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2

노인의 자아존중감이 사회활동 참여 및 삶의 만족도에 미치는 영향 - 서울ㆍ경기지역을 중심으로 -

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한국통합사례관리학회 한국케어매니지먼트연구 제9호 2013.08 pp.15-41

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본 연구의 목적은 고령화 사회로 인한 노인 인구의 급증가와 평균수명이 연장됨에 따라 노인의 활동기간이 길어 지게 됨으로써 노년기의 다양한 사회활동 참여가 중요시 되고 있다. 또한 노인이 느끼는 자아존중감이 사회활동 참여와 어떤 상관관계가 있는지를 규명하고, 사회활동 참여가 삶의 만족도에 어떤 영향관계가 있는지를 규명함 으로써 노년의 행복한 삶에 기초적인 자료를 제공하는 데 의미가 있다. 본 연구의분석결과 노인의 자아존중감은 사회활동 참여에 유의미한 결과가 나왔으며, 사회활동 참여는 삶의 만족도와 상관관계가 있음을 알 수 있었다. 따라서 노인의 자아존중감이 높을수록 사회활동 참여가 활발하게 이루어졌으며, 삶의 만족도도 높게 나타났다. 그러므로 노년기의 사회활동은 노인에게 여러 가지 의미를 내포하고 있다. 사회활동 참여를 통하여 역할상실로 인한 고독감을 해소하고 나아가 자기존중과 자아실현의기회를 제공함으로써 생활만족 및 자아존중감을 추구할 수 있게 해야 한다. 이상의 연구결과를 통해 노년기를 행복하고 만족스럽게 보내기 위해서는 노인의 자아존중감과 삶의 만족도를 높 일 수 있는 노인의 사회활동 참여 방안을 국가, 지방자치단체, 민간기관 모두가 함께 모색해야해야 할 것이다.
These days, the rate of population aging has become higher than before in the society to let a lot of the elderly not to adapt to social life after retirement and to lose social positions and produce social problems. The elderly generation has lower social position than the young generation has, so that the elderly's life quality, in other words, the elderly's self-esteem and life satisfaction are thought to be low. This study examined the differences of the elderly's participation in religious and social activities,their self- esteem and life satisfaction according to the demographic characteristics, and the effects of the elderly's participation in religious and social activities upon self-esteem and life satisfaction when the demographic characteristics of the elderly was controlled. The findings of this study were summarized as the followings:First, the elderly's participation in religious activities had no differences according to all of their demographic characteristics. the elderly‘s participation in social activities has positive influence upon life satisfaction, so that not only government officials in charge of social welfare but also social workers at senior welfare centers are asked to develop various kinds of social activity programs for the elderly in the community. First of all, supports at social and national level are keenly required.

6,600원

4

조선시대 水陸齋의 성행과 새로운 불화의 수요 : 四直使者圖와 五方五帝位圖

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불교미술사학회 불교미술사학 제21집 2016.03 pp.81-112

