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1

Compliance with BYOD Security Policy

Frida Ferdani Putri, Anat Hovav

한국경영정보학회 한국경영정보학회 학술대회 loT 시대의 창조경제 실현을 위한 정보학의 융합과 혁신 2013.11 pp.683-689

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The trend of bring your own device (BYOD) in an organization has raised significant concerns about information system security as employees use their personal devices to access organizational resources. This study aims to examine employees' intention to comply with an organization’s IS security policy in BYOD setting. We derived our research model from reactance theory, protection motivation theory and organizational justice theory. The results of this study demonstrate that perceived threat appraisal, response efficacy and self-efficacy increase an employee’s intention to comply with BYOD security policy. Conversely, perceived freedom threat due to imposed security policy decreased an employee’s intention to comply with the security policy. We also found that an employee’s perceived justice of BYOD policy would promote intention to comply. An interesting double-edged sword effect of a security awareness program was confirmed by the results. BYOD security awareness program increases an employee’s response efficacy and response cost. Availability of an IT support team for BYOD in an organization was also found to increase an employee’s self-efficacy and perceived digital mutualism justice.

4,000원

2

Assessing Compliance with the Wildlife Crossing Guideline in South Korea

Donggul Woo, Heebok Park, Hyeong-Soo Seo, Ho-Gyeong Moon, Euigun Song, Anya Lim, National Institute of Ecology, Seocheon 33657, Republic of Korea

강원대학교 산림과학연구소 Journal of forest and environmental science 제34권 제2호 2018.04 pp.176-179

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To restore the connectivity of fragmented habitats, 415 wildlife crossings have been built between 1998 and 2014 in South Korea. However, their effect on wildlife conservation is still in doubt. As a first step to examine the effectiveness, our study aims to assess compliance with the guideline for wildlife crossing construction and management, developed by the Ministry of Environment Korea that provides fundamental information to understand the status and the problem of wildlife crossings in Korea and thus to provide practical guidance for the improvement. According to our survey, the Korea National Park Service complied with the guideline best (62.5%) while local government followed the guideline least (46.1%). In addition, the compliance rate was the highest for wildlife crossings in national roads (53.6%) followed by highways (53.2%) and local and municipal roads (52.2%). For the overpass wildlife crossings, the compliance rates for installation of an escaping facility in the drainage and prevention of pedestrian and vehicle access were particularly low. In case of underpass wildlife crossings, small ditches for amphibians and reptiles were not sufficient, and the linkage between wildlife fences and underpass were weak. In order to ensure the effectiveness of wildlife crossings, the effort to increase the compliance rate with the guideline is critical, and mandating the guideline could be a practical way to enforce the compliance.

4,000원

3

Automated Compliance Checking Framework for Prevention through Design using Natural Language Processing and Building Information Modeling

JunHyuk Kwon, Seong Choon Jeong

대한건축학회지회연합회 대한건축학회연합논문집 제16권 제6호 통권 64호 2014.12 pp.227-236

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Introducing the concept of construction safety in the design/planning phase can improve the efficiency and effectiveness of safety management on construction sites. In this sense, further improvements for safety can be made by designers’ involvement in the elimination or management of design-related hazards in addition to contractors’ own efforts, as known as Prevention through Design (PtD). However, this idea has not been well materialized in construction practices due in part to the lack of a PtD tool that allows designers to automatically check and evaluate designs in terms of worker safety. The paper addresses this issue by designing and testing an automated compliance checking framework that extracts information relevant to design-related hazards from regulatory documents and maps it to each of related design components using Natural Language Processing (NLP) and Building Information Modeling (BIM). The proposed framework has two key functions: 1) automatically extracting machine-readable regulation information relevant to design-related hazards using NLP techniques; and 2) automatically mapping such information to corresponding design components in a building information model, enabling the visualization of hazards. How all these components work to automatically display design-related hazards and relevant regulatory information is illustrated with a three-story building, focusing on fall protection. The proposed framework successfully extracted regulation information from textual documents with about 90% of precision and recall rates. It also correctly identified all the hazards in the case study model. The automated framework is expected to facilitate safety design review by improving designers and contractors’ proactive responses against design-related hazards

