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6,400원

4

Integration of Faith and Learning : Reflections in Christian Education Context

Kang, Ho Kyung

한국실천신학회 신학과 실천 제55호 2017.07 pp.425-448

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The purpose of this study was to explore conceptual and empirical researches on faith and learning integration and propose practical implications for Christian education and school contexts. For this study, different approaches to integration of faith and learning was explored and in turn organized four constructs to possible approaches to integration, namely, Hostile Separation, Independent Model, Mutual Respect Approach, and Integration Model. The need for biblical integration was highlighted and praxis of biblical integration was contemplated and suggested through this article. The implications for faith and learning integration are 1) comprehensive understanding of both the Scripture and the given academic disciplines, 2) building connection between the faith, knowledge, and lives of our students, 3) posing integrative questions, 4) developing faculty who can promote effective and biblical integration, and 5) creating environment for faith and learning integration.

6,100원

5

중국 신용장사기에 관한 연구

강호경, 장효나

한국무역보험학회 무역보험연구 제13권 제2호 2012.06 pp.119-139

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신용장은 오늘날의 무역거래에 있어 매우 중요한 물품에 대한 대금지급수단 중의 하나이다. 중국 경제 및 대외무역의 발전에 따라 신용장에 대한 이용도 대폭 늘었다. 비록 근래에 와서 하락하였지만 신용장은 중국의 대외무역의 결제방식에 있어 매우 큰 비중을 차지하고 있다. 하지만, 선진국에 비해 중국이 열등한 상업신용체제를 구축하고 있기 때문에 그에 따른 문제점이 존재하는 것도 사실이다. 중국 신용장 사기에 관한 사건이 많이 발생해왔다. 본고는 중국 신용장 사기를 분석하기 위해 종류별로 중국 대외무역에 있어 발생한 사례를 중심으로 하였다. 이 사례들을 분석함으로써 중국 신용장 사기를 막을 수 있는 대책을 마련하며, 향후 중국의 신용장 사기에 관한 분쟁을 보다 더 감소시킬 수 있는데 그 목적이 있다.
Letters of credit is one of the important payment systems of goods in international trade today. With the development of China’s international trade, Letters of credit have been used more and more widely. Although the use of the letter of credit has decreased recently, it still plays an important role in China’s international trade. However, because of the limitations of the Credit itself and China's special economic and social environmental factors in credit, fraud of Letters of Credit has been on going. This paper has analyzed the cases of Letters of Credit fraud that occurred in the international trade of China, and proposes measures that will avoid Letters of Credit fraud in an attempt to reduce the dispute in credit payments.

5,700원

6

무역거래 당사자간 계약물품의 위험이전에 있어 CISG와 Incoterms® 2010의 비교연구

강호경, 장효나

한국무역보험학회 무역보험연구 제12권 제4호 2011.12 pp.125-152

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국제무역거래에서 당사자의 책임이 없는 위험으로 인하여 손해가 발생하는 경우가 많다. 이러 한 위험으로 인하여 무역 분쟁이 흔히 발생한다. 따라서 “위험이전시기”문제는 무역 분쟁 중 중요 한 부분을 차지하여 왔다. 국제무역거래에서 당사자들이 흔히 채택하는 무역법규는 바로 Incoterms와 CISG이다. Incoterms와 CISG는 위험이전에 있어 대체적으로 일치하지만, 반드시 동일한 것은 아니다. 여기서 본고는 2011년 1월 1일에 발효된 Incoterms® 2010상의 각 조건별 위험이전 및 CISG상의 위험이전 내용을 분석함으로써 두 법규의 차이점을 정리하였다. 두 법규를 사용하는 무역당사자들은 본고에서 검토할 내용을 명확히 이해함으로써 무역거래에서 발생할지도 모르는 분쟁을 사전에 예방할 수 있을 것으로 기대한다.
Loss often occurs between international trading parties in international trade. Trade disputes commonly arise because of the loss that occurs between the parties. Therefore, the matter of when the risk is transferred from the buyer to the seller is an important part toward trade disputes. The parties frequently adopt the Incoterms® 2010 rules and the CISG in international trade. This paper has compared and analyzed the two regulations named Incoterms® 2010 rules which took effect on January 1, 2011 and the CISG in regards to the transfer of risks and summed up the differences between the two regulations. Indications as to place or destination can helpfully be further specified by stating a precise point in order to avoid doubt or argument.