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사찰에 전하는 높이 1m 미만의 소형 불화는 이른바 ‘도장장엄번(道場莊嚴幡)’ 으로 분류되었고 본격적으로 연구되지 못했다. 본고에서는 명부(冥府)의 사직사자(四直使者)와 중국의 고대 제왕인 오제(五帝)를 그린 불화가 기록상에 나타나는 사오로탱(使五路幀)임을 입증하고, 조성 연원과 의식에서의 역할에 대해 살펴보았다. 사오로탱은 사직사자도와 오방오제위도의 별칭으로 수륙재를 위해 가설한 사자단(使者壇)과 오로단(五路壇)에 마주 보며 걸렸고 하나의 조합으로 인식되었다. 불전(佛殿) 내부에 걸려 신앙의 대상을 상징하는 불화에 대해 이러한 소형 불화를 도량장엄용 불화로 정의하는 구분은 19세기 이후에 나타난 것이다. 애초 이불화들은 불교의식을 구성하는 종합적이고 총체적인 시나리오에서 각기 구체적인 역할을 지녔었다. 불교의식과 재(齋)의 특성상 특정한 시간과 공간이 끝나면사라지는 한계로 인해 그 원형을 추측하기 어려울 뿐이다. 사자를 그린 불화는 대체로 명부전(冥府殿)에 봉안된다고 보아왔으나 의식을위해 가설한 사자단(使者壇)에 걸렸던 불화의 존재를 확인할 수 있었다. 오방제위는 동서남북과 중방의 다섯 방향을 다스리는 오제(五帝)를 그린 불화로, 대체로 제왕형의 복식에 손에는 홀을 들고 정좌했으며 발은 족자에 올려놓은 형식으로 그려졌다. 1676년 개심사 <오방오제위도>에 기입된 동방태호지군(東方太皡 之君), 남방염제지군(南方炎帝之君), 서방소호지군(西方少皥之君), 북방전욱지군(北方顓顼之君), 중방황제지군(中方黃帝之君)의 방제는『천지명양수륙재의범음산보집(天地冥陽水陸齋儀梵音刪補集)』,『수륙무차평등재의촬요(水陸無遮平 等齋儀撮要)』등에서 수륙재의 오로단(五路壇)에 봉청되는 존상과 일치한다. 오방오제 각각은 동, 남, 서, 북, 중방의 다섯 방위에 따라 명칭과 복식의 색깔로 구분할 수 있다. 조선시대에는 고혼(孤魂)을 위한 시식의례(施食儀禮)에 사오로단을 가설하고사오로탱(使五路幀)을 필수적인 의식용 불화로 조성하였다. 예배화로서의 정형화된 형식을 갖춘 오방제위도는 도상의 성립과정에 있어서 불교 뿐 아니라 고대유교와 도교가 혼합된 성격으로 존재했다. 특히 도교의 천존상(天尊像)은 명부신앙에 이미 내재하는데 오방오제위도는 명부전의 시왕상, 시왕도와도 도상적으로109 는 큰 차이를 찾기 어려울 정도로 유사하게 표현되었다. 사직사자도와 오방오제위도는 불교의식 문화가 가져온 새로운 주제의 불화에대한 수요를 보여준다. 한편 오방오제도를 단순히 방위신(方位神)으로 보는 현대의 인식은『작법귀감』에서 확인할 수 있듯이 19세기 이후 의례(儀禮)의 변화에서기인한다. 그 앞선 시기에 사오로탱(使五路幀)이 지녔던 기능과 신앙 의례가 약해지면서 사직사자와 오방오제위가 옹호신중(擁護神衆)의 하나로 신중단(神衆 壇)으로 포섭되고 고유한 역할은 사라지고 만 것이다.
There are small-scale Buddhist paintings of less than 1 meter in height classified as “doryang jangeombeon (道場莊嚴幡)”, meaning banner that adorn the bodhimanda. Compared to those hanging in the halls and being the object of worship, scholars have not paid less attention to dojang jangeombeon, and therefore in-depth studies pertaining to them have not been conducted in earnest. This study demonstrates that such small-scale Buddhist paintings are saorotaeng (使五路幀), a set of sajiksajado (四直使者圖, painting of the four underground messengers) and obangojewido (五方五帝位圖, painting of the five emperors of the five cardinal directions), that appeared in old documents, and examines their origins and roles in rituals by exploring the four messengers of the netherworld and the Five Emperors from legendary times in China represented in these small-scale paintings. Saorotaeng used to be hung and displayed facing one another on sajadan (an altar for the four underground messengers) and orodan (an altar for the five emperors) installed for Suryukjae (Buddhist ritual offering food to wandering ghosts); the two paintings were perceived as a single combination set. From the beginning, these paintings had each assumed a specific role within the comprehensive, overall scenario comprising Buddhist rituals. However, it is simply difficult to infer their original form due to the limitation that they disappear once the particular time and space of the Buddhist rituals and ceremonies are over. It had been generally understood that paintings depicting the underground messengers were enshrined in the Myeongbujeon Hall, but it has been confirmed that these paintings were also displayed on sajadan for rite. Obangojewido, a Buddhist painting depicting the five emperors ruling the five cardinal points of North, South, East, West, and the center, features five figures in an upright seated posture dressed in emperor attire holding a hol (a baton or scepter held in hands by officials) in their hands and feet placed on the footstool. The names of emperors – the Green Emperor of the East, Red Emperor of the South, White Emperor of the West, Black Emperor of the North, and Yellow Emperor of the center – written on the 1676 Obangojewido of Gaesimsa Temple correspond to the sacred image of Buddha honored on the orodan of the Suryukjae recorded in texts including Cheonji-myeongyang-suryukjaeeuibeomeum- sanbojib (The Book of Buddhist Invocations) and Suryuk-muchapyeongdeung- jaeui-chwaryo (Excerpts from the Buddhist Ritual of Water and Land with Indifferent Equality). Each of the five emperors can be distinguished by their names and colors of their attire in accordance with the five cardinal points. During the Joseon Dynasty, a set of sajadan and orodan, namely saorodan, were established and saorotaeng was created as essential ritual Buddhist paintings for the purpose of performing ceremonies for the deceased and their lonely spirits. In regard to the process of formation of the iconography for obangojewido featuring a standardized form as paintings for worship, not only Buddhism but also ancient Confucianism and Taoism existed together in mixed form. In particular, obangojewido featured iconographical representations similar to that of paintings of the Ten Kings of Hell (siwangdo) as the image of Tianzun of Taoism was already inherent in the faith in the Netherworld. Sajiksajado and obangojewido demonstrate the demand for Buddhist paintings depicting new themes heralded by the culture of Buddhist rituals. The modern perception of viewing the five emperors of the five cardinal directions as mere guardian gods, as evidenced in Jakbeop gwigam (Models for Performing Buddhist Rituals) published in 1826, can be attributed to the change in rituals since the nineteenth century. As the function of saorotaeng and religious rites diminished in the preceding period, the four underground messengers and five emperors of the five cardinal directions were embraced in the sinjungdan (an altar for Buddhist deities) protection deities and lost their distinct role.

