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3

분공장의 입지결정요인에 관한 연구

김한수, 정상국

한국부동산경영학회 부동산경영 제13집 2016.06 pp.59-90

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수요가 증가하여 시장이 공간적으로 확대됨에 따라 본사공장에서는 수요권역에 가까운 위치에 분공장의 신설이 필요하게 되었다. 생산기능의 공간적 분할로 분공장 간의 생산량 의 할당과 수송의 할당이 필요하게 되었고, 분공장별로 할당된 생산을 위해서는 생산의 3요소인 토지, 노동, 자본의 투입이 필요하게 되었다. 이와 같이 분공장의 생산물은 기업, 근로자, 국가, 소비자가 각자의 목적을 추구하기 위하여 생산물을 수단으로 결합하게 되면서 각각의 목적달성이 상호간에 협력 또는 상반관계에 놓이게 된다. 이러한 생산의 과정에서 결합된 다수의 이해관계인의 다수의 목적을 조절하고 결정하기 위하여, 다수 목적의 달성을 위한 의사결정방법으로 다목적(multi-goal) 계획기법에 의한 의사결정방법의 필요성이 제기되었다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 다목적 계획기법에 의한 분공장 입지결정을 연구의 대상으로 삼게 되었다. 연구과정에서는 다수 이해관계인의 목적들인 수송비 극소의 목표, 목표 조업도의 유지목표, 수요충족의 목표, 환경의 질 유지의 목표, 지가 성장잠재력의 목표, 목표 고용량 유지의 목표를 다차원적으로 접근하여 기업적 차원, 국가적 차원, 근로자 차원, 소비자 차원에서 다루었고, 다수인의 목적을 다루면서 목적의 우선순위결정이라는 심각한 문제에 부딪히게 되었다. 이 과정에서 우선순위(priority)와 근본적으로 관련되어 있는 롤스(Rawls, J.)의 평등의 원칙과 불평등의 원칙을 응용하였고, 파레토(Pareto, V.)의 효율성의 원칙을 응용하면서 연구를 진행하였다.
The very important problems in location and allocation of multi-plant with multi-objectives provided were as follows: First, determining of priority of goals was the most important problem of goal programming. Second, determining of priority of goals was absolute necessary in a multiple criteria involving multiple dimensions, multiple objectives and multiple attributes. In addition to, Pareto improvement, Kaldor welfare and Rawls difference principle were very important criteria in a determining priority of goals. Third, critical problems in the application of goal programming approach to the multi-plant location and allocation were that priorities were assigned most nearly to nearly to real situation and that goals were established to challenging level. Lastly, sensitivity analysis of priority offered optimal priority information in policy analysis. We have determined priority of goals actually by intuitionism with considered judgement and reflective equilibrium.

7,300원

4

집합형 분공장입지 요인에 대한 연구

김한수, 연철수

한국집합건물법학회 집합건물법학 제18권 2016.05 pp.101-130

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신설 집합형 분공장의 입지 못지않게 기존 집합형 분공장의 입지도 중요하므로 도시․군 기본계획이 5년마다 도시계획의 타당성검토를 하는 것과 같이 기업의 기존 집합형 분공장입지에 대해서도 5년마다 집합형 분공장 입지적성 평가 또는 입지 타당성평가를 하여 계속 입지를 유지할 것인지 아니면 이전, 폐쇄, 공장임대, 생산임대 등의 검토를 다차원, 다목적을 고려한 다기준으로 검토를 하여야 한다. 그리하여 상대적으로 희소한 토지자원을 시․공간상에서 항상 최고최선의 이용이 될 수 있도록 하여야 한다. 상황이론의 입장에서 집합형 분공장입지도 이윤극대화를 추구하는 단일목적의 고전적 입지이론을 선택하거나, 공장임대 생산임대 등의 유연성의 공장입지이론을 선택하거나 집합형 분공장이 처해 있는 시공간상의 상황에 따라 선택하는 상황이론을 선택하여야 할 것이다.
The very important problems in location and allocation of multi-plant with multi-objectives provided were as follows: First, determining of priority of goals was the most important problem of goal programming. Second, determining of priority of goals was absolute necessary in a multiple criteria involving multiple dimensions, multiple objectives and multiple attributes. In addition to, Pareto improvement, Kaldor welfare and Rawls difference principle were very important criteria in a determining priority of goals. Third, critical problems in the application of goal programming approach to the multi-plant location and allocation were that priorities were assigned most nearly to nearly to real situation and that goals were established to challenging level. Lastly, sensitivity analysis of priority offered optimal priority information in policy analysis. We have determined priority of goals actually by intuitionism with considered judgement and reflective equilibrium.