6,700원

7

초등학교 교사의 자기장학 참여와 전문적 발달간의 관계

이윤식, 강호경

한국교원교육학회 한국교원교육연구 제24권 제1호 2007.04 pp.55-76

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이 연구에서는 교사의 자기장학과 전문적 발달의 개념 및 관련 연구를 살펴보고, 초등학교 교사들이 지각하는 자기장학 참여 수준은 어느 정도이며, 자기장학 참여가 교사의 전문적 발달에 미치는 영향은 어느 정도인가 등을 분석하였다. 연구결과 밝혀진 주요 결론은 다음과 같다. 첫째, 초등학교 교사들의 자기장학 참여 수준은 약간 높은 수준인 것으로 나타났으며, 배경변인에 따라 유의한 차이를 보였다. 둘째, 초등학교 교사들의 전문적 발달 수준은 보통을 조금 상회하는 수준이며, 교사의 직위와 경력 등의 배경변인에 따라 통계적으로 유의한 차이를 보이는 것으로 나타났다. 셋째, 초등학교 교사들의 자기장학과 전문적 발달 간에는 높은 상관관계가 있는 것으로 나타났다.
This study has a purpose of providing valuable implications for the development of self-supervision through which teacher's professional development is possible. In order to achieve this study's purpose, the following research questions were presented. (1) To what extend do elementary school teachers participate in self-supervision? (2) What influence does elementary school teachers' participation in self-supervision have on teachers' professional development? A Likert-scale-type questionnaire survey was carried out with a sampling of 310 elementary school teachers in Incheon city. T-test/one-way ANOVA test and multiple regression analysis were applied in order to answer the two research questions. The major findings are as follows: (1) The elementary school teachers' participation in self-supervision level was slightly high. And there was a significant difference depending on their background variables especially sex and position variable. (2) There was a high correlation between elementary school teachers' participation in self-supervision and teachers' professional development. It means that when teachers actively participate in self-supervision their professional development for teaching increases. (3) The multiple regression analysis on the effects of self-supervision on professional development of elementary school teachers showed that the teachers' self-supervision has a great effect on professional development.

5,800원

9

Transformative Learning in Chirstian Higher Education

Kang, Ho Kyung

한국복음주의기독교교육학회 복음과 교육 제10집 2011.12 pp.149-176

※ 원문제공기관과의 협약기간이 종료되어 열람이 제한됩니다.

변혁의 교육 (Transformative Learning-TL)은 잭 메지로우의 연구를 통하여 1978년 처음 소개되었으며 현재 지속적으로 발전되고 있다. 이 소논문에서는 Transformative Learning의 기원, 발달, 적용에 대한 소개를 할 것이다. Transformative Learning은 관점의 변화, 가치관의 변화, Paradigm Shift를 추구하는 교육이론이다. 기독교 고등 교육계에서의 Transformative Learning의 가치와 가능성을 성찰할 것이며 기독교 교 육현장에서의Transformative Learning 적용전략을소개할것이다.
Transformative learning theory is becoming one of the most celebrated and recognized form of pedagogy in adult education. The inauguration of the journal of transformational education reflects the elevating interesting in the theory. This article aims to explore the theory of transformative learning which was first developed by Jack Mezirow (1978). The theoretical foundations of transformative learning theory will be introduced and the argument for the need of transformative learning within Christian academia will be presented. Transformative learning deals with perspective transformation. Mezirow first introduced the theory as he studied the development of shift in learners’perspective, and Mezirow concludes that there are ten developmental stages to transformative learning experience. The ten stages can be identified into three components, and these are core contributing elements to transformative learning: Triggering of Critical Events, Disorienting Dilemma, Critical Reflection, and Attainment of New Perspective and New Premise. The biblical perspective of the concept transformation will be introduced, and implication of the theory and potential research directions for Christian academia will be finally presented in this paper.