7,300원

5

18세기 경북 의성의 불교회화와 제작자 - 밀기(密機), 치삭(稚朔), 혜식(慧湜)의 불사(佛事)를 중심으로

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불교미술사학회 불교미술사학 제24집 2017.10 pp.243-281

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불교회화의 제작 주체인 화승(畵僧)은 불교회화사 연구에 있어 매우 중요한 주제이다. 연구 초기에는 조선 전역에서 활동한 화승의 유파를 파악하고 분류하는것에 주력하여, 화승의 지역적인 활동 범위와 이들이 제작한 불화의 현황과 경향성을 조명하는 데 집중하였다. 따라서 대체로 전국의 중요 사찰과 대찰(大刹)을중심으로 일정 사찰의 불사를 담당한 제작 주체를 파악하고 불화의 양식과 제작경향에 대한 연구로 진행되었다. 이들은 거점 사찰에 주석하면서도 인근 지역의수요에 따라 옮겨 다니며 불화를 제작했기에 출신 사찰은 화승 연구에 있어 중요한 의미를 지닌다. 하지만 실제 문헌 기록이나 문집 등이 전하는 예가 드물기에화승의 생애나 조직 내에서의 위상, 불사의 의뢰 메커니즘을 이해하기에는 여전히 한계가 있다. 실제 화승은 여러 지역으로 초빙되어 작업했다. 따라서 화승의 활동 범위는 행정적인 구분이나 지역이란 경계에 한정되지 않는다. 왕실의 후원이나 한 문도(門 徒)의 승려들이 결집하여 마련한 큰 불사의 경우 여러 유파의 화승이 협업하여 공동으로 불화를 제작했다. 따라서 작가주의에 기반한 연구 방법론으로는 한계가있는 것이 사실이다. 실제 불화 제작을 주문한 사찰과 불화승의 관련성, 불사의매커니즘에는 문도, 사승관계(師僧關係) 등 다양한 변수가 작용했다. 불사의 지역별, 시기별 양상에 대한 자료가 축적되어야 보다 입체적으로 제작 상황을 이해할 수 있기에, 제작 주체의 관점과 지역 중심의 연구는 씨줄과 날줄처럼 상호 보완적으로 진행되어야 한다. 본 연구에서는 이러한 측면에 주목하여 18세기 경북 의성지역에서 제작된 불교회화를 대상으로 어떤 화승 그룹의 참여로 불사가 이루어졌는지를 살펴보았다. 의성은 충청도와 강원도의 경계에 있는 조령(鳥嶺)과 축령의 이남 지방에 위치하는데, 북쪽으로는 안동과 접하며 남쪽으로는 군위, 대구로 이어진다. 동서로도 청송, 예천, 문경, 상주에 인접한 지리적 이점은 불교문화에도 반영되어 인근 지역과 밀접하게 교류하면서 여러 시기에 걸쳐 조성된 풍부한 불교 문화재를 보유하고 있다. Ⅱ장에서는 정수사, 대곡사에 현존하는 불화를 통해 밀기, 치삭 등의 경북 지역 화승의 불사를 살펴보았다. Ⅲ장에서는 영조의 후원으로 촉발된 대형 불사의기록을 담고 있는 불보살상의 복장물과 발원문을 중요 자료로 활용하여, 18세기영조대 왕실 후원이라는 맥락에서 다루겠다. 특히 본고에서 주목한 화승은 혜식(慧湜)이다. 혜식은 1739년 <해인사 지장보살도>, 1742년 <영취사 영산회상도> 등을 그린 화승으로, 의성의 불사에 응한 기록이 전한다. 규모가 큰 불사를 위해서로 다른 지역적 거점을 지녔던 화승이 함께 작업하면서 화풍의 교류가 이루어지던 상황과 의성 불교문화의 특징을 살펴볼 수 있다. 경북의 내륙에 위치한 의성은 인접 지역과의 교류 속에서 다양한 불교문화를꽃피웠다. 불교회화의 제작자라는 측면에서 보았을 때 의성의 불교회화는 팔공산을 중심으로 활동했던 의균, 쾌민, 석민 등의 팔공산화파와 대승사, 김룡사 등지를 거점으로 확산되었던 사불산화파의 영향을 받았다. 황악산 직지사, 팔공산 동화사 등지의 불사에 참여하여 협업하고 여러 유파와 교류하면서도 개성적인 양식을 구사했던 화승 밀기와 대곡사 불사를 이끈 화승 치삭의 불화를 살펴보았다. 특히 대곡사 지장시왕도, 감로도를 제작한 치삭, 대곡사 삼화상 진영 등을 그린 수인은 18세기 말에서 19세기에 걸쳐 홍안, 신겸, 수연, 응상 등의 활동으로 본격화되는 사불산화파의 이전 양식을 확인할 수 있다. 또한 <의성 운람사 목조아미타 여래좌상과 복장 일괄유물>, <대구 파계사 건칠관음보살좌상 및 복장유물>을 통해 영조대 원당 사찰을 주축으로 진행된 대규모 불사 후원을 확인할 수 있다. 혜식은 1740년 2월에서 1741년의 7월에 이르는 1 년 6개월의 기간 동안 의성 옥련사, 고운사, 운람사 등 여러 사찰과 부속 암자의 불상과 불화를 제작하는 총괄했다. 이는 파계사의 원당 지정에 앞서서 옥련사와 고운사의 불사로부터 시작되었고, 영조의 어의가 내려온 9월부터 회향하는 12월까지 파계사의 불사를 정점으로 진행되었으며, 다음 해 7월까지 진행된 운람사의 불사로 이어졌다. 가야산 화승 혜식을 비롯하여 운부사의 밀기 등이 참여한 불사는여러 지역의 화승이 연합하여 이룬 조선시대 대형 불사의 기록으로도 중요하다. 18세기 혜식에 의해 주도된 불사는 영조대 원당 지정을 통한 왕실의 불교후원을 인근 지역으로 확산시킨 대표적인 사례이다. 의성 고운사에서 시작된 불사는대구 파계사, 의성 옥련사와 운람사 등지로 확산되고, 1745년 고운사 봉안각 건립으로 일단락되었다. 의성 지역에는 현존하지 않고 기록으로만 전하는 예와 도난으로 제 자리를 떠난 불교회화가 많다. 이런 이유로 지금까지 의성의 불교회화를주제로 한 본격적인 연구는 이루어지지 않았다. 현존하지 않는 불교문화재의 기록 자료의 취합과 이에 대한 통합 연구를 통해 의성의 불교문화가 지녔던 다양성에 대한 종합적인 이해가 심화될 수 있다.
Buddhist monk-painters(畵僧), the principal creators of Buddhist paintings, are essential to the study of the history of Buddhist paintings. Early research focused on investigating and classifying schools of monk-painters who worked across the country during the Joseon period and understanding the sphere of their local activities. Focus was also placed on the current state and tendencies of their paintings. In this process, the main producers of Buddhist paintings, who also engaged in bulsa(佛事, Buddhist services) at large and major Buddhist temples around the nation, were identified, and the styles and production trends of Buddhist paintings were examined. Since they based themselves out of a particular temple and visited other temples in need of artworks around the vicinity, monk-painters’ temple of origin has played a significant role in the understanding of these artists. However, the paucity of historical documents or literature on monk-painters continues to limit the understanding of their lives, their status within temple organizations, and the mechanism of commissioning Buddhist paintings. Buddhist monk-painters were invited to come and paint by temples across a variety of regions. Thus, the scope of their activities was not confined to regional administrative districts. During a grand bulsa supported by the royal family or prepared by a congregation of monks from a given Buddhist order, monk-painters from different schools collaborated to create Buddhist paintings. Accordingly, research focusing on these painters is limited. Moreover, when the relations between monk-painters and the temples commissioning the production of paintings were examined, there were found connections between them such as whether the monk-painters belonged to the same Buddhist order with the patron temple or whether the commissioned monk-painters had studied under the monks of the patron temples. Since the accumulation of further information about regional and periodic bulsa is leading to a fuller understanding of the production of Buddhist paintings, complementary studies on both painter-based and region-based should to be conducted. To meet this need, this paper explores bulsa which groups of monk-painters participated in the production of Buddhist paintings in Uiseong, Gyeongsangbuk-do Province during the eighteenth century. Uiseong