7,000원

5

방향족 탄화수소, 케톤류 및 에스테르 화합물의 악취강도와 희석배수의 상관관계 연구

공부주, 한진석, 김선태, 김한수

한국도시환경학회 한국도시환경학회지 VOL.16 No.1 통권 제37호 2016.03 pp.1-8

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본 연구에서는 현재 악취공정시험방법에서 제시하고 있는 공기희석관능법에 의한 희석배수와 악취강도와의 관계를 살펴보기 위하여 m-자일렌과 톨루엔, 케톤류, 뷰틸아세테이트에 대한 악취강도와 희석배수를 측정하였다. 판정인에 의해측정된 m-자일렌과 톨루엔, 케톤류, 뷰틸아세테이트의 악취강도와 희석배수의 상관관계는 I = A·Log D + 0.5에 의해 적합하게 표현되는 것으로 나타났으며, 톨루엔의 물질상수값은 1.7371, m-자일렌은 1.5411, 메틸아이소뷰틸케톤은 1.5021, 뷰틸아세테이트는 1.5009, 메틸에틸케톤은 1.3835 순으로 나타났다. 5개 물질에 대한 악취강도 1도 증가에 필요한 희석배수 증가의 기하평균은 4.5배로 나타났으며, 물질별 희석배수 증가는 톨루엔이 약 3.8배로 가장 작고, 메틸에틸케톤의경우는 약 5.3배로 가장 큰 것으로 나타났다. 본 연구결과는 현재 적용되고 있는 부지경계선에서의 복합악취 농도 규제기준에 대한 개선방안 및 지정악취물질들의 악취강도와 물질농도, 희석배수간의 관계 및 특성 연구 등의 기초자료로 사용할 수 있을 것으로 판단된다.
Aims of this study is to understand the correlation between odor intensity and dilution factor using the odor sensory method for aromatic hydrocarbon, ketone and ester compounds. For the measurement, 18 panel members were selected through a panel test, and odor intensity and dilution factor by substance produced from the selected panel were estimated. The estimation showed that the correlation of odor intensity with dilution factor for aromatic hydrocarbon, ketone and ester compounds can be reasonably expressed by the equation I = A·log D + B (I : odor Intensity, D : dilution factor, A : material constant, B : constant). The result of this study is suggested to be used as a base data for research on measures to improve the regulation standards for complex odor concentration at a boundary site in operation, as well as a correlation between odor intensity, concentration and dilution factor for the designated odor substances, and their characteristics. The material constant was in order of toluene 1.7371, m-xylene 1.5411, methyl isobutyl ketone 1.5021, butyl acetate 1.5009 and methyl ethyl ketone 1.3835. The geometric average of increased dilution factor for the 5 compounds is about 4.5 times, 3.8 times for toluene and 5.3 times for methyl ethyl ketone due to odor intensity 1 increasing.

