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1

평양기생학교를 통해 본 전통춤 전승 양상

윤영숙, 김호연

무용역사기록학회(구 한국무용사학회) 무용역사기록학 제48호 2018.03 pp.69-88

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이 연구는 평양기생학교에 나타난 한국 전통춤의 여러 모습을 살피고 그들의 활동 양상을 통해 문화 전승이 어떠한 방식으로 이루어지는지 살피는데 목적이 있다. 그동안 기생에 대한 인식은 부정적이거나 편협한 생각 속에 놓여 온 것이 사실이다. 게다가 섹슈얼리티의 상징처럼 이미지화되어 제한된 인식과 그에 따른 고정관념으로 남아있기도 하다. 그렇지만 이들은 문화원형의 기호(記號)로 평가받을 담론이 존재하며 근대 문화 창조의 선구자로 제대로 된 평가를 받을 필요가 있다. 특히 평양기생학교는 근대 초기에 안정적이면서도 지속적인 교육 제도를 통해 많은 예인을 배출한 곳이다. 이들의 교육 방식은 체계적인 과정과 내용으로 예술에만 머문 것이 아닌 전인교육을 통해 많은 예인을 양성하다. 또한 무용교육의 경우 고학년에 배치하여 음악 등의 기본이 갖추어진 뒤 실습을 하고, 전통에만 그친 것이 아니라 시대의 흐름에 따라 동시대적 예술도 수용하여 교육한 특징이 있다. 이러한 바탕은 「예단일백인󰡕과 󰡔조선미인보감󰡕에서 평양출신 기생이 다수를 차지하고, 다양한 공연 활 동을 통해 대중의 사랑을 받은 모습에서 그 공(功)을 찾을 수 있다.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the various aspects of the traditional Korean dance at the Pyeongyang Gisaeng School and the ways that their culture was transmitted through their activities. There is no doubt that the perceptions of Gisaeng have been negative or narrow-minded. Furthermore, Gisaeng has become a symbolic image of sexuality, and the narrow-minded stereotype of Gisaeng still remains today. However, there exists counter-discourse that enables a re-conceptualization of Gisaeng as the symbol of a cultural archetype. It is also necessary to assess them as the pioneers of modern culture creation. The Pyeongyang Gisaeng School, in particular, produced many entertainers in the early modern days through a stable and sustainable educational system. The school provided whole person education based on its systematic process and content to produce a host of entertainers instead of limiting its scope only to art. Dance education was allocated to the upper grades so that the students could take on the practice of dance after equipping themselves with the basics including music. I The school also embraced contemporary art in its education according to the flow of the times rather than remaining at the level of the tradition. This foundation of the school contributed to the big number of Gisaengs from Pyeongyang recorded in Yedanilbaekin and Joseon Mi-In Bogam and the popularity they enjoyed among the public through their various performance activities.