is situated to the south of the Joryeong and Chugnyeong hills at the division between Chungcheong-do and Gangwon-do provinces. Uiseong borders Andong to the north and Gunwi and Daegu to the south. The city is also adjacent to Cheongsong, Yecheon, Mungyeong, and Sangsu to the east and the west. Due to the geographical position, Uiseong holds abundant Buddhist cultural properties produced over different periods in close association with neighboring regions. The second chapter of this paper examines the bulsa led by monk-painters, including Milgi(密機) and Chisak(稚朔), in Gyeongsangbuk-do Province through surviving Buddhist paintings at Jeongsusa Temple and Daegoksa Temple. In the context of royal patronage during the reign of King Yeongjo(英 祖, r. 1724–1776), the following chapter scrutinizes the prayers and votive objects enshrined within the sculptures of Buddhas and bodhisattvas documenting massive Buddhist services supported by King Yeongjo in the eighteenth century. It especially concentrates on the Buddhist monk painter named Hyesik(慧湜), the creator of Kshitigarbha Bodhisattva(1739) at Haeinsa Temple and Shakyamuni Buddha Preaching at the Vulture Peak(1742) at Yeongchwisa Temple. Some historical records indicate his participation in Buddhist services in Uiseong. This chapter also discusses characteristics of Buddhist culture in Uiseong and the exchange of painting styles between Hyesik and another monk painter from a different region who collaborated with him on massive Buddhist services in Uiseong. Located in the inland region of Gyeongsangbuk-do Province, Uiseong developed a diverse Buddhist culture through cultural exchanges with neighboring areas. The creators of the Buddhist paintings of Uiseong were influenced by the Palgongsan painting school centering on Palgongsan Mountain and led by monk-painters such as Uigyun(義均), Kwaemin(快旻), and Seokmin(碩敏). They were also impacted by the Sabulsan painting school centering on Daeseungsa and Gimnyongsa Temples. This paper investigates the paintings of Milgi who teamed with other monk-painters during the Buddhist services at Jikjisa Temple in Hwangaksan Mountain and Donghwasa Temple in Palgongsan Mountain, interacted with several other painting schools, and pursued an individual style. It also addresses the work of Chisak, who led the Buddhist services at Daegoksa Temple. In particular, Portraits of the Three High Priests by Suin(守印) as well as Kshitigarbha Bodhisattva with the Ten Kings of the Underworld and the Nectar Ritual Painting by Chisak at Daegoksa Temple demonstrate the preceding style of the Sabulsan painting school that became formalized by Hongan(弘眼), Singyeom(信謙), Suyeon(守 衍), and Eungsang(應祥) from the late eighteenth to nineteenth century. Moreover, the Seated Wooden Amitabha Buddha and relics retrieved from it at Unramsa Temple in Uiseong and the Dry-lacquered Seated Avalokiteshvara Bodhisattva and its associated relics from Pagyesa Temple in Daegu are evidence of the sponsorship of large-scale Buddhist services held mainly at wondang sachal(願堂寺刹, royal Buddhist temples for praying) during the reign of King Yeongjo. Hyesik was in charge of producing Buddhist sculptures and paintings for several temples and affiliated hermitages, including Ongnyeonsa Temple, Gounsa Temple, and Ullamsa Temple, in Uiseong over a period of eighteen months from February in 1740 to July in 1741. Hyesik’s project began with the Buddhist services at Ongnyeonsa and Gounsa Temples prior to the designation of Pagyesa Temple as a royal prayer hall. The project peaked during the Buddhist services at Pagyesa Temple from the ninth month when the portrait of King Yeongjo was brought to the temple until the twelfth month when the portrait was taken back, and it continued until the seventh month of the following year with the project at Ullamsa Temple. The Buddhist services in which the monk-painters Hyesik of Gayasan Mountain and Milgi of Unbusa Temple participated are regarded important as they are the large-scale events of the Joseon Dynasty that were held through a collaboration among Buddhist monk painters from different regions. The bulsa led by Hyesik in the eighteenth century initiated a spread of royal patronage of Buddhism across neighboring regions through the designation of a temple as a royal prayer hall during the reign of King Yeongjo. These Buddhist services were held at Gounsa Temple in Uiseong, Pagyesa Temple in Daegu, and Ongnyeonsa and Ullamsa Temples in Uiseong. The establishment of Bongan Pavilion at Gounsa Temple in 1745 concluded such Buddhist services. Many examples of Buddhist paintings are known to have once existed in Uiseong, but only through historical records. In addition, some paintings have been stolen. For these reasons, Buddhist paintings in Uiseong have not been researched properly. The collection and integrated study of archival materials on non-existent Buddhist cultural assets would yield a deeper understanding of the diversity of Buddhist culture in Uiseong.

