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농촌지역 야외여가기능, 여가몰입, 여가열의가 자기효능감간의 관계

조록환, 이정은

한국호텔리조트학회 호텔리조트연구 제16권 제3호 2017.08 pp.185-206

※ 기관로그인 시 무료 이용이 가능합니다.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of outdoor leisure function, leisure commitment, and leisure enthusiasm on the self - efficacy of participants participating in leisure activities in rural areas. The results of the empirical analysis show that the relationship between leisure flow and leisure commitment is positively related to leisure flow. The relationship between Leisure flow and behavior commitment is related to leisure environment function, perception immersion, natural environment, daily escape, And leisure activities, leisure activities, leisure activities, leisure activities, local cultural factors, Outdoor leisure activities in the rural areas were significantly related only to leisure activities, daily activities, outdoor activities and local culture. In the rural area, the relationship between outdoor leisure activity and self - efficacy is significantly related to the sub-hypothesis. The relationship between the sense of accomplishment and self - confidence, Behavioral commitment formed a significant relationship to self - confidence. In the rural area, leisure enthusiasm was significantly related to self - efficacy, sub - hypothesis, achievement and self - confidence, and leisure enthusiasm had a significant relationship with self efficacy.



농촌지역 야외여가의 체험, 여가협상, 지각된 가치와 행동의도간의 관계

조록환, 이정은, 손호기

한국호텔리조트학회 호텔리조트연구 제15권 제3호 2016.08 pp.247-267

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The purpose of this study was to experience the outdoor recreation, leisure negotiations, the perceived value of the relationship between the degree of verification Rural behavior. Results of the hypothesis is as follows. First, the relationship between leisure experiences negotiations leisure, relaxation and physical and intellectual competence and experience a relationship between experience and pleasure negotiations had formed a significant relationship between leisure negotiated, there was no significant relationship between the eco-friendly agricultural negotiations and leisure experience. Second, the value of the recreational experience this perception, relaxation and competence experience did not form a significant relationship to the perceived value of physical and intellectual experience was formed a significant relationship to the perceived value friendly agricultural experience is perceived did not form a significant relationship to the value of the entertainment experience had a significant relationship with perceived value. Third, the relationship between leisure and negotiations were perceived value and form significant relationships. Fourth, the relationship between the degree of perceived value and behavior was formed a significant relationship.



농촌 전통테마마을 사업지원에 대한 주민인식도

노용호, 조록환, 김은미

동북아관광학회 동북아관광연구 제1권 제1호 통권1호 2005.11 pp.145-162

※ 원문제공기관과의 협약에 따라 모든 이용자에게 무료로 제공됩니다.

The aim of this study is to find out the change of the villages by a new business in 3 aspects follow; perception of social, cultural and environmental effects. Depth interviews on the fields, which was performed amongst residents who lived in 9 traditional theme villages, was conducted from 1st of Sep, 2005 to 30th of Sep, 2005. As the result of this, not only is it certainly helpful to improve the rural environment, but also it is surely helpful to increase a family income in rural communities by the business so called traditional theme villages which was operated by NRRDI .Therefore, it is required to supports them in terms of the central and local governments decisively. Second, this business was definitely recognized as the useful method of developing the financial state. The discussion is needed to increase the business due to the fact the more residents want to involve in it even if the business is expanded in near future. Especially, there are a lot of negative opinions about the expanding of commercial facilities so that it is requested to discuss it not to give them serious damage in their income. Furthermore, developing new experiential programs, which differ from the existing programs, is necessary in order to satisfy the desire of individual. Last but not least, it is true that the business was accomplished in terms of improvement of rural environment and increase of a family income. Thus, the most considerable thing with development of new business is to exclude the factors that cause complications amongst local people to keep it up. Moreover, it is necessary to make people recognize the difference of individual business and partnership with the others.