5,500원

2

스토리텔링을 활용한 무용극의 활성화 방안 연구 : <처용랑>과 <백조의 호수> 사례를 중심으로

윤영숙

무용역사기록학회(구 한국무용사학회) 무용역사기록학 제47호 2017.12 pp.151-173

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이 연구는 처용설화를 중심으로 무용의 대중화에 대한 실천적 과제를 모색하기 위해 스토리텔링을 기반으로 하는 새로운 콘텐츠의 활성화 방안에 주목하다. 최근 지식, 창의, 정보 등 무형 자원의 중요 성이 대두되면서 이야기를 산업의 기본 요소로 제시하고 산업화하려 하고 있다. 이를 바탕으로 이 연구에서는 무용의 예술적 가치를 조명하기 위해 스토리콘텐츠로서 처용설화를 소재로 다양하게 접근되었던 무용공연작품을 살펴봄으로써 설화의 현대적 수용 양상을 알아본다. 또한 고전발레 3대 걸작으로 세계 대부분의 발레단 주요 레퍼토리로 공연된 <백조의 호수>가 스토리 콘텐츠 로서 다양하게 변화되어 현대적으로 수용된 양상을 살펴본다. 이 작품은 동양과 마찬가지로 생활 속 민담, 민화에서 소재적 배경을 이끌어내었다. 이에 스토리라인이 잠재적 인식 속에 내재되어 있어 예술 작품의 원동력이 되었고 이 에너지 발산은 폭넓은 예술분야의 소산물로서 향력을 보여준다. 마지막으로 보편성과 대중성의 가치를 살펴보기 위해 서사구조의 작품으로 스토리에 관한 연상 작용 을 일으켜 대중이 쉽게 다가갈 수 있는 <처용랑>과 <백조의 호수>의 서사구조를 비교 분석함으로서 무용공연예술의 흐름에 어떠한 향을 미쳤는지 살펴본다.
This study focuses on strategies to promote new content based on storytelling with the case of <Cheoyong> in particular in order to make dance more mainstream. As the importance of intangible assets such as knowledge, creativity and information emerged in recent years, stories have been presented as a basic element of business to be commercialized. The story of Cheoyong is a leading example of where a narrative work that is latent in the subconscious of the public has been approached from various angles. To shed light on the artistic value of dance that uses the story of Cheoyong as its theme, this study reviews the contemporary patterns in which the story of Cheoyong has been adapted to dance performances. Moreover, <Swan Lake>, one of the major repertoires of the world’s leading ballet companies and one of the three major classical ballet works, is reviewed in terms of how dance content can be brought into the consciousness of mainstream culture. <Swan Lake> has also captured the theme from folklore of the West, just as in similar cases in the East. The storyline has become latent in the subconscious of the public that drives the art work, which then affected works in a wide array of art fields. Lastly, to review the universal value, the narrative structures of <Cheoyongrang> and <Swan Lake> were compared in terms of how stories can lead to a chain of reminders, thus shedding light on the trends in dance performe art.

6,000원

4

공연예술로서 가ㆍ무ㆍ악(歌ㆍ舞ㆍ樂)의 현대적 수용 : 서울예술단 ‘가무악’, ‘가무극’ 장르 중심으로

윤영숙

무용역사기록학회(구 한국무용사학회) 무용역사기록학 제40호 2016.03 pp.221-245

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이 연구는 공연예술로서 가ㆍ무ㆍ악(歌ㆍ舞ㆍ樂)의 현적 수용을 통해 한국문화예술의 활성화 방 안을 탐색하고 중예술로서 전통예술의 새로운 의식 전환을 꾀하는데 목적이 있다. 오늘날 서울예술단 은 내외적 변화에 순응하고 파격적인 실험성을 통해 한국적 총체예술을 표방하는 단체로 이 연구에 서는 서울예술단의 가․무․악 종합예술작품을 통해 발전방안을 모색한다. 따라서 서울예술단의 공연 목록을 데이터 처리 프로그램인 마이크로 소프트의 Excel을 이용하여 자 료화하으며 여기서 ‘가무악’, ‘가무극’ 공연유형을 추출하여 각 작품의 가ㆍ무ㆍ악 세 요소를 알아보 았다. 또한 단체 연구상을 선정하여 인터뷰를 통해 현 가․무․악 의미를 살펴보았다. 이와 같이 제시된 연구방법을 통해서 가․무․악이 지닌 전통예술 장르의 특성을 이해하고 종합예술 의 방향성과 전략적 측면을 알아본다. 그리고 공연 산업에서 장르간의 경계를 넘어 중예술로서 전통예 술에 한 인식을 재편성하고 상호소통적 구조를 염두한 한국형 종합예술작품이 지속 창출 될 것이다.
This study aims to investigate the activation plans of Korean cultural artists through the modern reception of performance art and to design a new conscious transition of traditional art into popular art. Today, the Seoul Performing Arts Company is a group representing Korean art with unprecedented experiments involving external and internal changes. This study examined the developmental plans of the Seoul Performing Arts Company and its comprehensive artwork, including singing, dancing, and music. The study employed Microsoft Excel, a data processing program, to summarize the list of performances by the Seoul Performing Arts Company and to analyze the three genres of singing, dancing, and music. In addition, the company performers were interviewed about the meanings of modern singing, dancing, and music. These study methods allowed investigation of the characteristics of traditional art genre with singing, dancing, and music as well as the direction and strategic aspects of comprehensive art. This analysis seeks to reorganize perceptions of traditional art as public art exceeding the boundaries of genres in the performance industry while continuing to create comprehensive Korean artwork containing a mutual communicative structure.

