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1

A Study on the Socio-historical Construction of Ballet as Fine Art in Korea - focusing on its relationship with nationalism

김수인

무용역사기록학회(구 한국무용사학회) 무용역사기록학 제45호 2017.06 pp.9-40

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본 연구는 한국에서 발레가 순수예술로 구성되는 역사적 과정을 조사한다. 특히 광복 이후 발레의 급격한 성장에 초점을 맞춘다. 신문, 잡지 등 당의 자료를 조사하는 담론 분석을 시행하여 그 과정에 서 발생한 사회문화적 의미를 탐색하는데 목적을 둔다. 발레의 수입 초기, 발레가 순수예술로 인식되기에는 불리한 요소들이 존재했다. 발레의 귀족적 형식 주의는 현예술가들에게 비판을 받았고, 진기한 토댄싱은 레뷰와 같은 중오락무에서 성행했다. 전환점은 세계 제2차 전의 종전과 함께 일어난 광복이었다. 현 국가를 건설해야 하는 과업이 긴급했던 시점에 발레가 갑자기 중요해졌다는 점은 그러한 변화의 중심에 민족국가가 있었다는 점을 시사한다. 국제 사회가 당시 규범이던 민족주의에 의해 재편되는 시기에 민족국가들은 문화건설의 주체 가 되었다. 민족국가의 주도적 역할은 발레를 상업적 역에서 해방시키고 귀족주의와의 연결고리를 끊는데 긍정적으로 작용했다. 이로써 발레는 순수예술 개념의 핵심에 자리하는 무관심성과 공공성을 획득한다. 문화 건설자들에게 발레는 유용한 도구다. 발레는 초국가적 형식으로서 민족성을 담아내는 그릇이었다. 또한 전통을 담당하는 무용으로서 민족국가 일원들 전체가 공유한다고 상상되는 고성에 연결되는 고리를 마련해주었다. 또 발레의 고전주의는 전후의 혼란과 폐허 속에서 간절히 추구되던 질 서와 고상함을 보여주었다. 이처럼 민족문화 건설의 과정은 한국에서 발레가 순수예술로 구성되는데 결정적인 역할을 했다. 국 가의 상징으로서의 발레는 국제 사회에서 나라의 문명 정도를 표했으며, 국민들에게는 공공 기념물이 되었다.
This study investigates the historical process in which ballet in Korea was constructed as fine art. Particularly, it focuses on the ballet’s abrupt and conspicuous growth right after Korea’s liberation from Japan. By delving into materials of the period including newspapers, this study conducts a discourse analysis to inspect sociocultural meanings of ballet as fine art in Korea. In the early stage of its importation, ballet had several disadvantageous factors to be regarded as fine art. It had linked to aristocratic formality, which was condemned by modern artists. Ballet’s exotic toe dancing thrived in popular entertainments such as revue. A turning point came with Korea’s liberation occurring with the end of the Second World War (WWII) in 1945. The fact that ballet suddenly became important when the need for constructing a modern nation was urgent suggests the nation’s key role in the change. While the international society was restructured by the global norm of nationalism, nations functioned as the agent of culture construction. The nation’s leading role in it freed ballet from commercial arena and from past association with aristocracy. Ballet could claim disinterestedness and public welfare, which were at the core of fine art. For constructors of national culture, ballet was a useful means, since it provided a transnational form that subsumed locality. Also, as a form of tradition, ballet afforded a connection to antiquity which was imagined to be shared throughout the nation. Moreover, ballet’s classicism embodied elegance and order, which were desired during the postwar era. In conclusion, the process of national culture construction was a key for ballet in Korea to be constructed as fine art. Ballet as a national emblem represented the nation’s level of civilization in the international society and a public monument for the members of the nation.