8,400원

6

국회에 등 돌린 국민들의 신뢰 회복이 우선

정명희

한국노동조합총연맹 월간 한국노총 2012ㆍ6 통권 483호 2012.06 pp.16-17

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7

노인의 건강요인이 자살생각에 미치는 영향 연구 - 대처양식의 매개효과를 중심으로 -

정명희

한국통합사례관리학회 한국케어매니지먼트연구 제11호 2014.04 pp.47-76

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우리사회는 의학기술의 발달로 인한 기대수명의 증가로 고령화 사회가 되었으나 노인들에 대한 이해부족과 급변하는 가족문화의 변화로 노인의 자살건수는 해마다 증가하고 있다. 이에 본 연구에서는 노인의건강요인(ADL, 우울, 건강상태만족도)이 자살생각에 어떠한 영향을 미치는지에 대한 분석 및 건강요인과자살생각 간의 인과관계에서 대처양식이 매개효과가 있는지에 대해서 분석하고자 320명의 서울, 경기 충청도 지역의 노인들을 대상으로 분석하였다. 연구결과는 첫째, 노인의 건강요인(ADL, 우울, 건강상태만족도)은 자살생각에 유의한 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 둘째, 대처양식(소극적, 적극적, 공격적)은 자살생각에 유의한 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 셋째, 노인의 건강요인(ADL, 우울, 건강상태만족도)은 대처양식에 유의한 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 넷째, 노인의 건강요인(ADL, 우울, 건강상태만족도)과자살생각과의 영향관계에 있어서 대처양식은 매개효과가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 이와 같은 연구결과를 바탕으로 자살생각 위험성을 가진 노인에 대한 효율적인 대처방안과 지역사회 자원의 네트워크 방안을 제시하였다.
Our society is due to the development of medical technology to increase the life expectancyof the elderly in an aging society, but the lack of understanding of the changes in familyculture and changing the number of elderly suicides is increasing year by year. In this study,factor in the health of the elderly (ADL, depression, health status satisfaction) is suicide for anyimpact analysis, and health factors in the causal relationship between suicidal ideation andcoping style on the parameters analyzed whether the effect of 320 people in Seoul, Gyeonggi,Chungcheong region of the elderly who were conducting the analysis. The study is the first,seniors' Health (ADL, depression, health status, satisfaction), the suicide of significant influence. Second, coping style (passive, active, aggressive) thoughts of suicide significant influence. Third, the old man’s health factors (ADL, depression, health status satisfaction) of the Copingsignificant influence. Fourth, the seniors' Health (ADL, depression, health status, satisfaction),and suicidal thoughts and coping style in relation to the impact effect of the parametersrespectively. Based on the results of these studies with elderly suicide risk effective solution forthe elderly and elderly suicide prevention requires a network of community resources and anational suicide prevention center was presented with an increased budget support.