6,300원

5

청소년의 국민정체성이 다문화수용성에 미치는 영향

박성철, 윤영숙

한국청소년시설환경학회 청소년시설환경 제13권 제2호 통권 제44호 2015.05 pp.19-30

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The purpose of this research is to identify the degree of adolescent’s national identity and multicultural acceptability and to check the impact of adolescent’s national identity on multicultural acceptability. First of all, the studies on multicultural acceptability and national identity are reviewed. Based on the reviews, the concept of national identity is divided into ethnic factor and civil factor. Korean Multiculturalism Inventory for Adolescent(KMCI-A) developed by Ministry of Gender Equality & Family Republic of Korea is used for the concept of multicultural acceptability as the dependent variable. The research subject boy’s and girl’s high school is selected by random method in Incheon area and 620 students answered the questionnaires. The survey period is from Mar. 11, 2014 to Mar. 21, 2014. Only 571 ones are analysed because of unanswered or unreliable response. The result of analysis shows that only ethnic identity negatively impacts on all 5 multicultural acceptability factors(stereotypes and discrimination, intention of mutual exchange, global civil action, cultural openness and sentiment of rejection and avoidance) and the degree of impact is relatively strong. However, civil identity positively impacts on only cultural openness and global civil action.

4,300원

6

여행사의 항공사 선택속성이 여행사 만족과 미래행동에 미치는 영향 연구 - 대형 여행사를 중심으로 -

윤영숙, 강정임, 이주형

관광경영학회 관광경영연구 제19권 제2호 통권 64호 2015.05 pp.173-194

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This study was intended to investigate the importance of selection attribute which is being perceived importantly by travel agencies in terms of selecting airlines after the abolition and reduction in airline sales commission and advent of low-cost airlines through preceding research and literature research, to investigate how satisfaction of tourist agency workers on a specific airline effect the future behavior, and to find ways to develop the win-win relationship between travel agency and airline. As a result, it was identified that travel agencies had great interest in the profit improvement support, and they were satisfied with the airline selection attribute but had to continue relationship with a certain airline. Also, it was verified that airlines need to change the marketing strategy and relationship maintenance according to the travel agency because travel agencies have a wider selection of airlines due to the advent of low-cost airlines, and future research topic was suggested on the selection attribute of large travel agency focusing on the small travel agency.