7,300원

2

3,000원

4

한식당 식공간 연출 이미지가 긍정적 인상, 커뮤니케이션 형성 및 고객 만족에 미치는 영향

김수인, 정혜정, 유수현, 장혜진

관광경영학회 관광경영연구 제21권 제6호 통권 79호 2017.11 pp.249-275

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The purpose of this study is to investigate and analyze how the dining atmosphere display image in korean restaurant affect on positive impression, communication, customer satisfaction. recent trends in research have been aimed at consumers who have visited a korean restaurant. In conclusion, the research model was verified showing that comfort , convenience, entertainingness in the the dining atmosphere display image in korean restaurant had significant positive(+) effect on positive impression. Also the aesthetic impression, convenience, entertainingness the dining atmosphere display image in korean restaurant had significant positive(+) effect on communication, customer satisfaction. and positive impression had a significant positive(+) effect on communication, also communication had a significant positive(+) effect on customer satisfaction . Through this study, understand dining atmosphere display image in korean restaurant and if we improve the factors, henceforward it would help for prefaring the data of marketing strategy for korean restaurants owner. And this study attempts to build an academic foundation that can have a significant positive effect on food service and customer.

6,600원

5

유상증자와 대주주 거래 연구

김수인, 변진호

한국재무학회 재무연구 제29권 제1호 2016.02 pp.1-35

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본 연구에서는 유상증자를 대주주의 지분율 증감 여부로 구분하여 유상증자 공시에 대한 시장 반응 및 유상증자 전 이익조정, 유상증자 후 장기 수익률에 대해 실증 분석하였다. 기존주주의 부를 보호하려는 경영자의 유인을 유상증자에 적용하여 유상증자를 유형에 따라서 구분하여 연구한 선행연구와 차별화 하였다. 본 연구의 실증 분석 결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 첫째, 대주주의 지분율이 증가하는 유상증자를 실시한 기업의 유상증자 공시일 전후의 누적초과수익률(CAR)은 대주주의 지분율이 감소하는 유상증자를 실시한 기업의 누적초과수익률보다 높게 나타났다. 둘째, 유상증자를 실시한 기업의 유상증자 실시 직전년도의 이익조정은 대주주 지분율의 증감과 유의한 음(-)의 관계로 나타났다. 마지막으로, 대주주의 지분율이 증가하는 유상증자를 실시한 기업의 유상증자 후 3개월간의 매입보유초과수익률(BHAR)이 대주주 지분율의 증감과 유의한 양(+)의 관계로 나타났다. 이러한 결과는 경영자가 기존 주주의 부를 보호하기 위해 대주주의 참여가 낮을수록 신규주주를 대상으로 신주의 발행가격을 높이기 위해 이익조정을 더 많이 하고, 대주주 지분율 증감에 따라 유상증자 공시에 대한 시장반응 및 장기 수익률이 차별적으로 나타난다는 것을 보여준다. 따라서 국내 시장의 유상증자 공시에 대한 긍정적인 반응은 유상증자를 통해 평균적으로 대주주 지분율이 증가하기 때문이며 대주주 지분율이 감소하는 유상증자의 부정적인 시장반응과 장기 저성과를 제시함으로써 증자에 참여하는 투자자의 의사결정에 시사점을 던져준다.
This study investigates the capital market reactions to announcements of seasoned equity offerings (SEOs), earnings management activities during the year before an SEO, and the decline in post-SEO stock performance. Although previous studies focus on the type of SEO and earnings management behavior, we classify SEO firms into two subsamples, those in which the largest shareholders increase their shareholding ratio and those in which they decrease their shareholding ratio, to examine management incentives that protect the wealth of existing shareholders. The announcement of an SEO in which the largest shareholders participate is good news for the market. We first seek to examine whether the response of the capital market to an SEO in which the largest shareholder’s shareholding ratio increases is more positive than its response to an SEO in which the largest shareholder’s shareholding ratio decreases. Because the cash flow of an SEO is dependent on the stock price, the management has an incentive to temporarily raise the stock price to maximize the existing shareholders’ wealth in SEO cases where the largest shareholder’s shareholding ratio decreases. Therefore, our second hypothesis is that there is greater earnings management, involving increased reported earnings, in the year before an SEO in which the largest shareholder’s shareholding ratio increases than an SEO in which it decreases. The decline in post-SEO stock performance in cases where the largest shareholder’s shareholding ratio decreases is more severe than in cases where it increases, because post-SEO performance is driven by accrual reversal. Therefore, our third hypothesis is that there is higher post-SEO stock performance in cases where the largest shareholder’s shareholding ratio increases than in cases where it decreases. The empirical results of this study are as follows. First, the cumulative abnormal returns (CAR) around the announcement date of SEOs in which the largest shareholders’ shareholding ratio increases is higher than the CAR around those in which the ratio decreases. This provides support for our first hypothesis that the capital market responds more positively to SEOs in which the largest shareholder’s shareholding ratio increases than to SEOs in which the ratio decreases. Second, the relationship between discretionary accruals during the year before an SEO and the change in the largest shareholder’s shareholding ratio is negative. This is consistent with our second hypothesis that there is more earnings management to increase reported earnings during the year before SEOs in which the largest shareholder’s shareholding ratio decreases than SEOs in which the ratio increases. Third, the relationship between the three-month buy and hold abnormal returns of SEOs and the change in the largest shareholders’ shareholding ratio is positive. This partially supports our third hypothesis that there is higher post-SEO stock performance in cases where the largest shareholder’s shareholding ratio increases than in cases where the ratio decreases. Overall, our findings show that the greater the change in the largest shareholder’s shareholding ratio, the more positive the capital market reaction to the SEO announcement, the less the earnings management, and the higher the post-SEO stock performance. The results can be explained as the incentive of management to protect the wealth of existing shareholders. We make several contributions to the literature. First, we investigate SEOs by classifying SEO firms into two subsamples, those in which the largest shareholders increase their shareholding ratio and those in which they decrease their ratio, to examine management incentives to protect the wealth of existing shareholders. Our study differs from others in the literature, which focus on the type of SEO and earnings management behavior or market responses to SEOs. Classifying firms by the change in the largest shareholder’s shareholding ratio is a more feasible way to examine management incentives to protect the wealth of existing shareholders than classifying them by the type of SEO, because the type of SEO is associated with the participation of existing shareholders. For example, in the case of a general cash offer, the largest shareholder can either participate in an SEO or not, or stand by the rights offer because there are no mandatory regulations. The largest shareholders can increase their shareholding ratio through third party allocation in cases where the third party is the largest shareholder. Our results showing that the largest shareholder’s shareholding ratio increases through SEOs in the Korean capital market explains why the positive market response to the announcement of SEOs in Korea is different from the negative market response in other countries.