4,000원

6

신종자본증권에 대한 사례연구 : 신용평가관점에서

김한수

한국상업교육학회 상업교육연구 제29권 제6호 2015.12 pp.279-300

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두산인프라코어의 영구채 발행 이후 회계처리 논쟁이 촉발되었으며, 회계기준위원회는 자본으로 분류하도록 결론을 내렸다. 신종자본증권 발행조건의 경제적인 실질측면과 무조건적 배당금 지급의 결정권 보유여부로 자본 또는 부채로 분류할 것인지에 대한 논쟁이 야기된다. 본 연구에서는 신용평가적 관점에서 신종자본증권의 자본인정 여부를 살펴보았다. 이를 위해 한국기업평가와 무디스의 평가기준을 살펴보았으며, 두산인프라코어와 대한항공이 발행한 신종자본증권을 사례연구대상으로 선정하였다. 두산인프라코어가 발행한 신종자본증권의 조건을 무디스 평가방식에 따라 자본성을 판단해 보았다. 만기 영구성은 약한 것으로 나타났으며, 이자(배당)의 지급연기와 손실완충 능력 또한 약한 것으로 나타났다. 무디스 평가기준에 따르면 신종자본증권을 자본으로 처리한 두산인프라코어의 2012년말 부채비율은 286%이나, 무디스 평가기준에 따르면 최소 303%에서 최대 342%로 부채비율이 증가하는 것으로 나타났다. 이와 비슷하게 신종자본증권을 자본으로 처리한 2013년말 대한항공의 부채비율은 750%이나, 무디스 평가기준에 따르면 최소 767%에서 최대 803%로 부채비율이 상승하는 것으로 나타났다. 여러 가지 발행조건이 존재하는 상황에서 한국회계기준원에서 제시한 회계처리의 심의결과는 신종자본증권의 자본요건에 대한 명확한 기준을 담고 있지 못하다. 왜냐하면 부채요소와 자본요소가 모두 포함된 복합금융상품에 해당하지 않는다고 판단하여 전액 자본 또는 부채로 분류하는 이분법적인 회계처리를 제시하고 있기 때문이다. 반면에 신용평가회사는 전액을 자본으로 인정하거나 일부만 자본으로 인정하고 있어 보다 탄력적으로 경제적 실질을 반영할 수 있다. 따라서 이분법적인 기준보다는 신종자본증권이 지닌 다양한 특성에 대한 실질적이고 명확한 판단기준이 필요하다. 본 연구는 신종자본증권을 신용평가측면에서 접근하였다는 점에서 선행연구와 차이점이 있으며, 다양한 기준을 제시하였다는 측면에서 공헌점이 있다.
Hybrid bonds are securities that simultaneously feature stock and corporate bond characteristics. In October 2012, Doosan Infracore issued a $500 million hybrid bonds in oversea markets. Doosan Infracore Co., Ltd. recently became the first to issue hybrid bonds and a growing number of other Korean companies are following suit. Since a hybrid bond has both equity and debt characteristics, however, we cannot apply an across-the-board account classification for it. Accordingly, there was much controversy regarding the accounting for Doosan Infracore that first issued hybrid bonds following the adoption of K-IFRS. The final conclusion on this case determined that the company’s hybrid bonds can be classified as non-voting equity. From the perspective of Doosan Infracore, the classification of the hybrid bonds as non-voting This case study evaluates the classification of hybrid bond from the credit rating perspective. The results of Moody's standard show that the debt ration of Doosan Infracore increases by 17% - 56% and that of Korean Air rises by 17% - 53%. This paper's contribution is providing the credit rating perspective on the classification of hybrid bond.

5,800원

8

일개 대학의 선행 현장수업의 필요성과 학업성취도에 관한 연구

이재홍, 박은미, 김상수, 권원안, 김한수, 정태은, 최한성, 김인규

대한고유수용성신경근촉진법학회 대한고유수용성신경근촉진법학회지 제12권 제2호 2014.06 pp.81-88

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Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the needs of prior field learning and the academic achievement of field experience learning in a college. Methods: This study was performed from May 1 to October 30, and students were given questionnaire. The research questionnaire as follows: (1) to investigate the academic achievement after field experience learning, (2) to verify the needs of field experience learning. A statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 17.0 for window version. Results: The results was as follows : First, satisfaction of field learning had scored good(47.2%) in lesson goal, good(51.8%) in acquisition of knowledge and techniques, good(51.0%) in preparation of study and good(45.9%) in association. Second, curriculum of field learning had scored normal(35.5%) in prior education, good(47.4%) in composition, good(50.8%) in guidance and good(47.2%) in contents. Third, curriculum of field learning had scored good(44.6%) in duration, good(46.1%) in numbers, good(51.3%) in convenience and normal(38.1%) in means of transportation. Forth, needs of field learning had scored good(46.6%) in field learning of practicum, good(48.2%) in field learning of theory subject, 3-4 times(42.0%) in frequency of field learning and 2hours(57.3%) in a field learning hour. Conclusion: These findings suggest that college student’s thinking of field experience learning is positive. Field experience learning provided that college students have directly an opportunity of gaining valuable experience to feel the field.