5,800원

7

나를 부끄럽게 하는 소식지

윤영숙

우리신학연구소 갈라진 시대의 기쁜소식 1000호 2011.11 pp.38-39

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8

한부모가정의 부모-자녀관계 증진을 위한 원예치료 집단상담 프로그램의 개발과 효과

차지영, 천성문, 김세일, 이형미, 윤영숙

한국예술심리치료학회 예술심리치료연구 제7권 제1호 통권 14호 2011.03 pp.181-205

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본 연구는 한부모를 대상으로 부모-자녀관계 증진을 위한 원예치료 집단상담 프로그램을 개발하여 실시하고, 이 프로그램이 미치는 효과를 검증하는 데 그 목적을 두었다. 이러한 연구의 목적을 달성하기 위하여 김창대(2002)가 제시한 집단상담 프로그램 개발 모형에 따라 한부모를 대상으로 원예치료 집단상담 프로그램을 개발하였으며, 회기별 실행 단계에 있어 역량강화 모델에 기초한 원예치료 실행전략을 참고하여 전문가의 자문과 조언을 받아 개발하였다. 개발된 원예치료 집단상담 프로그램의 효과를 검증하기 위하여 D종합사회복지관의 한부모들 24명을 실험집단과 통제집단으로 분류하여 주 1회 120분씩, 총 9회기 프로그램을 실시하였다. 그리고 프로그램의 효과를 검정하기 위하여 실험 사전, 사후에 부모-자녀관계 만족도, 자아존중감, 우울척도를 실시하였다. 실험, 통제집단 간의 점수차이를 알아보기 위하여 공변량분석(ANCOVA)을 실시하였고, 실험집단의 사후검사의 효과를 알아보기 위하여 t검증을 실시하였다. 이와 같은 연구 과정을 통해 얻어진 본 연구의 결과는 다음과 같다. 원예치료 집단상담 프로그램에 참여한 실험집단은 프로그램에 참여하지 않은 통제집단에 비해 부모-자녀관계 점수, 자아존중감 점수, 우울 점수가 유의미하게 나타났다.
The purpose of this study is to develope a group counseling program applying horticulture therapy to improve parent-child relationship of the single parent family, and verify the effect of it. To achieve the goals of this study, Group Counseling Program applying Horticulture Therapy was developed based on the group counseling program Model suggested by Kim, Chang Dea(2002). To verify the effect of the developed program, the program was practiced to 24 single parents, who were divided into an experimental group and a controlled group, once a week. The program in the totally 9 times was carried out, and each session took 120 minutes. The variables used to verify the effect of the program were degree of satisfaction on the parent-child relationship of pre and post experiments, self-esteem, and depression scale. The difference between the experimental groups and the controlled groups was analysed using ANCOVA. The following are the results of the study. There was statistically significant difference in the parent-child relationship, in the degree of self-esteem, and in the depression scale between the experimental group, which attended Group Counseling Program applying Horticulture Therapy, and the controlled group, which did not.

6,300원

9

중국인 학습자들의 한국어 낭독 문장 피치곡선의 변동 양상

윤영숙

[Kisti 연계] 한국음성학회 말소리와 음성과학 Vol.5 No.2 2013 pp.59-69

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The purpose of this study is to examine the variation of pitch contour observed in the reading of Korean sentences produced by Chinese Korean-learners. In the reading context, Korean sentence intonation can be described by considering accentual phrases' pitch pattern and intonational phrases' boundary tone. But when APs and IPs connect to each other to form sentences, another aspect of speech production must be considered, that is declination of pitch contour. So, in order to examine how Chinese speakers produce Korean sentence intonation, we have analysed the sentences' pitch contours produced by fourteen Chinese speakers differing in proficiency, and compared them to pitch contours produced by six Korean native speakers. The results show that Chinese speakers tend to decline the pitch contour in shorter sentences, but for longer sentences, the declination was not observed. Moreover, even though Chinese speakers produced sentences with declination, internal tonal modulation differs from native speakers.

원문보기
10

경계음절에서 나타나는 대화체 언어의 운율 현상

윤영숙

[Kisti 연계] 한국음성과학회 말소리와 음성과학 Vol.11 No.2 2004 pp.137-150

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This paper investigates the prosodic characteristics of discourse boundaries in spontaneous conversation. In this study, the term 'conversation' is taken to refer to a kind of talk in which two or more participants alternate in speaking about particular topics. Such a definition implies that there are at least two sorts of structures in the conversation: textual structure and interactive structure. This requires us to consider not just the textual influences on prosody but also the impact of interactive context. The aim of this study is to find out the acoustic-prosodic means used by speakers to signal discourse boundaries in conversational interaction. The results show that the conflict between the structural level and the interactive level obliges the speakers to reorganize the prosodic variables according to the type of discourse boundaries.