7,800원

6

병원의 스포츠 재활프로그램에서 만난 사람97

김판규, 김수인, 윤대중

한국스포츠인류학회 스포츠인류학연구 제6권 2호 2011.12 pp.97-109

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이 연구는 환자들에게 실시하는 에어로빅 재활프로그램이 그들에게 효과적인 부분, 즉 장․단점을 알아보기 위한 필요성이 제기 되었으며 장점의 보완과 단점의 개선을 통한 효율적인 프로그램을 개발하는 데 연구의 목적이 있다. 연구자가 실시했던 치료프로그램은 정신질환 병동의 알코올 중독 증세를 보이는 환자 5명으로 진행되었다. 그 중 많은 관심과 병세의 호전이 눈에보이게 나타나는 참여자와 심층면담을 통해서 연구자가 실시하는 치료프로그램의 장․단점을 알아보았다. 그 결과 장점으로는 활동적인 에어로빅 프로그램으로 땀을 흘리면 기분이 전환되고 웃음과 즐거움을 찾았다는 것이며, 단점으로는 많은 시간 하지 못한다는 것, 즉 답답한 병원생활에서 일반 환자가 아닌 알코올 중독 증세의 환자가 생활하기에 지루한 시간을 달래줄 수 있는 시간이 부족한 것으로 보인다. 따라서 환자개개인의 능력을 고려한 맞춤형 재활치료프로그램의 개발과 보급이 이루어지면 많은 환자들에게 상당한 효과를 기대할 수 있을 것이다.
This study aimed to investigate the effect of the aerobic rehabilitation program implemented with patients on them, namely, as a need was raised to investigate its advantages and disadvantages and to develop the efficient program through strengthen its strengths and making up for weaknesses. The treatment program implemented by the current researcher was carried out with 5 patients showing symptoms of alcoholism in psychiatric ward. Through in-depth interviews with participants having interest and notable improvement in illness among them, we investigated the advantages and disadvantages of the treatment program implemented by the researcher. The findings indicate that active aerobic program made them refresh themselves as they shed sweat and get back laughter and pleasure, and for the disadvantages, it seems it is impossible to spend much time in doing it, namely, they don't have enough time to brighten up dull moments for not general patients but patients addicted to alcohol to live their lives in stuffy hospital. Therefore, if customized rehabilitation treatment programs are developed and distributed considering individual patients' abilities, it can be expected that they will have a considerable effect on many patients.