어촌 민박운영


[Kisti 연계] 한국어촌어항협회 어항어장 Vol.74 2006 pp.46-50

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도시민의 농촌 야외여가활동의 동기, 여가혜택과 만족간의 영향 관계

손호기, 조록환, 이정은, 강명보

[Kisti 연계] 한국지역사회생활과학회 한국지역사회생활과학회지 Vol.27 No.4 2016 pp.739-753

협약을 통해 무료로 제공되는 자료로, 원문이용 방식은 연계기관의 정책을 따르고 있습니다.

This study was performed to identify the tendency and benefits of outdoor recreation in rural areas. The preferences and importance of the benefits of outdoor recreation activities in rural areas were simultaneously compared and analyzed through the discussion of a four quadrants portfolio map using importance-performance analysis. The social benefits in quadrant i had the characteristics of 'sharing nice experiences with others', 'having contact/interchange with others', 'colleagueship/helping each other', 'being together with friends', and 'making new friends.' These social benefit types were perceived as very important characteristics, but the real level of achievement was rather low. Thus it seems necessary, in the process of program development, to apply the social benefit types to the characteristics of the participants. The experience of nature and relaxation benefits in quadrant ii had the characteristics of 'relaxation and recreation', 'understanding nature', 'nature experience', 'getting away from everyday life', and 'experiencing new things.' These benefits and experience of nature were regarded as very important characteristics by the participants in outdoor recreation and, at the same time, their real achievements were highly recognized, thus they seemed to be proper types for the goals involved in developing an outdoor recreation activity program in rural areas. The personal and challenge benefits in quadrant iv had the characteristics of 'training of mental ability', 'improvement of self-esteem', 'fitness', 'increase in determination', 'possible danger', 'achievement', 'excitement', and 'adventure.' These benefits had less importance to the participants, but had relatively high achievement, thus it might be important to make further suggestions for the direction of development according to the participants' tendency, seasons and facilities.


농촌관광마을 VI디자인·포장디자인 개선 현장 실용화 및 효과 - 연천옥계마을을 중심으로 -

진혜련, 채혜성, 조록환

[Kisti 연계] 한국농촌계획학회 농촌계획 : 한국농촌계획학회지 Vol.20 No.3 2014 pp.191-199

협약을 통해 무료로 제공되는 자료로, 원문이용 방식은 연계기관의 정책을 따르고 있습니다.

The current rural conditions are undergoing the change from the past production-intensive structure to an integral and complex one of producing, processing, selling, touring and lodging owing to the changes of life-style, consumption trend and social environments. The rural area is developing into a community of rural tourism villages to grow into one management system along with the assistance of the government's various supporting projects. Through this, the rural designing has got to play a significant role as one of the factors of the enhancement of competitiveness and the increase of income. Therefore, those previous studies on the variety and possibility of rural development are being employed for the researches which are to develop techniques of branding, marketing and packaging. In particular, the researches for VI (Village Identity), BI (Brand Identity) and designs of landscaping, packaging of agricultural specialties and display stores, which definitely shows that the importance of rural designing, is being paid a lot more attention to. Thus, this study has verified the site commercialization and its effect by developing some practical designing with the focus of package design at rural tourism villages. The Okgye Village in Yoncheon was selected for study subject based on the result of status investigation. This study has analyzed such problems as lack of village identity, non-description of items and their indispensible marks which were seen their designs of village and packaging. The colors of major items and the village image being substituted into the image scale of IRI color were estimated so that the appropriate colors might be selected, along with which the shapes of major items were decided to be motif for the village symbol and design to be created. The designs of such major items as grains, greens and sauces were created with the consideration of the easiness of loading, the continuity of using and the aesthetics. For grains, those outer boxes which are possible for set-packaging and small-sized packaging have been developed. For greens were developed the boxes with the structure of the permeability for the persisten't quality as well as the possibility for packaging small amount. In case of sauces, those outer-boxes equipped with fixing tray were made with the transport-convenience taken into consideration. The sticker-label designs for all those three were also developed which stand for the village identity and are conveniently used in each farm family. When this development was applied at the sites, it was found that the satisfaction and reliability of consumers as well as the satisfaction of farmers were raised along with the increase by more than 30% after the improvement.