원문보기
11

한국어 리듬구조에 미치는 L1의 영향: 일본인 학습자를 중심으로

윤영숙

[Kisti 연계] 한국음성학회 말소리와 음성과학 Vol.10 No.4 2018 pp.45-52

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This study investigates the effect of Japanese (L1) on the production of the Korean rhythmic structure. Korean and Japanese have typologically different rhythmic structure as a syllable-timed language and mora-timed language, respectively. This rhythmic difference comes from the different phonological properties of the two languages. Due to this difference, Japanese speakers that are learning Korean may produce a different rhythm than native Korean speakers' rhythm. To investigate the influence of the native language's rhythm on the target language, we conducted an acoustic analysis using acoustic metrics such as %V, VarcoV, and VarcoS. Four Korean native speakers and ten advanced Japanese Korean learners participated in a production test. The analyzed material consisted of six Korean sentences that contained various syllable structures. The results showed that KS and JS's rhythms are different in %V as well as in VarcoV. In the case of VarcoS, significant rhythmic difference was observed in the VC and CVC syllable, in which the coda segment is nasal sound. This study allowed us to observe the influence of L1 on production of L2 rhythm.

원문보기
12

운율 층위에 따른 중국인학습자들의 한국어 유기음화 적용 양상

윤영숙

[Kisti 연계] 한국음성학회 말소리와 음성과학 Vol.9 No.4 2017 pp.9-17

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The aim of this study is to examine whether Chinese Korean learners (CKL) can correctly produce the aspiration in 'a lenis obstruents /k/, /t/, /p/, /ʧ/+/h/ sound' sequence at the lexical and post-lexical level. For this purpose 4 Korean native speakers (KNS), 10 advanced and 10 intermediate CKL participated in a production test. The material analyzed consisted of 10 Korean sentences in which aspiration can be applied at different prosodic boundaries (syllable, word, accentual phrase). The results showed that for KNS and CKL, the rate of application of aspiration was different according to prosodic boundaries. Aspiration was more frequently applied at the lexical level than at the post-lexical level and it was more frequent at the word boundary than at the accentual phrase boundary. For CKL, pronunciation errors were either non-application of aspiration or coda obstruent omission. In the case of non-application of aspiration, CKL produced the target syllable as an underling form and they did not transform it as a surface form. In the case of coda obstruent ommision, most of the errors were caused by the inherent complexity of phonological process.

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13

한국어 중의성 문장에 대한 중국인학습자들의 발화양상

윤영숙

[Kisti 연계] 한국음성학회 말소리와 음성과학 Vol.9 No.2 2017 pp.61-68

협약을 통해 무료로 제공되는 자료로, 원문이용 방식은 연계기관의 정책을 따르고 있습니다.

The aim of this study is to investigate the prosodic aspects of ambiguous sentences in Korean produced by Chinese Korean Learners (L1: Chinese, L2: Korean). In Korean, sentence ambiguity can be caused by homonym or syntactically ambiguous structure. In spoken language however all ambiguity can be resolved by different prosodic features according to the meaning that they transmit. In this study we examined whether Chinese Korean Leaners also distinguish, in production, ambiguous sentences on the basis of prosodic characteristics. For this study 4 Korean natives speakers and 10 advanced Chinese Korean learners participated in the production test. The material analysed constituted 10 Korean sentences in which 6 sentences are lexically ambiguous and 4 sentences contain structural ambiguity. The results show that Korean native speakers produced ambiguous sentences by different prosodic structure depending on their semantic and syntactic structure. Chinese speakers also show distinct prosodic structure for different ambiguous sentences in most cases. But in the phonetic realization, the internal pitch range was greater for Korean native speakers than Chinese learners.