7,000원

9

5,800원

10

플로라 트리스탕의『노동자 동맹』과 여성

정명희

숭실사학회 숭실사학 제9집 1996.05 pp.315-355

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8,700원

11

호텔 종사자의 감정노동과 사회적 지지가 이직 의도에 미치는 영향

고미진, 정혜선, 백은미, 정명희

한국직업건강간호학회 한국직업건강간호학회지 제27권 제3호 2018.08 pp.152-159

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Purpose: This study identified the influence of hotel workers’ emotional labor and social support on their intentions to change jobs. Methods: Study participants were 437 workers from seven hotels in Korea who consented to the survey. Among them, insufficient responses from 21 participants were excluded, as well as 107 responses from workers with workloads of under one hour of face to face work. Thus, 309 hotel workers were included in the final analysis. A multivariate regression analysis was used to identify factors influencing the hotel workers’ intention to change jobs. Results: The intention to change jobs was high when external behavior was shown, and workers who received social support from a superior exhibited low intention of changing jobs. Conclusion: The study results show that the most influential variables of turnover intention are external behavior and the support of a superior. It is therefore important to educate managers on personnel management methods for reducing external behaviors so that the rate of job changes by hotel workers can be reduced. It is also necessary to prepare and manage measures for strengthening the support system by workplace superiors.

4,000원

12

임상간호사의 주요 건강문제와 직무 스트레스가 프리젠티즘에 미치는 영향

장인순, 박지영, 조은정, 정명희

한국직업건강간호학회 한국직업건강간호학회지 제27권 제2호 2018.05 pp.121-130

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Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of major health issues and job stress on presenteeism among clinical nurses. Methods: The investigator conducted a survey on 226 clinical nurses at a general hospital in Seoul from March 3 to April 15, 2017, and analyzed their responses. Results: The findings showed that job stress did not have a significant effect on the nurses’ presenteeism. Fatigue (t=3.55,p<.001) impacted job loss, one of the subcategories of presenteeism, with an explanatory power of 12.1%. Premenstrual syndrome (t=-2.67,p=.008) and fatigue (t=-2.46,p=.015) affected perceived productivity with an explanatory power of 23.6%. Conclusion: Based on these findings, the study highlighted the need for effective management programs to tackle fatigue and premenstrual syndrome among clinical nurses' major health issues in order to reduce their productivity loss.

4,000원

13

조리직업훈련기관의 교육환경과 자기효능감이 교육훈련성과에 미치는 영향

오순환, 최웅, 정명희

한국호텔리조트학회 호텔리조트연구 제16권 제4호 2017.11 pp.207-222

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This study is to examine the effect of the educational environment and self-efficacy perceived by students on the educational performance of students. A survey was carried out on the subjects of students at a culinary vocational training institute located in Gyeonggido. Collected data were analyzed using SPSS Ver. 18.0 Statistics Package. The results are: First, as a result of analyzing the effect of educational environment on students' training educational performances, all among the educational environmental factors―educational program, instructors, services/impression factors and educational facilities factor―had shown significantly positive (+) effect on students' training educational performances. Second, as a result of analyzing the effect of students' self-efficacy on their training educational performances, self-regulated efficacy factor and task difficulty preference factor among self-efficacy factors had shown significantly positive (+) effect on students' training educational performances while the self-confidence factor had shown insignificant effect.

4,900원

14

한식레스토랑의 물리적 환경이 고객가치와 충성도에 미치는 영향

최웅, 정명희, 김남준

한국호텔리조트학회 호텔리조트연구 제15권 제4호 2016.11 pp.443-464

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This study aimed to empirically analyze the value levels perceived by customers of Korean restaurants according to their physical environments and to determine the effects of those assessments on customers’ emotional responses and future loyalty. A survey was conducted on a sample of customers who used Korean restaurants in Seoul and Gangwon-do between August 10 and August 31. The data were analyzed using the SPSS 22.0 statistical package. Factor analyses performed on each measurement category identified the five factors of comfort, convenience, cleanliness, attractiveness, and spatiality as characteristics of the physical environments of Korean restaurants, and it identified the three factors of emotional value, economic value, and social value as dimensions of customer value. When the relationships of the physical environments to customer value were analyzed, the physical environments were positively influenced by cleanliness, comfort, and spatiality (in that order), whereas convenience and attractiveness had no significant effects on the physical environments.