4,000원

5

A Study on Compliance Officer System in Korean Financial Institutions

Hyung-Geun Park, Jae-Choon Lee

대한경영학회 대한경영학회 학술대회 대한경영학회 2014년 추계학술대회 발표논문 2014.11 pp.714-736

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준법감시인은 IMF 외환위기 이후 기업지배구조를 개선하고 기업경영의 투명성 제고를 위하 여 금융기관의 필요적 상설기구로 도입 된 제도이다. 2000년 1월 21일 은행법 개정으로 내부통 제기준 등에 관한 조항이 신설되어 은행은 준법감시인을 의무적으로 두도록 하였다. 금융기관에 있어서 준법감시(compliance)는 금융기관의 임직원이 직무를 수행함에 있어서 관 련법규를 준수하도록 하는 준법감시체제(compliance system)를 마련하고 이를 운영․점검하는 활동을 말하며, 준법감시인(compliance officer)은 이와 같은 업무에 종사하는 자를 말한다. 준법 감시인은 내부통제 기준의 준수여부를 점검하고 내부통제 기준에 위반하는 경우에 이를 조사하 여 감사위원회 등에 보고 하여야 한다. 우리나라는 준법감시인제도가 시행된 지 15년 가까이 되어 상당 부분 정착되었고, 상법에도 상장회사 준법지원인제도가 도입되었다. 준법감시인제도의 문제점을 살펴보면 다음과 같다. 첫째, 준법감시인의 독립성 결여, 둘째, 준법감시인의 역할과 은행 감사위원회의 역할, 셋째, 경영진 등의 내부통제 인식 결여, 넷째, 준법감시인의 과도한 내부통제 책임, 다섯째, 준법감시인 과 보조조직의 전문성이 부족 등을 들 수 있다. 준법감시인제도를 올바르게 정착시키기 위해서는 다음과 같은 개선방안이 모색되어야 할 것 이다. 첫째, 대표이사를 비롯한 경영진의 내부통제의 중요성 등에 대한 인식 전환이 필요하다. 둘째, 준법감시(통제)업무가 잘 수행되기 위해서는 준법감시인의 위상이 제고되어야 한다. 셋째, 준법감시인의 독립성이 확보되어야 한다. 넷째, 준법감시인과 감사위원회의 업무의 효율적 연계가 구축되어야 한다. 다섯째, 준법감시인은 회사의 업무 전반에 대한 법규준수를 책임지는 자이므로 회사의 업무전 반을 파악할 수 있는 지위와 권한이 주어져야 한다. 금융기관의 경영진과 임직원들이 자발적, 능동적으로 내부 시스템을 구축․운영하고 정착하는 경우에는 대내․외 신인도 향상 뿐만 아니라 리스크를 제거하는 데 기여할 수 있을 것으로 기대 된다.
A compliance officer was introduced as a standing position of financial institutions after the Asian Financial Crisis to improve corporate governance and enhance transparency of business management. As the Banking Act was amended on January 21, 2000, an article on internal control standards was newly established and it mandated banks to appoint compliance officers. It has been about 15 years since the compliance officer system was introduced in Korea. Now the system has almost settled and the Korean Commercial Act also introduced a compliance assistant system in listed companies. Therefore, to successfully settle the compliance officer system in place, the following improvement plans shall be sought. Above all, the management as well as CEO should take a new perspective for significance of internal control. Secondly, the status of compliance officer has to be raised in order for compliance (control) business to be performed effectively. Thirdly, independence of compliance officers should be guaranteed. The fourth is, a efficient link between business of compliance officers and that of audit committee. Lastly, a compliance officer shall be granted with proper position and authority to understand the company's business thoroughly because he/she is responsible for compliance with laws and regulations in the company's general business performance. If the management, executives, and employees of financial institutions voluntarily and actively establish, operate and settle an internal system, it is expected to make significant contribution to improving internal/external credit rating and eliminating risks.

