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2

동아시아 세계의 화이(華夷)의 관련 양상 ― 오삼계(吳三桂)를 중심으로 ―

황소연

단국대학교 일본연구소 일본학연구 제53집 2018.01 pp.271-294

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17세기 동아시아는 명 왕조의 붕괴로 중화세계가 소멸한 가운데 모두가 자신의 풍습(態)을 강조하는 자기주장의 각축장처럼 변해 있었다. 이러한 시대를 배경으로 다양한 인물들이 등장했다. 일본에서도 정성공 부자가 반청 세력을 이끌면서 명청 교체기를 다룬 다양한 작품이 등장해 인기를 끌었다. 그 중에서도 극작가인 지카마쓰의 『고쿠센야캇센』이 주목을 받았다.『고쿠센야캇센』에서는, 순수한 일본인보다 와토나이(和藤內)라는 중국인과 일본인의 혼종적 성격의 인물에 주목하면서 중국을 무대로 봉건적 윤리 체계의 완성을 지향했다. 전통적인 중화의 부재 속에서 만주풍습(夷態)을 몰아내고 중국적인 것을 회복하자는 것이 『고쿠센야캇센』의 작품 세계이다. 작가는 만주족에 의해 촉발된 국속(國俗)의 자각을 바탕으로 『고쿠센야캇센』을 통해 봉건적 윤리의식을 강조하고 있다. 이른바 중화 상실의 시대에 이민족이 유교적 중화 질서를 강조한 것으로 이질적인 존재가 실체와 명분을 일치시키려고 한 ‘경계인(지쿠라)의 중화 의식’이라고 할 수 있다.
Up to the 17th century, various peoples’ ethnic identities couldn’t be embodied in East Asian literary works. The resistant spirit that the father of Zheng Cheonggong was hostile to Qing dynasty in Japan had a great influence upon a lot of Japanese literary works. Above all things, Japanese playwriter Chikamatsu’s works attracted public attention. Chikamatsu attempted to dramatize the restoration of the Chinese feudal ethics system in China through a character of Chinese and Japanese mixed blood named “Watonai” rather than a Japanese pure bloodline. In the 17th century East Asia, the collapse of Ming Dynasty brought about the failure of a traditional Chinese world, which resulted in the appearance of each ethnic group’s idiosyncratic custom. It can be safely assumed that Chikamatsu’s “Cokusenyagassen” managed to portray the establishment of feudal ethical consciousness by the energy of treason and fidelity.
東アジアを舞台にした十七世紀には多様な人物が登場する。日本では鄭成功の父子が反清の勢力のシンボル的な存在になることによって多様な作品が創作されるようになった。その中でも劇作家である近松の作品が注目を集めたのである。近松は『国姓爺合戦』で純粋な日本人よりは和藤內という中国人と日本人の混種的な性格の人物に注目しながら中国で中華の復元という封建的な倫理大系の完成を指向した。十七世紀の東アジアは明王朝の崩壊で中華世界が消滅し、各民族の自らの風俗を強調する競演の場になっていたのである。伝統的な中華の不在の中で夷態を追い出し、新たに中国的なものを回復させようとしたのが『国姓爺合戦』の作品世界である。『国姓爺合戦』で近松が指向したのは混種性に基づいた「反」と「忠」という新しい変革のエネルギの創出と封建的な倫理意識の構築といえよう。