농촌 농특산품 전시판매시설 디자인 소비자 의식 분석 및 디자인 개발 - 농촌관광마을을 중심으로 -

진혜련, 서지예, 조록환

[Kisti 연계] 한국농촌계획학회 농촌계획 : 한국농촌계획학회지 Vol.20 No.4 2014 pp.253-262

협약을 통해 무료로 제공되는 자료로, 원문이용 방식은 연계기관의 정책을 따르고 있습니다.

This, an association research for design-improvement and model-development of exhibition shops at rural tourism communities, is to secure objective data by analyzing customers' awareness-tendency of and demand for agricultural-specialty exhibition shops. Survey-questions for finding out consumers' awareness-tendency and demand were determined through brainstorming of a professional council, 30 rural communities of which visit-rate by consumers is considerably high were selected for the recruit of 200 consumers. For investigation and analysis, survey and in-depth interview were carried out at the scene with the application of frequency analysis and summarization of their opinions, which revealed that they have a strong will to visit the rural tourism communities for the purchase of agricultural specialties along with the experience of learning-program and on-the-scene direct dealing and that their viewpoint on the direct dealing at the scene was very positive. Also it was confirmed hat their satisfaction with the purchase of agricultural specialties by on-the-scene direct dealing, their pleasure at the purchase, their satisfaction with services and their intention for re-purchase of them were very high while their satisfaction with the exhibition shops was very low. With on-the-scene survey, the consumers' opinions could be listened to in depth. Almost all of them said their satisfaction with the trip to those rural tourism communities was considerably high since they could go to those communities themselves to relieve the stress from their modern life, to experience healing and to see the goods on the scene. Their satisfaction also was attributed to the fact that they have enough trust in purchase along with feeling the warm-heartedness of rural residents. As to their awareness of exhibition shops, they showed a positive response to the on-the-scene direct dealing at rural communities while they, thinking that the space in those exhibition shops was not sufficiently wide, demanded for more systematic counters in more accessible and affordable exhibition shops so that they might be more satisfied with the exhibition shops. Their demand for the necessity of exhibition shops selling agricultural specialties was found to be over 80%, which indicates that the necessity is very high. As to the suitability of function, they have the opinion that the business at those shops had better be focused on sales since they have the understanding of information when they take a trip to the rural communities, while there was another opinion: since agricultural products are seasonal items they should be exhibited and sold at the same time. More than 90% of the respondents had a positive viewpoint on direct dealing of agricultural specialties on the scene, which showed that their response to it was very high. They preferred the permanent shops equipped with roll-around table-booths. In addition, it was revealed that they want systematic exhibition shops in rural communities because they frequent those communities for on-the-scene direct purchase. The preferred type and opinion resulting from estimation of consumers' demands have been reflected for development of practical designs. The structure of variable principles has been designed so that the types of display-case and table-booth might be created. The result of this study is a positive data as a design model which can be utilized at rural communities and will be commercialized for the verification of its validity.


농특산품 전시판매장 디자인 현황 분석 및 유형별 분석 - 농촌관광마을 현장조사 및 농업인 공급자 의식조사를 중심으로 -

진혜련, 채혜성, 강가혜, 조록환

[Kisti 연계] 한국농촌계획학회 농촌계획 : 한국농촌계획학회지 Vol.19 No.3 2013 pp.13-24

협약을 통해 무료로 제공되는 자료로, 원문이용 방식은 연계기관의 정책을 따르고 있습니다.

