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컨벤션 서비스 인카운터 차원에 관한 탐색적 연구


동북아관광학회 동북아관광연구 제1권 제1호 통권1호 2005.11 pp.73-90

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The intense competition of convention industry has been required to improvement of convention service. Especially, the importance of convention service encounter has been increased because service encounter is the moment of truth that participants have the first impression about the convention. Accordingly, the purpose of this study is to explore dimensions of convention service encounters. As a result of literature research, eight dimensions of service encounter were drawn out as follows; assurance, civility, empathy, recovery, reliability, responsiveness, spontaneity, and tangibles. The survey was carried out in order to examine whether these dimensions could apply to convention field and to collect other opinions concerning the dimension. The target of survey was convention professionals. As a result of the survey, all were accepted as dimensions of convention service encounter and promptness was added as new dimension. It is remarkable that assurance, reliability and civility are more important dimensions in the field. To accomplish a successful convention, dimensions of convention service encounter will be considered fully.


교생실습에 대한 예비 영어교사들의 인식 분석과 개선 방안 연구

조영아, 마지현

21세기영어영문학회 영어영문학21 제32권 1호 2019.03 pp.163-182

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The current study examines pre-service English teachers’ perceptions about and proposals for improving a teaching practicum in Korea. A total of twenty-one Korean college students from an English education department completed a questionnaire survey after taking part in the teaching practicum. The collected data were assessed through frequency and content analysis using the Antconc programme. The results of the study reveal that pre-service English teachers evaluated interaction with students as the most beneficial aspect while preparing lesson plans was the most difficult part of teaching practicum. The results also indicate that instructional contents and activities were the most seriously considered in terms of teaching methods. Finally, most of the pre-service teachers who were serious about their teaching careers confirmed their concrete decisions to become teachers whereas a few others made opposite decision after completing teacher practicum. Based on the findings of the study, pedagogical implications and suggestion for L2 pre-service teacher education programmes made.


대중음악축제 체험요소가 주관적 행복감과 축제 만족도에 미치는 영향

한현숙, 조영아

관광경영학회 관광경영연구 제22권 제5호 통권 84호 2018.09 pp.741-763

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The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of popular music festival experiential factors on subjective well being and festival satisfaction, and analyze the effect of popular music festival satisfaction on subjective well being. In order to achieve the purpose of the study, previous studies that applied the experience economy theory of Pine and Gilmore(1998) were reviewed and questionnaire surveys were conducted with participants of the Incheon Pentaport Rock Festival. From the surveys, 237 valid samples were secured and an empirical analysis was conducted with the samples. The results of this study are as follows. First, the entertainment experiential factors, educational experiential factors, escapist experiential factors, and esthetic experiential factors of popular music festivals had statistically significant effects on festival satisfaction. Second, the educational experiential factors and esthetic experiential factors of popular music festivals had significant effects on subjective well being. However, the entertainment experiential factors and escapist experiential factors did not significantly affect subjective well being. Third, the popular music festival satisfaction had significant effects on subjective well being. Therefore, the importance of experiential factors as a strategy to enhance the feeling of welling being and satisfaction of participants in the popular music festivals could be identified. In addition, the application optimal experiential factors (the optimal experience) to the planning, operating and marketing of the popular music festivals will contribute to strengthening the competitiveness of the festivals.



Metacognitive Strategy Instruction in L2 Listening Development for EFL College Students

Young Ah Cho

대한영어영문학회 영어영문학연구 제43권 제3호 2017.08 pp.185-205

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The current study explores the effects of metacognitive strategy instruction on metacognitive strategy awareness and listening competence in L2 English settings, specifically focusing on Korean college students. 138 participants were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. A background questionnaire, pre- and post-listening comprehension tests, and pre- and post-Metacognitive Awareness Listening Questionnaires were employed. The findings show that there were significant differences between the two groups in terms of metacognitive strategy use and listening comprehension gains. The learners in the experimental group showed greater outcomes in planning and evaluation and mental knowledge strategy use, as well as listening abilities than learners in the control group. Based on the results, pedagogical implications are suggested on how language educators can integrate these findings into their lessons.