6,100원

3

다카하마 교시의 『조선』 론 ─ 교정되는 텍스트를 중심으로 ─

황소연

단국대학교 일본연구소 일본학연구 제49집 2016.09 pp.147-173

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일본 근대기 하이진(俳人)으로 유명한 다카하마 교시(高浜虛子)는 소설가 지망생이었다. 그가 남긴 소설은 사생문체이며 일본 사소설의 원류로 주목을 받고 있다. 1911년 조선을 방문하고 집필한 것이 『조선』이라는 소설이다. 소설 『조선』은 신문에 140회를 연재하고 단행본으로도 수차례 간행되었으나 이 과정에서 많은 부분이 삭제가 되었다. 삭제된 내용을 정리하면, 첫째로 식민지 조선과 조선인에 대한 부정적인 표현, 둘째로 조선 거주 일본인과 일본 사회에 대한 부정적인 표현, 셋째로 등장인물의 이탈적인 삶에 대한 표현 등이 삭제되었다. 이러한 수정 방향은 당대의 일본 주류 사회의 인식과 사회 저변에 사는 인간들의 욕망의 분출을 표현하고자 한 다카하마 교시의 소설관의 충돌로 이해된다. 갈등이 발생할 수 있는 부분을 수정해 무난하고 착한 소설로의 전이과정의 결과물이 단행본 『조선』인 것이다. 이러한 텍스트의 변화는 연재소설로 발표한 후에 그 평가가 저조하자 시류에 맞춰 수정한 작가의 가변적인 태도에 기인한다고 본다. 다카하마 교시는 소설 『조선』의 일련의 수정 과정을 통해, 욕망의 외현화보다는 세상 질서의 내면화를 강화시켰다고 하겠다. 외부의 평가를 의식하며 정제된 언어로 형상화한 결과물이 단행본 『조선』인 것이다.
Takahama Kyosi who is well-known for Haijin(俳人) in modern period was a would-be novelist.His works were mostly written in photographic style and have received public attention as an origin of Japanese autobiographical fiction. Among his novels, Choseon which was serialized 140 times in a daily newspaper and was also published in book form several times, is based upon his visit to Choseon. Many parts of Choseon serialized in a daily newspaper were deleted in the process of being published in book form. Erased contents can be summarized as follows: First, negative expressions of colonialized Choseon and its people. Second, negative views of Japanese residents in Choseon and of Japanese society. Third, deviant behaviors of female characters. These kinds of rectifications can be appreciated as the inner conflicts of Takahama Kyosi’s literary views between his sense of Japanese mainstream society at that time and his wish to express the lower-class people’s desires. The corrections to resolve the conflicts for him to choose an easier way resulted in Choseon in bookform. It may be assumed that this transition comes from the writer’s variable attitude to follow current trends after the unfavorable public estimation of newspaper serial. It is apparent that Takahama Kyosi tried to solidify the internalization of the world order instead of exposing people’s inner desires. His refined languages in Choseon result from his strong sense of public appraisal.
日本の近代の俳人として有名な高浜虛子は小説家を目指した人である。彼の小説は写生文体で日本の私小説の源流として注目されている。1911年に朝鮮を尋ねてから書いたのが『朝鮮』で、新聞に140回を連載してから単行本としても数回に渡って発行されたのである。『朝鮮』は新聞連載から単行本に編集される過程で削除された所が少なくないのである。削除されたところの特徴を三つに纏めると次のようである。一つに、植民地朝鮮と朝鮮人に対する否定的な表現。二つに、朝鮮に住んでいる日本人とその社会に対する否定的な表現。三つに、女性の登場人物の生き方に関する表現等が削除されたのである。このような修正は、新聞連載の『朝鮮』の評価がよくなかったので単行本として出版する際に時流を受け止めて変更を認めた作家の態度に拠るものと見受けられる。高浜虛子は『朝鮮』の修正過程を通して欲望の外現化よりは世間の評価を内在化する方を選択したといえよう。その結果、生まれたのが単行本『朝鮮』である。

