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1

중세 말 영국에서의 폭력적 범죄 발생과 사회질서 유지

홍성표

한국서양중세사학회 서양중세사연구 제13호 2004.03 pp.99-134

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This article aims to find answers to the following questions. First, what is the homicide? How can we make a distinction between murder and homicide? Second, how can we seize the process of investigation and trial about a homicide? Third, what kind of punishment do murderer? Fourth, there are many cases of general and special pardons to murderer in the reign of Edward I, II, III. If so, what have any relations to pardon and community order? There are several kinds of homicide. That is in the administration of justice, of necessity, by chance and by intention. We must distinguish whether the necessity was avoidable or not. If avoidable, he/she could escape without slaying, he/she will then be guilty of homicide. If unavoidable, he/she could not escape danger, he/she is not liable to the penalty for homicide. Also we must distinguish whether he/she has been engaged in a proper or an improper act. By intention, one has killed another wickedly and feloniously. These are major and more serious crime because he/she principally affect the person of the king. What we called that is breach of king's peace. The kind of the punishment for homicide is various. Some take away life or member. Some entail the abjuration of the realm of his/her community, permanent or temporary. If murderer flees to a church, he/she confess his/her crime in there because they want they remain there. After confessing the crime he/she choose to abjure the realm, he/she is sent into exile. And then he/she can not return the realm without license after being so exiled. According to Maitland's assertion, murderer was exiled from the realm of England to France or Flanders through Dover port. But I can not agree with his assertion. He/she must select some port from which he/she can cross to another land(Channel Islands) beyond the realm of England. Pardon for homicide is various kinds. One who is under twelve years of age cannot be outlawed. Until he reaches that age he is not under any law. As soon as war was declared, it was the custom to issue a proclamation, in which a general pardon of all homicides was granted to everyone who would serve for some times at his own cost. According to this custom, king Edward granted general pardon to homicides for increasing his military force to make war with Scotland, Gascony, Spain, Wales, Ireland, Flanders, and France. In memory of accession to the throne of king Edward III, he granted special pardon to homicides. This pardon had a great influence on community social order and king's peace. The main function of the frankpledge system was to provide mutual surety as well as crime prevention. Each frankpledge unit was divided into a number of tithings. With respect to one who has taken to flight, careful inquiry must be made as to whether he is to enter a tithing or not. If every tithings are not inspected by sheriff once a year, the tithings will be amerced before the justices for not producing the said malefactor for trial, even though men of a tithing has been arrested by others before the eyre and committed to prison. By this system we can understand how medieval English tithing system made efforts for the prevention of criminal offences and social order.

7,900원

2

에드워드 I세(1272-1307)의 대 스코트랜드 정책의 의미

홍성표

한국서양중세사학회 서양중세사연구 제19호 2007.04 pp.97-130

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It is the purpose of this paper to examine in detail how Edward I, king of England, gained control over Scotland. Scotland was dependent on England in the thirteenth century. When Alexander III died suddenly in March 1286, there was uncertainty rather than a crisis over the succession. Failing the birth of a living child as heir, Maid of Norway, Alexander III’s granddaughter, acknowledged as rightful heir. The Treaty of Birgham was a marriage treaty uniting the heir of England with the heiress of Scotland. As Margaret, Maid of Norway, died suddenly in 1290, Edward I’s plan in Scotland would not work. Edward was himself planning to subjugate Scotland from the ‘Great Cause’. All the claimants agreed that Edward I was the rightful overlord and that they would abide by his judgement on the succession. And they did homage to the king of England as lord superior of the realm of Scotland. John Balliol was decided upon as king of Scotland by Edward I, and he enthroned as king of Scotland on St Andrew’s Day in 1292. On 26th December 1292 John Balliol did homage to Edward I, recognizing that Edward I was his sovereign lord. But tensions between King Edward I and King John became more obvious in 1295 because of news of the French alliance with Scotland and the judicial argument relating to the Macduff appeal in English court. King John did not discharge his homage, so King Edward I summoned him in England. Against his coercion, King John annulled the contract of homage with King Edward I. Scots say that if any king of Scotland make himself subject, it was for certain lands that the king of Scotland held in England. So Dunbar war broke out between Scotland and England in 1296. And Scotland was defeated in the war. After Dunbar war, Edward I did hold power and influence in Scotland. There was no Scots strong enough to resist Edward I. As soon as the time of William Wallace had come, Wars of Independence broke out. Both English and Scottish sources stress that John Comyn was a major obstacle to Robert Bruce’s ambitions in 1306. On 10 February 1306 Robert Bruce murdered John Comyn. After the event, he enthroned king of Scotland. We must consider that the event was civil war.