4,500원

7

4,000원

8

초등학교 ACTIVITY공간의 구조와 규모에 관한 연구

오영선, 김종필, 김수인

대한건축학회지회연합회 대한건축학회지회연합회 학술발표대회논문집 2007년도 추계학술발표대회 2007.12 pp.213-216

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This study investigate that School space must be activity-oriented for child growth and development, based on the three case studies of elementary schools located in Gwangju Metropolitan City. The following questions were investigated. First, What type of activity space do the schools have? Second, Why do the activities take place there? Third, How are the activity spaces structured? Therefore, this study examined, compared, and analyzed the shape and form of the ground space, the surroundings space, and the interior spaces, as well as structural pattern of activity space, types of activities, and sizes of facility and unit spaces. This study therefore, aimed to find the structure of activity spaces.

4,000원

9

초등학교 교실공간의 체적분석에 의한 공간감의 인식에 관한 연구

김수인, 차안나, 김종필, 장동국

대한건축학회지회연합회 대한건축학회연합논문집 제9권 제3호 통권 31호 2007.09 pp.157-164

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Since the 7th reform of education policy has been implemented into many schools, new planning and design methods have been also introduced into elementary schools. One of most importantly as well as urgently introduced design factors in them is probably classroom's size to meet the requirements of fast changing trends not only in our social policy but also in the number of students and their body shape, such as height, weight, etc. It is however very difficult to find suitable design criteria which can be employed into the design of elementary school's classroom, for example, the volume and size of classroom for the new ages. This study investigates three elementary schools in Gwang-ju City to identify the differences in the volume and size of their classrooms with the introduction of space density model of classroom showing the ratio of classroom's volume and that of teaching aids. Five key factors are introduced to find students' attitudes in their recognition of classroom, such as a sense on the width, depth, height, inside wall, and the colour. Students in the three elementary schools were questioned by the five key factors and their questionnaires were analysed by student's sex. Research results show that the above mentioned ratio in the three elementary schools shows little difference, but their recognition on the classrooms reveals a little bit interesting results. In general, they regard their classroom as sort of wide and having a suitable depth with high ceiling height. Regarding their recognition on the wall and colour, they answer that the classroom's walls are some tidy and their colour is a little bit warm.

4,000원

10

광주광역시 상업 건축물에 사용된 서양고전언어의 인식에 관한 연구

김수인, 장동국

대한건축학회지회연합회 대한건축학회연합논문집 제9권 제2호 통권 30호 2007.06 pp.115-122

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Modern Korean architecture has been remarkably transformed and especially westernized since 1980's in case of Gwangju city. It seems, however, that the classical languages of western architecture have not been properly understood nor adapted into the modern Korean architecture. It is the commercial buildings, such as wedding halls, motels and shopping malls, that the western classical languages have been widely incorporated into. The adaptation of the western classical languages into modern commercial buildings in Gwangju city is mostly likely limited into their facade. This research thus investigates how three groups' of people, such as the users, the building managers and the architects, decode the western classical languages adapted into commercial buildings in the city. The research results show that all of the three groups fully aware of the presence of the western classical languages in commercial buildings, but their view on the adaptation shows a little bit different perspective. It is the architects' group that shows the very negative view on the adaptation of the western classical languages into commercial buildings, while the other groups are in favour of it. This different view on the adaptation can be very likely interpreted into that the former group's view seems to derive from their expertise but the latter groups give a significance merely on the appearance of building's facade which attracts passers-by.