With the increase of visitors to rural tourism villages, the direct selling at sites is getting vitalized. Accordingly, their display stores is getting more important. Therefore, this study has selected 30 domestic rural tourism villages as study objects for the attitude survey of 200 farming suppliers and the site examination for the designs of those display stores in order to analyze their status and classify the types of necessity. Such operation status as sale item, sale method, method of supply and demand, major customer, sales scale, manager, opening hour, and operation cost were examined, to identity and for design factors the pattern, material quality and color were investigated. For the attitude of farming suppliers, the tactics of sales, the reason for being positive or negative, the functionality and the features of display stores were examined through brainstorming. IBM SPSS Statistics 20 Program was employed for Frequency, which indicated that village chiefs and store managers with the sales scale of 1 to 20 million won are dealing with female customers in their 40's and 50's and that those stores are open at the time of experience or year round without any operation expense. Permanent type and Fixed type were found to be the design factors of the display-case type with the material and the color of wood and orange respectively. The result of investigation analysis of farming suppliers' attitude showed the followings: the need of display stores is quite high, structure type and permanent type have high fitness and from the viewpoint of display-on-table type as a standard moving type was very convenient. The analysis of significant items at the characteristics of those display stores revealed that their locations, quality conservation, sanitation, users' convenience, designs and promotion are very important. The result of status analysis revealed that though there is a correlation among the types of display stores depending on the visiting season of tourists their installing is not desirable. Three types have been analyzed: Type 1 is a structure type only in the villages with continuous visitors, Type 2 a moving-table type only in the villages with temporary visitors and Type 3 is a fixed display-case type.


농촌마을 농특산물 포장디자인 개선을 위한 샤렛 개발 및 효과 - 재능기부디자이너들의 의식변화를 중심으로 -

채혜성, 도경록, 진혜련, 홍광우, 이동관, 안옥선, 조록환

[Kisti 연계] 한국농촌계획학회 농촌계획 : 한국농촌계획학회지 Vol.19 No.2 2013 pp.21-33

협약을 통해 무료로 제공되는 자료로, 원문이용 방식은 연계기관의 정책을 따르고 있습니다.

In these days, agricultural products are regarded as a core income source in tourism villages. Nevertheless, poor packaging of agricultural products has threatened the competitiveness and quality of products. For farmers, it is less likely to employ individual designer for developing and improving their packages due to low accessability to rural villages and budgets. Based on this background, this study conducted 'Charrette' in order to improve agricultural product packaging. The target village was 'Goraday' in Gangwon province. This study consisted of different steps for building and implementing proper 'Charrette' programs. Then, it also conducted empirical investigation about the effectiveness and efficiency of 'Charrette'. 'Charrette' has made progress as follows; first step was concerned with advance preparation for constructing program. Second, implementation of 'Charratte' included data collection and analysis, and development of design. Third, evaluation and feedback stage have given presentation and discussion about suggested design with local residents. Empirical investigation about the effectiveness and efficiency of 'Charrette' has been composed with survey and interview targeting participants. In survey and interviews, designers were asked about their attitudinal changes in relation to knowledge, recognition, function, motivation, and satisfaction toward 'Charrette' and 'agricultural product package design' before and after participating the event. The results showed that knowledge and perception of designers toward 'agricultural product package design' have positively increased. In addition, it revealed that designers were satisfied with collaborations with others and their contribution to rural community business. However, the results also suggested that sufficient preparation time/schedules and opportunity to meet other and farmers before events would be required to have better communication and understanding in relation to their tasks and role distribution. Furthermore, it is also required for designers to hold relationship with local community in order to actualize their packaging design.


농촌교육농장 품질인증 평가지표 개발

조록환, 김상범, 정민욱, 최재웅, 서환석

[Kisti 연계] 한국지역사회생활과학회 한국지역사회생활과학회 학술대회논문집 2011 p.97

협약을 통해 무료로 제공되는 자료로, 원문이용 방식은 연계기관의 정책을 따르고 있습니다.


A Study on the Rural Amenity Resources Information Service using Smartphone and Location Based Service(LBS)

김상범, 손호기, 조록환, 최재웅

[Kisti 연계] 한국지역사회생활과학회 한국지역사회생활과학회 학술대회논문집 2011 p.81

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스마트폰을 활용한 농촌어메니티 자원 정보제공을 위한 정보서비스 이용실태 분석

손호기, 김상범, 조록환, 최재웅

[Kisti 연계] 한국지역사회생활과학회 한국지역사회생활과학회지 Vol.22 No.4 2011 pp.579-590

협약을 통해 무료로 제공되는 자료로, 원문이용 방식은 연계기관의 정책을 따르고 있습니다.