5,800원

15

우리나라 청소년의 비만에 영향을 미치는 요인 분석

정명희, 이지선, 정혜선

한국학교보건학회 한국학교보건학회지 Vol.29 No.1 2016.04 pp.11-21

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Purpose: The purposes of this study were to check the obesity of middle and high school students in the nation and identify factors influencing their obesity. Methods: The present study is a secondary analysis research that obtained permission to use the primitive data of 10th (2014) Online Survey on Adolescents' Health Behaviors by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and analyzed the primitive data according to the purposes. Results: The findings show that the BMI of middle and high school students in the nation was 20.7 kg/m2 with the obesity and non-obesity group recording 27.0 kg/m2 and 19.9 kg/m2, respectively. Factors influencing the obesity of adolescents include gender, grade, educational background of parent, school grades for the last 12 months, satisfaction with sleep, fast food consumption, ramen consumption, intense and muscle exercise three times a week or more, subjective sense of health, stress, suicidal ideation, and hours of Internet usage per week. Conclusion: For the management of adolescent obesity, there is a need for obesity management programs taking the characteristics of male students into consideration. The possibilities of obesity grow according to the grades, which means that both the teachers and parents should offer more guidance on weight control in upper grades. The adjustment of adolescent obesity requires psychological health management including stress and suicidal ideation as well as diet control and exercise. It is also needed to apply a stepwise obesity management program according to the hours of internet usage and dependence on the internet

4,200원

16

전자제품 제조업체 남성근로자의 직무 스트레스와 대사증후군의 관련성

김태희, 이세훈, 정명희

한국직업건강간호학회 한국직업건강간호학회지 제25권 제1호 2016.02 pp.55-64

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목적:본 연구는 전자제품 제조업체 남성 근로자들을 대상으로 이들의 직무스트레스와 대사증후군의 관련성을 파악하고자 시행되었다. 방법 : 연구 대상은 2011년 6월 경기도 P시에 위치한 전자제품 제조업체 남성 근로자들 중 D병원에서 일반건강검진을 받았던 396명으로 하였다. 자료는 검진 결과와 설문지로부터 필요한 내용을 대상자의 동의하에 D병원에서 수집하였고, 건강검진 실시 전 건강검진기관에서 결과활용 목적과 개인정보 보호에 관한 사항을 설명하고 동의를 구한 후 자기기입식 방법으로 설문조사를 실시하였다. 결과 : 대상자들의 직무스트레스 점수가 높은 영역은 직무자율, 조직체계, 보상부적절, 직무요구, 직무불안정, 물리환경, 직장문화, 관계갈등 순이었다. 대상자들의 대사증후군 유병률은 19.9%로 나타났다. 대사증후군과의 관련성을 분석한 결과 가족력이 있는 경우, 과거 흡연을 하였거나 현재 흡연을 하고 있는 경우, 근속년수 3년 이상인 경우에 대사증후군이 많았으며, 직무스트레스 총합이 높을수록, 8개 하부영역 중 직무자율, 직무불안정, 보상부적절, 직장문화 영역에서 직무스트레스가 높을수록 대사증후군이 많은 것으로 나타났다. 결론 : 이상과 같이 직무스트레스가 높을수록 남성 근로자의 대사증후군이 많은 것으로 나타났으므로 근로자들이 직면하고 있는 직무스트레스를 효율적으로 관리할 수 있는 방안을 모색하는 것이 필요하다. 또한 직무스트레스 하부영역 중 직무자율 영역에서 직무스트레스 수준이 가장 높았으므로 이에 대한 해결책으로 근로자의 자율성을 높일 수 있는 다양한 방안을 마련하는 것이 필요하겠다.
Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between job stress and metabolic syndrome among male workers. Methods: A total of 396 male workers employed in an electronic company, located in 'P' city, Gyeonggi Province, who had taken medical examination at the 'D' hospital, volunteered in this study. All the data used in this study were obtained from 'D' hospital after getting consent and permission from the workers. General and occupational characteristics, medical history, and health-related behaviors of the subjects were obtained by self-administered questionnaire. Results: The highest occupational stress by sub-sector was reported in the order of insufficient job control, organizational system, lack of reward, job demand, job insecurity, physical environment, job culture, and relationship conflict. The prevalence rate of metabolic syndrome of the participants was 19.9%. The results of the multiple logistic regression analysis on metabolic syndrome of the subjects indicated that the syndrome was significantly higher among those with family history, smoking habit and ex-smoking, working duration of 3 years and over, and with higher total score of occupational stress. It was significantly more prevalent, when the degree of stress was high in the sub-sectors of occupational stress; job autonomy, job insecurity, lack of reward, and job culture. Conclusion: In conclusion, it is necessary to implement a plan to efficiently manage the job stress of these male workers, as the probability of metabolic syndrome increased with the increase of occupational stress. Furthermore, considering the highest occupational stress was found to be job autonomy among its sub-sectors, it is necessary to prepare various measures to enhance the autonomy of such employees.