10

사골절단법에 의한 하악전돌증의 외과적교정의 일정례

강호경

[Kisti 연계] 대한치과의사협회 대한치과의사협회지 Vol.4 No.1 1963 pp.31-35

협약을 통해 무료로 제공되는 자료로, 원문이용 방식은 연계기관의 정책을 따르고 있습니다.

11

부정유합된 하악우각부골절의 치험예

강호경

[Kisti 연계] 대한치과의사협회 대한치과의사협회지 Vol.3 No.1 1961 pp.40-43

협약을 통해 무료로 제공되는 자료로, 원문이용 방식은 연계기관의 정책을 따르고 있습니다.

12

신용장통일규칙(UCP)상 운송주선인 운송서류의 수리요건에 관한 연구

강호경

[Kisti 연계] 한국무역상무학회 무역상무연구 Vol.51 2011 pp.285-313

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There can be analyzed severally on the acceptance conditions of freight forwarder's transport document under UCP. First, Bills of Lading issued by forwarding agents will be refused. This can be seen in the article 20 of 1933 Revision UCP(Brochure 82) and the article 20 of 1951 Revision UCP(Brochure 151). Second, Unless specifically authorized in the credit, Bills of Lading issued by forwarding agent will be rejected. It is prescribed in the front part (a) of article 17 of 1962 Revision UCP(Brochure 222) and the article 19 of 1974 Revision UCP(Publication No. 290). Third, Acceptance conditions are different according to the type of transport documents, that is either Bill of Lading or not. It is prescribed in the art 25 and article 26 of 1983 Revision UCP. Unless otherwise stipulated in the credit, transport document issued by a freight forwarder will be rejected unless it is the FIATA Combined Transport Bill of Lading approved by the International Chamber of Commerce or otherwise indicates that it is issued by a freight forwarder acting as a carrier or agent of a named carrier. On the other hand, unless otherwise stipulated in the credit, marine bill of lading issued by a freight forwarder will be rejected, unless it indicates that it is issued by such freight forwarder acting as a carrier, or as the agent of a named carrier. Fourth, transport documents issued by a freight forwarder will be accepted. This can be found in the article 30 of 1993 Revision UCP(ICC Publication No. 500) and the article 14 l of 2007 Revision UCP(ICC Publication No. 600). According to the former unless otherwise authorized in the Credit, transport document issued by a freight forwarder will only be accepted if it is appears on its face to indicate the name of the freight forwarder as a carrier or multimodal transport operator or its agent. The latter prescribed that a transport document will be accepted if it is issued by a freight forwarder by a agent of carrier or freight forwarder itself.

원문보기
13

CISG상 계약의 성립에 관한 연구 - 서울고법 2013.7.19. 선고 2012나59871 판결을 중심으로 -

강호경

[Kisti 연계] 한국무역상무학회 무역상무연구 Vol.63 2014 pp.3-24

협약을 통해 무료로 제공되는 자료로, 원문이용 방식은 연계기관의 정책을 따르고 있습니다.

This paper focuses on the formation of contract under CISG through the case by the Korean court. Under the CISG, an offer means that a proposal for concluding a contact constitutes the offer, if it is sufficiently definite and indicates the intention of the offeror to be bound in case of acceptance. An acceptance is statement made by or other conduct of the offeree indicating assent to an offer, and this statement purports to be an acceptance but contains additional or different terms which do not materially alter the terms of the offer constitutes an acceptance. In practice, parties negotiate for lots of contract terms to conclude the contract, and the last reply indicating of assent which is made by statement or other conduct to a proposal for concluding a contract would be an acceptance. At this time the most important factor is the intention of parties whether they intend the offer or the acceptance, Purchase order by buyer or Offer Sheet by seller would be understand as condition precedent for the formation of contract. Nevertheless, keep in mind that the Korean court is consistent in the way Purchase order by buyer or Offer Sheet by seller is an acceptance to conclude contract.