This study focused on developing various application services for smart phones in the rural amenity resources information service. By developing application services for smart phones, this study aims to stimulate rural tourism and increase the rural tourism economy. The main findings of this study revealed that 'information for reports/cultural/recreational facilities, etc', 'maps for rural villages(food, attractions, etc)', 'regional weather information', 'traffic reports for rural villages(public transportation, etc)' and 'introduction of rural experiences (festivals, exhibitions, events, etc)' are preferentially needed as the contents services of the rural amenity resources. Moreover, it has been found that the types of services firstly needed to offer information of rural amenity resources include 'searching the information around me(where I am)', 'wayfinding such as navigation', 'information sharing function with messenger and SNS, etc', 'taking and editing photography', 'searching information of rural villages about festivals, events, etc'. These are the items that can be utilized in developing application services needed by information services of rural amenity resources. It is expected that the future real-time smart phone services for rural amenity resources will be able to reinforce the competitiveness of rural tourism by giving urban dwellers the chance to utilize the customized information whenever they want.


농촌교육농장 품질인증 평가지표 개발

조록환, 조영숙, 임수진

[Kisti 연계] 한국지역사회생활과학회 한국지역사회생활과학회 학술대회논문집 2009 p.102

협약을 통해 무료로 제공되는 자료로, 원문이용 방식은 연계기관의 정책을 따르고 있습니다.


농촌체험의 정서지능향상 효과 구명

조록환, 조영숙, 임수진

[Kisti 연계] 한국지역사회생활과학회 한국지역사회생활과학회 학술대회논문집 2009 p.101

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어린이들이 자라나면서 인지지능발달도 중요하지만 현대를 살아가는 훌륭한 성인으로서 성장하여 사회나 조직 속에서 보다 성공적인 삶을 살아가려면 정서지능의 발달은 매우 중요하다. 어린이의 정서지능발달이 농촌체험을 통해서 이루어진다면 농촌측면에서 1석2조의 효과를 가져올 수 있는 것이다. 도시의 어린이들이 농촌체험을 하면서 정서지능을 키워갈 때, 우리 농촌에서는 농촌과 농업의 중요성을 알리고, 체험소득을 얻을 수 있기 때문이다. 따라서 본 연구의 목표는 농촌체험의 정서지능 향상 효과를 구명하는데 있다. 연구방법은 서울시 교육청에 지원학교 가운데 1개 학교를 선정하였으며, 대상학교의 5학년 2개 반 아동 중에 체험지원 아동 30명을 실험집단으로 선정하고, 같은 학교 같은 학년 1개 반 아동 30명을 비교집단으로 선정하였다. 조사도구는 청소년용 EQ검사 척도를 활용하였으며(문용린, 1999), 전혀 그렇지않다(0점)부터 매우 그렇다(4점)까지 총 40개 문항으로 구성되었다. 자료수집방법은 실험집단과 비실험집단 학생을 대상으로 사전 및 사후 질문지 120부가 활용되었다. 분석방법으로는 평균, 표준편차, 공분산분석, 독립표본t-검증, 대응표본t-검증이 활용되었다. 적용 체험프로그램은 초등학생을 대상으로 총 9회차로 포도이야기, 참새와 방앗간, 버섯따기 체험, 고구마 캐기, 허브도감만들기 등과 같은 농촌체험프로그램을 실시하였다. 연구결과 실험집단과 비실험집단에 대한 사전 정서지능 측정에서는 실험집단과 비교집단의 정서지능이 차이가 없는 것으로 나타났다. 농촌체험프로그램을 실시한 후 사후검사에서는 실험집단(99.76)이 비교집단(97.79)보다 정서지능이 높게 나타났다. 실험집단의 정서지능의 농촌체험프로그램 사전 및 사후 결과 정서지능이 총점이 평균 7.08 정도 향상된 것으로 나타났으며, 정서지능에 사전 및 사후 결과의 평균을 하위 영역별로 살펴보면 '정서인식'이 1.76, '사고촉진'이 3.32, '정서지식'이 2.40정도 향상되었다. 하지만 비교집단의 정서지능은 사전과 사후간의 유의한 차이가 없어서 정서지능의 변화가 없는 것으로 나타났다. 결론적으로 농촌체험프로그램을 지속적으로 9회 실시한 후 사전 및 사후 정서지능 검사에서 체험집단이 비체험집단보다 6점이나 더 높게 나타나 농촌체험을 통하여 정서지능 향상에 효과 있음이 구명되었다. 이 결과를 토대로 농촌체험은 정서 지능향상에 효과를 주고 있다고 할 수 있다. 앞으로 이러한 결과가 우리 농촌관광마을이나 체험농장에 홍보자료로 활용되었으면 한다.