영어 전용 교과와 영어 혼합형 교과 강의에 대한 학습자들의 인식 비교


대한영어영문학회 영어영문학연구 제43권 제1호 2017.02 pp.317-338

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Cho, Young Ah. “Korean College Students’ Perception towards the Different Types of English Medium Instruction.” Studies in English Language & Literature. 43.1 (2017): 317-338. The current study explored the L2 learners’ perception towards different types of English medium instruction, mainly focusing on Korean college students. For the study, standardized evaluation tool for English medium instruction was administered to two groups, those engaged in an 100% English class and those engaged in lectures where both English and Korean are used in some proportion, with one-hundred fifty one and ninety-seven students respectively. The findings revealed that students in an 100% English class showed a greater satisfaction than those who were in combination of English and Korean class across all factors. This study also indicated that there existed significant differences between two groups in the factors of ‘overall evaluation for English medium instruction,’ ‘evaluation for professor’s English competence,’ ‘self-evaluation for students.’ Based on the findings, the pedagogical suggestions are addressed in terms of how English-medium instruction can be applicable to educational classroom settings. (Dongshin University)



The Relationship between Vocabulary Learning Strategies and Vocabulary Size with Korean EFL College Students

Young Ah Cho, Sooyoung Ahn

21세기영어영문학회 영어영문학21 제29권 4호 2016.12 pp.367-388

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This study explores the relationship between vocabulary learning strategies and vocabulary size with Korean college students. One-hundred thirty-three participants were assigned to high- and low-level groups, depending on their scores on a vocabulary-size test. For the study, three questionnaires were employed: a background questionnaire, a vocabulary-size test, and a vocabulary learning strategies questionnaire. The results of the study show that there were significant differences between the two groups in all categories of vocabulary learning strategies, including determinative, social, memory, cognitive, and metacognitive strategies. In addition, a positive correlation was found between vocabulary learning strategies and vocabulary size, which suggests a prominent relationship between metacognitive strategies and vocabulary-size test scores. Based on the outcomes, pedagogical implications suggesting ways language instructors can employ these results in their L2 classrooms are made.


Re-motivating Factors in L2 Learning : A Comparison of Intensive and Non-intensive English Program Learners

Young Ah Cho, Ho Young Chung

대한영어영문학회 영어영문학연구 제42권 제1호 2016.02 pp.237-257

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The current study examined factors that encourage students to become re-motivated and continue to learn a language after facing a time of demotivation. For the study, a series of questionnaires were administered to two groups of Korean college students, those engaged in an intensive English course and those engaged in a non-intensive English course, to see what differences in re-motivation existed between the two. The questionnaires gathered information about the students’ backgrounds and their own senses of re-motivation, and it also included a stimulated recall essay to gather qualitative data. The outcomes revealed that there were significant differences between the two groups of participants in terms of their own inherent self-remotivating strategies. Two of the key findings were that teacher behavior and interaction between peers appeared to be the most important factors that influenced student re-motivation, especially for high- and low-level learners, and high- and mid-level learners respectively. Later in the study, the pedagogical implications are addressed as suggestions on how educators can apply these findings to their classrooms.



Demotivation and Remotivation Affecting L2 English Learning of Korean College Students

Young Ah Cho, Ho Young Chung

21세기영어영문학회 영어영문학21 제27권 2호 2014.06 pp.387-408

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This study explored the demotivation and remotivation of college students in L2 learning depending on different proficiency levels. A questionnaire which was composed of three sections was carried out: questions on background information, questions on demotivation, and questions on remotivation. The findings indicated that the external factor was found to be the main cause of the learners’ demotivation, followed by internal and reactive factors, showing that there existed statistically significant differences for the external and internal factors between the lower and higher proficiency learners. In terms of remotivating attributes, the internal sources appeared to be more influential than the external ones in regaining motivation toward English learning between the two groups. More specifically, grading and assessing English exam and awareness of raising English proficiency to get a job were the most frequent reasons for remotivation in the external and internal factors respectively for both groups. Pedagogical implications and suggestions were made based on the findings.