7,600원

3

6,000원

4

대소송(Great Cause)과 에드워드 1세의 스코틀랜드 지배 음모

홍성표

한국서양중세사학회 서양중세사연구 제24호 2009.09 pp.51-86

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Between May 1291 and November 1292 King Edward I spent a very great deal of time on the northern frontier of his realm, engaged upon the problem of the succession to the throne of the kingdom of Scotland. Since the eighteenth century, this famous affair has been known as ‘Great Cause’. The law of succession in the thirteenth century was by no means firmly settled in all its principle. Edward I had acted as overlord of Scotland, instead of insisting that he be recognized as an arbitrator between the thirteenth claimants. Robert Bruce's claim for a part of Scotland was declared incompatible with his former claim for the impartible whole. Therefore he shall gain nothing. Now at last the throne of Scotland was awarded to John Balliol. Stress is laid on the impartible of Scotland on primogeniture. On 17 November 1292 the final judgement was given. Arrangements were announced for Balliol to swear fealty and do homage to Edward. He was enthroned at Scone on 30 November 1292. In here, Edward said that, if need be, he will summon the King of Scots to England to answer for complaints. On the death of Malcolm, Earl of Fife, his heir was an infant. The earl's brother, Macduff, claimed a portion of the estate. When his claim was dismissed by the Bishop of St Andrews, he appealed to King Edward during the Interregnum. Edward ordered that Macduff's claim be tried by the Guardians, who decided in his favour. Edward and his legal advisers drew up a code of regulations, based on English common law, aimed at controlling and penalising John's disobedience. King John have to appeared to answer in the case of Macduff's matters. John refused to answer according to Treaty of Birgham, which had agreed that all Scottish lawsuits would be determined in Scotland. On 23 April 1296, the main English army set out along the coast road from Berwick into Dunbar in Scotland. Edward I's army warred down King John. Because of overlordship given to Edward I by claimants, King John and his son Edward were taken by sea to England.

7,900원

5

한국 방위산업의 수출경쟁력 제고방안

홍성표

한국방위산업학회 한국방위산업학회지 제14권 제2호 2007.12 pp.133-162

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This study examines the ROK's export policy of defense products, and provides policy suggestion for expanding defense industry export. Leading countries in defense industry export, including the USA, the United Kingdom, France and Russia, have actively driven export policy led by her governments' authority. In order to expand defense industry export, it is essentially required for the ROK to develop advanced defense technologies and produce competitive defense products, both in price and quality. For this, the integrated effort of the government, industry, military and R&D organizations is crucial. In addition, the ROK should actively cultivate international markets for expanding defense export supported by the government. The ROK is also needed a close cooperation with the US for expanding its defense industry export. The ROK government should provide various institutionally supporting incentives for expanding defense export to the defense industry circles. Those are included foreign countries's defense acquisition plans and long-term demands, tax reduction, finance support, and hosting international exhibition events on defense products.