6,600원

4

李文長과 그의 시대 - 德川時代를 예견한 조선의 儒學者 -

황소연

단국대학교 일본연구소 일본학연구 제37집 2012.09 pp.153-191

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As Lee Mun-Jang maintained, he is presumed to be a Imcheon's Confucian scholar closely related to Lee San-Hae. Apparently, he inherited an academic instruction from Lee Ji-Ham(Lee San-Hae's uncle) under the guidance of Seo Kyong-Deok. Chosun's historical record offers a negative evaluation about Lee Mun-Jang, that is, a traitor to support Japan's invasion into CheJu Island and to serve the interest of the enemy. Contrary to this, Japan's history shows that it was not true, but he was a Confucian scholar well versed in the art of divination living on learning. Any physical evidence which he was implicated in a plot cannot be found. In view of the state of things at the times, he is supposed to have been a scholar leading a campaign of enlightenment providing the bridge of communication for Chosun's Confucianism and Japan's Buddhism. The fact that Lee Mun-Jang is recorded in Tokugawa Jikki and Jitsuroku, The True Tokugawa Record about Tokugawa shogunate serves to prove Tokugawa shogunate's recognition that Imjinwaeran was a war of aggression against Busido(Samurai Laws).
李文長は自ら主張している通り李山海と関係が有る林川の儒学者だと思われる。李山海の叔父である李知菡は徐敬德の門下で韓国で尤も著名な易者である。理気一元的な徐敬德の学問の世界が李知菡を通して李文長へ引きつがれているといえよう。李文長の学問は、日本に大きな影響を与えたと云われている李退渓の学問とは異なるもので、日本の近世初期を考える上で注目すべき流れである。朝鮮時代の文献では李文長を利敵活動家として捉える向きがあるが日本側の諸資料でそのような活動を確認するのは困難である。李文長の人物像は学問を通して一家を支える生活人であり易学に通じている儒学者の姿である。彼は󰡔清水物語󰡕に登場する翁のように朝鮮の性理学と日本の仏教とを一元に捉えながら一般の人に意見を提示する儒学に基づいた啓蒙主義者として評価できるのではないかと思われる。日本で多様な活動を行った李文長が徳川幕府の正史である󰡔徳川実記󰡕と各種の実録物、諸記録に登場するのは意義深いことである。壬辰倭亂(文禄慶長の役)が武士道に反する侵略戦争であるとの徳川幕府の認識と李文長の活動とは密接な関わりがあると推論されるのである。

8,400원

5

조선시대 사행(使行)문학과‘관광(觀光)’의식 - 통신사ㆍ연행사ㆍ신사유람단을 중심으로 -

황소연

단국대학교 일본연구소 일본학연구 제30집 2010.05 pp.193-214

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Chosun had endeavored to establish her identity, while being conscious of the surrounding countries. The Chosun Tongsinsa(envoy) despatched to Japan had a sense of superiority over Japan all the time. This is true of the Chosun Yeonhangsa(envoy) to China, but they thought highly of Chinese civilization to a certain degree. Korean intellectuals' superiority consciousness in the latter part of Chosun period can find itself in the word of Kwankwang in travel literature, which means a sense of superior culture. At that time, Japan was in a position of viewing Chosun's products of civilization as superior ones, which was true of Chinese position of treating Chosun envoy. Such Chosun intellectuals' concept is closely related to Chosun-oriented one.
朝鮮は周辺国との関わりのなかで、相手を意識しながら自分をどう位置づけるかに相当に苦労したのである。日本との関係では対等な善隣の関係を唱えながらも当時の人々が残した記録は常に優越な立場を堅持した視点で書かれたものである。朝鮮時代の複雑な自己認識と他者認識を把握するためには様々な要素を検討する必要があるだろうが、当時の通信使が残した記録には統一的な視点が作用していると見受けられる。その視点を「観光意識」を中心に浮き彫りにさせることができるのではないかと思うのである。「観光」という言葉を現在では日常的な旅行の意味として使っているが、本来の意味は単純な旅行を意味する言葉ではなく「上国を見る行為」であったのである。このような「観光」の言葉を朝鮮通信使は日本の人に使い、燕行使は中国の人に対してこの用語を使っているのである。中国に対しては朝鮮の燕行使が「観光」する場面も出ってくるのだが日本に関する「観光」意識は全く出てこないのである。日本人が通信使を見る行為に関しては「観光」という言葉を頻繁に使っているのと完全に対照をなしているのである。通信使が日本に対して固く維持してきた「観光」させる意識は時代的な環境によって変化するものであろうが、通信使の紀行文の記述は朝鮮後期の朝鮮中心の考え方と無縁とも言えないのである。朝鮮後期の知識人たちは東アジアにおける主体的な存在としての有り様を「観光」という言葉を通して示そうとしたのではないかと推論されるのである。