6,000원

6

Variation in Residents Compliance with Green Belt Regulation

Lee, Shi-Chul

한국지역개발학회 한국지역개발학회지 제13권 제3호 2001.12 pp.189-212

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6,100원

10

6,400원

12

복지서비스 이용자의 권리옹호를 위한 컴플라이언스(Compliance) 수행방안 연구

이명현

한국케어매니지먼트학회 한국케어매니지먼트연구 제3호 2009.06 pp.41-69

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사회복지서비스의 패러다임 변화로 인해 기존의 조치중심의 사회복지가 이용자 중심의 사회복지로 전환되면서, 선택과 자기결정, 이용과 계약 이념이 복지서비스에 침투되었다. 이러한 변화 동향은 수동적인 개입의 대상으로 여겨 왔던 클라이언트의 지위를 다시 보게 하면서 서비스 전달을 담당하는 일선 사회복지기관의 관리전략도 재구축하지 않을 수 없게 한다. 본 연구는 이러한 변화에 맞추어 서비스 이용지원을 위한 컴플라이언스 매니지먼트 도입을 위한 방안을 도출하는데 초점을 두고 있다. 연구결과 컴플라이언스 수행방안 방안으로서는 첫 번째로 관리적 방안으로서 통제환경 정비와 시스템 재구축, 인력양성 프로그램 개발 등을 들 수 있고, 두 번째로 이용지원 강화를 위한 방안으로서 정보접근권 강화와 감사·평가 프로그램 강화, 거버넌스와 독립컴플라이언스 유형의 적절한 조절, 컴플라이언스 수행과 관련하여 지역중심의 서비스 외부평가, 고충해결 체제 확충, 내부고발자 프로그램 도입, 정보공개 및 보호, 컴플라이언스 행동기준 작성 지원을 제시하였다.

6,900원

13

Mediating Effect of Cooperation with the Police on Compliance with the Law in Model of Procedural Justice and Police Legitimacy

Bojun Seo, Soochang Lee

국제문화기술진흥원 International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology(IJACT) Volume 6 Number 1 2018.03 pp.15-22

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The main purpose of the research is to examine the mediating effect of cooperation with the police on compliance with the law in the causal relationship between procedural justice and police legitimacy and criminal deterrence. This research employs a survey questionnaire to evaluate procedural justice, police legitimacy, cooperation with the police, and compliance with the law. The number of subject of the study is 312 citizens residing in Daegu metropolitan city and some cities of Gyeongsangbuk-do province. The study employs Structural Equation Model by using AMOS 24 to analyze the mediating effect of cooperation with the police on compliance with the law. As the result of analysis, the mediating effect of cooperation with the police on compliance with the law is statistically significant at the level 0.01. The key findings of this study is that in the community-based policing, cooperation with the police and compliance with the law are very important determinants in controlling and deterring crimes and the police need to reinforce a cooperative relationship with residents to reduce crimes through strengthening the willingness of compliance with the law.

4,000원

15

BROWN GAS INCINERATOR FOR WASTE DESTRUCTION AND ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION COMPLIANCE

Kho Boon Kie, Ashwani K. Gupta

국제과학영재학회 APEC Youth Scientist Journal Vol. 4 2012.08 pp.94-107

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All municipal wastes consists large amounts of water (as much as 60% by mass) which hinders the performance of waste incinerators. Excess water can easily be separated out from the municipal solid wastes using centrifuges. The waste water can be reformed to Brown gas (di-atomic and mon-atomic hydrogen and oxygen) using an electrolyzers. At the instant that the water splits, the hydrogen and oxygen are in their mon-atomic state (H and O). Brown gas in the form of hydrogen and oxygen production form waste water is useful from waste waters and all kinds of solid wastes. Dehydrated waste can be easily combusted in an incinerator. Waste is an unavoidable by-product of most human activity. Economic development and rising living standards, including the Asian and Pacific Region have led to increased quantity and complexity of generated waste, whilst industrial diversification and the provision of expanded health-care facilities have added substantial quantities of industrial hazardous waste and biomedical waste into the waste stream with potentially severe environmental and human health consequences. Technologies available remove the large and diverse amounts of wastes generated include incineration, ocean dumping, lagooning, sanitary landfill, direct combustion, pyrolysis, gasification and more. However, available information reveals that incineration.is widely used with reasonable good success to manage the large amounts of wastes generated from low moisture content wastes. Today most incinerators are stoker incinerator which produces dioxins in low temperatures regions of the incinerator as well as other criteria pollutants emission. . High temperature (1600C) zones in the incinerator assist in melting the glass and metal in the waste to mitigate dioxin formation and release of heavy metals in to the environment. Low energy density and high moisture content in the waste require the use of auxiliary fuel to maintain high temperatures in the incinerator. Separating out the water from waste and reforming water to Brown gas and burning low moisture solid wastes in incinerator helps environmental benign means of wastes management. In this paper, different technologies are described that form key elements of overall waste management system, including the brown gas production from the water collected from solid wastes that can be used in the incinerator to further increase the incinerator temperature.