7,000원

6

방위산업 중소기업자 우선선정품목 지정제도 보완방안

홍성표

한국방위산업학회 한국방위산업학회지 제18권 제1호 2011.06 pp.101-124

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The Korean Government has driven a policy to promote its defense industry since the early 1970’s. Based upon this policy, the defense industry has grown up significantly. The Lee Myungbak Government emphasized the importance of the defense industry, and chose it as a new impetus tool for national economic growth. However, the defense industry has a number of internal problems, which the government plans to solve under the shadows of rapid growth. One way of resolving it is government policy for protecting small business companies. This essentially required more comprehensive policy to protect small business companies in order to strengthen the country’s sound defense industry structure. This study deeply examines government policy towards the protection of small business companies and suggests compensatory policy alternatives to protect small business companies while promoting the defense industry. In addition, this study suggests how to amend related laws and regulations in protecting small business companies in Korea's defense industry. Essentially, a more comprehensive approach is required to protect small business companies in order to strengthen the competitiveness of the country’s defense industry, not only for domestic competency but also international competency.

6,100원

7

이혼 및 성범죄와 여성의 불평등론

홍성표

한국서양중세사학회 서양중세사연구 제3호 1998.12 pp.101-119

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5,400원

8

9,300원

9

북한의 군사도발 능력과 한미의 연합 대응능력

홍성표

한국방위산업학회 한국방위산업학회지 제19권 제2호 2012.12 pp.123-143

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It is timely, meaningful, and worthy to analyze North Korea’s capability to conduct provocations and the ROK-US combined capability to counter them with regard to Kim Jongil’s sudden death. North Korea’s military capability to conduct provocations is very strong and seriously threatening to South Korea. The comparison of South Korea’s conventional military power with that of North Korea showed that North Korea is superior in weapons quantity. South Korea is significantly superior to North Korea in terms of its advanced weapons quality, though. In practice, it was found that North Korea’s weapons systems are mostly old manual systems, whereas those of South Korea are mostly electronic systems. What is more, South Korea will be supported by the US Forces in Korea in major conflict situations. North Korea perceives well that it cannot defeat the ROK-US forces in a symmetric strategy. Thus, it is concentrating its military efforts on the development of weapons of mass destruction and the pursuit of a asymmetric strategy against the ROK-US combined forces. Thus, it would be very difficult to effectively counter North Korea’s surprise attacks or asymmetric provocations. Despite South Korea’s superior military capability, it would still be very difficult for it to respond effectively to surprise enemy attacks or asymmetric provocations. War history demonstrates well this kind of military conflict. It is one of the major tasks of the ROK-US combined forces to defend peace and security on the Korean peninsula, though. <Key Words> North Korea’s military power, Conventional military power, Asymmetric strategy, ROK-US combined forces

5,700원

10

윌리엄 월레스와 스코틀랜드의 독립 전쟁

홍성표

한국서양중세사학회 서양중세사연구 제22호 2008.09 pp.89-124

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The battle of Stirling Bridge was a landmark victory that restored Scottish confidence and pride, erasing the memory of the debacle at the Dunbar war. The problem of Wallace's election in 1298 is that he was sole Guardian and that he was chosen because he had proved himself the military champion of his country. Between Murray's death in November and the battle of Falkirk in the following July, Wallace alone was in command. Scots had fought to rid their land of foreign invaders and to restore their lawful king. In 1298 Edward I had won in the Falkirk war and destroyed the authority of William Wallace. Wallace may have been moving towards the conclusion that the Scots could never achieve victory by their own efforts, for a year later he left for Paris to lobby the French king for support. The whole force of the Scottish diplomatic effort at Paris and Rome had been concentrated on the recognition of King John's legitimate title to kingship and the necessity of his restoration. On August 1305 Wallace was captured by John of Menteith. He committed for the robberies, homicides and felonies in the realm of England and in the land of Scotland. No opportunity was given for him to answer the charges. The sentence was to be carried out immediately. He responded to the treason charge, "I could not be a traitor to Edward, for I was never his subject.” On 23 August 1305 Wallace was taken from the Westminster Hall. He was hanged, drawn and quartered. His head was placed on London bridge, and the body quartered, with parts dispatched to Newcastle, Berwick, Stirling, and Perth. Wallace had done his work right well and truly, as builder of the foundations of Scottish Independence. The historical consensus regarding Wallace that emerged during the nineteenth century was that he inspired the national awakening of Scotland. The creation of an image of William Wallace is very important to the nationalist and the Scottish political party, especially members of Scottish National Party. They think that the Union of 1707 would be to finish the work of Wallace. So the story of Wallace came to be most associated with the nationalist movement in the 19th and 20th centuries.