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14

L2 억양에 나타나는 L1억양의 긍정적 전이와 부정적 전이 양상 - 일본인 한국어 학습자들을 중심으로 -

윤영숙

[Kisti 연계] 한국음성학회 말소리와 음성과학 Vol.8 No.4 2016 pp.71-78

협약을 통해 무료로 제공되는 자료로, 원문이용 방식은 연계기관의 정책을 따르고 있습니다.

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of Japanese(L1) on the production of Korean accentual phrases(L2). Korean and Japanese have a similar prosodic structure. But different from Korean, Japanese is a pitch accent language. So each word has its own pitch accent. And pitch accents are maintained in the sentence intonation. This difference will have a negative influence on the production of Korean sentence intonation. For this study 4 Korean natives speakers and 10 advanced Japanese learners of Korean participated in the production test. The material analysed constituted 11 Korean sentences, six of which contain formally identical Sino-Korean and Sino-Japanese words. The results show that the initial pitch pattern of Korean accentual phrases was affected by Japanese pitch accent types and this interference was greater for formally identical Sino-Korean and Sino-Japanese words. But besides initial tones of accentual phrase, some positive interference was observed in the internal tonal pattern of accentual phrase. In the phonetic realization, the internal pitch range and initial pitch rising of accentual phrases was greater for Japanese learners of Korean than native speakers of Korean.

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15

운율구 형성과정에서 나타나는 어휘부와 후어휘부 필수음운현상에 대한 중국인학습자들의 발화양상 -비음화를 중심으로-

윤영숙

[Kisti 연계] 한국음성학회 말소리와 음성과학 Vol.8 No.1 2016 pp.53-62

협약을 통해 무료로 제공되는 자료로, 원문이용 방식은 연계기관의 정책을 따르고 있습니다.

In this study, we examined whether Chinese learners of Korean can correctly produce the phonological process on the lexical and post-lexical level. For this purpose 4 Korean native speakers and 10 advanced and 10 intermediate Chinese learners of Korean participated in the production test. The materials analyzed constituted 10 Korean sentences in which nasalization can be applied on the syllable boundary, word boundary(w-boundary) as well as accentual phrase boundary(AP-boundary). The results show that for Korean speakers, nasalization was applied 100% at all level whereas for Chinese speakers, the rate of application of nasalization is different according to prosodic constituents and Korean proficiency. Nasalization was more frequently applied at the lexical level than the post-lexical level, and it is more frequent in the w-boundary conditions than in the AP-boundary conditions. However, the rate of nasalization in the w-boundary is close to the lexical level. The pronunciation errors were committed either as non application of nasalization or coda obstruent ommission. In the case of non application of nasalization, Chinese learners of Korean produced the target syllables as underling forms, which were not transformed as surface forms. In addition, we can observe the ommission of coda obstruents in 'lenis obstruents+nasal sound' sequences. As a result, nasalization is blocked by this omission.

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16

한국어 구조적 중의성 문장에 대한 일본인 중급 한국어 학습자들의 발화양상

윤영숙

[Kisti 연계] 한국음성학회 말소리와 음성과학 Vol.7 No.3 2015 pp.89-97

협약을 통해 무료로 제공되는 자료로, 원문이용 방식은 연계기관의 정책을 따르고 있습니다.

The aim of this study is to investigate the prosodic aspects of structural ambiguous sentences in Korean produced by Japanese Korean learners and the influence of their first language prosody. Previous studies reported that structural ambiguous sentences in Korean are different especially in prosodic phrasing. So we examined whether Japanese Korean leaners can also distinguish, in production, between two types of structural ambiguous sentences on the basis of prosodic features. For this purpose 4 Korean native speakers and 8 Japanese Korean learners participated in the production test. Analysis materials are 6 sentences where a relative clause modify either NP1 or NP1+NP2. The results show that Korean native speakers produced ambiguous sentences by different prosodic structure depending on their semantic and syntactic structure (left branching or right branching sentence). Japanese speakers also show distinct prosodic structure for two types of ambiguous sentences in most cases, but they have more errors in producing left branching sentences than right branching sentences. In addition to that, interference of Japanese pitch accent in the production of Korean ambiguous sentences was observed.