4,600원

16

A Path Way to Successful Management of Individual Intention to Security Compliance : A Role of Organizational Security Climate

Myung-Seong Yim

한국경영정보학회 한국경영정보학회 학술대회 ICT 융합과 금융 및 산업의 혁신 2012.11 pp.491-500

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While organizations are making a considerable effort to leverage formal and informal control mechanisms (e.g., policies, procedures, organizational culture) to improve security, their impact and effectiveness is under scrutiny as employees seldom comply with information security procedures. Drawing upon Griffin and Neal's safety climate and performance model, we develop an information security climate model of security policy compliance. With 581 responses collected through a survey of IT users in South Korea, the results strongly support the fundamental proposition that the information security climate has significant positive influence on the intention of the security policy compliance. The study also reveals that the security climate nurtures the employee’s organizational commitment, which in turn shapes favorable attitude towards the compliance of information security and controls the perceived cost of security compliance at the same time. Overall, the findings support our view that various organizational efforts towards information security collectively create the fertile environment where an organizational member is transformed from a security threat to a security asset.

4,000원

17

The effects of aquatic exercise on body composition, physical fitness, and vascular compliance of obese elementary students

Bo-Ae Lee, Deuk-Ja Oh

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.10 No.3 2014.06 pp.184-190

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of aquatic exer-cise on body composition, physical fitness, and vascular compliance of obese elementary school students. For the purpose of this study, 20 obese elementary students were selected as subjects. The subjects were then divided into two groups: the swimming group (n=10) and the control group (n=10). The subjects were asked to exercise for 60 min-utes a day, 3 times a week for 12 weeks with an exercise intensity of 50-70% HRmax. The following results were achieved: first, in terms of body composition, both body fat percentage and fat-free mass showed sig-nificant differences within the swimming group. There were also signifi-cant differences again in the posttest of difference between the two groups. Second, in terms of changes in physical fitness, there were, again, no significant changes in muscular strength between the two groups. However, muscular endurance, flexibility, and cardiopulmonary endurance showed significant differences in the swimming group’s test for difference within groups. Significant differences in both groups for the posttest of differences between groups were also seen. Third, in terms of vascular compliance, there was a significant increase in the right leg for the swimming groups’ test of difference within groups, as well as in the posttest of difference between groups.

4,000원

19

Effect of long-term resistance exercise on body composition, blood lipid factors, and vascular compliance in the hypertensive elderly men

Hyun-Sub Kim, Dae-Geun Kim

한국운동재활학회 JER Vol.9 No.2 2013.04 pp.271-277

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Hypertension is designated as either essential (primary) hypertension or secondary hypertension and is defined as a consistently elevated blood pressure exceeding 140/90 mmHg. Hypertension is called “the silent killer” because it often causes no symptoms for many years, even decades, until it finally damages certain critical organs. In various causes of hypertension, obesity is an increasing health problem worldwide, and several epidemiological studies have identified a positive association between obesity and an increased incidence of hypertension. Therefore, in the present study, we investigated the effect of long-term resistance exercise on body composition, blood lipid profile, vascular compliance, and blood pressure in the elderly men. For this study, the In- Body test, blood lipid profile, and analysis of vascular compliance and blood pressure were performing before and after in experiment. The twenty male subjects aged between 68 and 72 yr were recruited from the ‘Y’ senior towers in Korea. All subjects performed exercises on a weight training machines 40 min once a day for 52 weeks. The exercise intensity for resistance training was 60% of the 10 RM maximal voluntary contraction test. All subjects before performing resistance exercise showed an increase in hypertension following enhanced %fat, blood lipid factors (TC, LDL-C), whereas decreased lean body mass (LBM), vascular compliance. However, 52 weeks of resistance exercise suppressed %fat and LDL-C, whereas improved LBM, vascular compliance, resulting in reducing hypertensive levels in the elderly men. We suggest that resistance exercise can be a valuable tool for the remarkable improvement of hypertension.