7,900원

11

한반도전구 탄도탄 방어체계 구축방안 연구

이연수, 정수, 홍성표, 최기일

한국방위산업학회 한국방위산업학회지 제24권 제4호 2017.12 pp.1-16

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본 논문은 한반도전구 탄도탄 방어체계 구축방안에 대한 연구이다. 북한은 현재 다양한 종류의 탄도미사일을 1000여기이상 보유하고 있다. 북한의 탄도탄 특성과 사거리를 고려해 볼 때 한반도에 직접적인 위협이 되는 탄도탄은 KN-02, SCUD, 노동으로 판단된다. 우리의 지정학적 환경에 적합한 “한국적 미사일 방어체계”를 조기에 구축하기 위해서는 우선 운영개념을 재정립하고, 징후감시체계를 갖추어야 하며, 일원화된 작전통제체제와 요격수단을 적정 확보하여야 한다. 탄도탄요격 능력을 보강하기 위해 개발 중인 천궁-Ⅱ(M-SAM)를 조기 양산 배치하여야 하며, 상층방어 체계인 L-SAM도 집중적으로 연구개발 함으로써 상층 및 하층의 다층복합 방공망을 조기에 구축하여야 한다. 또한 한반도 전구여건에 부합된 독자적인 방어훈련체계도 시급히 개발 구축하여야 한다. “한국적 미사일 방어망 구축”은 국방개혁 차원에서 핵심 전략과제로 최우선하여 시급히 추진되어야 할 것이다.
This study is on the establishment of ballistic missile defense system in the Korean Theater. North Korea has now more than 1,000 ballistic missiles. Taking account the characteristics and ranges of North Korea's missiles in various kinds, it is that KN-02(Toksa), SCUD, and NODONG are the direct threats to the Korean Theater. In order to deploy a "Korean missile defense system(KAMD)" suitable for our geopolitical environment, it is necessary to redefine the operational concept, establish the monitoring system, and secure the unified operational control system and the interception means. CHUNKUNG-Ⅱ(M-SAM), which is being developed in order to reinforce the ballistic interception capability, should be mass-produced and deployed as early as possible, and L-SAM, which is an upper-tier defense system, should be in intensive R&D and developed so that multi-layered defense system can be established including upper and lower-tier. In addition, it is urgent to develop and construct an independent defense training system that is suitable for the Korean Theater. The establishment of a "Korean missile defense network" should be urgently promoted as a key strategic task in defense reform.

4,900원

12

The Influence of Calling and Subjective Well-Being on Turnover Intention of Air Force Pilots