농촌관광마을 체험지도 인력의 활동특성 분석

조영숙, 이문주, 조록환

[Kisti 연계] 한국지역사회생활과학회 한국지역사회생활과학회 학술대회논문집 2009 p.84

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농촌관광은 농촌마을을 중심으로 활성화가 되어야하며 이를 매개로 하여 농촌주민의 농외 소득증대와 더불어 농촌 삶의 질을 높일 수 있다. 최근에 이르러 농촌관광의 성패는 그 마을이 가진 잠재적 어메니티 자원뿐만 아니라 이러한 잠재자원을 활용하여 마을을 성공적으로 운영할 인적자원이 보다 중요한 요인으로 인식되고 있다. 이에 본 연구에서는 농촌관광마을의 해설 및 체험지도 인력을 대상으로 활동특성 현황을 파악하고자 마을단위로 조사하여 분석하였다. 정부가 지원한 마을 중 가장 많은 부분을 차지하는 녹색농촌체험마을(농림수산식품부), 농촌전통테마마을(농촌진흥청)은 2009년까지 총 612개소이나 이 중 인력기반이 형성되었을 것으로 판단되는 2007년까지 선정된 농촌관광마을 403개 중 100개 마을을 무작위로 선정하였다. 조사대상은 마을의 추진위원장 중심으로 리더 100명, 추진위원장 추천의 마을해설 및 체험지도 인력 명단에서 2~4명 정도, 총 300명을 자기기입식 및 직접면접 조사를 병행하여 조사 분석하였다. 해설 및 체험지도자 활용유형을 생태해설, 생활문화, 농업기술, 전통놀이/문화, 전통 음식, 전통공예, 지역설화로 분류하였으며, 지도방법은 직접시현(체험)과 간접시현(안내/해설)으로 구분하여 분석을 실시하였다. 마을에서 활동하고 있는 체험지도 인력은 평균 6.6명이었고, 마을해설에 참여하는 내부인력은 평균 3.2명, 외부인력은 0.8명이었으며, 체험지도에 참여하는 내부인력은 평균 4.2명, 외부인력은 1명으로 나타나 마을해설보다는 체험지도에 외부인력을 더 활용하는 것으로 나타났다. 이렇게 마을에서 활동하고 있는 해설 및 체험지도인력들에 대해 농촌관광마을 리더들은 부족하다는 의견이 49%로 과반수 정도를 차지하여 농촌체험지도를 위한 인력이 부족하다고 판단하는 것으로 나타났다. 마을해설이나 체험지도에 참여하는 사람들의 체험지도 형태는 주로 새로운 지식을 스스로 공부하여 해설하는 경우가 45.5%, 전문화된 개설이 가능한 비율이 19.9%, 안내만 함 19.5%, 시연만 함 15.2%로서 대부분이 지도인력들이 스스로 해설에 적극적으로 참여하고 있었다. 또한 체험거리 한두 가지를 전문적으로 지도하는 비율(41.2%)보다 여러 가지를 종합적으로 지도하는 비율이 58.8%로 높게 나타나 한 사람이 몇 가지를 동시에 담당하여 지도하는 체험지도에 대한 전문성 확보가 미흡한 것으로 보인다. 이와 같이 본 연구에서 농촌관광마을의 인적자원 활용 현황을 살펴보고, 마을 해설사의 인적자원의 잠재성을 활용 농촌마을의 발전 동력을 찾고자 함에 연구에 의의가 있다.


