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미국연방증거규칙상 성격증거의 취급
A Study on Treatment of Character Evidence in Federal Rules of Evidence

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  • 발행기관
    원광대학교 법학연구소 바로가기
  • 간행물
    원광법학 바로가기
  • 통권
    제25권 제2호 (2009.06)바로가기
  • 페이지
    pp.193-218
  • 저자
    김일룡
  • 언어
    한국어(KOR)
  • URL
    https://www.earticle.net/Article/A108707

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원문정보

초록

영어
This study has investigated admissibility of Character Evidence in Federal Rules of Evidence in America. Generally speaking, Character Evidence is one of the circumstantial evidences, thus it proves secondary facts by which a principal fact, that is corpus delicti, may be rationally inferred. In Federal Rules of Evidence, evidence of a person’s character or a trait of character is not admissible for the purpose of proving action in conformity therewith on a particular occasion. Character Evidence is excluded because it gives factfinder the danger of unfair prejudice. But if the danger of unfair prejudice is outweighed by probative value of the character evidence, it is admissible. That admissible lists include; First, in a criminal case, evidence of a pertinent trait of character offered by an accused, or by the prosecution to rebut the same, or if evidence of a trait of character of the alleged victim of the crime is offered by an accused and admitted under Rule 404(a)(2), evidence of the same trait of character of the accused offered by the prosecution. Second, in a criminal case, and subject to the limitations imposed by Rule 412, evidence of a pertinent trait of character of the alleged victim of the crime offered by an accused, or by the prosecution to rebut the same, or evidence of a character trait of peacefulness of the alleged victim offered by the prosecution in a homicide case to rebut evidence that the alleged victim was the first aggressor. Third, evidence of the character of a witness, as provided in Rules 607, 608, and 609. Fourth, other purposes, such as proof of motive, opportunity, intent, preparation, plan, knowledge, identity, or absence of mistake or accident. and Fifth, sexsual assault case and child molestation case. This detailed legislation is reasonable. Therefore, It would be desirable that our trial system adopt the principle of character evidence in Federal Rules of Evidence.

목차

Ⅰ. 서 론
 Ⅱ. 성격증거의 의의와 지위
  1. 성격증거의 의의
  2. 성격증거의 지위
 Ⅲ. 성격증거의 허용성
  1. 원칙적 배제
  2. 예외적 허용
  3. 성격증거의 증명방법
 Ⅳ. 성범죄와 아동학대사건의 특칙
  1. 성범죄에서 성격증거의 허용성
  2. 아동학대사건에서 성격증거의 허용성
 Ⅴ. 결 론
 참 고 문 헌
 

저자

  • 김일룡 [ Kim, Il-Ryong | 원광대학교 법학전문대학원 부교수 ]

참고문헌

자료제공 : 네이버학술정보

간행물 정보

발행기관

  • 발행기관명
    원광대학교 법학연구소 [THE LAW RESEARCH INSTITUTE WONKWANG UNIVERSTIY]
  • 설립연도
    1961
  • 분야
    사회과학>법학
  • 소개
    법에 대한 이론적 · 실제적 연구를 수행하고 그 결과를 발표하여 한국과 지역사회의 법률문화의 발전에 기여함을 목적으로 설립되었으며 법학일반이론과 법학교육방법 등의 연구와 법률구조안내 및 상담을 한다

간행물

  • 간행물명
    원광법학 [Journal of Law research]
  • 간기
    계간
  • ISSN
    1598-429X
  • E-ISSN
    2508-4526
  • 수록기간
    1962~2018
  • 등재여부
    KCI 등재
  • 십진분류
    KDC 360 DDC 340

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