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17

엔젤투자자의 투자의사결정에 영향을 미치는 기업가특성에 관한 연구

윤영숙, 황보윤

[Kisti 연계] 한국벤처창업학회 벤처창업연구 Vol.9 No.3 2014 pp.47-61

협약을 통해 무료로 제공되는 자료로, 원문이용 방식은 연계기관의 정책을 따르고 있습니다.

많은 엔젤 투자자들이 초기단계기업에 투자하는 것을 주저하고 있다. 초기단계기업은 대부분 매출이 없고, 개발단계이거나 시장진입초기단계인 경우가 많아서 기업 가치를 정량적으로 평가할 수 없기 때문이다. 따라서 엔젤 투자자들이 기업을 평가하고 투자의사를 결정하는 경우 기업가의 성향에 의존 할 수밖에 없는 경우가 많다. 이에 본 연구는 엔젤 투자자의 투자의사결정요인에 영향을 주는 기업가적 특성의 요인과 그 중요도를 도출하였다. 연구방법은 엔젤 투자클럽, 벤처캐피털리스트, 기업 대표 및 임원 등의 엔젤 투자자 전문가 그룹 20인을 선정하여 델파이 기법(Delphi Technique)에 따라 설문조사를 실시하였다. 3차에 걸친 조사 결과 투자의사결정요인 중에서 기업가적 특성에 해당하는 요인으로 신뢰성, 위험감수성, 열정, 인내력, 진실성, 리더십, 창업경험, 조직관리능력, 혁신성, 인맥(네트워크)의 10개의 요소들을 도출하였다. 또한 도출된 기업가적 특성 요소의 중요도를 분석하기 위하여 AHP(Analytic Hierarchy Process) 이론에 근거하여 각 요소에 대한 쌍대비교(Pair-wise Comparison)를 통하여, 그 중요도를 분석한 결과 신뢰성(18.1%), 진실성(15.9%), 리더십(11.7%), 조직관리능력(10.0%), 인맥(네트워크)(9.5%), 열정(9.1%), 인내력(8.4%), 혁신성(8.1%), 창업경험(5.3%), 위험감수성(3.9%)의 순으로 나타났다. 본 연구는 의의는 투자자의 투자 의사 결정에 영향을 주는 요인들 중에서 초기 단계의 기업에 가장 큰 영향 요인이라 할 수 있는 기업가적 특성 요인을 도출하여 중요도를 비교함으로써 엔젤 투자의 불확실성으로 인하여 생기는 한계를 다소나마 줄이고, 엔젤 투자자의 판단에 도움을 줄 수 있다는 점이다.
Many angel investors hesitate to invest in early-stage company. Most early-stage company has no sales and only R&D step project or in early approach of market. So it's impossible to evaluate early-stage company quantitatively. Therefore many angel investors depend on CEO's tendency to evaluate company and make decision for investment. The purpose of this study is discover the entrepreneurial characteristics of CEO and the importance level which affect on the angel investors decision making factors for investment. To identify the factors of entrepreneurial characteristics, survey was conducted by Delphi Technique which is involved by 20 experts who is angel investment club members, venture capitalists, CEOs and officers. Three rounds of survey results derived 10 elements of entrepreneurial characteristics for investment decision making factors including reliability, risk sensitivity, passion, perseverance, integrity, leadership, startup experience, organizational management skills, innovation and social networking. In addition, this study derived the importance level of elements of entrepreneurial characteristics based on the AHP(Analytic Hierarchy Process) theory and maintained the logical consistency by pair-wise comparison for each element. As a result of analyzing the importance of entrepreneurial characteristics, the sequence is reliability (18.1%), integrity (15.9%), leadership (11.7%), organizational management skills (10.0%), social networking (9.5%), passion(9.1%), perseverance(8.4%), innovation(8.1%), startup experience(5.3%) and risk sensitivity(3.9%) respectively. The significance of this study is somewhat decrease limit of the uncertainty arising from angel investors and angel investors can help a decision making, by discover factors of entrepreneurial characteristics that can be called the biggest influencing factors among Investor's investment decision-making In early stage companies and compare importance.