4,000원

20

A Plan for Efficient Operation of Internal Control System in Korean Financial Institutions: Focus on Compliance Officer System

Hyung-Geun Park, Jae-Choon Lee

대한경영학회 대한경영학회지 제28권 제6호 통권 128호 2015.06 pp.1563-1581

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준법감시인은 IMF 외환위기 이후 기업지배구조를 개선하고 기업경영의 투명성 제고를 위하여 금융기관의 필요적 상설기구로 도입이 된 제도이다. 2000년 1월 21일 은행법 개정으로 내부통제기준 등에 관한 조항이 신설되어 은행은 준법감시인을 의무적으로 두도록 하였다. 금융기관의 임직원이 직무를 수행함에 있어서 관련법규를 준수하도록 하는 준법감시체제(compliance system)를 마련하고 이를 운영․점검하는 활동에 종사하는 자를 준법감시인(compliance officer)이라고 한다. 따라서 준법감시인은 내부통제기준의 준수여부를 점검하고 내부통제기준에 위반하는 경우에 이를 조사하여 상근감사위원 및 감사위원회 등에 보고하여야 한다. 우리나라의 준법감시인제도가 효율적으로 운영되기 위해서는 다음과 같은 방안이 모색되어야 한다. 첫째, 내부통제의 중요성을 제대로 인식하고 엄격하게 준수하는 준법문화 구축, 둘째, 내부통제 문제 발생 시 최고경영진의 감독책임 강화, 셋째, 금융당국의 솔선수범, 넷째, 내부통제와 준법감시에 대한 개념 구별, 다섯째, 준법감시인의 역할과 업무범위 조정, 여섯째, 최고경영진의 인식 수준, 일곱째, 준법감시인에 대한 지위와 권한 부여 등이 이루어져야 한다. 본 연구의 시사점을 살펴보면 첫째, 본 연구에서 제시된 금융기관 준법감시인제도의 효율적 운영 방안은 우리나라의 내부통제제도의 강화 및 정착화를 위한 귀중한 정책 자료로 활용될 수 있을 것이다. 둘째, 준법감시제도의 효율적 운영 요인 중 준법문화 구축은 향후 금융기관 준법감시제도의 실무적 측면에서 준법윤리 및 준법문화 정착을 위한 준법준수의 조직문화를 조성하는 데 기여할 것이다. 본 연구는 우리나라 내부통제제도의 효율적 운영방안을 제시하는데 국한하였다. 향후 우리나라 금융기관의 준법감시인제도의 실효성에 대한 실증적인 연구가 이루어져야 할 것이다.
A compliance officer was introduced as a standing position of financial institutions after the Asian Financial Crisis to improve corporate governance and transparency of business management. As the Banking Act was amended on January 21, 2000, an article on internal controls, etc. was newly established and it mandated banks to assign compliance officers. A compliance officer is in charge of establishing a compliance system that ensures employees of financial institutions abide by relevant laws and regulations in performing their duties and operating/monitoring the system. As such, a compliance officer should monitor whether the internal control standards are observed and investigate and report any violation of the internal control standards to the standing auditors and the Audit Committee, etc. For efficient operation of the compliance officer system of the financial institutions in Korea, the following measures should be sought. First, compliance culture needs to be established where employees have strong awareness of the importance of internal control and strictly comply with it. Secondly, responsibility of the top management for supervising internal control problems, if any, shall be strengthened. Thirdly, the financial authorities should set an example for strong compliance. Next, clear distinction between internal control and compliance should be made. Then the role and business scope of compliance officers should be adjusted. The sixth is to improve awareness of the top management, and the seventh is enhancement of the status of compliance officers. The eighth is granting appropriate position and authority to compliance officers. Finally, the ninth is to redefining the role of compliance officer and the Audit Committee (auditors). This study has two main implications. Firstly, the efficient operational plan for compliance officer system in financial institutions suggested in the paper would be used as a valuable policy material to strengthen and solidify the internal control systems in Korea. Secondly, establishment of compliance culture, one of factors for efficient operation of compliance officer system, will contribute to building an organizational culture of compliance that makes compliance ethics and compliance culture fully settled in terms of practical aspects of the compliance officer system in financial institutions. This study will limit its research scope to suggestion of measures for efficient operation of the compliance officer systems of the financial institutions in Korea. Therefore, a following empirical study shall be conducted on the effectiveness of the compliance officer system in Korean financial institutions

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