4,000원

11

수용전념치료의 가치와 전념에 대한 소고

김수인

한국명상치료학회 명상치료연구 제6집 2011.12 pp.57-89

※ 원문제공기관과의 협약기간이 종료되어 열람이 제한됩니다.

12

영국식 티 파티의 현대적 의미

김수인

한국식공간학회 식공간연구 제1권 제1호 2006.10 pp.59-70

※ 원문제공기관과의 협약기간이 종료되어 열람이 제한됩니다.

13

죽순푸드빌리지 소재 한식 전문점 상차림 실태 조사 및 개선 방안에 관한 연구 - 배선방법과 서비스방식을 중심으로 -

김수인, 박연진

한국식공간학회 식공간연구 제7권 제1호 2012.06 pp.15-35

※ 원문제공기관과의 협약기간이 종료되어 열람이 제한됩니다.

Damyang county put efforts in raising the brand power of Damyang county as an attraction of delicious foods by making Bamboo food village as the delicious food village with Korean restaurants because people are interested more and more in enjoying delicious foods in touring. Hence, we took an investigation of ways of table-setting service and delivering foods in Korean restaurants in Bamboo foods village, and suggested improving ways of table setting for the selected restaurants that want to improve their service and table setting. Nine out of 10 selected restaurants in Bamboo foods village used flat spread-out table setting, and most of them did not care much about the personal space in table setting. Nowadays, food becomes an important factor to choose where to visit. According to the recent studies, people need to have simpler and more relaxed food-delivering ways and services, so we suggested improved table-settings and service ways for the five restaurants with a strong will of improvement. Customers will be more satisfied with our suggestions because we set the personal space in every table-setting and increase time-series services to 2 or 3 from the existing flat spread-out table setting.

14

도서관포커스 - 문학, 그 따사로운 동행

김수인

[Kisti 연계] 한국도서관협회 도서관문화 Vol.55 No.10 2014 pp.31-32

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15

농가맛집에서 사용하는 로컬 푸드에 대한 신뢰가 소비자 구매행동에 미치는 영향

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[Kisti 연계] 동아시아식생활학회 동아시아식생활학회지 Vol.24 No.6 2014 pp.906-914

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This study conducted an exploratory factor analysis to examine how consumers' confidence on the local foods used at tasty farm eateries influence their purchase behaviors. The four factors of perception of local foods used at tasty farm eateries and the factors of consumer confidence and purchase behaviors were extracted for a reliability analysis, correlation analysis of variables, and simple and multiple regression analysis. The following are the findings: first, among the four factors of perception of local foods used at tasty farm eateries, safety, sociality and product value had statistically significant influences on consumer confidence, whereas regional economic value did not. In other words, safety referring to the nutritional value and sanitary safety of food ingredients used for the native foods at the tasty farm eateries, product value referring to the characteristics differentiated from general Korean cuisine, and sociality referring to the various related experiences for the interests in farm culture and local food, leads to consumer confidence, whereas regional economic value referring to farm household income, local job creation, and development of farm tourism does not. Second, consumer confidence had a statistically significant positive impact on consumers' purchase behaviors. Among the five principles of local foods, reliability is the most important factor. When consumers gain confidence on local food items and are satisfied with them, they make additional purchases and revisits. Therefore, confidence is a very important aspect for the loyalty and sustainability of business.