5,800원

6

인터넷 뱅킹 서비스 취약점 분석 및 보안대책

이상진, 황소연, 김경곤, 여성구

한국융합보안학회 융합보안논문지 제7권 제2호 2007.06 pp.119-128

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년 인터넷 뱅킹 서비스가 국내에 처음 도입된 이후 다수의 사용자들에게 인터넷 뱅킹 서비스는 없어서는 안 될 중요한 서비스로 자리 매김하게 되었다. 인터넷 사용자에게 편리함을 제공하는 것은 물론 은행 업무의 효율성을 가져다준 인터넷 뱅킹은 그 중요성이 더욱더 커져갈 것이다. 이로 인해 인터넷 뱅킹을 악용하는 사례가 발생하고 있으며, 특히 컴퓨터 해킹을 통해서 불법적 계좌 이체를 하거나 사용자 정보를 도용하는 등 그 피해의 유형 및 규모가 점점 증가하고 있는 추세이다. 본 논문은 인터넷 뱅킹 서비스를 구성하고 있는 전체적인 요소들(Com-ponents)을 분석하고 서비스 흐름(Service Flow)에 따른 해킹 위협을 구조적으로 분석한다. 이를 통하여 현 인터넷 뱅킹 서비스의 근본적인 문제점을 지적하고 인터넷 뱅킹 서비스의 해킹 위협을 최소화하기 위한 방안을 제시하고자 한다.
Since the internet banking service was introduced to Korea in 1999, service has placed itself as an indispensable service to most users. The internet banking, which provides convenience for internet users as well as eficiency for banks, is expected to increase its importance more and to play a bigger role as a passage of funds. Meanwhile, numerous accounts as to the misusage of the internet banking service have been reported and the types and size of damages, especially making illegal money transfers and embezzling user information through computer hacking, tend to increase continuously. This paper points out fundamental problems of the curent internet banking service by analyzing the all components of the internet banking service and fitting the results of structural analysis of hacking threats in accordance with service flow. This paper also attempts to propose the means to minimize the hacking threats of the internet banking service.

4,000원

7

세탁방법에 따른 데님직물의 변색과 변형

황소연, 정혜원

[Kisti 연계] 한국의류산업학회 한국의류산업학회지 Vol.12 No.1 2010 pp.114-121

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Denim is one of the most frequently used fabrics for blue jeans. After washing denim fabric frequently changes its size and color. Salespersons recommended that after purchasing blue jeans customers should dry clean them once before washing. The aim of this study was to investigate to what degree washing with a household washing machine and dry cleaning affected the dimensions and the color of denim fabric. The denim fabric shrank greatly after the first laundering in warp direction regardless of whether it had been dry-cleaned or not. However, it shrank little from the second to the tenth laundering and after each number of dry cleanings. The thickness of the denim changed in the same way as the shrinkage occurred when the number of launderings or dry-cleanings increased. Although the indigo came out of the denim into washing liquor, both of the $L^*$ values and the $b^*$ values of the laundered and the dry-cleaned denim fabrics were lower than those of the control fabric. Darkening of the fabric after washing attributed to the shrinkage in warp; specifically the deep-blue warp yarns more spaced on the fabric face and the back. The $L^*$ and $b^*$ values of the dry-cleaned fabric decreased less than those of the laundered. The value of $a^*$ increased much less than the other values. Staining of the white cotton fabric laundered with the denim fabrics became less as the number of launderings increased. The degree of staining from the dry-cleaned denim was much lower than that of the laundered fabric.

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8

응축식 의류건조기의 효율적인 건조 조건

정혜원, 김효정, 황소연

[Kisti 연계] 한국의류산업학회 한국의류산업학회지 Vol.10 No.6 2008 pp.1058-1063

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The use of clothes dryers is increasing in Korea and throughout Asia, because of preference for the drum type washer dryer. Clothes dryers consume more energy than almost any other home appliance. This paper suggests efficient ways for drying laundry with condensing clothes drier. We dried cotton fabrics with the condensing clothes dryers and observed the energy input, temperature and RH of the dryer during the drying process. In the early stages of drying process, the air temperature inside the clothes dryer decreased and the RH and the drying time increased as the weight of fabrics increased. We found that it was important to consider the total weight of the fabrics that included heat-sensitive fibers. It took more than half the drying time and the energy input for a 2.5 kg load that it did for a 5 kg load. Therefore, drying larger one load was more efficient than divided smaller loads, because increasing the weight of the fabrics reduced the energy input per kg of drying clothes. The lower the initial moisture regains of the fabrics were, the lower the energy input and the drying time were. The energy input for spinning after washing was much less than that for drying in the dryer. Consequently, it is more efficient to reduce the moisture content of the clothes by lengthening the spinning time of the washer to reduce the energy consumption and the drying time. During the drying process opening the door twice for 30 seconds each time lowered the air temperature and the RH of the dryer, but did not affect the moisture regain of the fabrics, the drying time, and the energy input.

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