Sung Pyo Hong, Ji Young Kim

위기관리 이론과 실천 한국위기관리논집 제13권 제11호 2017.11 pp.47-61

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공군 조종사의 대량 이직은 공군의 전반적인 작전 수행 능력과 사기에 영향을 미치는 국가적 문제라 할 수 있다. 이 문제를 해결하기 위해 국가 차원의 여러 대책이 실행되고 있지만, 여전히 많은 숙련급 조종사들이 민간 항공사로 이직하고 있다. 이에 본 연구에서는 공군 조종사 개인의 긍정 심리학적 요인에 주목하여, 공군 조종사의 소명의식과 주관적 안녕이 이직의도에 어떠한 영향을 미치는지 살펴보고자 하였다. 공군 조종사 239명의 응답 자료를 분석한 결과, 공군 조종사의 소명의식이 높을수록 주관적 안녕이 증가하고 이직의도는 감소하였다. 이 때 소명의식과 이직의도의 관계에서 주관적 안녕의 부분매개 효과가 확인된 바, 공군 조종사의 소명의식은 이직의도에 직접적인 영향을 미칠뿐만 아니라, 주관적 안녕을 통해 이직의도의 감소에 기여하는 것으로 나타났다. 본 연구는 공군조종사의 이직의도에 영향을 미치는 요인으로서 긍정심리학적 개념인 소명의식과 행복을 상정하여 입증했다는 점에서 의의가 있다. 마지막으로 본 연구의 시사점과 한계 및 후속 연구를 제언을 논의하였다.
The mass turnover of air force pilots is the national problem that has a negative influence on the operational ability and the morale of air force. Although various policies have been executed in Korea, many skilled pilots tend to move to commercial airlines. Focusing on positive psychological factors, this study examined the influence of calling and subjective well-being on turnover intention of air force pilots using the data collected from 239 pilots. We found that calling among air force pilots was positively associated with their subjective well-being but negatively associated with their turnover intention. The relationship between calling and turnover intention was partially mediated by subjective well-being. This finding suggested that calling had a direct effect on turnover intention but an indirect effect on turnover intention through subjective well-being. Finally, we discussed the implications and limitations of the present study along with suggestions for further research.

4,800원

13

정부출연 연구기관 경영성과에 대한 기관장 리더십의 평가에 관한 연구

김용덕, 이병준, 홍성표

한국경영컨설팅학회 경영컨설팅연구 제17권 제3호 통권 제54호 2017.08 pp.155-168

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본 연구는 2005년 이후 2014년까지 매년 실시되어온 기관장 리더십 평가제도가 정부출연 연구기관의 경영성과 증진에 어떠한 영향을 미쳐 왔는지를 분석하고자 하였다. 이를 위하여 본 연구에서는 기관장 리더십 평가제도의 운영변화에 대하여 지난 10년간의 추이를 분석하였고, 아울러 연구기관 경영평가 결과와 외부전문가 및 연구기관에 대하여 시행한 설문조사 결과를 분석하였다. 분석결과들은 지난 10년간 매년 실시되어온 기관장 리더십 평가제도가 기관장 및 연구기관의 경영성과 증진에 크게 기여한 것으로 나타났다. 특히 기관장 리더십의 핵심인 경영목표 실천계획 달성도 제고에의 기여도는 대단히 높은 것으로 나타났다. 아울러 기관장 리더십 평가는 책임경영 및 윤리경영의 개선, 연구기관의 발전에도 상당히 기여하여 온 것으로 나타났다. 또한 기관장 리더십 평가결과와 관련한 후속조치의 활용도 및 자율지표의 적절성에 대하여 전체적으로 긍정적으로 나타났다. 이러한 연구결과를 토대로 본 연구에서는 향후 기관장 리더십 평가제도의 개선을 위한 발전과제를 제시하였다.
This study aims to analyze the impact of evaluation system for organization head leadership executed from 2005 to 2014 on improving management performances of government-supported research institutes. For this purpose, the study conducted an analysis of the trends of operation changes of evaluation system for organization head leadership for the last 10 years. Also, both the evaluation results of management performance of research institutes and the survey results conducted to outside professionals as well as inside employees of research institutes were analyzed. As results of analysis, evaluation system for organization head leadership executed every year for the last 10 years contributed greatly to performance improvement of both organization heads and research institutes. Especially, the results showed that the contributions to achievement improvement of execution plans for management goals were very large. Based on the analysis results, the study suggested some development tasks to improve evaluation system for organization head leadership in the future.