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16

단전주선(丹田住禪)에 나타난 심신수행론

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[Kisti 연계] 경락경혈학회 경락경혈학회지 Vol.28 No.4 2011 pp.177-198

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Objectives : The purpose of this study is to examine the theory of mind and body practice in Dan-Jeon-Ju-Seon from the point of views of Taoism, Buddhism, and Oriental medicine. Methods : An ideological background and development of Dan-Jeon-Ju-Seon was first examined. Then, the definition of, other descriptions of, and various locations of, Dan-Jeon were investigated. In addition, the theory of Qi movement of Shui Sheng Huo Jiang (ascent of water Chi and descent of fire Chi) in Dan-Jeon-Ju-Seon was taken into consideration from perspectives on the thought of Taoist Nei Dan (internal alchemy) and Oriental medicine. Finally, the characteristics of mind and body practice in Dan-Jeon-Ju-Seon. Results & Conclusions : Dan-Jeon in Dan-Jeon-Ju-Seon consists of three parts, upper, middle, and lower Dan-Jeon, which is related to Jing (sperm, essence) Qi (breath, eneregy) Shen (spirit, intellect) of our body. Jing Qi Shen is a crucial part in our mind and body, mind and body are connected by energy, and the energy flow is possible by ascent of water Chi and descent of fire Chi. Ultimately, Dan-Jeon-Ju-Seon is a method of practice to keep one's mind and body healthy, and its purpose is to do timeless meditation in our daily lives regardless of time and place.

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17

전라남도 소재 한식 전문점 상차림 실태 조사 및 개선 방안 -서비스 방식, 배선 방법을 중심으로-

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[Kisti 연계] 동아시아식생활학회 동아시아식생활학회지 Vol.20 No.5 2010 pp.655-667

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In this study, problems with table serving of Korean Jeollanamdo food were investigated, and methods for improvement were suggested. The manner of food serving and arrangement on tables, as well as the serving space in each case, were investigated in representative restaurants serving Jeollanamdo food. The results showed that most of the Jeollanamdo Korean food have a prototype of a flat serving sprea, wherein the main dish and side dishes are not clearly identified, the demarcation between shared space and personal space is insufficiently made for each serving on the table, and the table is full of side dishes, that are narrow, visually disordered and unhygienic, both in terms of the table setting and arrangement inside bowls. To provide sufficient eating space, elevate awareness of hygienic and clean serving, and identifying the main dish in the table setting, a serving method that is a compromise between the flat spread-out and time-series development was suggested, and an arrangement on the table was defined for the main dish and side dishes. The utilization of table space was also increased by reducing the number of dishes on the table at a given moment. In addition, the dish or bowl and arrangement inside the container were changed in order to distinguish the main dish and side dishes. It is suggested that some of tableware be linked with the special products of the locality so as to make a brand for them, and that a personal mat be used to arrange the tableware for each one, since there are many fermented food items (salted fish, kimchi, fermented paste and sauce, etc.) and boiled food items (stew, steamed dish, boiled dish in sauce, etc) that look dark and unfocused. In addition, it is suggested that the width and breadth of the dishes or bowls be set in an orderly manner. Considering the tables currently available at restaurants, personal space on a table and comfortable distance between eaters are suggested to be $400 mm{\times}250 mm$ and 300 mm, respectively.

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18

소나무속(屬) 12수종(樹種)의 염색체(染色體) 핵형분석(核型分析)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究)

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[Kisti 연계] 한국임학회 한국임학회지 Vol.77 No.1 1988 pp.53-64