원문보기
14

변경을 가한 승낙에 관한 CIETAC 사례 연구 - CISG를 중심으로 -

강호경

[Kisti 연계] 한국중재학회 한국중재학회지:중재연구 Vol.24 No.4 2014 pp.127-145

협약을 통해 무료로 제공되는 자료로, 원문이용 방식은 연계기관의 정책을 따르고 있습니다.

The wording of Article 18 shows that a statement made by or other conduct of the offeree indicating assent to an offer is an acceptance. Meanwhile, Article 19 states that this reply with different terms is a rejection of the offer and constitutes a counteroffer. For example, additional or different terms relating, among other things, to the price, payment, quality and quantity of the goods, place and time of delivery, extent of one party's liability to the other, or the settlement of disputes are considered to alter the terms of the offer materially. However, this reply with different terms which do not materially alter the terms of the offer constitutes an acceptance unless the offer or, without undue delay, objects orally to the discrepancy or dispatches a notice to that effect. As a result, the acceptance depends on whether different terms are material or not. CIETEC holds that the deletion of contract violation liability clause is not equal to an alteration to the extent of one party's liability to the other as stipulated in Article 19(3) of the CISG. In addition, CIETAC recognizes that one party had orally accepted the modifications made to the sales confirmation, with even China declaring against an oral contract. Lastly, CIETAC holds that the sales confirmation has been established when both parties signed on the sales confirmation instead of the acceptance being effective. Korean companies should, thus, note these issues when they solve disputes at CIETAC.

원문보기
15

광섬유-탐침과 근적외선(NIR) 분광기를 이용한 약제분말 유동층 혼합공정의 인라인 모니터링 연구

박초롱, 김아영, 이민정, 이혜은, 서다영, 신상문, 최용선, 권병수, 방규호, 강호경, 김종국, 이상길, 최광진

[Kisti 연계] 한국약제학회 Journal of pharmaceutical investigation Vol.39 No.1 2009 pp.29-36

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Since the quality of final products is significantly affected by the homogeneity of powder mixture, the powder blending process has been regarded as one of the critical pharmaceutical unit processes, especially for solid dosage forms. Accordingly, the monitoring to determine a blending process' end-point based on a faster and more accurate in-line/on-line analysis has attracted enormous attentions recently. Among various analytical tools, NIR (near-infrared) spectroscopy has been extensively studied for PAT (process analytical technology) system due to its many advantages. In this study, NIR spectroscopy was employed with an optical fiber probe for the in-line monitoring of fluid-bed blending process. The position of the probe, the ratio of binary powder mixture, the powder size differential and the back-flush period of the shaking bag were examined as principal process parameters. During the blending process of lactose and mannitol powders, NIR spectra were collected, corrected, calibrated and analyzed using MSC and PLS method, respectively. The probe position was optimized. A reasonable end-point was predicted as 1,500 seconds based on 5% RSD value. As a consequence, it was demonstrated that the blending process using a fluid-bed processor has several advantages over other methods, and the application of NIRS with an optical fiber probe as PAT system for a fluid-bed blending process could be high feasible.