서울시 청소년 창의적 체험활동자원 현황고찰과 개선방안 연구

오해섭, 조영아

한국청소년시설환경학회 청소년시설환경 제11권 제1호 통권 제35호 2013.02 pp.47-55

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The purpose of this research was to investigate the youth creative activity resources at Seoul City and suggest the better alternatives. The literature review and discussion conducted the "Creative Activities" as a part of youth policy in Korea, 2009. The core missions of this policy are to pursue the character education through various creative activities and promote the efficiency of learning surroundings demanded by future society. On the other hand, to improve the poor management system of "Extra Curricular Activity" and "voluntary Service Activity" in current education policy. Data were obtained from the database of Creative Resource Map programs(852th) of Seoul City registered in creative-character education net(www. crezone. net) from 2011.12.01. to 2012.11.30. The factors of analysis were members(grade), areas(CR), resource types(facility). Based on this research, the suggestions ; 1) A master plan should be developed to promote community creative activity program and creative resources. 2) Active coordination between schools and community facilities is imperative for success of CA. 3) Both teachers and youth workers should operate Creative Activities Program. 4) Financial and administrative support will raise to hire leaders specializing for CA. 5) The number of youth centers and various facilities such as auditoriums, gymnasiums, work places should expand. 6) Improvement of managing system for youth policies and researches between CA model and youth education environment. 7) Diverse fund raising strategies required to support the community-based creative activity programs.



영어 읽기 전략이 대학생들의 영어 성취도에 미치는 영향 연구

조영아, 최훈

대한영어영문학회 영어영문학연구 제38권 제1호 2012.02 pp.327-351

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Cho, Young-Ah・Choi, Hoon. “The Effects of University Students’ English Reading Strategies on English Reading Proficiency.” Studies in English Language & Literature. 38.1 (2012): 327-351. The main purpose of the study is to investigate the effects of university students’ English reading strategies on English reading proficiency. Fifty nine university students who were enrolled in D university located in Chonnam province participated in this study. Two major instruments were utilized in the current study. First, the reading strategy survey adapted from Survey of Reading Strategies was conducted to the participants to measure frequency of reading strategies use. Second, TOEIC(Test of English for International Communication) scores were used to assess the participants’ English reading ability. The results of the study indicated that most participants used problem -solving strategies most frequently, while using support strategies least frequently in the three dependent variables (global, problem -solving and support strategies). In addition, the results showed that global strategies and support strategies which students used were significantly correlated with English reading proficiency. Global strategies had an effect on English reading proficiency, however, the higher support strategies were, the lower English reading proficiency was. It was concluded that the reading strategies affect the leaners’ English reading ability. And if they are given the awareness of adequate reading strategies use and strategical reading instruction after conducting the reading strategy survey, the leaners’ English proficiency will be improved and strengthened. (Chonnam National University・Dongshin University)





Stability of Aminophylline, Ceftriaxone Sodium and Ampicillin/Sulbactam in Total Parenteral Nutrient Solution : 고영양수액제 중 아미노필린, 세프트리악손 및 암피실린/설박탐의 안정성에 관한 연구