4,600원

14

연구 성과의 적용가능 산업분류 자료에 기초한 국가 기초연구 투자의 경제적 효과 분석

백민희, 홍성표

경성대학교 산업개발연구소 산업혁신연구 제33권 제2호 2017.06 pp.103-117

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지식기반경제의 지속가능한 성장을 위해서는 기초연구개발 및 독자적 원천기술 확보가 절실해지고 있는데 기초연구의 특성으로 인해 기초연구개발 투자에 있어서 민간보다는 국가의 역할이 중요하다. 본 연구는 정부주도 기초연구 투자의 경제적 효과를 정량적으로 분석․제시함으로써 기초연구 투자의 필요성을 정량적으로 확인하고자 하였다. 일반 연구개발 관련 자료와 달리 국가 기초연구 투자의 경제적 효과 분석의 경우 자료의 시계열 길이가 너무 짧을 뿐만 아니라, 학문분야별로 구축되어 있어 산업별로 분류된 경제적 효과 변수와 부정합의 문제가 발생한다. 본 연구에서는 적용 가능 산업분야별 특허 변수가 포함된 패널자료를 구축하였고, 연구개발 기반 성장모형과 같이 특허를 직접적인 생산요소로 간주하여 생산함수에 포함하는 방법을 이용하여 모형을 설정한 후, 확률효과모형 추정방법으로 추정하였다. 추정한 결과를 보면, 자본스톡이 매출액에 기여하는 정도는 0.525로 나타났다. 특허를 통하여 추정한 기초연구 탄력성은 0.0005로 유의하게 추정되어 기초연구 특허가 1% 증가할 때 GDP는 0.0005% 정도 평균적으로 증가한다고 볼 수 있다. 경제적 효과의 크기는 우리나라 경제성장의 구조적 특성, 기초연구 성과와 경제적 효과 간 시차, 복잡한 성과전달과정, 그리고 적용가능분야라는 자료의 한계 등으로 인하여, 비록 유의하기는 하나 작게 추정되었다고 해석할 수 있다. 연구 결과를 요약하자면, 기존의 자료 한계에 의한 부적합한 연구와 달리 적용가능 산업분류에 기초한 패널자료를 사용하여 추정한 결과, 국가 기초연구 투자의 경제적 성과가 분명히 존재하고 있고, 미래 국가경쟁력을 결정하는 잠재적인 측면까지 고려한다면 지속 가능한 경제성장을 위하여 정부가 기초연구 투자에 적극적으로 나서야 한다는 정책방향성을 보여주고 있다 하겠다.
This study analyzes the economic effects of the government basic research investment. Recognizing that the shortcomings of the previous studies stemmed from the serious limit in the related data, we set the data in the different way with the help of the data-management organization. The data is set up so that the patents from the basic research are categorized according to the applicability to the specific industries rather than the academic fields, and hence the economic effects of the patents from the government basic research investment can be captured directly. The economic effects are estimated significantly, though the magnitude is a bit small. Overall, the results indicates that the government has to keep investing in the basic research, and that the need for the basic research investment becomes even larger when considering the roles of the basic research as the determinant of the future national competitiveness.

4,800원

15

합동성 강화를 위한 한국군 소요기획체계 개선방안

서길원, 유진영, 홍성표

한국방위산업학회 한국방위산업학회지 제21권 제4호 2014.12 pp.1-28

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우리 군은 '합동성' 및 '합동작전' 능력을 강화시키기 위해 미국의 합동개념 발전 및 실험(JCD&E)를 벤치마킹 하여 합동 전투발전체계를 도입하여 적용하고 있다. 그러나 아직까지 경험적인 차원에서 합동개념에 기반을 둔 소요기획체계 운영이 제대로 이루어지지 못하고 있는 실정에 있다. 이를 개선하기 위해 몇 가지 방안을 제안하였다. 첫째, 능력기반 소요기획체계의 조기 정립을 위한 군사지휘 부의 리더십 발휘가 필요하다. 둘째, 합동개념에 의한 '하향식'(Top-down) 및 '재정 강조' 중심의 소요기획 방 법론을 구체화시켜 합동성을 강화할 필요가 있다. 셋째, 합동작전개념을 수립하는 합동전투발전 과정과 직접 연계된 능력통합중심의 소요기획체계가 작동되어야 한다. 넷째, 능력기반 소요기획 방법론 적용과 획득체계 와의 연계를 통한 합동능력 통합 및 개발체계(JCIDS)의 출발문서인 최초능력서(ICD)의 도입이 필요하다.
To improve its “jointness” and “joint operations,” the ROK military adopted the United States’ JCD&E as a benchmark and introduced and applied the joint warfighting development system. In terms of the experience in and maturity of the system, however, it is true that the requirement planning system based on the joint concept is not working adequately in the ROK Armed Forces. Thus, this paper proposes several suggestions to solve these problems. First of all, a strong leadership by the military leaders is required for the early establishment of the capability-based force planning system. The senior military leaders should participate in the initial planning step. Second, the jointness should be strengthened by specifying the force planning methodology, which is based on the “top-down” method that came from the joint concept and fiscal conditions. Third, it is necessary to operate the requirement planning system based on capabilities integration, which is directly related to the joint warfighting development system establishing the joint operation concept. Lastly, ICD, which is the initial document of JCIDS and a connection between adapting the force planning methodology based on CBA and the acquisition system, should be introduced. These suggestions must be adapted very quickly as force planning should be transformed in a way that is based on the armed forces’ warfighting capability and not on military equipment acquisition, the rapidly changing international environment, and the country’s fiscal situation.