4,000원

11

매실 섭취가 지속적 운동 시 운동능력에 미치는 효과

김정희, 김한수

한국스포츠학회 한국스포츠학회지 제11권 제4호 2013.12 pp.385-394

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The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of plum supplementation in middle-age women. This study sample consisted of 16 females middle-aged women who were divided into two groups(placebo group:8, prunus mume supplementation group:8):The subjects ingested 2g of the prunus mume capsule while the placebo ingested 2g of placebo capsule. After each ingestion, the subjects rested for 20 min before performing exercises at a gradually increased pace on a treadmill as by the Bruce Protocol. During the exercise tests, We measured the maximal heart rate, the VO2 max, the minute ventilation, the O2 Ventilatory equivalent, exercise duration and the Calorie expenditure. The blood lactate concentration was measured both pre-exercise and post-exercise each of 0, 10, 20, 30 minutes after the exercise. The results of the study were as follows; 1. There was no significant difference in the VO2max, the minute ventilation, and the maximal heart rate among the groups(p>0.05). 2. At 10 minutes after the exercise, blood lactate concentration showed a significant difference among the groups(p<0.05). 3. O2 Ventilatory equivalent, Calorie expenditure and exercise duration time were significantly different between the placebo and prunus mume ingestion group(p<0.05). Accordingly, the prunus mume supplementation showed to have a positive effect on fatigue recovery, calorie expenditure and O2 ventilatory equivalent after aerobic exercise.

4,000원

12

입지계수분석을 통한 도시관광과 소매업 개발의 관계 연구

정은성, 김한수

관광경영학회 관광경영연구 제17권 제4호 통권 57호 2013.12 pp.357-372

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The aim of this study is to provide a review of empirical studies on the retail development for generating urban tourism, in terms of urban regeneration, by location quotient (LQ) analysis in San Francisco. Studies point out that retail development deeply affects local's healthy economic enhancement, including urban tourism. The role of retail business in developing urban tourism is researched with special attention to urban regeneration in old inner cities in the U.S. Many American cities, for instance, have dealt with retail enhancement by means of mixed-use development. The results of the present study indicate retail production greater than consumption, which means that the research area have a higher than average concentration of retal employment. The analyses of LQ multiplier reveals that every job in the retail industry in San Francisco is associated with four to five jobs in the local economy. The present study argues that retail outlets are a good choice for developing urban tourism promotes increased human interaction for pursuing interactive urban tourism destination and generating visitor spending at tourism destination in urban spaces based on the results of bivariate correlation analysis.

4,900원

13

웃음운동이 청소년의 우울감과 스트레스 해소에 미치는 영향

구노현, 김한수

한국스포츠학회 한국스포츠학회지 제11권 제4호 2013.12 pp.425-438

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Teenagers usually experience high levels of stress and depression owing to various reasons. Sometimes the stress and depression brings maladjustment in school life and some students commit a suicide. The previous study revealed that laughing is negatively correlated to stress and depression. Therefore, it is meaningful to see if laughing exercise which is a big issue in Korean society has an positive impact on the decrease of teenagers' stress and depression. The study was conducted with experimental group and controlled group. The subjects are all middle school students in south Korea. After conducting pretest for two groups, the laughing exercise was done for only experimental group for a month, 8 hours in total. The result showed that the laughing exercise was effective for teenagers' stress(p<.05) and depression(p<.01). More specifically, the laughing exercise had a effect on the negative attitude(p<.01) and difficulty in performance(p<.05) which are all sub-factors of depression. However, the effect of laughing exercise was different across the sub-factors of stress. The laughing exercise had a positive effect on the decrease of stress which comes from the family life(p<.001) and interpersonal relationships(p<.05). On the contrary, the laughing exercise had no effect on stress in school life(p<.25) and self-originated stress(p<.27).

4,600원

14

가스센서를 이용한 아로마 가스 성분의 정량분석

김선태, 김한수, 이인철, 정광조, 임미혜

대한피부미용학회 대한피부미용학회지 제11권 제6호 통권 제37호 2013.12 pp.1163-1169

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This study was designed to analyse a few of aroma gas quantitatively. For three essential oil gas such as sweet orange, roman chamomile, and jasmine, the composition were analysed by GC/MS, the odor intensity and concentrations were quantified by olfactory method, and the response patterns were analysed by MOS(metal oxide sensors) system. As the results, more than 70% component of sweet orange was limonene as a major composition. While jasmine was composed with various components of relatively high molecular weight and hydrophobicity, roman chamomile was composed with lower molecular weight of substances. The results of odor intensity and concentrations of aroma gas appeared to have clear linear relations with the outputs of the gas sensor system, showing the possibility of quantifying the concentration of essential oil gas with gas sensor system. In addition, patterns of essential oil gas could be classified according with the difference of sensitivity of gas sensors.