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국내(國內)에서 식재(植載)되고 있는 소나무류(類)(Hard Pine) 6종(種)과 잣나무류(類)(Soft Pine) 5종류(種類)의 Root-tip을 재료(材料)로하여 염색체(染色體)의 Long, Short arm과 총(總)길이를 측정(測定)S/L ratio를 구(求)하고 이차내착(二次?窄)의 위치(位置)를 찾아내고 Idiogram을 도해(圖解)하여 Long arm의 Descending order의 순서(順序)가 바뀌는 Pattern을 밝혔다. 소나무속(屬)의 염색체(染色體)는 기본수(基本數)가 n=12, 길이가 거의 비슷하고 S/L ratio가 l에 가까운 M형(型)이 10개(個), SM형(型)이거나 SM형(型)에 가까운 길이가 짧은 것 2개(個)가 합(合)해서 Chromosone 1set를 구성(構成)한다. 이차내착(二次?窄)의 수(數)와 위치(位置), Long arm의 Descending order의 순위(順位)가 바뀌는 Pattern으로 종간(種間)의 식별(識別)이 가능(可能)했고 Long arm의 Descending order Pattern을 비교분석(比較分析)함으로서 산지(産地)에 따라 종내변이(種內變異)를 인정(認定)할 수 있었다. 소나무류(類)와 잣나무류(類) group의 염색체구조상(染色體構造上)의 차이(差異)는 있었지만 외부형태적(外部形態的) 특성(特性)에 차이(差異)만큼 크지는 않았다. 염색체(染色體)는 시약(試藥)의 처리농도(處理濃度), 시간(時間)에 따라 아주 예민한 반응(反應)을 일으키므로 최우점(最遇點)을 맞추기가 어렵고 반복(反復)되는 실험(實驗)에서 정확(正確)히 동일(同一)하게 처리(處理)하기가 어렵다. 따라서 약간(若干)씩 다른 결과(結果)가 나올 수 있다. 또 preparatur 제작상(製作上)의 여러 가지 어려움 때문에 분석상(分析上)에 착오(錯誤)를 일으킬 가능성(可能性)이 있었다.
The idiogram of pine chromosomes was obtained from the length, the ratio of the long and short arm, and the position of the secondary constriction. The descending order of the long arm was found by analyzing the idiogram for 6 species of hard pines and 5 species of soft pines growing in Korea. The basic chromosome number of the genus Pinus was n=12, of which the ten chromosomes were the M-type showing similar S/L ratio, and the other two short chromosomes were the heterobrachial SM-type and the sub-median centric SM-type. The interspecific identification was able to made by comparing the number and the position of the secondary constriction, and the pattern of descending order of the long arm. The intraspecific variation was also able to be identified by comparing the long arms Descending order among the provenaces. Some differences were found in the chromosomal structures between the hard- and the soft-pines. However, the differences were not apparent as much as those in the morphological characteristics. The results might not be exactly reproducible because of the variable responses of chromosomes depending on concentration of the chemicals, the temperatures and time of the treatments, and the analytical errors during the preparateur preparation.

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국내산 농산물을 사용한 떡 카페 메뉴에 대한 신뢰가 소비자 만족에 미치는 영향 - 전주 한옥마을을 중심으로 -

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[Kisti 연계] 동아시아식생활학회 동아시아식생활학회지 Vol.25 No.5 2015 pp.922-931

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To investigate and analyze the influence of trust on consumer satisfaction in rice cake cafe menus using domestically grown food ingredients, this study divided selection attributes of rice cake cafe menus into safety, nutrition, ethicality and marketability through an exploratory factor analysis and analyzed reliability and correlation among these variables. As a result, these four factors were adopted as selection factors, and the results of the correlation analysis among the variables showed that the four factors were statistically correlated with trust and customer satisfaction. The result of validity and reliability testing on consumer trust showed that the menus were reliable and trustworthy as they had been made using domestically grown agricultural products. Analysis of how cafe selection attributes affect trust showed that the these variables had a significantly positive influence on trust in the order of safety, marketability, nutrition, and ethicality. The influence of the selection attributes on customer satisfaction was statistically significant, and the independent variables had a significantly positive influence on trust in the order of marketability, ethicality, safety, and nutrition. In verifying the mediation effect of trust on customer satisfaction, the four factors of rice cake cafe selection attributes had statistically significant mediation effects.