6,700원

17

소셜커머스 사용자의 지각된 특성이 지속사용의도에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구

이영재, 홍성표

한국정보기술응용학회 JITAM Vol.19 No.4 2012.12 pp.61-74

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This studies aims to examine the factors that affect continuous usage reliability of social commerce users that has been really active recently based on using EDT (Expectation Disconfirmation Theory) and extended ECM (Expected confirmation Model). With a statistical analysis, this paper suggests a conceptual model, based on the empirical evidence from this study. The result reveal that perceived usage easiness has a positive effect on meeting the expected confirmation and satisfaction. As perceived quality, social influence and price appeared to reflect a positive effect on fulfilling expected confirmation. This implies that users consider perceived usage easiness, perceived quality, social influence and price important in using social commerce persistently and that as their expected confirmation fulfillment and satisfaction increase that leads to further rise in their future intended continuous usage.

4,600원

18

투자에 대한 출자총액제한제도의 영향 분석

설영훈, 홍성표

경성대학교 산업개발연구소 산업혁신연구 제26권 제3호 2010.09 pp.149-175

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본 연구에서는 경제력 집중문제를 해소할 목적으로 약 10년간 시행되었던 출자총액제한제도(이하 ‘출총제’)가 거시경제 측면에서 민간부문의 투자에 어떠한 영향을 미쳤는지에 대해 실증분석을 실시하였다. 출총제는 수차례에 걸쳐 폐지, 시행, 적용범위의 변화 등을 거치면서 변화되었다. 이러한 제도의 변화가 민간투자에 미친 직접적 영향의 정도를 시계열적 분석방법으로 정량화하여 측정하고자 출자규제의 시행여부와 강도에 따라 분석기간을 5개 기간으로 구분하여 모형에 기초한 역사적 분해를 실시하였다. 분석결과, 출총제가 시행되었던 시기에는 실질설비투자가 위축된 것으로 나타났고, 규제시행기간에서도 규제완화기와 강화기에 따른 영향력의 차이가 확연히 구분되고 있다. 즉, 강화기에는 완화기보다 출총제가 실질설비투자를 더 크게 위축시킨 것으로 관측되었다. 이에 반해, 출총제의 폐지기에 출총제가 시행되었더라면 상당한 정도로 투자가 위축되었을 수도 있다는 결과가 나타나 출총제의 영향력을 간접적으로 확인할 수 있었다. 결론적으로, 민간부문에 미친 출총제의 영향을 분석한 연구 결과는 정부의 규제는 당초의 시행목적을 달성할 수는 있으나 시행과정에서 여러 부작용을 수반할 수 있으므로 매우 조심스럽게 계획되고 추진되어야한다는 것을 보여준다 하겠다.
The main purpose of the research is to give an aid on the analysis of effect of restriction, the Total Contribution Restrict System(TCRS) which was imposed to weaken the problem of economic concentration by the chaebol. We analyze the effects of TCRS empirically in macroeconomic point of view. To analyze an effect on private investment by institutional change in a time-series analysis, we performe a historical decomposition, based on VAR model, separaing the periods into 5 subperiods according to whether TCRS is on or off and whether the degree of the regulatory enforcement is strong or weak. The main findings are as follows. The real investment in plant and equipment is negatively affected in the period of the TCRS being on. And the effects noticeably depend on whether the TCRS is relaxed or strengthened. In other words, it is observed that the investment in plant and equipment get shrunk in the period of strengthening restriction more than relaxing restriction period. Furthermore, it could be found that investment may have been shrunk if TCRS were to be performed in the period of TCRS being off. In conclusion, the results of the influence of TCRS on private investment imply that government regulations should be planned and promoted very carefully because it may affect the decision makings of the private sectors and cause the distortion in the economy which is not originally intended by the authorities.