4,000원

16

관상동맥질환자의 운동부하검사 종료기준에 따른 혈역학 반응과 심폐체력 및 운동처방 강도에 미치는 영향

김영주, 김한수

한국스포츠학회 한국스포츠학회지 제10권 제4호 2012.12 pp.317-327

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The purpose of this study is to investigate effects of exit criteria of maximal exercise stress test for patients with coronary artery diseases on hemodynamic responses, cardiopulmonary strength, and exercise prescription intensity. The subjects of this study were those who reached the maximum heart rate expected as 220-age (group A, n=65) and those who were stopped because of dyspnea (group B, n=65) during exercise stress test for patients with coronary artery diseases. The results of this study showed that the RHR and the MHR were significantly higher in group A than group B (p=.006, p=.000). No significant difference was found in the RSBP and the RDBP between the two groups. The MSBP was significantly higher in group A than group B(p=.029), while the MDBP showed no significant difference between the two. The MRPP was significantly higher in group A than group B (p=.000). The VO2max and the MMET were significantly higher in group A than group B, respectively (p=.010, p=.008). The MRPE was significantly lower in group A than group B (p=.000), while the MRER was significantly higher in group A than group B (p=.000). Group A was respectively significantly higher than in group B in 50%, 60% 70%, and 85% of the HRR (p=.000). Conclusively, the patients reached the maximum heart rate were shown to be possible of undergoing further test even when they reach the expected maximum heart rate without any heart event while monitoring the maximal RER, and exercise prescription based on expected maximum heart rate for age group for patients with cardiovascular diseases who are not administered of beta-blockers and calcium-channel blockers (non-dihydropyidines) may be too lower in intensity for the patients reached the maximum heart rate but may excess safety limit for those who were stopped because of dyspnea.

4,200원

17

신경계 재활전문병원 환자의 이탈요인에 관한 연구 : 대구시 북구를 중심으로

이재홍, 전권일, 권원안, 이진환, 김한수

대한고유수용성신경근촉진법학회 대한고유수용성신경근촉진법학회지 제10권 제4호 2012.12 pp.41-48

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Purpose : The purpose of his study was to analyze the environmental and the medical selection factor on rehabilition hospital admission. Methods : The subjects were 107 patient and inpatients. The date were collected analyzed using the SPSS window 17.0 program. Results : General hospital select the recommendation 35.5%, medical team professionalism 18%, accessibility 16%, any others 14% appear in the rehabilitation hospital admission selection factor. Conclusion : Rehabilitation hospital admission selection factor is recommend and medical team service approach.

4,000원

18

트레드밀과 바이크 운동 순서에 따른 중, 고강도 운동처방이 심혈관질환자의 혈역학 반응에 미치는 영향

김영주, 김한수, 지혜미

한국스포츠학회 한국스포츠학회지 제10권 제3호 2012.09 pp.591-600

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The purpose of this study is to investigate the hemodynamic responses based on exercise intensities in patients with cardiovascular disease when exercise was conducted on treadmill and cycle erogometer by turns. The subjects of this study underwent internal procedure due to acute coronary syndrome. As for methodology, exercise intensities of HRR 60% and HRR 85% were obtained through treadmill exercise stress test. The hemodynamic responses were observed during treadmill exercise (A), treadmill and bike exercise (B), bike exercise (C), and treadmill and bike exercise (D). The results of this study showed that, when treadmill and bike exercises were separately conducted at HRR 60% and HRR 85%, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and RPP were significantly increased during bike exercise (p<.001). As for RPP based on the exercise order at HRR 60%, C was significantly higher than A and B (p<.05). As for RPE, C was significantly higher than A and B (p<.05) and D was significantly higher than B (p<.001). As for RPP based on the exercise order at HRR 85%, C was significantly higher than A and B (p<.05) and D was significantly higher than B (p<.05). AS for RPE, C and D were significantly higher than A and B (p<.001). In conclusion, higher RPP and RPE were observed during bike exercise same exercise intensity regardless of the order of exercise. Thus, when exercise intensity is applied to bike exercise, caution may be needed when reaching HRR 85% and it may be appropriate to observed RPE of “somewhat hard.”

4,000원

 
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