원문보기
16

UCP 600상 상당일치론의 적용에 관한 연구

강호경, 임목삼

[Kisti 연계] 한국무역상무학회 무역상무연구 Vol.41 2009 pp.79-102

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L/C transaction, the most important issue for the seller and the buyer is the theory of documentary transaction and the theory of strict compliance which are the principles of L/C transactions. According to the leading cases in England and America where the practice of L/C transactions was created and developed, the descriptions of the commodities specified on all the documents which are submitted based on an L/C, should be identical to the descriptions of commodities specified in the L/C. And further, many leading cases of L/C continuously repeat to emphasize strict compliance. However, the recent leading cases in and out of the country show that the principle of strict compliance is being weakened. The leading cases in America show two trends of weakening the principle of strict compliance. That is, on the contrary to strict compliance, tends to apply substantial compliance (which puts more value on the substance of the documents). These leading cases reflect the attitudes of the judicial and the legislative authorization that don't want to approve formal approach to the commercial law. Recently, the Supreme Court of Korea is giving a decision on the principle of strict compliance, "The documents attached to an L/C should strictly comply with the conditions in the L/C, but it doesn't mean that they should be perfectly identical without any mistake in words. In case the bank can understand through reasonable care that a small mistake in words is too trivial to give different meaning or to give damage to the conditions of the L/C, the documents are regarded to comply with the conditions of the L/C. However, the judgment should be based on whether the difference between the documents and the L/C can be admitted by the international standard bank transaction practice or not." This decision tells that the principle of strict compliance is quite much modified so application of this modification can't be ignored. However, from the viewpoint of the party who requests to open an L/C, there is a criticism that a bank's arbitrary judgement can be involved. Therefore, reviewing the original purpose of L/C transactions (activating international transactions), the principle of strict compliance may be thought old-fashioned because it emphasizes a form, but in reality, for prompt transaction and payment, the principle of strict compliance should be observed in L/C transactions. And further, if a legislative device is prepared to systematically compensate for several side-effects, the principle of strict compliance will improve dynamic flow of prompt and low-costly L/C transactions. On the other hand, it will be able to protect the interested parties.

원문보기
17

다단으로 승강 절첩되는 광폭 자동문 개발

오진오, 황영은, 이길형, 강호경, 곽병철, 윤성호

[Kisti 연계] 한국정밀공학회 한국정밀공학회 학술대회논문집 2008 pp.735-736

협약을 통해 무료로 제공되는 자료로, 원문이용 방식은 연계기관의 정책을 따르고 있습니다.

18

한국형 디지털 마모그래피에서 SVM을 이용한 계층적 미세석회화 검출 방법

권주원, 강호경, 노용만, 김성민

[Kisti 연계] 대한의용생체공학회 Journal of biomedical engineering research : the official journal of the Korean Society of Medical & Biological Engineering Vol.27 No.5 2006 pp.291-299

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A Computer-Aided Diagnosis system has been examined to reduce the effort of radiologist. In this paper, we propose the algorithm using Support Vector Machine(SVM) classifier to discriminate whether microcalcifications are malignant or benign tumors. The proposed method to detect microcalcifications is composed of two detection steps each of which uses SVM classifier. The coarse detection step finds out pixels considered high contrasts comparing with neighboring pixels. Then, Region of Interest(ROI) is generated based on microcalcification characteristics. The fine detection step determines whether the found ROIs are microcalcifications or not by merging potential regions using obtained ROIs and SVM classifier. The proposed method is specified on Korean mammogram database. The experimental result of the proposed algorithm presents robustness in detecting microcalcifications than the previous method using Artificial Neural Network as classifier even when using small training data.

원문보기
19

소규모 NATM 통신구의 완전방수

황덕일, 김정윤, 강호경, 이종용

[Kisti 연계] 한국터널공학회 한국터널지하공간학회 학술대회논문집 2005 pp.202-212

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배수식 방수방식으로 지하 30m에 건설된 NATM터널 통신구를 준공 7년후 완전방수식 방식으로 변경하였다. 터널 라이닝에 30m의 수압을 작용할 경우 발생하는 단면력을 구조검토하고 배근상태가 안전한가 분석하였다. 또한 라이닝의 시공단면을 확인하기 위하여 충격반향기법(Impact-Echo Method)탐사와 GPR탐사, 배근상태를 파악하기 위하여 철근탐지기를 사용하였다. 그 결과 30m 수압에 안전할 것이라는 판단하에 배면주입 방수공법을 적용 통신구를 완전방수 하였다. 그리고 배수식 통신구를 운용하는 비용과 완전방수공사비를 분석한 결과 배출되는 지하수량이 많은 경우 완전방수시공이 경제성이 있다고 분석되었다.

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방해기류 방향 및 유속에 따른 푸쉬-풀후드의 효율 평가

강호경, 김태형, 송세욱, 하현철

[Kisti 연계] 한국대기환경학회 한국대기환경학회 학술대회논문집 2004 pp.229-232

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