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18

부산지역 간호과와 치위생과 학생의 B형간염에 대한 지식 연구

정영희, 윤영숙, 이지영

[Kisti 연계] 한국치위생학회 Journal of Korean Society of Dental Hygiene Vol.14 No.1 2014 pp.85-93

협약을 통해 무료로 제공되는 자료로, 원문이용 방식은 연계기관의 정책을 따르고 있습니다.

Objectives : The purpose of the study is to investigate and compare the knowledge of hepatitis B in nursing and dental hygiene students in Busan. Methods : A self-reported questionnaire was filled out by 361 students in nursing and dental hygiene departments in Busan from August 25 to September 4, 2013. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 13.0 for descriptive statistical analysis, ${\chi}^2$-test, and t-test and set at p<0.05. Results : Knowledge in hepatitis B consisted of 25 questions including severity of hepatitis B, general knowledge, infection routes, and symptoms and treatment. There was no significant difference between nursing and dental hygiene students in knowledge; nursing students showed an average of $18.21{\pm}2.809$ and dental hygiene showed $17.71{\pm}3.23$. The average score was $17.96{\pm}3.03$ out of 25 questions. Conclusions : There is no significant difference between nursing and dental hygiene students in knowledge of hepatitis B. It is necessary to emphasize the education of hepatitis B periodically in addition to regular curricula.

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19

중국인학습자들의 한국어 의문사의문문과 부정사의문문에 대한 한국어원어민 화자의 지각양상

윤영숙

[Kisti 연계] 한국음성학회 말소리와 음성과학 Vol.6 No.4 2014 pp.37-45

협약을 통해 무료로 제공되는 자료로, 원문이용 방식은 연계기관의 정책을 따르고 있습니다.

Korean wh-questions and yes-no questions have morphologically the same structure. In speech, however, two types of questions are distinguished by prosodic difference. In this study, we examined if Korean native speakers can distinguish wh-question and yes-no questions produced by Chinese Korean leaners based on the prosodic information contained in the sentences. For this purpose, we performed perception analysis, and 15 Korean native speakers participated in the perception test. The results show that two types of interrogative sentences produced by Chinese Korean leaners were not distinguished by constant pitch contours. These results reveal that Chinese Korean leaners cannot match prosodic meaning and prosodic form. The most saliant prosodic feature used perceptually by native speakers to discriminate two types of interrogative sentences is pitch difference between the F0 pick of wh-word and boundary tone.

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20

KFL중국인학습자들의 한국어 의문사의문문과 부정사의문문의 피치실현과 지각양상

윤영숙

[Kisti 연계] 한국음성학회 말소리와 음성과학 Vol.5 No.4 2013 pp.121-128

협약을 통해 무료로 제공되는 자료로, 원문이용 방식은 연계기관의 정책을 따르고 있습니다.

In Korean, wh-question and indefinite yes-no questions have the same morphemic and syntactic structure. In speech, however, these two types of questions are distinguished by a prosodic difference. In this study, we examined if Chinese Korean leaners can distinguish between these two types of questions in production and if they can correctly perceive the different meaning of a question based on the prosodic information. For this purpose, we analysed two types of interrogative sentences produced by 5 native speakers and 15 Chinese Korean language leaners. The results show that the 5 Korean native speakers produce two types of questions by a salient prosodic difference, i.e., difference of prosodic structure, different pitch range of wh-phrase and indefinite phrase, and different boundary tone. However, for the 15 Chinese speakers, the two types of questions were not distinguished by the same prosodic features but in the perception analysis they were able to distinguish between the two types of questions easily.

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