6,600원

20

산란계에 대한 인삼박의 영양학적 효과

주현규, 이강욱, 최병규, 박면용, 홍성표

한국식품과학회 한국식품과학회지 제7권 제1호 1975.03 pp.11-14

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본실험(本實驗)은 시험사료(試驗飼料)인 인삼박(人蔘粕)을 혼합사료(混合飼料)와 10%까지 대체(代替)할 목적(目的)으로 인삼박(人蔘粕)의 일반성분(一般成分)을 조사(調査)하고 산란계(産卵鷄)(세이바 288종) 180수(首)를 취(取)하여 8주간(週間) 사양시험(飼養試驗)을 실시(實施)하였던 바 다음과 같은 결과(結果)를 얻었다. 1. 인삼박(人蔘粕)의 조단백(粗蛋白) 함량(含量)은 4.25%로 시판(市販)되는 배합사료(配合飼料)(공시물(供試物))의 조단백(粗蛋白) 함량(含量) 18.72%에 비(比)하여 낮았고 조섬유(粗纖維)는 인삼박(人蔘粕)이 14.73%로 배합사료(配合飼料)보다 높았고 조지방(粗脂肪) 당질(糖質)은 낮아서 일반적(一般的) 사료가치는 낮았다. 2. 증체량(增體量)에 있어서는 대조구(對照區)가 가장 낮고 5%첨가구(添加區)가 가장 높았고 유의차(有意差)도 인정되었다. 사료효율(飼料效率) 대조구(對照區)에 비(比)해 인삼박첨가구(人蔘粕添加區)가 약간 향상(向上)되고 있었으나 유의차(有意差)는 없었다. 3. 산란율(産卵率)은 대조구(對照區)와 10%첨가구(添加區)가 거의 같고 5%첨가구(添加區)가 약간 높은 듯 하였고 난중(卵重)은 10%첨가구(添加區)가 높은 듯 하였으나 큰 차(差)는 없었다. 이상의 결과(結果)로 인삼박(人蔘粕)은 일반(一般) 배합사료(配合飼料)에 10%까지 대체(代替)할 수 있을 것으로 사료 되었다.
This work was carried out to determine that ginseng cake (meal) could be substituted for 10% level of chicken feed. The feeding experiment was held with 180 laying hens for 8 weeks. And the results were as tin the followings, 1. Protein content of the ginseng cake was lower (4.25%) than that of the control feed (18.72%: commertial chicken feed), and crude fiber of the ginseng cake was higher (14.73%) than that of the control (9.39%). 2. Slight increasings of body weight were observed in the group of the control feed (10 g) and the group of the feed containing 10% of the ginseng meal (24 g), significant increasing (50 g) was seen in the group of the feed containing 5% of the ginseng meal (p<0.05). 3. The feed efficiency of the ginseng group was slightly higher than that of the control group, but significant defferences were not recognized. 4. Egg laying ratio of the 5% ginseng group was somewhat higher than that of the other groups, and egg weight of each group was almost same. With all the results of this experiments, it was identified that ginseng cake is able to be substituted for the feed of laying hen within 10% level.

 
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