기획특집-도농상생의 교류증진을 위한 농촌마을가꾸기


[Kisti 연계] 전국농업기술자협회 농업기술회보 Vol.42 No.6 2005 pp.13-17

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전통 테마 마을 육성 연구

조록환, 박은식, 황대용, 고정숙, 조영숙

[Kisti 연계] 한국지역사회생활과학회 한국지역사회생활과학회 학술대회논문집 2004 pp.253-265

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WTO 뉴라운드와 DDA협상 등 농산물수입개방 확대로 국내 농업ㆍ농촌의 여건은 점점 악화되어가고 있다. 우리 농촌이 국제적 환경변화에 영향을 받기 시작하여 농산물의 생산과 판매에 있어서 영향을 주고 있다. 농산물가격이 보장되지 않고 국제적 경쟁을 통해 이겨야하는데 현실적으로 구내의 농산물가격 경쟁에서 이기기 힘들다. 따라서 각 국의 농업정책도 자국내 농정에서 글로벌 스탠다드에 의한 국제시장 메카니즘 강요를 받고 있으며, 농업도 생산증대에 역점을 두어왔으나 소비자지향의 고부가가치를 창출하는 농업으로 패러다임의 전환을 요구받고 있다.(중략)


농촌관광의 접근성 개선 및 마케팅전략

황대용, 박은식, 고정숙, 조록환, 조영숙

[Kisti 연계] 한국지역사회생활과학회 한국지역사회생활과학회 학술대회논문집 2004 pp.117-125

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2002년 농가소득은 도시근로자가구소득에 대비하여 73.0%에 불과하고 매년 그 격차는 확대되고 있다. 또한 농외소득의 비중이 53.9%로 일본 87.0%, 대만 79.5%, 미국 94.7% 등에 비해 그 비중이 매우 낮아 농외소득원 개발이 필요한 실정이다. 더구나 인구 3천명 이하 면수가 1990년 152개 지역에서 2000년에는 447개로 증가하는 등 농촌지역에 인적이 끊어지고 있는 곳이 증가하여 어떻게 지역을 유지해 나갈 것인가가 중요한 과제로 대두되고 있다. (중략)


농촌주민의 사회단체 참여와 농촌역할에 대한 인식

조영숙, 이한기, 박은식, 고정숙, 조록환, 황대용, 강경하

[Kisti 연계] 한국지역사회생활과학회 한국지역사회생활과학회 학술대회논문집 2004 pp.229-239

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1990년 중반 이후 우리나라에서는 녹색농촌체험마을(농림부), 아름마을다꾸기(행자부), 새농어촌건설사업(강원도) 등 중앙부처 혹은 지방정부의 주도로 다원적 농촌발전과 주민참여를 중시하는 새로운 시범사업들이 도입되고 있다. 그러나 60∼70년대 산업화ㆍ공업화 위주의 정책으로 인해 농촌의 청ㆍ장년층이 도시부문으로 유입되었고, 80년대 이후 농촌에 대한 사회적 요구가 변화되었고, 농촌지역의 인구사회학적 구성의 변화로 농업ㆍ농촌의 신규 인력 대체가 어려워지면서 2000년 농촌인구 중 여성인구 50.2%, 65세 이상 노인인구 14.7%를 차지하는 즉 도시 노인 인구의 2.7배나 되는 인구구조를 이루게 되었다.(중략)

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