조영아, 오정현, 문흥섭, 최인, 최준식, 곽혜선

한국임상약학회 한국임상약학회지 제14권 제2호 2004.12 pp.96-99

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Aminophylline, ceftriaxone 및 ampicillin/sulbactam (Unasyn)을 미숙아용 고영양수액제에 직접 첨가하거나 Y-site로 투여하는 경우의 안정성에 관해 조사하였다. Aminophylline 주사액 (25mg/mL) 와 ceftriaxone sodium (37.5 mg/mL) 2mL를 각각 고영양수액제 직접 첨가하였다. 또한 Y-site에서의 안정성 조사를 위해 ceftriaxone sodium (37.5 mg/mL)을 고영양수액제에 각각 1:1 및 1:2 부피비가 되도록 혼합하였고 Unasyn (25mg/mL)은 고영양수액제와 1:1의 부피비로 혼합하였다. 이상과 같이 조제한 혼합액을 와 에 보관하여 aminophylline은 48시간 동안 그리고 항생제들은 24시간 동안의 경시변화를 HPLC를 이용하여 분석하였다. Aminophylline은 위 보존조건에서 48시간동안 안정하였다(변화율 <). Ceftriaxone sodium을 고영양수액제에 직접 첨가한 경우 ceftriaxone의 잔존률은 에서 4시간째에 이었고 에는 로 측정되었다. Y-site에서의 안정성과 관련하여 ceftriaxone sodium을 고영양수액제와 1:1로 혼합한 경우 양 보존조건에서 ceftriaxone은 24시간 동안 안정하였으나 1:2로 혼합한 경우에는 보관 시에만 안정하였고 에서는 24시간째에 약 정도 분해되는 것으로 나타났다. 한편, Unasyn의 경우 ampicillin은 24시간째에 보관 시에만 안정하였고 에서는 24시간째에 약 정도 분해되는 것으로 나타났다. 한편, Unasyn의 경우 ampicillin은 24시간째에 에서는 안정하였으나 에서는 까지 감소되는 것으로 분석되었고 sulbactam은 24시간째에 온도와 관계없이 안정한 것으로 나타났다. Ceftriaxone sodium을 TPN과 Y-site 혼합 후 1-2시간 이내에 침천이 형성되었고 Unasyn의 경우에는 12시간째에 침천이 형성되었다. 혼합액의 pH나 색상은 연구기간 동안 일정하였다. 이러한 연구결과에 기초할 때, aminophylline은 고영양수액제와 혼합가능하고 ceftriaxone과 Unasyn은 고양양수액제와 혼합시 최소 1시간 동안은 안정한 것으로 평가되었다.



CAD SYSTEM을 이용한 한복의 기성복 설계에 관한 연구(I) -여아 색\ulcorner 저고리 및 치마를 중심으로-


[Kisti 연계] 한국복식학회 복식 Vol.19 1992 pp.105-125

협약을 통해 무료로 제공되는 자료로, 원문이용 방식은 연계기관의 정책을 따르고 있습니다.

The research, aiming an automatic pattern design of Korean Costume by utilizing CAD system, tried Grading, Seaming and Marking with a theme of girl's color-strip blouse & skirt. The content & conclusion of the research can be outlined as follows; 1) As we reviewed the current situation of Korean costume which becomes more likely celebrational or festival costume, while the demand of it is getting increase, it's being dealt mostly as ready-made dresses with different qualities & designs. Especially childrens ready-made ones were highly demanded to be picked up as the theme. 2) For the original drawing of children's color-strip blouse & skirt, Kyung-Ja Park's drawing method was used here, and for the substitute of particular body parts absolute size, Joo-Won Lee's standard size chart from a size-study by ages. 3) To work with CAD system we had input master pattern, drawn for age 5 as basic size, then graded six step-sizes for 1-11 years old. For add-subtract of particular body parts size, we graded through computing the standard variation among items to get the pattern developed into ready-made standard size, we can make precise plotting by grading wanted size very rapidly if we correct the rule of changed items different from standard size to make utilization possible enough with easy order method of ready-made Korean Dress. 4) We produced Marker after attaching a margin to seam accordingly by parts for each pattern using P/D/S to mark, In mass gament-cutting, the loss of time and material can minimized. In this research the apparel CAD system which has been utilized and only be western fashion industry was introduced for the design of ready-made Korean costume and utilized it in Grading, Marking which are critical steps to improve productivity and have reported the result in the research. Thus we expect that less cost, improved productivity and better quality with minimized loss of material from marking as well as from prompt and precise size-drawing. Furthermore the utilization of CAD system is considered as an effective one in terms of the research & the development to remove effective one in terms of the research & the development to remove irrational elements in the design and production process of Korean costume as well as in terms of the study of Korean Costume development through creative works of Korean Costume.


천연염색(天然染色) 의상제품(衣類製品)의 구매실태(購買實態) 조사(調査) 연구(硏究) (제1보)(題1報)-보유(保有) 현황(現況)과 착용(着用)이미지를 중심(中心)으로-


[Kisti 연계] 한국패션비즈니스학회 패션비즈니스 Vol.11 No.4 2007 pp.1-17

협약을 통해 무료로 제공되는 자료로, 원문이용 방식은 연계기관의 정책을 따르고 있습니다.