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20

호도(胡桃)나무 유태접목(幼台接木)에 관(?)한 연구(硏究)

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[Kisti 연계] 한국임학회 한국임학회지 Vol.55 No.1 1982 pp.68-75

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호도(胡桃)나무는 수체내(水?內) tanin 함량(含量)이 많아서 접목시(接木時) tanin막(膜)이 생겨서 활착율(活着率)에 큰 방해가 되므로 이 방면(方面)에 더욱 연구(硏究)가 필요(必要)하며 가온시설(加?施設)을 설치(設置)해서 $25^{\circ}C{\sim}30^{\circ}C$의 항온(恒?)을 유지(維持)해줌으로서 큰 효과가 있었다. 태목용종자(台木用種子)는 당년결실(?年結?)된 것으로 균일(均一)한 조건하(條件下)에서 처리된 것이 좋으며 파종상(播種床)은 사토(砂土)가 좋고 종자수요량계산(種子需要量計算)은 태목필요량(台木必要量)의 200%로 해야한다. 접수(接穗)의 채취시기(採取時期)는 1~2월(月)이 최적기(最適期)이고 결과지(結果枝)보다는 도장지(徒長枝)가 이용율(利用率)이 좋고 충실(充?)한 눈 3~4개(個), 5 cm 정도(程度)의 길이, 결형(潔形)으로 조제(調製)하여 할접(割接)하고 고정(固定)끈은 3합사(合絲) 무명실이 좋다. 접목시기(接木時期)는 3월말(月末)~4월초(月初)가 적기(適期)이고 노지정식시기(露地定植時期)는 4월말(月末)~5월초(月初)가 최적기(最適期)이다. 접목작업인부(接木作業人夫)는 기성접토(旣成接土)면 더욱 좋으나 일반여자인부(一般女子人夫)도 큰 지장없다. 종자발아상(種子發芽床)에서 노지이식(露地移植)때까지 전과정(全過程)을 통(通)해서 유태(幼台)에서 배유(胚乳)인 가래(種)가 떨어지지 않도록 주의(注意)해야하며 가래가 떨어진 것은 실패(失敗)한 것이다. 원태목(原台木)에서 계속적으로 발생(?生)되는 맹아지(萌芽枝)를 즉시(卽時) 제거(除去)해 주어야 하며 활착(活着)된 접목유묘(接木幼苗)를 노지이식(露地移植)할 때 충분(充分)히 경화(硬化)시켜야 한다. 포지(圃地)의 지력(地力)이 좋아야 하고 지하수위(地下水位)가 높거나 한발(旱魃)의 피해(被害)가 심(甚)한 곳이나, 토양해충(土壤害?)이 많은 곳은 피(被)해야 한다. 종자효율(種子?率) 50%, 접목활착율(接木活着率) 90%, 노지정식후잔존율(露地定植後殘存率) 88% 즉(?) 출하가능득묘율(出荷可能得苗率)은 약(約) 80%, 묘목생산기간(苗木生産期間) 3월(月)~10월말(月末)까지 당년(?年)에 합격묘(合格苗)를 생산(生産)할 수 있다. 본유태접목법(本幼台接木法)으로 생산(生産)된 호도묘목(胡桃苗木)이 절접법(切接法) 기타방법(其他方法)으로 생산(生産)된 묘목(苗木)과 비교(比較)해볼 때 지금까지 나타난 상태(?態)로서는 오히려 거부반응이 적었으며 튼튼하게 생육(生育)하고 있으며 수목(樹木)의 생리적(生理的) 결함(缺陷)이나 여지이상(餘地異?)이 전연(全然) 없었으며 특(特)히 이 방법(方法)은 조기대량생산(早期大量生産)하는데 적용(適用)이 될 수 있다는데 더욱 의의(意義)가 있다고 본다.
This study was carried out to promote percent survival of the walnut seedling grafting. The hardwood scions of the walnut were grafted on the nures seed-stock of the Juglans mandshurica Mat in an electric heating bed, then planted in field. The results obtained from the study were as follows : The optimum time of scion cpllection was from January to February. The best medium of the seed bed was sandy soil. The best grafting time was form the early to the 20the of the march. When the grafted seedling in the heating bed was trans-planted on filed 90percent of the seedlings was survived until autmn. The percent grafting on the elective heating bed was 90%. Crown gall occuring frequently in chestnut nurse graft was not appeared in juglans mandshurica Max grafted seedling of after outplanting. The grafted seedlings have not shown any physiological defects but developed normaly 3 years since grafting.

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