의 개념검증 모형 시스템

이혁준, 정영욱, 이형근

한국ITS학회 한국ITS학회논문지 제13권 제4호 통권54호 2014.08 pp.57-62

※ 기관로그인 시 무료 이용이 가능합니다.

최근 들어 DSRC(Dedicated Short Range Communication), WAVE(Wireless Access for Vehicular Environment) 등의 무선 네트워크 기술을 기반으로 고속 이동 중인 차량의 운전자에게 안전 정보를 제공하기 위한 연구개발이 활발히 진행 중이다. 본 논문에서는 무선랜 기술을 기반으로 하는 딜레마구간 의사결정 지원 서비스를 위한 로봇카 기반의 개념검증 모형시스템의 설계 및 구현에 대하여 소개한다. 제안하는 모델 시스템은 무선랜 인터페이스를 탑재한 임베디드 리눅스 기반의 로봇카 및 차량탑재장치 에뮬레이터, 운전자의 동작을 모사하기 위한 안드로이드 기반의 원격조종기, 신호제어기와 신호시스템을 모사하기 위한 노트북 PC, 노변기지국을 모사하기 위한 무선랜 AP(Access Point)로 구성된다.
Recently, research activities to develop services for providing safety information to the drivers in fast moving vehicles based on various wireless network technologies such as DSRC (Dedicated Short Range Communication), IEEE 802.11p WAVE (Wireless Access for Vehicular Environment) are widely being carried out. This paper presents a proof-of-concept model based on a robot-car for Dilemma Zone Decision Assistant Service using the wireless LAN technology. The proposed model system consists of a robot-car based on an embedded Linux OS equipped with a WiFi interface and an on-board unit emulator, an Android-based remote controller to model a human driver interface, a laptop computer to run a model traffic signal controller and signal lights, and a WiFi access point to model a road-side unit.

4,000원

 
1 2 3 4 5
페이지 저장