The purpose of this study was to provide for the useful fundamental data to enterprise which produces the natural-dyed clothing products by investigating with the holding conditions and pursuit of wearing images. The subjects were females aged 20 to 59, a questionnaire was developed by the researcher and distributed to 237 females. A sample of 223 females responded to the questionnaire. Data analyses were processed by SPSS WIN 10.0 Program; Frequency count and percentage, $X^2-test$, ANOVA and Duncan's multiple range test were used for statistical analysis. The results of this study were as follows: First, there were significant differences in holding items, period and private ownership according to age, any academic background and a monthly income. Second, the result by classification of the pursuit of wearing images could be identified four factors: factor 1) sexual and feminine image, factor 2) simple and common image, factor 3) comfortable and natural image and factor 4) dynamic image.


한국 성인여자 기성복 브랜드의 타깃 연령 및 생산사이즈에 관한 실태조사 연구


[Kisti 연계] 복식문화학회 복식문화학회 학술대회논문집 Vol.8 No.4 2000 pp.549-561

협약을 통해 무료로 제공되는 자료로, 원문이용 방식은 연계기관의 정책을 따르고 있습니다.

The purpose of this study was to survey and analyze the age classification of women customers as a target market and sizes on a label that were actually produced by each brand in Korean national brands ; they were classified into size for bodice and bottom, and compared with the distribution of national data of women's body measurement. They were analyzed and classified by brand groups of 'miss', 'missy', 'Mrs.'and 'madam', The results were ; 1) It was found that recent products for ready-made for women's clothes tend to be designed with target to the measured ages classified by the range of five or ten years. The main practice was that for 'miss'brand group the age range was of five years, and for 'missy'brand group, ten years. And for 'Mrs'and 'madam'brand groups, it was of 15 or 20 years. So that, it is necessary to design their clothes based on their features of body considering the intervals of age. 2) 'Mrs'and 'madam'groups were most remarkable for their distribution into a vast range of sizes for three control dimensions and waist girth size when compared to 'miss'and 'missy'groups. The distribution of brand size had no relation with that of body measurement, and in particular, none was produced for short height size between 145 and 150 ㎝. For tall height size between 175 and 180 ㎝, many brand sizes were distributed while body measurement was few. It means that distribution of brand size was different from real distribution of body measurement was few. It means that distribution of brand size was different from real distribution of body measurement as a result that the larger the bust girth in such cases over 160 ㎝, the larger the size of hip girth. Even as for the height 155 and 160 ㎝ in which body measurement is concentrated, there were many problems because while sizes of 'large'bust girth and 'small'hip girth had a large distribution, their clothes were not produced.


악관절 내장증 환자에서 임상소견과 역동적 자기공명영상소견의 상관관계


[Kisti 연계] 대한영상의학회 대한방사선의학회지 Vol.40 No.1 1999 pp.7-13

협약을 통해 무료로 제공되는 자료로, 원문이용 방식은 연계기관의 정책을 따르고 있습니다.

Purpose : To evaluate the correlation between findings of dynamic magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and clinical findings in patients with internal derangement of the TMJ. Materials and Methods : Dynamic MR images of 130 joints of 65 patients (17 men and 48 women aged 14 to 74 ; mean age, 34)with internal derangement of the TMJ were obtained using a 1.5-T MR imaging system. MR findings of anterior displacement, disc deformity and degenerative change were correlated with clinical findings including joint pain, clicking sound, crepitation and maximal mouth opening (MMO). Results : Among 62 joints with TMJ pain, 32 showed anterior displacement without reduction, 15 showed disc deformity and 19 showed degenerative change. Among 49 joints in which there was a clicking sound, 24, 8 and 12 joints, respectively, showed the above-mentioned findings, while in seven with crepitation, these same findings were evident in five, six and four joints, respectively. Bilateral and unilateral joint disorders were observed in 17 and five patients, respectively, among 22 with MMO less than 30mm and in 11 and 18 of 42 patients with MMO between 30mm and 60mm. Conclusion : On MR imaging, patients with MMO less than 30mm usually showed bilateral joint disorders and those with crepitation showed chronic change. This indicates that there is high association between clinical findings of internal derangement of TMJ and MR findings.