4,000원

17

입소시설 장애인의 구강건강관리 실태

정명희, 전성희

대한치과위생학회 대한치과위생학회지 제17권 제3호 2015.12 pp.185-194

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The study was conducted to build base data on the purpose of making oral health business plan & program for a handicapped person by understanding actual oral health management condition & behavior of a handicapped person who entered in facilities. The survey was conducted for a total of 296 handicapped persons from 5 facilities in Daegu metropolitan city and Kyungbuk Province, South Korea. Data of the study were collected from February 3, 2014 to February 28, 2014 and data were analyzed through t-test, correlation analysis. 1. Regarding oral health management behavior, 3 times of toothbrush per a day was 81.1%, 3 minutes of toothbrush was 68.9% which were highest. Toothbrushing was possible depending on others(57.1%) a little bit higher than 42.9% of toothbrushing in their own strength. 2. Experience of visiting dental clinic for recent one year 99.0%, purpose of visiting dental clinic was scaling(42%), regular check up(37.5%), prevention(10.4%) etc. 3. Regarding possibility of toothbrushing according to the degree of disability, dependence on others of first class was 75.6% which showed the higher degree of disability, the higher dependence on others. 4. Regarding toothbrushing frequency according to oral health experience, tooth frequency was 2,86±0.37 which was a bit high in case of experienced(p<0.001) In consideration of all the results, continuing education program & proper oral health management measure according to the types of disability are required in the facilities autonomously in order to achieve effective oral health management by arranging dental hygienists.

4,000원

18

고객 응대 업무에 종사하는 콜센터 근로자의 프리젠티즘

정명희, 정혜선

한국직업건강간호학회 한국직업건강간호학회지 제24권 제2호 2015.05 pp.142-151

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Purpose: The purposes of this study were to investigate the degree of presenteeism, which lowers productivity when call center workers come to work with illness, and analyze the factors influencing it. Methods: A survey was conducted for three months from July to September, 2013 to collect data. Questionnaires were distributed to 1,500 workers at 30 call centers in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province, of which were 1,274 returned and analyzed for the study. Results: The findings show that the call center workers scored 15.4 points out of the maximum 30 on presenteeism based on SPS-6. The study examined factors that affect the presenteeism of call center workers and identified inner emotional labor, depression, subjective health condition, age and turnover intention as those factors. Their presenteeism was low when they engaged in more inner emotional labor, and when they had a good subjective health condition. The presenteeism was high when they had a higher degree of depression, were young, and had a higher turnover intention. Conclusion: The findings call for a need to implement a mental health promotion program to resolve call center workers' depression at work, help them manage their emotional labor to lower their turnover intention, improve their subjective health conditions, and run a health management program to consider the uniqueness of the young age group in order to prevent their increasing presenteeism.

4,000원

19

부정교합과 측두하악장애 유병상태와의 관련성에 관한 연구

김홍식, 박수철, 정명희

대한치과기공학회 대한치과기공학회지 Vol.35 No.3 2013.09 pp.231-242

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Purpose: The study is to discover the relationship between malocclusion, which is known to cause temporomandibular disorder, and temporomandibular disorder and is aimed at college students who have retained their natural teeth. Methods: The study was aimed at 500 college students at two colleges located in Gyeongsangbuk-do and Daegu metropolitan city and survey research was conducted in order to discover any relationship between malocclusion and temporomandibular disorder. After excluding copies with insincere answers or errors out of the 500 copies of the questionnaire, the study used a total of 435 copies (87%) for research and analysis. Results: Females showed a prevalence of temporomandibular joint clicking and temporomandibular joint pain,and students who had crowding showed a high prevalence of temporomandibular joint pain, temporomandibular joint clicking, and trismus. Students whose occlusal condition was not good demonstrated a high prevalence of temporomandibular joint pain, temporomandibular joint clicking, and trismus. Students who had maxillary protrusion showed a prevalence of temporomandibular joint clicking and trimus, whereas students who had mandibular protrusion showed a high prevalence of temporomandibular joint clicking. Conclusion: Students whose dental condition was crowding and students whose occlusal condition was not good exhibited a high prevalence of three types of symptoms of temporomandibular disorder. Meanwhile student who had maxillary protrusion showed a high prevalence of temporomandibular joint clicking and trismus, while students who had mandibular protrusion showed a prevalence of temporomandibular joint clicking.

4,300원

20

보건관리자의 역할수행이 유병근로자의 출근으로 인한 업무손실에 미치는 영향

정명희, 정혜선, 이복임

한국직업건강간호학회 한국직업건강간호학회지 제22권 제2호 2013.05 pp.171-178

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Purpose: This study was conducted to determine the effect of the performance of Workplace Health Manager at the workplace on presenteeism in the workers. Methods: Three months before this study, between June 2010 and September 2010, a self-reporting survey of 316 employees in 136 workplaces in each of each hired a Workplace Health Manager was performed at their workplace with explanations of the purpose and methods of this study after their consent was obtained. Results: The average performance score of the Workplace Health Manager as graded by the employees was 3.8 out of 5 points. The duties of the Workplace Health Manager which received higher grades were posting of the Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS), health education, and future management with respect to the results and procedure of health care-related work. According to the employees’ survey, the score for presenteeism was evaluated as 14.3 out of 30 points. Based on the presenteeism analysis results, when (1) the employee was a male, (2) the workplace was established and managed by Industry Safety and Health Committee, (3) the employees were aware of the role of Workplace Health Managers, and (4) Workplace Health Manager fulfilled his/her role actively and successfully, presenteeism was observed to a lesser extent. Conclusion: According to the results of the study, presenteeism was observed to a lesser extent when the Workplace Health Manager actively performed his/her role.

4,000원

 
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