CAD시스템을 이용한 앞길의 다트변형에 관한 연구(I)-CAD의 다트 자종변환기능의 비교분석 및 앞길 다트 분류를 중심으로-


[Kisti 연계] 대한가정학회 Family and environment research Vol.34 No.5 1996 pp.249-264

협약을 통해 무료로 제공되는 자료로, 원문이용 방식은 연계기관의 정책을 따르고 있습니다.

The purpose of this study was to investigate automatic manipulating functions of dart of CAD system, and to classify the dart of women's front bodice. The results from this study: 1.3 CAD systems, were compared in automatic manipulating functions of dart. Gerber system & Investronica system were based on the pivot-method of dart manipulating, Yuka system was based on the slash-method. 2. It is classified and made a dart-design chart with using darts, which were as examples related to dart manipulating in text & reference of the pattern design. 3. In case of education of dart manipulation, the classified dart-design chart provides variations of a basic pattern through dart manipulation.


CAD 시스템을 이용한 원형설계과정 연구


[Kisti 연계] 대한가정학회 Family and environment research Vol.34 No.2 1996 pp.367-378

협약을 통해 무료로 제공되는 자료로, 원문이용 방식은 연계기관의 정책을 따르고 있습니다.

The purpose of this study was to utilize of the CAD system in pattern making process for women's bodice sloper, especially in education of the drafting. Accumark 540 System was used for this study. The drafting program was developed by the use of macro program in CAD system. The results from this study : 1. The Lim Won Ja's system of bodice sloper was selected in this study. The hand drafting of the system was arranged developing the macro program of bodice sloper. 2. The program consists of eight subprograms I sequence of the drafting order. In running this developed program, proper figure is drafted by inputing data. And the drafting process is automatically presented in interactive mode. 3. It has been developed to input the function of French Curve Ruler to increase the effectiveness of curved line treatment. The program can also be used in the curve part to present the manualy sensible function. 4. In case of education of drafting bodice sloper, the program provides the high accuracy, efficiency and a strong interest nterest in pattern making process by utilizing CAD system.


Trigeneration 제습공조시스템과 일반공조시스템의 성능 비교 실험 및 수치해석

김형태, 채정민, 조영아, 박소진, 송근수

[Kisti 연계] 한국가스학회 한국가스학회지 Vol.22 No.3 2018 pp.32-37

협약을 통해 무료로 제공되는 자료로, 원문이용 방식은 연계기관의 정책을 따르고 있습니다.

최근 정부의 미래에너지변환 정책에 따라 천연가스를 활용한 분산발전 시장은 점차 확대될 것으로 예상된다. 분산발전은 전력 수요지 주위의 소규모 발전원을 활용하는 발전방식으로 송배전 인프라 구축 비용과 운용비용, 전력손실을 줄일수 있는 장점이 있다. 천연가스를 이용한 분산발전의 대표적인 예로 Trigeneration System이 있다. 본 연구에서는 Trigeneration System에서 발생되는 냉열 및 엔진 배열을 이용하여 공조대상 실내의 습공기를 제습/냉방/난방 하는 제습공조시스템의 성능 분석에 대한 기초 연구를 수행하였다. 연구결과 제습공조시스템 입출구 온도차가 커질수록 시스템 효율은 높아지고 일반공조시스템 대비 에너지 소비량이 감소하는 것을 알 수 있었다.
Recently, the distributed power generation market using natural gas is expected to expand gradually according to the government's future energy conversion policy. Distributed power generation means small power generation source near the power demand site, which has the advantage of reducing the construction costs of the transmission and distribution infrastructure, operating cost and power loss. A typical example of distributed generation using natural gas is the trigeneration system. In this study, we conducted a basic study on the performance analysis of trigeneration desiccant system for dehumidifying / cooling / heating in the air conditioner room by using the cold and engine waste heat energy generated in the trigeneration system. It shows that the system efficiency increases and the energy consumption decreases as the temperature difference between the inlet and outlet of the trigeneration system increases compared with the general air conditioning system.

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